Saint Petersburg State University is a Russian federal state-owned higher education institution based in Saint Petersburg. It is one of the largest universities in Russia. Founded in 1724 by a decree of Peter the Great, the University from the beginning has had a strong focus on fundamental research in science and humanities, it is made up of 24 specialized faculties and institutes, the Academic Gymnasium, the Medical College, the College of Physical culture and Sports and Technology. The university has the other in Peterhof. During the Soviet period, it was known as Leningrad State University, it was named after Andrei Zhdanov in 1948. Saint Petersburg State University is the second best multi-faculty university in Russia after Moscow State University. In international rankings, the university was ranked 240th in 2013/2014, by the QS World University Rankings, it was placed 351–400th by the Times Higher Education World University Rankings and 301–400th by the Academic Ranking of World Universities outperforming the rest of universities in Russia excluding Moscow State University.
The university has a reputation for having educated the majority of Russia's political elite, including presidents Vladimir Putin and Dimitry Medvedev, both of whom studied Law at the university. The university is Russia's oldest university, founded in 1724 by Peter the Great, which predates the foundation of Moscow State University in 1755. Saint Petersburg state university is included in all ratings and lists of the best universities in the world and is one of the leaders in all indicators in Russia; the university was the first from Russian universities to join The Coimbra Group, it now represents Russia. It is disputed by the university administration whether Saint Petersburg State University or Moscow State University is the oldest higher education institution in Russia. While the latter was established in 1755, the former, in continuous operation since 1819, claims to be the successor of the university established along with the Academic Gymnasium and the Saint Petersburg Academy of Sciences on January 24, 1724, by a decree of Peter the Great.
Between 1804 and 1819, Saint Petersburg University did not exist. The Petersburg Pedagogical Institute, renamed the Main Pedagogical Institute in 1814, was established in 1804 and occupied a part of the Twelve Collegia building. On February 8, 1819, Alexander I of Russia reorganized the Main Pedagogical Institute into Saint Petersburg University, which at that time consisted of three faculties: Faculty of Philosophy and Law, Faculty of History and Philology and Faculty of Physics and Mathematics; the Main Pedagogical Institute was restored in 1828 as an educational institution independent of Saint Petersburg University, trained teachers until it was closed in 1859. In 1821, the university was renamed Saint Petersburg Imperial University. In 1823, most of the university moved from the Twelve Collegia to the southern part of the city beyond the Fontanka. In 1824, a modified version of the charter of Moscow University was adopted as the first charter of the Saint Petersburg Imperial University.
In 1829, there were 19 full 169 full-time and part-time students at the university. In 1830, Tsar Nicholas returned the entire building of the Twelve Collegia to the university, courses resumed there. In 1835, a new Charter of the Imperial Universities of Russia was approved, it provided for the establishment of the Faculty of Law, the Faculty of History and Philology, the Faculties of Physics and Mathematics, which were merged into the Faculty of Philosophy as the 1st and 2nd Departments, respectively. In 1849, after the Spring of Nations, the Senate of the Russian Empire decreed the Rector should be appointed by the Minister of National Enlightenment rather than elected by the Assembly of the university. However, Pyotr Pletnyov was reappointed Rector and became the longest-serving rector of Saint Petersburg University. In 1855, Oriental studies were separated from the Faculty of History and Philology, the fourth faculty, Faculty of Oriental Languages, was formally inaugurated on August 27, 1855.
In 1859–1861, female part-time students could attend lectures in the university. In 1861, there were 1,270 full-time and 167 part-time students in the university, of them 498 were in the Faculty of Law, the largest subdivision, but this subdivision had the cameral studies department, where students learnt safety, occupational health and environmental engineering management and science, including chemistry, agronomy along with law and philosophy. Many Russian, Georgian etc. managers and scientists studied at the Faculty of law therefore. During 1861–1862, there was student unrest in the university, it was temporarily closed twice during the year; the students were denied freedom of assembly and placed under police surveillance, public lectures were forbidden. Many students were expelled. After the unrest, in 1865, only 524 students remained. A decree of the Emperor Alexander II of Russia adopted on February 18, 1863, restored the right of the university assembly to elect the rector, it formed the new faculty of the theory and history of art as part of the faculty of history and philology.
In March 1869, student unrest shook the university again but on a smaller scale. By 1869, 2,58
Andreas Fredrik Falkenberg is a Norwegian engineer and politician for the Conservative Party. He was born in Bergen as a son of school headmaster Andreas Fredrik Falkenberg and Anne Marie Wathne, he attended Bergen Cathedral School. In 1893 he graduated from Bergen Technical School, in 1895 from the electrotechnical school Montefiore Institute in Liège. In 1898 he married photographer's daughter Anna Dorothea von der Fehr. In 1897 he was hired as a manager in Bergen's Electric Tramway. In 1914 he moved to Eastern Norway to hold the same position in Oslo Tramway, from 1924 to 1940 he was the chief executive of Bærumsbanen, he was an elected member of Bergen city council from 1908 to 1913, the first term in the executive committee. From 1909 to 1910 he chaired the local Conservative party branch, he chaired Norske Elektrisitetsverkers Forening from 1918 to 1921, the Norwegian Polytechnic Society from 1918 to 1922, Kongelig Norsk Motorbåtforbund from 1920 to 1923 and Kongelig Norsk Automobilklub from 1933 to 1940.
He was decorated as First Class of the Order of Vasa. He died in 1957
Evan R. Chesler is an American lawyer and the Chairman of Cravath, Swaine & Moore. Chesler received an A. B. degree from New York University with highest honors in history, an M. A. from Hunter College in Russian area studies. He received a J. D. degree cum laude from New York University School of Law, where he was elected to the Order of the Coif, was Topics Editor of the New York University Law Review, a junior fellow at the Center for International Studies, was co-author of two published articles on aspects of international law, recipient of the John Norton Pomeroy Prize for academic excellence two times and of the Benjamin Butler Prize. Upon graduation, he became a law clerk to Inzer B. Wyatt of the U. S. District Court for the Southern District of New York, he joined Cravath in 1976 as a litigation associate, becoming partner in 1982, head of the Litigation Department in 1996. In November 2005, he was elected Deputy Presiding Partner, on January 1, 2007, the law firm's 14th Presiding Partner.
Effective January 1, 2013, he became Chairman of the firm, the first person to hold that title in the history of the firm. Cravath, Swaine & Moore Law360's Trial Aces USA Guide, Evan R. Chesler The Legal 500 Top-Tier Firm Rankings, Swaine & Moore LLP Best Lawyers, Evan R. Chesler Benchmark Litigation, Evan Chesler