Saint Dominic

Saint Dominic known as Dominic of Osma and Dominic of Caleruega called Dominic de Guzmán and Domingo Félix de Guzmán, was a Castilian priest and founder of the Dominican Order. Dominic is the patron saint of astronomers. Dominic was born in Caleruega, halfway between Aranda de Duero in Old Castile, Spain, he was named after Saint Dominic of Silos. The Benedictine abbey of Santo Domingo de Silos lies a few miles north of Caleruega. In the earliest narrative source, by Jordan of Saxony, Dominic's parents are not named; the story is told that before his birth his barren mother made a pilgrimage to the Abbey at Silos, dreamt that a dog leapt from her womb carrying a flaming torch in its mouth, "seemed to set the earth on fire." This story is to have emerged when his order became known, after his name, as the Dominican order, Dominicanus in Latin and a play on words interpreted as Domini canis: "Dog of the Lord." Jordan adds that Dominic was brought up by his parents and a maternal uncle, an archbishop.

The failure to name his parents is not unusual, since Jordan wrote a history of the Order's early years, rather than a biography of Dominic. A source, still of the 13th century, gives their names as Juana and Felix. Nearly a century after Dominic's birth, a local author asserted that Dominic's father was "vir venerabilis et dives in populo suo"; the travel narrative of Pero Tafur, written circa 1439, states that Dominic's father belonged to the family de Guzmán, that his mother belonged to the Aça or Aza family. Dominic's mother, Jane of Aza, was beatified by Pope Leo XII in 1828. Dominic was educated in the schools of Palencia where he devoted six years to the arts and four to theology. In 1191, when Spain was desolated by famine, young Dominic gave away his money and sold his clothes and precious manuscripts to feed the hungry. Dominic told his astonished fellow students, "Would you have me study off these dead skins when men are dying of hunger?" In 1194, around age twenty-five, Dominic joined the Canons Regular in the canonry in the Cathedral of Osma, following the rule of Saint Augustine.

In 1203 or 1204 he accompanied Diego de Acebo, the Bishop of Osma, on a diplomatic mission for Alfonso VIII, King of Castile, to secure a bride in Denmark for crown prince Ferdinand. The envoys traveled to the south of France; the marriage negotiations ended but the princess died before leaving for Castile. Around 1205, along with Diego de Acebo, began a program in the south of France, to convert the Cathars, a Christian religious sect with gnostic and dualistic beliefs, which the Roman Catholic Church deemed heretical; as part of this, Catholic-Cathar public debates were held at Verfeil, Pamiers, Montréal and elsewhere. Dominic concluded that only preachers who displayed real sanctity and asceticism could win over convinced Cathar believers; however Dominic managed only a few converts among the Cathars. In 1215, Dominic established himself, with six followers, in a house given by Peter Seila, a rich resident of Toulouse. Dominic saw the need for a new type of organization to address the spiritual needs of the growing cities of the era, one that would combine dedication and systematic education, with more organizational flexibility than either monastic orders or the secular clergy.

He his companions to the monastic rules of prayer and penance. In 1215, the year of the Fourth Lateran Council and Foulques went to Rome to secure the approval of the Pope, Innocent III. Dominic returned to Rome a year and was granted written authority in December 1216 and January 1217 by the new pope, Honorius III for an order to be named "The Order of Preachers" In the winter of 1216–1217, at the house of Ugolino de' Conti, Dominic first met William of Montferrat, who joined Dominic as a friar in the Order of Preachers and remained a close friend. Blessed Cecilia Caesarini, received by Dominic into his new order, in her old age described him as "...thin and of middle height. His face was somewhat fair, he had reddish hair and beard and beautiful eyes... His hands were long and fine and his voice pleasingly resonant, he never got bald, though he wore the full tonsure, mingled with a few grey hairs." Although he traveled extensively to maintain contact with his growing brotherhood of friars, Dominic made his headquarters in Rome.

In 1219, Pope Honorius III invited Dominic and his companions to take up residence at the ancient Roman basilica of Santa Sabina, which they did by early 1220. Before that time the friars had only a temporary residence in Rome at the convent of San Sisto Vecchio, which Honorius III had given to Dominic circa 1218, intending it to become a convent for a reformation of nuns at Rome under Dominic's guidance; the official foundation of the Dominican convent at Santa Sabina with its studium conventuale, the first Dominican studium in Rome, occurred with the legal transfer of property from Pope Honorius III to the Order of Preachers on 5 June 1222, though the brethren had taken up residence there in 1220. The studium at Santa Sabina was the forerunner of the studium generale at Santa Maria sopra Minerva; the latter would be transformed in the 16th century into the College of Saint Thomas, in the 20th century into the Pontifica

1990–91 NOFV-Pokal

The 1990–91 NOFV-Pokal was the last edition of the East German Cup. During the competition, following German reunification in October 1990, the cup had been renamed from the FDGB-Pokal. After the 1990–91 season, the East German competitions were merged into the German system, with clubs from the East now entering the DFB-Pokal; the competition was won by F. C. Hansa Rostock, who beat Stahl Eisenhüttenstadt in the final. Hansa Rostock had won the league title, so Eisenhüttenstadt qualified for the following year's Cup Winners' Cup. Both finalists competed in the 1991 DFB-Supercup. Bye to round 2: Rotation Berlin, FC Carl Zeiss Jena, Wismut Aue Amateure DDR Football 1990/91 at

George Minaker

Clement George Minaker was a politician in Manitoba, Canada. He was a Progressive Conservative member of the Legislative Assembly of Manitoba from 1973 to 1981, served in the cabinet of Sterling Lyon. Subsequently, he was a Progressive Conservative member of the House of Commons of Canada from 1984 to 1988. Minaker was educated at the University of Manitoba, worked as a professional engineer after graduation, he was elected as an alderman in St. James in 1966, was re-elected two years for the new city of St. James–Assiniboia. In 1969, he was chosen as chair of the city's property committee, he was elected as a councillor in the City of Winnipeg in 1971, following the decision of Edward Schreyer's NDP government to amalgamate the city. The amalgamation was unpopular with many St. James residents, Minaker was able to use the issue to win election to the Manitoba Legislature, defeating NDP incumbent Al Mackling in the provincial election of 1973 by 374 votes, he was re-elected by a greater margin in the 1977 election, in which the Tories under Sterling Lyon won a majority government.

Minaker entered cabinet on November 1979 as Minister of Community Services and Corrections. The Tories were defeated in the 1981 provincial election, Minaker lost his own riding to Al Mackling by 779 votes, he turned to federal politics, won riding of Winnipeg—St. James for the Progressive Conservatives in the general election of 1984, he defeated New Democratic Party candidate Lissa Donner by 2680 votes. He was not appointed to the cabinet of Brian Mulroney, lost to Liberal John Harvard in the federal election of 1988, he did not returned to politics after this time. After leaving politics, Minaker worked for the National Transportation Agency in Ottawa