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Saint-Domingue

Saint-Domingue was a French colony on the Caribbean island of Hispaniola from 1659 to 1804, in what is now Haiti. The French had established themselves on the western portion of the islands of Hispaniola and Tortuga by 1659. In the Treaty of Ryswick of 1697, Spain formally recognized French control of Tortuga Island and the western third of the island of Hispaniola. In 1791, enslaved Africans and some free people of color of Saint-Domingue began waging a rebellion against French authority; the rebels became reconciled to French rule following the abolition of slavery in the colony in 1793, although this alienated the island's dominant slave-owning class. France controlled the entirety of Hispaniola from 1795 to 1802, when a renewed rebellion began; the last French troops withdrew from the western portion of the island in late 1803, the colony declared its independence as Haiti, its indigenous name, the following year. Spain controlled the entire island of Hispaniola from the 1490s until the 17th century, when French pirates began establishing bases on the western side of the island.

The official name was La Española, meaning "The Spanish". It was called Santo Domingo, after Saint Dominic; the western part of Hispaniola was neglected by the Spanish authorities, French buccaneers began to settle first on the Tortuga Island on the northwest of the island. Spain ceded the entire western coast of the island to France, retaining the rest of the island, including the Guava Valley, today known as the Central Plateau; the French called their portion of Hispaniola Saint-Domingue, the French equivalent of Santo Domingo. The Spanish colony on Hispaniola remained separate, became the Dominican Republic, the capital of, still named Santo Domingo; when Christopher Columbus took possession of the island in 1492, he named it Insula Hispana, meaning "the Spanish island" in Latin As Spain conquered new regions on the mainland of the Americas, its interest in Hispaniola waned, the colony's population grew slowly. By the early 17th century, the island and its smaller neighbors, notably Tortuga, became regular stopping points for Caribbean pirates.

In 1606, the king of Spain ordered all inhabitants of Hispaniola to move close to Santo Domingo, to avoid interaction with pirates. Rather than secure the island, this resulted in French and Dutch pirates establishing bases on the now-abandoned north and west coasts of the island. French buccaneers established a settlement on the island of Tortuga in 1625 before going to Grande Terre. At first they survived by pirating ships, eating wild cattle and hogs, selling hides to traders of all nations. Although the Spanish destroyed the buccaneers' settlements several times, on each occasion they returned due to an abundance of natural resources: hardwood trees, wild hogs and cattle, fresh water; the settlement on Tortuga was established in 1659 under the commission of King Louis XIV. In 1665, French colonization of the islands Hispaniola and Tortuga entailed slavery-based plantation agricultural activity such as growing coffee and cattle farming, it was recognized by King Louis XIV. Spain tacitly recognized the French presence in the western third of the island in the 1697 Treaty of Ryswick.

The economy of Saint-Domingue became focused on slave-based agricultural plantations. Saint-Domingue's Black population increased, they followed the example of neighboring Caribbean colonies in coercive treatment of the enslaved population. More cattle and slave agricultural holdings, coffee plantations and spice plantations were implemented, as well as fishing, cultivation of cocoa and snuff. Saint-Domingue came to overshadow the previous colony in both wealth and population. Nicknamed the "Pearl of the Antilles," Saint-Domingue became the richest and most prosperous French colony in the West Indies, cementing its status as an important port in the Americas for goods and products flowing to and from France and Europe. Thus, the income and the taxes from slave-based sugar production became a major source of the French budget. Among the first buccaneers was Bertrand D'Ogeron, who played a big part in the settlement of Saint-Domingue, he encouraged the planting of tobacco, which turned a population of buccaneers and freebooters, who had not acquiesced to royal authority until 1660, into a sedentary population.

D'Orgeron attracted many colonists from Martinique and Guadeloupe, including Jean Roy, Jean Hebert and his family, Guillaume Barre and his family, who were driven out by the land pressure, generated by the extension of the sugar plantations in those colonies. But in 1670, shortly after Cap-Français had been established, the crisis of tobacco intervened and a great number of places were abandoned; the rows of freebooting grew bigger. The first sugar windmill was built in 1685. On 22 July 1795, Spain ceded to France the remaining Spanish part of the island of Hispaniola, Santo Domingo, in the second Treaty of Basel, ending the War of the Pyrenees; the people of the eastern part of Saint-Domingue were opposed to the arrangements and hostile toward the French. The islanders revolted against their new mas

All Saints Hospital (Racine, Wisconsin)

All Saints Hospital is the primary hospital in Racine, Wisconsin. The hospital consists of two campuses operating under the same name: the primary Spring Street campus and the Wisconsin Avenue campus at 1320 Wisconsin Avenue. All Saints is one of 18 hospitals in the Wheaton Franciscan system, a not-for-profit Catholic health care organization, itself a part of Ascension Health; the first Franciscan hospital in Racine, St. Mary's Hospital, was opened in 1882, its first permanent building was constructed in 1889 at 16th Campbell Avenue. The site was expanded numerous times to accommodate more services, in 1897, 1906, 1933. Construction began on the Spring Street campus known as St. Mary's Medical Center, in 1974, the hospital finished moving in on August 20, 1977; the previous day, the old site was sold to S. C. Johnson & Son, which annexed the buildings into its headquarters. St. Luke's Hospital opened in 1872, with the first part of the Wisconsin Avenue campus being constructed in 1876. St. Luke's, the first public hospital in Racine, was operated by the Episcopal Church.

After a major expansion in 1952, the hospital was renamed St. Luke's Memorial Hospital; the St. Luke's building is today All Saints' Wisconsin Avenue campus. St. Luke's and St. Mary's, as Racine's two primary hospitals, were direct competitors for decades, they began formally cooperating in 1974, when they agreed to consolidate pediatric and obstetric services. In 1987, they began the process of consolidating all services, the combined entity, All Saints Healthcare System, began operations in 1991. In 1994, All Saints absorbed the Racine Medical Clinic and the Kurten Medical Group on Northwestern Avenue; the Franciscan Sisters consolidated all their hospitals, including All Saints, under Wheaton Franciscan Healthcare in July 2006. All Wheaton Franciscan hospitals have been part of Ascension Health since the two merged in 2015; the Spring Street Campus at 3801 Spring Street is the primary hospital in Racine. This building includes the Emergency Care Center, the Cancer Center, the Atrium Medical Offices, the St. Luke's Health Pavilion.

The building is home to the Cardiovascular Institute, which has a helicopter landing pad on the building's roof. Adjacent to the Spring Street building are the Spring Street Medical Office complex, which offers walk-in and outpatient care, the twin West Professional Office buildings at 3805 and 3807 Spring Street. All Saints' Wisconsin Avenue campus, at 1320 Wisconsin Avenue, offers some specialized care, is the location of the Mental Health and Addiction department, as well as the School of Nursing; the buildings on this campus grew out of St. Luke's Hospital, which has occupied the site since 1876

Dujon Sterling

Dujon Henriques Sterling is an English footballer who plays as a right-back for Wigan Athletic on loan from Premier League club Chelsea. Sterling joined Chelsea in 2007 at under-8 level and made his under-19 debut in a UEFA Youth League fixture against Sporting CP in December 2014. Although Sterling has been deployed as a wing-back, he has been played as a winger or centre-forward and impressed during Chelsea's 2015–16 FA Youth Cup campaign, netting in both the semi-final and final. Following an impressive campaign, Sterling was promoted to the U23 squad for the 2016–17 season as a 16-year-old and became a key figure, featuring twenty-four times and scoring four goals. In October 2016, Sterling signed his first professional contract upon his 17th birthday. On 20 September 2017, Sterling made his Chelsea debut during their EFL Cup third round tie against Nottingham Forest, replacing Davide Zappacosta for the final 14 minutes of the 5–1 victory at Stamford Bridge. On 27 June 2018, it was agreed that Sterling would join newly-promoted League One side Coventry City on a season-long loan.

On 1 August 2019, Sterling joined Championship side Wigan Athletic on a season-long loan deal. Sterling is of Jamaican descent. Sterling has represented England from under-16 to under-20 level, he represented England Under-17 at the 2016 U-17 Euros and was included in the team of the tournament. In September 2016, Sterling made his debut for the England Under-19 team in a 1–1 draw against the Netherlands. In June 2017 he was selected to represent England at the 2017 UEFA European Under-19 Championship. Despite Sterling scoring an own goal, England went on to defeat Portugal 2-1 in the final, he was subsequently named in the team of the tournament. As of match played on 4 January 2020 Chelsea ReservesFA Youth Cup: 2015–16, 2016–17 UEFA Youth League: 2014–15, 2015–16 U18 Premier League: 2016–17 England U19UEFA European Under-19 Championship: 2017 UEFA European Under-17 Championship Team of the Tournament: 2016 UEFA European Under-19 Championship Team of the Tournament: 2017 Dujon Sterling at Soccerbase England profile at The Football Association