Salamis, is the largest Greek island in the Saronic Gulf, about 1 nautical mile off-coast from Piraeus and about 16 kilometres west of central Athens. The chief city, lies in the west-facing core of the crescent on Salamis Bay, which opens into the Saronic Gulf. On the Eastern side of the island is its main port, Paloukia, in size second in Greece only to Piraeus, the port of Athens; the traditional etymology of Salamis derives it from the eponymous nymph Salamis, the mother of Cychreus, the legendary first king of the island. A more modern theory considers "Salamis" to come from the root sal'salt' and -amis'middle'; some scholars connect it to the Semitic root Š-L-M'health, peace', because of the well-sheltered harbor. From at least the 13th century until the 19th century, the town, the island, the bay of Salamis were called Koulouri, because of its round shape; the ancient name was revived in the 19th century. The name Koulouri is still used informally for the town. Salamis was first colonised by Aegina and occupied by Megara, but became an Athenian possession in the time of Solon or Peisistratos, following the war between Athens and Megara around 600 BC.
According to Strabo, the ancient capital was at the south of the island. According to Homer's Iliad, Salamis took part in the Trojan War with twelve ships under the leadership of Ajax. Salamis island is known for the Battle of Salamis, the decisive naval victory of the allied Greek fleet, led by Themistocles, over the Persian Empire in 480 BC, it is said to be the birthplace of Ajax and Euripides, the latter's birth being popularly placed on the day of the battle. In modern times, it is home to headquarters for the Hellenic Navy; the oldest known counting board was discovered on Salamis Island in 1899. It is thought to have been used by the Babylonians in about 300 BC and is more of a gaming board rather than a calculating device, it is marble, about 150 cm × 75 cm × 4.5 cm, has carved Greek symbols and parallel grooves. During the German invasion of Greece in World War II, the harbor was bombed by the Luftwaffe on April 23, 1941, sinking the Greek battleships Kilkis and Lemnos. In the 1960s and 1970s, during the military junta period, changes in land legislation allowed the subdivision of land plots.
This opened the island to massive unplanned and unregulated urban and suburban development, including many weekend homes along the northern and eastern coasts. The lack of corresponding investment in infrastructure, combined with heavy industry, has led to sea and beach pollution on this side of the island. There are, ongoing initiatives such as help from the European Union’s Cohesion Fund toward improving sewerage by 2008. An oil spill occurred off the coast of Salamis Island in September 2017. Salamis has an area of 36 square miles. A significant part of Salamis Island is mountainous. On the southern part of the island a pine forest is located, unusual for western Attica; this forest is a target for fires. While the inland inhabitants are employed within the agricultural sector, the majority of Salamis' inhabitants work in maritime occupations or commute to work in Athens; the maritime industry is focused on the north-east coast of the island at the port of Paloukia, where ferries to mainland Greece are based, in the dockyards of Ampelakia and the north side of the Kynosoura peninsula.
Salamis Island is popular for holiday and weekend visits from Athens mainland. This supports a strong service industry sector, with many cafes, ouzeries and consumer goods shops throughout the island. On the south of the island, away from the port, there are a number of less developed areas with good swimming beaches including those of Aianteio, Perani, Kolones, Saterli and Kanakia. Salamis Island belongs to the Islands regional unit of the Attica region. Since the 2011 local government reform the island is administered as one municipality. Before, the island was divided into two municipalities, that became municipal units at the reform: Salamina AmpelakiaIn the municipal unit of Salamina, which has a land area of 80.992 square kilometres and a 2011 census population of 31,776, the chief population centre is the city of Salamina, consisting of the districts Alonia, Agios Minas, Agios Dimitrios, Agios Nikolaos, Nea Salamina and Vourkari. Its second-largest town is Aiánteio. In the municipal unit of Ampelakia, which has a land area of 15.169 square kilometres and a population of 7,507, the largest towns are Ampelakia and Selinia.
As of the mid-20th century, the majority of the inhabitants were Arvanite. The island is known in Arvanitika as Κȣλλȣρι. Paloukia is located in the northeast of the island. Many ferryboats, fishing vessels and port police craft dock in this harbor. Pa
Queen Elizabeth Grammar School is a coeducational selective grammar school in Penrith, England. The school has 830 pupils; the current headteacher is Mr Paul Buckland, who took over in September 2015. The headteacher from September 2004 to August 2015 was Mr Chris Kirkup; each year group is split on to four forms that have 32 students each. Each form is identified by the academic year followed by the initials of the form tutor, a teacher at the school. Students are divided into one of the school's three houses, it moved from its original premises in St Andrew's churchyard to its present site on Ullswater Road, close to the railway station, in 1917. It is Cumbria's only grammar school; the admission process is through an Eleven Plus style exam, which tests mathematics, verbal reasoning and non verbal reasoning or spatial intelligence. The top 160 applicants are offered places at the school. If a student at the school decides to leave their place, it is offered to a child who nearly made it into the top 160 of that year group.
The number of applicants accepted into the school was increased from 128, to an additional thirty two in the entrance exams of 2018. Lawson Soulsby, Baron Soulsby of Swaffham Prior, microbiologist Charlie Hunnam, British actor Oliver Turvey, Racing driver Will Addison, Rugby player Sarah Hall, novelist
Glenn Close is an American actress and producer. Regarded as one of the greatest actresses of her generation, she is the recipient of numerous accolades, including three Primetime Emmy Awards, three Tony Awards, three Golden Globe Awards. Close is a seven-time Academy Award nominee. In 2016, Close was inducted into the American Theater Hall of Fame, in 2019, Time magazine named her one of the 100 most influential people in the world. Close majored in anthropology at the College of William & Mary, she began her professional career on stage in 1974 with Love for Love and was a New York stage actress until the early 1980s. Her work included Broadway productions of Barnum in 1980 and The Real Thing in 1983, for which she won the Tony Award for Best Actress in a Play, her film debut came in The World According to Garp, followed by supporting roles in the films The Big Chill and The Natural. Close went on to establish herself as a leading lady in Hollywood with roles in Fatal Attraction and Dangerous Liaisons, both of which earned her nominations for the Academy Award for Best Actress.
Close won two more Tony Awards for Death and the Maiden in 1992 and Sunset Boulevard in 1995. She won her first Primetime Emmy Award for the 1995 television drama film Serving in Silence: The Margarethe Cammermeyer Story, she continued a successful career in Hollywood with starring roles in Reversal of Fortune, 101 Dalmatians, Air Force One, among others. Further television work came for Close in the 2000s, with her portrayal of Eleanor of Aquitaine in the 2003 television film The Lion in Winter earning her a Golden Globe Award. From 2007 to 2012, Close starred as Patty Hewes in the drama series Damages, which won her a Golden Globe Award and two more Primetime Emmy Awards, she returned to the Broadway stage in a 2014 revival of A Delicate Balance. During this period, she received two additional Best Actress Academy Award nominations for Albert Nobbs and The Wife, winning a third Golden Globe for the latter. Close has been married three times, she has a daughter from her relationship with producer John Starke.
She has co-founded the website FetchDog. She has made political donations in support of Democratic politicians, is vocal on issues such as gay marriage, women's rights, mental health. Close was born on March 19, 1947, in Greenwich, Connecticut, to socialite Bettine Moore Close and William Taliaferro Close, a doctor who operated a clinic in the Belgian Congo and served as a personal physician to its dictator Mobutu Sese Seko, she has two sisters and Jessie, two brothers and Tambu Misoki, whom Close's parents adopted while living in Africa. During her childhood, Close lived with her parents in a stone cottage on her maternal grandfather's estate in Greenwich. Close has credited her acting abilities to her early years: "I have no doubt that the days I spent running free in the evocative Connecticut countryside with an unfettered imagination, playing whatever character our games demanded, is one of the reasons that acting has always seemed so natural to me." Although Close has an affluent background, she has stated that her family chose not to participate in WASP society.
She would avoid mentioning her birthplace whenever asked because she did not want people to think she was a "dilettante who didn't have to work". When Close was seven years old, her parents joined the Moral Re-Armament, a movement in which her family remained involved for fifteen years. During this period, Close's family lived in communal centers. Close has described MRA as a "cult" that dictated every aspect of her life, from the clothes that had to be worn to what she was allowed to say, she once stated that her desire to become an actress allowed her to break away from MRA, adding: "I have long forgiven my parents for any of this. They had their reasons for doing what they did, I understand them, it had terrible effects on their kids. We all try to survive, right? And I think what saved me more than anything was my desire to be an actress." She spent time in Switzerland. Close traveled for several years in the mid-to-late 1960s with a singing group called Up With People and attended Rosemary Hall, graduating in 1965.
During her time in Up With People, Close organized a small singing group called the Green Glenn Singers, consisting of herself, Kathe Green, Jennie Dorn, Vee Entwistle. The group's stated mission was "to write and sing songs which would give people a purpose and inspire them to live the way they were meant to live"; when she was 22, Close broke away from MRA. She attended The College of William & Mary, double majoring in theater and anthropology, Class of 1974. During her senior year of college, Close became inspired to pursue a career in acting after watching an interview of Katharine Hepburn on The Dick Cavett Show, it was in the College's theater department that Close began to train as a serious actor under Howard Scammon and Mary's long-time professor of theater. During her years at school in Williamsburg, she starred in the summer-time outdoor drama, "The Common Glory", written by Pulitzer Prize author Paul Green, she was elected to membership in the honor society of Phi Beta Kappa. Through the years, Close has returned to William & Mary to lecture and to visit the theater department.
In 1989, Close was the commencement speaker at William & Mary and received an honorary doctor of arts degree. Close started her professional stage career in 1974 at the age of 27. In her