Safe-cracking is the process of opening a safe without either the combination or the key. Different procedures may be used to crack a safe, depending on its construction. Different procedures are required to open different safes so safe-crackers need to be aware of the differences. Lock manipulation is the stereotypical safe cracking technique portrayed in movies, it is a damage free combination recovery method, a well known surreptitious bypass technique. Manipulation only requires fingers and proper technique though it is a skill that takes years to develop and decades to master. While manipulation of combination locks is performed on Group 2 locks, many Group 1 locks are susceptible to manipulation. Expert practitioners of this art can open locks with consistency; these professionals manually manipulate the lock in order to obtain the combination one number at a time. Manipulation procedures can vary, but they all rely on exploiting the presence of mechanical imperfections in the lock. Manipulation will recover its combination.
Once the combination is recovered it may be reused to open the safe lock. Similar damage free bypass can be completed by a computerized auto-dialer or manipulation robot; these auto-dialer machines are known to take 24 hours or more to reach the correct combination. In recent years faster devices have been engineered for lock bypass; these new devices use more advanced software. When used in cooperation with each other the two technologies mimic manual manipulation; these devices mimic human manipulation by "feeling" and measuring mechanical movement within the lock. Mechanical safe locks are manipulated by feel and vision, with sound helping the process occasionally. To find the combination the operator uses the lock against itself by measuring internal movements with the dial numbers. More sophisticated locks use advanced mechanics to reduce any feedback a technician could use to identify a combination; these group 1 locks were developed in response to group 2 lock manipulation. Wheels made from lightweight materials will reduce valuable sensory feedback, but are used for improved resistance against radiographic attacks.
Manipulation is the preferred choice in lost-combination lockouts, since it requires no repairs or damage, but can be time consuming for an operator, the specific difficulty depends on the unique wheel shapes and where the gates rest in relation to them. A novice's opening time will be governed by these random inconsistencies, while some leading champions of this art show admirable consistency. There are a number of tools on the market to assist safe engineers in manipulating a combination lock open in the field. Nearly all combination locks allow some "slop" while entering a combination on the dial. On average 1% radial rotation in either direction from the center of the true combination number to allow the fence to fall despite slight deviation, so that for a given safe it may be necessary only to try a subset of the combinations; such "slops" may allow for a margin of error of plus or minus two digits, which means that trying multiples of five would be sufficient in this case. This drastically reduces the time required to exhaust the number of meaningful combinations.
A further reduction in solving time is obtained by trying all possible settings for the last wheel for a given setting of the first wheels before nudging the next-to-last wheel to its next meaningful setting, instead of zeroing the lock each time with a number of turns in one direction. Safes may be compromised often by guessing the combination; this results from the fact that manufactured safes come with a manufacturer-set combination. These combinations are designed to allow owners initial access to the safes so that they may set their own new combinations. Sources exist. Combinations are unwittingly compromised by the owners of the safes by having the locks set to easy-to-guess combinations such as a birthdate, street address, or driver's license number. 50-25-50 50-50-50 20-50-25 10-20-30 25-50-75 20-40-60 20-60-40 40-20-60 40-60-20 60-20-40 60-40-20 A number of companies and groups have developed autodialing machines to open safes. Unlike fictional machines that can open any combination in a matter of seconds, such machines are specific to a particular type of lock and must cycle through thousands of combinations to open a device.
A good example of such a device is a project completed by two students from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Kyle Vogt and Grant Jordan. Their machine, built to open a Sargent and Greenleaf 8500 lock on a Diebold Safe, found an unknown combination in 21,000 tries. Lockmasters, Inc. markets two autodialing machines that work on a variety of 3-digit combination safe locks. There exist computer-aided manipulation tools such as Mas Hamilton's SoftDrill; these tools are similar to autodialers, except they make measurements of the internal components of the lock, deduce the combination in a similar way to that of a human safe technician. While some safes are hard to open, some are susceptible to compromise by drilling or other physical methods. Manufacturers publish drill-point diagrams for specific models of safes; these are guarded by both the manufacturers and locksmithing professionals. Drilling is aimed at gaining access to the safe by observation or bypass of the locking mechanism. Drilling is the most common method used by locksmiths, is used in cases of burglary attempts, malfunctioning locks or damaged locks.
In observational attacks, the drill hole allows the safecracker to view the internal state of the combination lock. D
The Ilford and District Football League was a football competition based in London, England. Founded in 1918, the league covered an area from Walthamstow in the west to Romford in the east, it consisted of up to five divisions, of which the Premier Division sat at level 13 of the English football league system. This league was a feeder to the Essex Olympian League. In the summer of 2014 it merged with the Essex Business Houses Football League to form a new combined league called the Essex Alliance Football League. In 1960 the league comprised four divisions For the 1980–81 season the Senior Division was introduced After the 1986–87 season the Senior Division was replaced with Division Four After the 1995–96 season Division Four was scrapped After the 2007–8 season Division Three was scrapped After the 2010–11 season Division Three was re-established After the 2011–12 season Division Three was discontinued
USS St. Louis, a Charleston class amphibious cargo ship, was the sixth US ship to bear the name, she served as a commissioned ship for 11 months. She was laid down as AKA-116 on 3 April 1968 by Dry Dock Co.. Newport News, Virginia, she was sponsored by Leonor K. Sullivan, Representative from the 3d District of Missouri and commissioned on 22 November 1969 at the Norfolk Naval Shipyard, CAPT John W. Klinefelter in command. USS St. Louis was decommissioned on 2 November 1992 in Japan. From Sasebo the ship was towed to HI, where she was kept in mothballs. Following commissioning, St. Louis was outfitted at Norfolk. On 6 February, she was ready for sea and sailed for Long Beach, her home port. While en route, she conducted underway training for her crew, visited Fort Lauderdale, transited the Panama Canal and arrived at Long Beach on 28 February ready for two months of intensive training in battle organization and amphibious operations. St. Louis spent May and June in post-shakedown availability and the greater part of July in provisioning preparatory to her first deployment with the fleet.
Late in July, she conducted her first dependents' cruise to familiarize the families of her crew members with her operations and capabilities. She got underway on 1 August with units of Amphibious Squadron 11 for Pearl Harbor. St. Louis, with the squadron, reached Pearl Harbor on 6 August and sailed on the 8th for South Vietnam. On 16 August, she was detached to proceed to Subic Bay and rejoined her squadron at Da Nang on 21 August. After offloading Marines and their equipment, she proceeded to Buckner Bay, returned to Long Beach to transport a World War II midget Japanese submarine to the submarine base at Pearl Harbor. After completion of a large redeployment operation involving over 2,000 Marines and 22,000 tons of equipment in Quảng Nam Province, St. Louis visited Hong Kong and moved to Subic Bay in the Philippines to participate in large scale amphibious landing exercises during November and December. St. Louis completed the amphibious exercise in early January, spent 15 days in upkeep in Subic Bay headed north again for two months of shuttling men and cargo between Vietnam and Japan.
She entered Long Beach on the 31st. After a month and a half stand down period in Long Beach and three more weeks of local operations and upkeep there, she returned to Vietnam, arriving in Da Nang on 24 June, she visited Hong Kong, 28 June to 3 July returned to Long Beach on 19 July. St. Louis remained on the west coast for the remainder of 1971 and for the first three months of 1972. During this period, she was engaged in refresher training, amphibious exercises, upkeep. On 31 March 1972 St. Louis headed out of Long Beach Naval Shipyard back to the picket line off the coast of South Vietnam, participating in the defense of Quảng Trị Province during the Easter Offensive on 24 May 1972; the St. Louis offloaded South Vietnamese Marines and US Navy SEAL squads during this assault, earning a campaign star, in the 1990s, the Combat Action Ribbon. After seven months of transporting men and cargo between various bases in the western Pacific, she returned to Long Beach on Veterans Day 1972, she spent all of 1973 on the west coast.
She visited Acapulco, Mexico, in February, participated in DSRV operations in May and visited Portland, Oregon, in June for the annual Rose Festival. She finished out 1973 with availability periods, refresher training, amphibious exercises. In mid-January 1974, St. Louis stood out of Long Beach to return to the western Pacific; as of May 1974, she was in port at Subic Bay, Philippines. 1981-1982 she sailed a West Pac Cruise leaving San Diego, to pick up Marines from MSSG-31. She sailed to several countries Philippines, Singapore, Freemantle, Okinawa, South Korea, she had a beautiful stop at Diego Garcia & was in the Persian Gulf when the hostages of our American Embassy in Tehran were released. A Battle E was awarded to the ship, the Navy Expeditionary Medal was awarded to Sailors, the Marine Corps Expeditionary Medal was awarded to Marines. Captain D. R. "The Snake" Morris, was the Commanding Officer of the ship, Major Bailey was the Commanding Officer of the embarked Marines. I was a member of the crew.
The St. Louis returned to her home port of California. In 1983 she changed home port to Sasebo, Japan where she performed troop transfers between Okinawa and Korea and amphibious ready group deployments until she was decommissioned in 1992. St. Louis would spend most of 1990 in upkeep period. In May 1991, the St. Louis would participate in Operation Sea Angel in Chittagong Bangladesh after a powerful tropical cyclone struck the Chittagong district of southeastern Bangladesh killing at least 138,000 people and leaving as many as 10 million homeless. On 13 May 1991, Seventh Fleet ordered the USS St. Louis under the command of Capt. John W. Peterson, to proceed from Subic Bay in the Philippines to Naha, Okinawa Japan. At Naha, the St. Louis would load 28 reverse osmosis water purification units each weighing more than 5 tons for use in the relief effort; the amphibious cargo ship St. Louis departed Okinawa on 19 May and arrived 10 days on 29 May, off the coast of Chittagong, Bangladesh. After this, the St. Louis was released from their duties of a successful operation.
Early on the 8th the St. Louis weighed anchor and steamed for Phuket, Thaila
The 1949 National Football League Championship Game was the 17th title game for the National Football League, played on December 18 at the Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum in Los Angeles, California. It is remembered for the driving rain, its paid attendance was 27,980, with only 22,245 in the stadium. The game featured the Eastern Division champion Philadelphia Eagles, the defending NFL champions, against the Los Angeles Rams, winners of the Western Division; this was the first NFL title game played in the western United States. The Rams had last appeared in a title game in 1945, a victory and the franchise's final game in Cleveland; the Eagles were favored by a touchdown, won 14–0 for their second consecutive shutout in the title game. Running back Steve Van Buren rushed for 196 yards on 31 carries for the Eagles and their defense held the Rams to just 21 yards on the ground. Philadelphia head coach Earle "Greasy" Neale did not like to fly, so the Eagles traveled to the West Coast by train. On the way west, they stopped in Illinois for a workout at Stagg Field at the University of Chicago on Wednesday morning.
Sunday, December 18, 1949 Kickoff: 1:30 p.m. PST First quarter no scoring Second quarter PHI - Pete Pihos 31-yard pass from Tommy Thompson 7–0 PHI Third quarter PHI - Leo Skladany 2-yard block punt return 14–0 PHI Fourth quarter no scoring The NFL added the fifth official, the back judge, in 1947; the Eagles players earned $1,090 each and the Rams got $789, about one-third of what was expected with fair weather. Anticipating 70,000 or more in attendance and a large payoff from the gate, the players and owners wanted to postpone the game for a week, but were overridden by Commissioner Bert Bell, reached at home in Philadelphia. Ticket prices were five dollars between $3.60 elsewhere. This was the first NFL game, broadcast on television, although only on the West Coast, under the auspices of Bell; the traditional 60–40 player bonus for playing in a championship game was augmented by $14,000 from the NFL. Although sources are unclear, a source writes. Lyons, Robert S.. On Any Given Sunday, A Life of Bert Bell.
Philadelphia: Temple University Press. 978-1-59213-731-2 Coenen, Craig R.. From Sandlots to the Super Bowl: The National Football League, 1920–1967. Knoxville, TN: The University of Tennessee Press. ISBN 1-57233-447-9 1949 NFL Championship Game
Riverside Park is the name of a former baseball ground located in Buffalo, New York, United States. The ground was home to the Buffalo Bisons baseball club of the International Association in 1878, the National League from 1879 through 1883. Although first used in 1878, its name as known to historians first surfaced in 1882. One local newspaper, employing that era's typical built-in editorializing, stated "The Directors have dubbed the ballgrounds'Riverside Park.' The name is not appropriate, but it will do." Located on a block bounded by Fargo Avenue, Rhode Island Street, West Avenue, Vermont Street, Riverside Park was the first ballpark to be used by the major league Bisons. The stadium was demolished at the request of its owner, Alexander Culbert, who wanted to redevelop the property; the Bisons moved to Olympic Park for the 1884 season and beyond. The rectangular block is today part of the residential neighborhood of Prospect Hill
Dominique Zeigler is a former American football wide receiver. He was signed by the 49ers as an undrafted free agent in 2007, he played college football at Baylor. His nickname among players and fans is "Ziggy". Zeigler was signed by the Niners on May 3, 2007. On January 14, 2008, Zeigler was signed as a free agent to the Niners' roster. On August 31, 2008, Zeigler was waived by the Niners and signed again by the Niners on September 3 and placed on their practice squad. On November 8, he was signed to the active roster and subsequently played in eight regular season games, making five catches for 97 yards and no touchdowns. On September 5, 2009, Zeigler was again waived and signed to the practice squad the next day. On January 6, 2010, Zeigler was signed to the active roster. Zeigler played in 11 regular season games, making nine catches for 98 yards and no touchdowns before being placed on season-ending injured reserve on November 30 due to a torn anterior cruciate ligament in his left knee; the injury was sustained the night before during the Niners' 27-6 road win against the Arizona Cardinals.