A rush hour or peak hour is a part of the day during which traffic congestion on roads and crowding on public transport is at its highest. This happens twice every weekday; the term is used for a period of peak congestion that may last for more than one hour. The term is broad, but refers to private automobile transportation traffic when there is a large volume of cars on a road but not many people, or if the volume is normal but there is some disruption of speed. By analogy to vehicular traffic, the term Internet rush hour has been used to describe periods of peak data network usage, resulting in delays and slower delivery of data packets; the name is sometimes a misnomer, as the peak period lasts more than one hour and the "rush" refers to the volume of traffic, not the speed of its flow. Rush hour may be 6 -- 4 -- 8 pm. Peak traffic periods may vary from city to city, from region to region, seasonally; the frequency of public transport service is higher in the rush hour, longer trains or larger vehicles are used.
However, the increase in capacity is less than the increased number of passengers, due to the limits on available vehicles, staff and, in the case of rail transport, track capacity including platform length. The resulting crowding may force many passengers to stand, others may be unable to board. If there is inadequate capacity, this can make public transport less attractive, leading to higher car use and shifting the congestion to roads. Transport demand management, such as road pricing or a congestion charge, is designed to induce people to alter their travel timing to minimize congestion. Public transport fares may be higher during peak periods. Season tickets or multi-ride tickets, sold at a discount, are used in rush hours by commuters, may or may not reflect rush hour fare differentials. Staggered hours have been promoted as a means of spreading demand across a longer time span—for example, in Rush Hour and by the International Labour Office. In the morning, evening, Sydney and Melbourne, Auckland and Christchurch are the most congested cities in Australia and New Zealand respectively.
In Melbourne the Monash Freeway, which connects Melbourne's suburban sprawl, to the city is heavily congested each morning and evening. In Perth, Mitchell Freeway, Kwinana Freeway and various arterial roads are congested between peak hours, making movement between suburbs and the city quite slow. Efforts to minimise traffic congestion during peak hour vary on a state by state and city by city basis. In Melbourne, congestion is managed by means including: Inbound transit lanes on busy freeways which are limited to motorcycles and other vehicles with more than one occupant during busy periods. Free travel on metropolitan trains before 7am. Passengers must exit the system at their destination station before 7am. Dedicated bus lanes on major inner city roads such as Hoddle Street. Introduction of dedicated bicycle lanes in the inner city area to encourage cyclists and deter dual-track vehicles. Prohibition of parking along busy roads during peak traffic periods to create an extra lane for traffic.
In Sydney, congestion is managed by many means including: Buses increase frequency from 4 per hour to 12 per hour on the Metrobus network, other routes increase limited and express services The CityRail network runs double-decker electric multiple unit trains that allowed many more passengers to board the trains compared to the 1950s single-level'Red Rattlers', and'Silver Ghosts'. Time-of-day ticket prices allow train commuters to board trains before 6 am or after 7 pm at a cheaper rate on single or day return tickets Transit and/or HOV Lanes are installed on many major arterial roads, The ClearWays project, which allows for broken-down trains on the Sydney Trains network to not affect the running of trains on separate lines due to building bypasses, loop-backs alongside the existing track The Sydney Light Rail Dulwich Hill Line, the first operational light rail line in Sydney, increases headways during peak hour, providing services up to every eight minutes. Traffic congestion is managed through the Traffic Management Centre via a network of Closed Circuit TV's, with operators able to change the timing of traffic signals to reduce wait times Most major motorways have the ability for Contra-flow to allow continuing flow of traffic in case of a major accident Older motor ways have been upgraded from two lanes in each direction, to three lanes in each direction Motor way toll booths have been replaced with electronic toll systems.
In São Paulo, each vehicle is assigned a certain day of the week in which it cannot travel the roads during rush hour. The day of the week for each vehicle is derived from the last digit in the licence plate number and the rule is enforced by traffic police; this policy is aimed at reducing the number of vehicles on the roads and encouraging the use of buses and the urban train systems. In Toronto, rush hour lasts from 8:00-9:00 in the morning and from 2 pm until at least 7:30–8 pm. Montreal, has rush hour times from 6:30–8:30 am and 3:30–5 pm. In the cities of Edmonton and Calgary, rush hour lasts fro
The West Lake Fire Department is a volunteer fire department located in the Millcreek Township of Erie County, Pennsylvania. The department, one of four volunteer fire departments in the township, provides fire protection and emergency medical services from its two fire stations. Founded in 1937, the department is the oldest in Millcreek; the response are for the West Lake Fire Department contains Presque Isle Bay. As such the department operates a water rescue team that focuses on open water rescue, swift water rescue and ice rescue utilizing 3 boats. Rescue 486 is a 2007 Husky airboat capable of traveling over both ice and water, Rescue 498 is a 2014 Zodiac inflatable boat and Rescue 497 is a 2018 7.1 Meter Sealegs Amphibious Boat. As of September 2018 this is the list of apparatus in use by the department
Black Lake Bayou is a 105-mile-long waterway in northwest Louisiana, United States, that extends from north of Gibsland and travels south to Clarence. The watershed covers much of northwest Louisiana; the bayou meanders its way through Claiborne Parish, Bienville, Red River and Natchitoches parishes. Black Lake Bayou empties into Black Lake, which drains to Saline Bayou, a tributary of the Red River. Black Lake Bayou runs near the towns of Minden, Fryeburg, Mount Lebanon, Jamestown and Ashland. Kepler Lake is a part of the Black Lake Bayou watershed. Black Lake Bayou runs underneath Louisiana Highways 154, 156, 531, 792, 4, 507, 155; the bayou is choked by trees—bridge overpasses are the only places where the bayou is accessed and where people fish. There is a crude boat launch at Nix Crossing, 2–3 miles north of Castor and 3–4 miles south of Jamestown. Nix Crossing is one of deepest parts of Black Lake Bayou; the Kansas City Southern Railroad had a bridge that crossed Black Lake Bayou at Nix Crossing until the rails to trails program deconstructed it—the pilings still stand in the water.
There have been two well built boat launches in Red River parish since the mid 1970s. The north most is called the'Moody Stretch' boat launch and the southern most, only a few miles away, is called the'Cannon Place' boat launch. Both are visible using Google Earth; these two areas were built using state funding in the mid 1970s. In addition to the boat launch there was an area of one acre cleared and fenced with sheds, barbecue grills, latrines. Many people used these two areas for years, but by the mid 1990's the sheds and latrines were destroyed due to vandalism. However, to this day the boat launches are still usable. Latitude = 30.8585, Longitude = -92.2592 Lat = 30 degrees, 51.5 minutes North Long = 92 degrees, 15.6 minutes West
Neoendemism is one of two sub-categories of endemism, the ecological state of a species being unique to a defined geographic location. Neoendemic species are those that have arisen, through divergence and reproductive isolation or through hybridization and polyploidy in plants. Paleoendemism, the other sub-category, refers to species that were widespread but are now restricted to a smaller area. "Darwin's finches", residents of the Galápagos Islands, have been used since the 19th century as an example of how the descendants of one ancestor can evolve through adaptive radiation into several species as they adapt to different conditions on various islands. Charles Darwin wrote:...one might fancy that from an original paucity of birds in this archipelago, one species had been taken and modified for different ends." The Galápagos archipelago is the home of paleoendemic species. Speciation Darwin, Journal of researches into the natural history and geology of the countries visited during the voyage of H.
M. S. Beagle round the world, under the Command of Capt. Fitz Roy, R. N, London: John Murray Darwin, Francis, "Chapter 1, The Foundations of the'Origin of Species'", in Darwin, The life and letters of Charles Darwin, including an autobiographical chapter, 2, London: John Murray, PMC 2604052
DailyFill is a celebrity news and gossip destination owned by News Corp and created by their incubator Slingshot Labs. The site launched in December 2008, less than one year after the New York Post's Page Six shut down their own attempt at a celebrity news site. Drawing immediate comparisons to Yahoo's OMG for its text-light, photo-heavy layout, DailyFill was Twittered by Los Angeles TV and online media princess Shira Lazar and has received heavy ad exposure on the Myspace homepage. In 2010, DailyFill became its own entity, it continues to provide snarky coverage of the entertainment world from a sarcastic perspective. The website is the creative force behind the comedy web series Ladies With Lists which features TV hosts Erin Ashley Darling and Haely White. DailyFill aggregates content from numerous partner gossip sites. Media Take Out – “The Most Visited Black Website in the World.” Gossip Girls – “Celebrity and Entertainment News Leaders.” Page Six – The gossip section of the New York Post. Egotastic – “The Sexy Side of Celebrity Gossip.”
ExpoSay - "Celebrity Photos and Entertainment News.", BusinessWeek Listing, LaLaWag
The Fox Theater in Spokane, Washington is a 1931 Art Deco movie theater. It was designed by architect Robert C. Reamer, notable for his design of the Old Faithful Inn in Yellowstone Park, it was part of the Fox Film Corporation Empire founded by studio mogul William Fox. The theater opened September 3, 1931 and showed films continuously until it closed September 21, 2000 after an engagement of the movie Gladiator starring Russell Crowe; the Fox Theater opened with seating for 2,350 patrons on 3 September 1931. The cost of construction was publicized as US$1,000,000, the Fox opened with a live production of Fanchon and Marco's About Town, followed by the film Merely Mary Ann one week later. Anita Page, Mitzi Green, George O'Brien, Victor McLaglen and El Brendel attended the opening performance gala. Interior decorations and appointments, designed by Anthony Heinsbergen, were singled out for praise in contemporary newspaper accounts. In May 1961, The Fox Theater sold its organ to a Los Angeles-area collector, who disassembled it and had it shipped to California.
The process of dismantling the organ took one week. The Fox Theater subdivided its main screen and opened as a three-screen complex on 14 November 1975. In 1989, the theater began showing second-run movies at US$1 per ticket; when Regal Cinemas built the new 12-screen megaplex at NorthTown Mall, it sold half of its eight Spokane theaters, including the Fox. The final movie, a screening of Gladiator, was shown on 21 September 2000, a small ceremony marked the sale of the theater to the Spokane Symphony; the adjacent Spokane Club sought to demolish the building to build a parking garage. Although the club had entered into negotiations with the then-owners, Regal Cinemas, the Club dropped its plans to purchase the theater when they learned the Spokane Symphony was interested in the site; the theater was saved when the Spokane Symphony purchased it for US$1.1 million in June 2000. Once the Symphony determined whether the renovations were feasible and the funds could be raised, it began an extensive fund raising campaign to raise the budget needed for restoration.
Part of the funds were raised from state sources. Prominent architectural features were renamed in honor of significant donors; the restoration designer was NAC Architecture of Spokane. Restorers cleaned and painted, recreated lost architectural details and lighting fixtures, they removed partitions installed in 1975 which converted the theatre into a multiplex. They reduced the original 2,300 seats to 1,700; the Wurlitzer 3-manual, 13-rank theatre organ installed when the building was constructed in 1931 was removed in 1961. The total cost of the renovations was $31 million and it was completed in November 2007; the theatre was renamed the Martin Woldson Theater at The Fox in honor of the father of a donor who contributed $3 million towards the renovations. It re-opened as the home of the Spokane Symphony on November 17, 2007, presided over by Washington Governor Christine Gregoire; the re-opening included a special celebration featuring a performance by Tony Bennett on November 19, 2007. Notable performances at the theatre include: Katharine Hepburn, in As You Like It, as well as Marian Anderson, Bing Crosby, Frank Sinatra.
Michelle Obama, wife of the 2008 Democratic presidential nominee Barack Obama held a rally campaigning for her husband's presidential campaign on February 8, 2008. Official Website Fox Theater receives $1 million donation "Fox Theater Grand Opening"; the Spokesman-Review. 19 November 2007. Retrieved 18 January 2015. "Fox facts: a journey through the years". The Spokesman-Review. 11 November 2007. Retrieved 18 January 2015