Sayyid Ruhollah Musavi Khomeini known in the Western world as Ayatollah Khomeini, was an Iranian revolutionary and cleric. He was the founder of the Islamic Republic of Iran and the leader of the 1979 Iranian Revolution, which saw the overthrow of the last shah of Iran, Mohammad Reza Pahlavi, the end of the 2,500 year old Persian monarchy. Following the revolution, Khomeini became the country's supreme leader, a position created in the constitution of the Islamic Republic as the highest-ranking political and religious authority of the nation, which he held until his death, he was succeeded by Ali Khamenei on 4 June 1989. Khomeini was born in 1902 in what is now Iran's Markazi Province, his father was murdered in 1903. He began studying the Quran and the Persian language from a young age and was assisted in his religious studies by his relatives, including his mother's cousin and older brother. Khomeini was a marja in Twelver Shia Islam, a Mujtahid or faqih and author of more than 40 books, but he is known for his political activities.
He spent more than 15 years in exile for his opposition to the last shah. In his writings and preachings he expanded the theory of welayat-el faqih, the "Guardianship of the Islamic Jurist", to include theocratic political rule by Islamic jurists; this principle, was appended to the new Iranian constitution after being put to a referendum. According to The New York Times, Khomeini called democracy the equivalent of prostitution. Whether Khomeini's ideas are compatible with democracy and whether he intended the Islamic Republic to be democratic is disputed, he was Time magazine's Man of the Year in 1979 for his international influence, Khomeini has been described as the "virtual face of Shia Islam in Western popular culture". In 1982, he survived one military coup attempt. Khomeini was known for his support of the hostage takers during the Iran hostage crisis, his fatwa calling for the murder of British Indian novelist Salman Rushdie, for referring to the United States as the "Great Satan" and Soviet Union as the "Lesser Satan."
Khomeini has been criticized for human rights violations of Iranians. He has been lauded as a "charismatic leader of immense popularity", a "champion of Islamic revival" by Shia scholars, who attempted to establish good relations between Sunnis and Shias, a major innovator in political theory and religious-oriented populist political strategy. Khomeini held the title of Grand Ayatollah and is known as Imam Khomeini inside Iran and by his supporters internationally, he is referred to as Ayatollah Khomeini by others. In Iran, his gold-domed tomb in Tehran's Behesht-e Zahrāʾ cemetery has become a shrine for his adherents, he is considered "inviolable", with Iranians punished for insulting him. Ruhollah Khomeini's ancestors migrated towards the end of the 18th century from their original home in Nishapur, Khorasan Province, in northeastern part of Iran, for a short stay, to the Kingdom of Awadh – a region in the modern state of Uttar Pradesh, India – whose rulers were Twelver Shia Muslims of Nishapur origin.
During their rule they extensively invited, received, a steady stream of Persian scholars, jurists and painters. The family settled in the small town of Kintoor, near Lucknow, the capital of Awadh. Ayatollah Khomeini's paternal grandfather, Seyyed Ahmad Musavi Hindi, was born in Kintoor, he left Lucknow in 1830, on a pilgrimage to the tomb of Imam Ali in Najaf, Ottoman Iraq and never returned. According to Moin, this migration was to escape from the spread of British power in India. In 1834 Seyyed Ahmad Musavi Hindi visited Persia, in 1839 he settled in Khomein. Although he stayed and settled in Iran, he continued to be known as Hindi, indicating his stay in India, Ruhollah Khomeini used Hindi as a pen name in some of his ghazals. There are claims that Seyyed Ahmad Musavi Hindi departed from Kashmir, instead of Lucknow. Khomeini's grandfather, Mirza Ahmad Mojtahed-e Khonsari was the cleric issuing a fatwa to forbid usage of Tobacco during the Tobacco Protest. Ruhollah Musavi Khomeini, whose first name means "spirit of Allah", was born on 24 September 1902 in Khomeyn, Markazi Province.
He was raised by his mother, Hajieh Agha Khanum, his aunt, following the murder of his father, Mustapha Musavi, five months after his birth in 1903. Ruhollah began to study the Qur'an and elementary Persian at the age of six; the following year, he began to attend a local school, where he learned religion, noheh khani, other traditional subjects. Throughout his childhood, he continued his religious education with the assistance of his relatives, including his mother's cousin, Ja'far, his elder brother, Morteza Pasandideh. After World War I arrangements were made for him to study at the Islamic seminary in Isfahan, but he was attracted instead to the seminary in Arak, he was placed under the leadership of Ayatollah Abdul Karim Haeri Yazdi. In 1920, Khomeini commenced his studies; the following year, Ayatollah Haeri Yazdi transferred to the Islamic seminary in the holy city of Qom, southwest of Tehran, invited his students to follow. Khomeini accepted the invitation and took up residence at the Dar al-Shafa school in Qom. Khomeini's studies included Islamic law and jurispr
David Robinson is an American rock drummer. He has performed with many rock bands including the Rising Tide, the Modern Lovers, the Pop!, DMZ and the Cars. In 2018, Robinson was inducted into the Roll Hall of Fame as a member of the Cars. Born in Malden, Robinson attended Woburn Memorial High School. Robinson is credited with designing the album covers. After the breakup of The Cars, Robinson ran a restaurant, was an extra in several films including Housesitter and The Crucible. In 2010, Robinson reunited with the surviving original members of The Cars to record their first album in 24 years, titled Move Like This, he had to relearn how to play the drums since he had stopped playing in 1987. After completion of Move Like This, Robinson said that he would be interested in working on more studio albums. Robinson now runs an art gallery in Rockport, Massachusetts where he sells jewelry that he makes himself
Quorn Football Club is an English football club based in the village of Quorn, near Loughborough, Leicestershire playing in the United Counties League Premier Division. The club was founded in 1924 by attendees of the local Wesleyan Chapel and accordingly was named Quorn Methodists F. C. changing its name in 1952. In 1937 the club joined the Leicestershire Senior League. After World War II they played in the Central Division, from 1948 in Division 2 after a league re-organisation. Quorn won this division in 1950 and followed up by winning the first division the following season. Over the next fifty years the club moved up and down between the divisions on four separate occasions cementing their place in the renamed Premier Division in the late 1990s, before claiming the league title, with it promotion to the Midland Alliance in 2001. In 2003 the club was the only one at its level to sell a player to a Football League team, when Luke Varney moved to Crewe Alexandra for £50,000. Dion Dublin once played for the club.
In the 2006–07 season they finished 3rd in the Midland Alliance and, due to the expansion of the Northern Premier League First Division into two regional divisions, were therefore accepted into the Northern Premier League Division One South. In May 2007 the club received a £500000 windfall after Luke Varney's £2,000,000 move from Crewe to Charlton Athletic. In 2011 Quorn won the Westerby Cup for the first time with a 5–4 victory over Hinckley United at Walkers Stadium under the management of Lawrie Dudfield, but were relegated from the Northern Premier League Division One South during the same season. John Folwell was appointed as their new manager in May 2013, he resigned in January 2015 due to disagreements with the chairman. Two time former manager Dougie Keast was agreed to take over until the end of the 2014–15 season. Dougie Keast remained at the helm until December 2017, when former Hinckley AFC manager Carl Abbott was appointed, joining the club from Northern Premier Division Market Drayton Town.
On Wednesday 8th May 2019 - Carl Abbott left Quorn AFC to join Evesham United FC. The Club appointed Former Basford United Manager - Martin Carruthers on Monday 20th May 2019 as their new 1st Team Manager. Quorn FC 1st Team will play in The United Counties Premier Division - Season 2019/2020. Quorn FC Under 21 Side will play in The Midland Football League - U21 East Division - Season 2019/2020. Bob Steel Dougie Keast Marcus Law Peter McGurk Gavin O'Toole Dougie Keast Lawrie Dudfield Craig Armstrong Tommy Brookbanks John Folwell Dougie Keast Carl Abbott Martin Carruthers Willis Francis Sutton Park boasts a 400-seater cantilever stand running along one side of the pitch and a covered terrace at one end. Car parking is available on the ground and there is a clubhouse where food and drink are available on match days; the club had played at Warwick Avenue since 1960 but moved out after selling their ground at that site to the Abbeyfield housing association. Quorn's main rivals include Shepshed Dynamo and Loughborough Dynamo of the Northern Premier League Division One South and Barrow Town, the closest senior club to Quorn geographically.
Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality. Best league performance: Northern Premier League Division One South, 12th, 2008–09 Best FA Cup performance: 3rd Qualifying Round, 2006–07 Best FA Vase performance: 4th round, 2004–05 and 2006–07 Mike and Tony Williams. Non League Club Directory 2006. Tony Williams Publications Ltd. ISBN 1-869833-54-6. Quorn at the Football Club History Database Quorn FC on the official village website Official Site
Unison is the first album of Japanese composer Shin Terai, released in 2001. The album features contributions of bassist and producer Bill Laswell, avant-garde guitarists Buckethead and Nicky Skopelitis, Parliament-Funkadelic keyboardist Bernie Worrell; the album met good reviews from critics because of the soft guitars and the funky bass. Bass, Effects - Bill Laswell Engineers - Oz Fritz & Robert Musso Guitar - Buckethead Guitar, Sitar - Nicky Skopelitis Organ, Clavinet - Bernie Worrell Voice, Loops, Effects - Shin Terai Programming, Loops - Robert Musso Written by - Bill Laswell, Shin Terai Producer - Bill Laswell, Shin Terai Mixed by - Bill Laswell Mastered by - Michael Fossenkemper Unison at Discogs Unison at Discogs
The Rio 500 is considered the first of the Second Generation MP3 digital audio player, was produced by Diamond Multimedia. It shipped September 22, 1999; the Rio 500 was the successor of the Rio PMP300, provided a number of user requested features. There were many reviews of the Rio 500; the Rio 500 was the first MP3 player to allow file transfer via USB cable, PC & Mac support. It features 64 MB of flash memory available for music, has light blue backlight, ability to set bookmarks, has an expansion card slot and is powered by one AA battery, it is the size of a standard pack of playing cards. Subsequent firmware updates made better use of the available screen space by displaying additional track information including bitrate; the Rio 500 has a USB port that looks like the standard 5-pin mini-B type, however it is not compatible with modern USB mini-B cables. The USB1.1 spec was released in September 1998 and the 500 didn't go on sale until a year however the spec for mini-B cables and receptacles was not established until October 2000.
Before some digital cameras had adopted the mini-B connector using a pinout with the data lines reversed and the +5V line disconnected. USB cables that were included with these devices had an arrow shape imprinted on the mini connector rather than the USB "trident" logo. Any cable used for the Rio 500 must have the +5V line cut or it may cause damage when connected with a power source. Replacement Rio Part # 90260017-001 is available on eBay from several vendors. Diamond no longer provides support for the Rio, the last version of Microsoft Windows to work with Diamond's Rio software was Windows 98/2000. Owners wanting to keep their Rio working use independently produced freeware programs such as "Dreaming of Brazil" or "RIOsitude" to upload audio files to the player. Limited Linux command-line based support for the Rio is provided by the rioutils package. Rio RioFXP - Music Transfer Utility for Windows - Last updated in 2002 Rio 500 - Drivers for Linux/*BSD - Last updated in 2002
The 2019–20 Eredivisie is the 64th season of the Dutch football league Eredivisie since its establishment in 1955. The season began on 2 August 2019 and will conclude on 24 May 2020; the Europa League and relegation play-offs will take place that month. Ajax is the defending champion. Twente, RKC Waalwijk and Sparta Rotterdam join as the promoted clubs from the 2018–19 Eerste Divisie, they replace NAC Breda, Excelsior and De Graafschap who were relegated to the 2019–20 Eerste Divisie. A total of 18 teams are taking part in the league. AZ only played their first home game at AFAS Stadion due to the stadium's roof collapse on 10 August 2019. From on they play their home matches at the 17,000-capacity Cars Jeans Stadion in The Hague, home of ADO Den Haag. AZ returned to their'roofless' AFAS Stadion for the match against Ajax on 15 December 2019. Note: Flags indicate national team as has been defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players and Managers may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality; the table lists the positions of teams after completion of each round.
Updated to match played on 1 March 2020. Source: nos.nl Updated to match played on 1 March 2020. Updated to match played on 1 March 2020. Source: nos.nl Updated to match played on 1 March 2020. Source: nos.nl