Sa'dabad Complex

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Sa'dabad Complex
Majmue ye Sa’dābād
Mellat Palace Museum 01.jpg
The White Palace
Sa'dabad Complex is located in Tehran
Sa'dabad Complex
Location in Tehran
General information
Architectural style Neoclassical
Address Darband, Zafaraniyeh, Tajrish, Valiasr Street
Town or city Tehran
Country Iran
Coordinates 35°49′00″N 51°25′21″E / 35.816664°N 51.422539°E / 35.816664; 51.422539
Current tenants President of Iran
Construction started 1921
Design and construction
Architect Hossein Behzad

The Sa'dabad Complex (Persian: مجموعه سعدآباد‎ – Majmue ye Sa’dābād) is a 300 hectare complex built by the Qajar and Pahlavi monarchs, located in Shemiran, Greater Tehran, Iran. Today, the official residence of the President of Iran is located adjacent to the complex.

The complex includes more than 180 hectares of natural forest, streets, qanats, galleries, and museums.


The complex was built and inhabited firstly by Qajar monarchs in the 19th century. After an expansion of the compounds, Reza Shah of the Pahlavi Dynasty lived there in the 1920s, and his son, Mohammad Reza Pahlavi, moved there in the 1970s. After the 1979 Revolution, the complex became a museum.

Present use[edit]

Parts of the complex are museums, which visitors can roam through. The complex is operated by the Cultural Heritage Organization of Iran which is responsible for most of the artifacts, locations, and cultural aspects of the country.


Gates to the complex[edit]

  • Nezamie Gate, from which Reza Shah came into the complex.
  • Zaferanie Gate, for the presidency organization.
  • Gate of Darband Street, from which the emperor Mohammad Reza Pahlavi came into the complex.
  • Gate of Darband Square
  • Ja'far Abad Gate (1st)
  • Ja'far Abad Gate (2nd)
  • River Gate
  • The White House Gate

Main buildings[edit]

Depictions of Persian mythology in the White House.
(not to be confused with the Pavilion of Ahmad Shah Qajar in the Niavaran Complex)
  • The Green House
(also known as the Shahvand House)
  • The Mellat Museum
The White House, where Mohammad Reza Pahlavi and Farah Diba lived.
  • Museum of Natural History
The Special House, currently used by the presidency organization.
  • Museum of Fine Arts
The Black House
  • Museum of Anthropology
House of Shams, named after Shams Pahlavi.
  • Museum of Glassware and Handicrafts
House of Ashraf, named after the sister of Mohammad Reza Pahlavi.
  • Building of the Amendment 36 (a governmental agency)
House of Gholam Reza, named after Gholam Reza Pahlavi.
  • House of the Mother Queen
Currently used by the presidency organization.
Currently used by the presidency organization.
  • Administration of the complex
House of Abdol Reza, named after Abdul Reza Pahlavi, the son of Reza Shah.
  • The Training Center
House of Bahman, named after the son of Gholam Reza Pahlavi.
  • The Military Museum
House of Shahram, named after the son of Ashraf Pahlavi.
  • Museum of Artistic Creatures
House of Farideh Ghotbi, mother of Farah Diba.
  • The Behzad Museum
1st House of Reza Pahlavi, named after Reza Pahlavi II.
  • Museum of Treasure (The Dafine Museum)
2nd House of Reza Pahlavi, currently used by the presidency organization.
  • Museum of Mir Emad Calligraphy
House of Farahnaz and Ali Reza, named after Farahnaz and Ali Reza, children of Mohammad Reza Pahlavi.
  • The Abkar Museum
House of Leila, named after Leila Pahlavi.


See also[edit]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 35°49′02″N 51°25′24″E / 35.817252°N 51.423451°E / 35.817252; 51.423451