The Rwenzori Mountains called the Ruwenzori Range, is a mountain range of eastern equatorial Africa, located on the border between Uganda and the Democratic Republic of the Congo. These mountains support are one source of the Nile river; the Rwenzori Mountains reach heights up to 5,109 metres. The highest Rwenzori peaks are permanently snow-capped; the Rwenzori Mountains National Park and Virunga National Park are located in the range. The mountains formed about three million years ago in the late Pliocene epoch and are the result of an uplifted block of crystalline rocks including gneiss, amphibolite and quartzite; this uplift divided the paleolake Obweruka and created three of the present-day African Great Lakes: Lake Albert, Lake Edward, Lake George. The range is 65 kilometres wide, it consists of six massifs separated by deep gorges: Mount Stanley, Mount Speke, Mount Baker, Mount Emin, Mount Gessi and Mount Luigi di Savoia. Mount Stanley has several subsidiary summits, with Margherita Peak being the highest point.
The mountains are identified with the legendary "Mountains of the Moon", depicted in antiquity as the source of the Nile River. Photographer Vittorio Sella took a number of photographs of the Rwenzori Mountains during the late 19th and early 20th centuries, documenting the retreat of the range's glaciers. Sella's photographic work is conserved at the Museo Nazionale della Montagna in Turin and at the Istituto di Fotografia Alpina Vittorio Sella in Biella, both in Italy; the Makerere University, Uganda has a selection of his images. The first traverse of the six massifs of the Rwenzori Mountains was done in 1975, starting on 27 January and ending on 13 February; the traverse was done by Polish climbers Janusz Chalecki, Stanisław Cholewa and Leszek Czarnecki, with Mirosław Kuraś accompanying them on the last half of the traverse. The Rwenzori Mountains are known for their vegetation, ranging from tropical rainforest through alpine meadows to snow; the range supports its own species and varieties of giant groundsel and giant lobelia and has a 6 metres tall heather covered in moss that lives on one of its peaks.
Most of the range is now a World Heritage Site and is covered jointly by the Rwenzori Mountains National Park in south-western Uganda and the Virunga National Park in the eastern DRC. There is no water shortage in the Rwenzori; the reason lies in their similar water economy. Water is not always available to the afroalpine plants when they need it. In addition, nightly frosts affect the sap transport in the plants and the intake of water by its roots; as the day begins, the air temperature and radiation level rise putting strenuous demands on the exposed parts of the plants as they try to meet the transpiration demands of the leaves and maintain a proper water balance. To counter the effects of freezing, the afro-alpine plants have developed the insulation systems that give them such a striking appearance; these adaptations become more prominent as the altitude increases. There are five overlapping vegetation zones in the Rwenzori Mountains: the evergreen forest zone. At higher altitudes, some plants reach an unusually large size, such as lobelia and groundsels.
The vegetation in the Rwenzori Mountains is unique to equatorial alpine Africa. Sources: An ongoing concern is the impact of climate change on Rwenzori's glaciers. In 1906, the Rwenzori had 43 named glaciers distributed over six mountains with a total area of 7.5 square kilometres, about half the total glacier area in Africa. By 2005, less than half of these were still present, on only three mountains, with an area of about 1.5 square kilometres. Recent scientific studies, such as those by Richard Taylor of University College London, have attributed this retreat to global climate change and have investigated the impact of this change on the mountain's vegetation and biodiversity. 1966 Toro earthquake Glaciers of the Middle East and Africa, Richard S. Jr. In: U. S. Geological Survey Professional Paper, 1991, pp. G1-G70 Guide to the Ruwenzori, Osmaston,H. A. Pasteur,D. 1972, Mountain Club of Uganda. 200 p. Recession of Equatorial Glaciers. A Photo Documentation, Hastenrath, S. 2008, Sundog Publishing, Madison, WI, ISBN 978-0-9729033-3-2, 144 pp. Tropical Glaciers, Kaser, G. Osmaston, H.
A. 2002, Cambridge University Press, UK. 207 p. Ruwenzori, De Filippi, F. 1909. Constable, London. 408 p. Greenpeace article "The Death of the Ice Giants" BBC Article "Fabled ice field set to vanish" Dr Taylor's Homepage, with information about the impact of climate change on Rwenzori. Kaser et al. 2006, in International Book of Climatology 24: 329–339 World Wildlife Fund, ed.. "Ruwenzoris". WildWorld Ecoregion Profile. National Geographic Society. Archived from the original on 8 March 2010. UWM.edu: 1937 aerial photographs of Rwenzori Mountains — University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee Libraries Digital Collections. Beach, Chandler B. ed.. "Ruwenzori". The New Student's Reference Work. Chicago: F. E. Compton and Co
Manabu Soya is a Japanese professional wrestler, best known for his work in All Japan Pro Wrestling. He lived in Canada training at the Can-Am Wrestling School under Scott D'Amore, working for the Maximum Pro Wrestling promotion, he is signed to Wrestle-1. Soya debuted in MUGA as Osamu Nishimura's pupil, losing to Katsushi Takemura on April 11. Over the next few days however Soya reached a five-minute draw with Yutaka Yoshie, Katsushi Takemura, Nobuyuki Kurashima to show that he was more than just your average rookie. On July 1 Soya got a match against Tatsumi Fujinami himself, but Fujinami would have little trouble putting him away. In October Soya and Nishimura would leave MUGA for All Japan Pro Wrestling, Soya would join the other All Japan dojo mates to help form a strong group of young wrestlers. Soya teamed with Sanada for much of the year in the mid-card, as they gained valuable experience wrestling against the Voodoo Murders, he did not take part in any of the tournaments, but he showed that he is the head of his class when he defeated Sanada convincingly at the November Sumo Hall event.
In the World's Strongest Tag Determination League he teamed with Sanada, but the pair would come in last place. After starting the year continuing with his mentor Nishimura, things didn't stay that way as Soya switched over to team with Nishimura's old nemesis Riki Choshu. Starting the year Nishimura and Soya wrestled together in the mid-card, but unlike Sanada he did not take part in the Champion Carnival. After teaming with Nishimura at Sumo Hall and losing to Choshu and Koshinaka, soon thereafter Soya decided he had enough of MUGA and switched to Choshu-ism. After teaming off and on during the fall, the pair teamed in the World's Strongest Tag Determination League, they did well as they came in 4th place including a big win over All Asia Tag Team Champions Akebono and Ryota Hama. Near the end of the year, Soya left Japan to train under Scott D'Amore at the Can-Am Wrestling School, he began appearing on Ontario independent shows. In Canada for the beginning of 2010, Soya has become a regular of the independent circuit in Ontario, most notably Maximum Pro Wrestling.
After returning to Japan, Soya teamed up with Seiya Sanada and on August 29, 2010, they defeated the Voodoo Murders to win the All Asia Tag Team Championship for the first time. They would lose the title to Daisuke Sekimoto and Yuji Okabayashi on March 21, 2011. In late 2011 to early 2012 Manabu Soya and All Japan veteran Takao Omori formed the team "GET WILD". On March 20, 2012, Soya and Omori defeated Dark Cuervo and Dark Ozz to win the World Tag Team Championship. After losing the title to Joe Doering and Seiya Sanada on May 20, Soya and Omori regained the title on June 17, they vacated the title on October 30, in time for the 2012 World's Strongest Tag Determination League. They won Block A defeating the team of Turmeric Storm, they got to the finals defeating Last Revolution to win 2012's World Strongest Tag Determination League and to become the 64th generation World Tag Team Champions. On December 11, Soya unsuccessfully challenged Masakatsu Funaki for the Triple Crown Heavyweight Championship.
As a result, Get Wild was forced to disband, despite still holding the World Tag Team Championship. Get Wild went on to lose the title to Burning on March 17, 2013. Following the loss, Soya was sidelined with an oculomotor nerve palsy. Soya underwent eye surgery on May 29 and shoulder surgery on June 12. While still sidelined from in-ring action, Soya held a press conference on December 27, 2013, to announce his resignation from All Japan. On January 12, 2014, Soya made his debut for Keiji Mutoh's All Japan splinter promotion Wrestle-1, in an on-screen matchmaker role. Soya was portrayed as a biased authority figure, favoring former tag team partner Seiya Sanada. On February 15, Soya made a surprise in-ring return for a twenty-man battle royal, helping Sanada win the match to become the number one contender to the TNA X Division Championship. Soya wrestled his official return match at a Wrestle-1 event on February 21, losing to Masayuki Kono. On May 4, Soya was defeated by Kai in a grudge match and, as a result, lost his job as the matchmaker of Wrestle-1.
On August 8, Wrestle-1 announced Soya had signed with the promotion, ending his days as a freelancer. On September 22, Soya entered the Wrestle-1 Championship tournament, but was defeated in his first round match by Kai. In mid-2014, Soya entered a storyline, where he began accusing Akira of being a spy for the villainous Desperado stable. However, on November 1, after it had been revealed that Soya had been wrong and Tajiri had been the spy and Akira formed a new version of Get Wild named "new Wild order"; that same month, new Wild order took part in the First Tag League Greatest tournament, set to determine the inaugural Wrestle-1 Tag Team Champions, where they finished second in their block with a record of two wins, one draw and one loss, advancing to the semifinals. On November 30, new Wild order defeated Masayuki Kono and Tajiri to advance to the finals of the tournament, where that same day, they were defeated by Kaz Hayashi and Shuji Kondo. Following the tournament, Wrestle-1 set up a rematch between the two finalist teams, but Soya and Akira were again defeated in the title rematch on December 7.
On January 30, 2015, Soya received his first shot at the Wrestle-1 Championship, but was defeated by the defending champion, Keiji Mutoh. On April 1, new Wild order received another shot at the Wrestle-1 Tag Team Championship, but w
Fat is a comedy novel by Red Dwarf co-creator Rob Grant, satirising attitudes towards dieting and obesity. During the course of the book, various other themes are satirised, including health and safety regulations, manufactured pop and lawyers; the book follows the lives of three somewhat unusual individuals over a period spanning a few days, in which their stories interact to varying extents. Grenville Roberts: A divorced TV chef, so fat that he is no longer "off the peg". Tends to slip into a rage should anybody mention his weight, he destroys much of a health club during one such episode. Throughout the story he makes lots of bitter remarks at the law system and how society mistreats overweight people. After being fired from his job as a TV Chef, his agent told him about the idea of the Government Well Farms to get him back on his feet. After the VIP opening, which he spots one of the other characters, Jeremy Slank, he arrives along with other obese small-time celebrities and is appalled at the state.
The conditions and incompetence drive him to an insane rage and he demolishes the camp by breaking chairs and using a mower to carve out a swear word to the Prime Minister. In the end, he is given his own TV show where he goes to restaurants, uses his rage to take them down a peg or two. Hayleigh Griffin: A teenage girl, starving herself by avoiding food where possible and discarding/regurgitating if not, she worships a pop idol called Jase which could be the cause as she wants to impress him. During the story she goes to extreme lengths including faking her period and pretending to eat breakfast; the situation becomes so bad she has to have psychiatry treatments. At the same time, Jeremy Slank, the third character in the story, is investigating the NHS hospitals and sees her, he arranges a meeting with the pop idol and he comes to her drugged up and smelling. The entire ordeal seems to cure her anorexia and she becomes quite happy, taking on Jeremy as her new icon; the reader will believe her to be fat, but it transpires that she is unhealthily thin.
Jeremy Slank: A "Conceptuologist", involved in the Well Farms project in the story to help fight weight problems. He is the only character to meet/interact with the other two, he is described as normal as he is trying to impress the Prime Minister. After a monologue of how he thinks it will go, he instead is given 2 minutes by a bulky security guard and is put on a helicopter to the Well Farms. On the helicopter he meets a student called Jemma who he starts to flirt with and she tells him what she thinks of the project. After the tour and Jeremy doing his job, she invites him for dinner and starts to perform oral sex before realising it's not her boyfriend and leaves; as he checks his e-mail frustrated, he finds an e-mail from the Prime Minister saying on how he did a great job. He is next seen at the Press conference opening the Well Farms to which the Prime Minister remembers and greets him, he is put on his right hand side as the Prime Minister introduces the project. Because the Well Farms are such a'success','P' asks Jeremy to handle the rebranding of the NHS.
Jeremy takes a tour, but goes on his own, discovers Hayleigh revealing she is anorexic. In the end, he is unaffected by the monumental'failure' of the Well Farms and meets Jemma who has moved and broken up with her boyfriend, he kisses her and his story in the book ends