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Salem, Oregon

Salem is the capital of the U. S. state of Oregon, the county seat of Marion County. It is located in the center of the Willamette Valley alongside the Willamette River, which runs north through the city; the river forms the boundary between Marion and Polk counties, the city neighborhood of West Salem is in Polk County. Salem was founded in 1842, became the capital of the Oregon Territory in 1851, was incorporated in 1857. Salem had a population of 169,798 in 2017, making it the second-largest city in the state after Portland. Salem is a little under an hour's driving distance away from Portland. Salem is the principal city of the Salem Metropolitan Statistical Area, a metropolitan area that covers Marion and Polk counties and had a combined population of 390,738 at the 2010 census. A 2013 estimate placed the metropolitan population at the state's second largest; this area is, in turn, part of the Portland-Vancouver-Salem Combined Statistical Area. The city is home to Willamette University, Corban University, Chemeketa Community College.

The State of Oregon is the largest public employer in the city, Salem Health is the largest private employer. Transportation includes public transit from Cherriots, Amtrak service, non-commercial air travel at McNary Field. Major roads include Interstate 5, Oregon Route 99E, Oregon Route 22, which connects West Salem across the Willamette River via the Marion Street and Center Street bridges; the Native Americans who inhabited the central Willamette Valley at first European contact, the Kalapuya, called the area Chim-i-ki-ti, which means "meeting or resting place" in the Central Kalapuya language. When the Methodist Mission moved to the area, they called the new establishment Chemeketa; when the Oregon Institute was established, the community became known as the Institute. When the Institute was dissolved, the trustees decided to lay out a town site on the Institute lands; some possible sources for the name "Salem" include William H. Willson, who in 1850 and 1851 filed the plans for the main part of the city, suggested adopting an Anglicized version of the Biblical word "Shalom", meaning "peace".

The Reverend David Leslie, President of the town's Trustees wanted a Biblical name, suggested using the last five letters of "Jerusalem". Or, the town may be named after Salem, where Leslie was educated. There were many names suggested, after the change to Salem, some people, such as Asahel Bush, believed the name should be changed back to Chemeketa; the Vern Miller Civic Center, which houses the city offices and library, has a public space dedicated as the Peace Plaza in recognition of the names by which the city has been known. It is estimated; the Kalapuya peoples would gather on the plateau east and south of the current downtown area in the winter and establish camps. They harvested in the streams and fields of the area. One staple of life was the camas root, periodically the Kalapuya would set fires that would clear and fertilize the meadows where it grew. In the early 1850s, the Kalapuya, along with the other native peoples west of the Cascade Mountains, were removed by the U. S. government through a combination of treaties and force.

Most Kalapuya people were moved to the Grande Ronde Reservation somewhat to the west of Salem, with smaller numbers ending up at Siletz Reservation and other Oregon and Washington reservations. The first people of European descent arrived in the area as early as 1812; the first permanent American settlement in the area was the Jason Lee Methodist mission located in the area north of Salem known as Wheatland. In 1842, the missionaries established the Oregon Institute in the area, to become the site of Salem. In 1844, the mission was dissolved and the town site established. In 1851, Salem became the territorial capital; the capital was moved to Corvallis in 1855, but was moved back to Salem permanently that same year. Salem incorporated as a city in 1857, with the coming of statehood in 1859, it became the state capital. Oregon has had three capitol buildings in Salem. A two-story state house, occupied for only two months, burned to the ground in December 1855. Oregon's second capitol building was completed in 1876 on the site of the original.

The Revival-style building was based in part on the U. S. Capitol building; the building received its distinctive copper dome in 1893. On April 25, 1935, this building was destroyed by fire; the third and current Oregon State Capitol was completed on the same site in 1938. It is recognizable by its distinctive pioneer statue atop the capitol dome, plated with gold-leaf and named the Oregon Pioneer. Agriculture has always been important to Salem, the city has recognized and celebrated it in a number of ways. In 1861, Salem was chosen as the permanent site of the Oregon State Fair by the Oregon State Agricultural Association. Salem is nicknamed the "Cherry City", because of the past importance of the local cherry-growing industry; the first cherry festival in Salem was held in 1903 and was an annual event, with parades and the election of a cherry queen, until sometime after World War I. The event was revived as the Salem Cherryland Festival for several years in the late 1940s. Salem is located in the north-central Willamette Valley, in Marion and Polk countie

John Philip Busby

John Philip Busby was an influential artist whose close observation of nature and dedication to drawing from life inspired several generations of leading wildlife artists. John Philip Busby attended Ilkley Grammar School. After National Service, he studied at Leeds College of Art and at Edinburgh College of Art, ECA, where he was awarded post-graduate and major travel scholarships. On return from France and Italy he was invited to join the staff of ECA, where he taught drawing and painting from 1956 until 1988.. In 1959 he was commissioned to paint the mural Christ in Glory in the Scottish Episcopal Church, St. Columbas-by-the-Castle in Edinburgh, influenced by his travels and informed by his personal Christian faith. Busby was a member of the Royal Scottish Academy of Arts and Architecture and the Royal Scottish Society of Painters in Watercolour, RSW, served as President of the Society of Scottish Artists, from 1976 to 1979. A life-long bird watcher and naturalist, he was a founder member of the Society of Wildlife Artists, SWLA.

Having led courses in Switzerland, the Falklands and Galapagos Islands, in Orkney and at Nature in Art in Gloucestershire, in 1989 Busby began a Seabird Drawing course based at North Berwick which has continued each year since, attracting participants from many parts of the world. He took part in projects with the Artists for Nature Foundation in Holland, Spain, India and Israel, in SWLA/Forestry Commission projects in the New Forest and in the oak woods in the west of Scotland. In 1991 he was filmed in Shetland for the STV production Portrait of the Wild – Summer. Busby illustrated over 35 books about birds and animals about behaviour, ranging from seabirds to tigers, garden birds to otters, a book of poems Wild Horses by Kenneth Steven, he created many of the illustrations in The RSPB Anthology of Wildlife Poetry. His own books ranged from a study of the art of Eric Ennion, two editions of Drawing Birds for the RSPB, the limited edition Nature Drawings, the more autobiographical Land Marks and Sea Wings, Lines from Nature.

The book which summed up his whole approach to nature and art was the 2013 Looking at Birds – An Antidote to Field Guides where he suggested that aspiring artists could'twitch' a single species, maybe "collecting shapes of blackbird". In 2009 Busby was declared Master Wildlife Artist by the Leigh Yawkey Woodson Art Museum in Wisconsin USA. A much celebrated wildlife artist, Busby was a dedicated landscape painter whose work was executed in bold colours, in styles ranging from representational to near abstract. Views of the land from above – a bird's eye view – seemed to fascinate him and the expansiveness of the sky held great appeal, becoming nearly the sole subject of some paintings. Birds feature in many of the paintings and it's clear that the concept of habitat and territory was a rich seam of study. One long running series was of the rockpools at Tyninghame in East Lothian; the interplay of shapes, whether of man-made irrigation circles or transient cloudscapes featured often.'Landscape in a Granite Rock II' was recreated as a tapestry by the Dovecot Studios in Edinburgh.

Busby exhibited both at home and abroad and had a major retrospective exhibition at Bradford City Art Gallery in 1999/2000. A retrospective exhibition was held at Nature in Art, Glos. in August 2015, two major exhibitions were held in June 2016 at the Royal Scottish Academy and concurrently at The Scottish Gallery. An exhibition entitled John Busby, he lived near Ormiston in East Lothian, married to the mezzo-soprano and singing teacher Joan Busby. Music was an abiding passion, he died in Edinburgh in June 2015. Busby, John; the Living Birds of Eric Ennion. Victor Gollancz. Busby, John. Drawing Birds, 1st Ed. Royal Society for the Protection of Birds. Busby, John. Birds in Mallorca. Helm Busby, John. Nature Drawings. Arlequin Press Busby, John. Drawing Birds, 2nd Ed. RSPB Busby, John. Land Marks and Sea Wings. Wildlife Art Gallery, Lavenham. Busby, John. Looking at Birds, an antidote to field guides. Langford Press. Busby, John. Lines from Nature. Langford Press. In addition there are over 35 books illustrated in whole or in part by Busby British Birds Magazine, June 2016Rare Bird Alert website The Scotsman, EdinburghThe Times, London Society of Wildlife Artists website: 27 paintings by or after John Philip Busby at the Art UK site

Black Heavyweight Championship

The Black Heavyweight Championship was a title in pretense claimed by the African American boxer Klondike, born John Haines or John W. Haynes and by two-time colored heavyweight champ Frank Childs; the 6' tall Klondike fought out of Chicago as a heavyweight at a weight of 190 to 200 lbs. from 1898 to 1911. He took the nickname, he was billed as "The Black Hercules". Childs, "The Crafty Texan", fought professionally out of Chicago from 1892 to 1911. Fighting at a weight of between 160 and 185 lbs. the short, stocky Childs fought middleweights, light-heavyweights and heavyweights. Klondike declared himself the black heavyweight champion, he had made his pro boxing debut against Childs on 8 January 1898 at Chicago's 2nd Regiment Armory, losing by a K. O.. That month, on the 29th, Childs won the world colored heavyweight title from Bob Armstrong and his first defense of the title was against Klondike on February 26. Childs won by a T. K. O. in the fourth round of the scheduled six-round bout when the referee stopped the fight.

They fought again four times, as African American boxers were forced to fight one another due to the color bar. Childs won every fight. Klondike fought many of the top black heavyweights of his generation, including Jack Johnson, the first black man to win the world heavyweight championship. Klondike first declared himself the black heavyweight champion after beating Johnson in the future world heavyweight champ's third pro fight at Chicago's Howard Theater on 8 May 1899, it was only Klondike's eighth pro bout. Klondike and Johnson fought again twice, with one bout ending as a draw and the third with Johnson winning by a T. K. O. On 4 September 1898, Frank Childs lost his world colored heavyweight title to George Byers. Regardless of having lost the title, Childs fought Bob Armstrong, from whom he had won the championship on 29 January 1898, on 4 March 1899 in Cincinnati, Ohio in a fight announced as a title bought, despite Byers being the legitimate champion, he defeated Armstrong via a TKO in the sixth round of a 10-round bout.

On 11 August 1899, Childs challenged Klondike for his "Black Heavyweight Championship". In a six-round contest in Chicago, Childs prevailed by outpointing the "Black Hercules". On October 28 of that year, they met in a rematch in Chicago in which Childs retained the black heavyweight title by K. Klondike in the third round of a six-round contest. On 16 March 1900, Childs put his black heavyweight title on the line and Bryers put up his colored heavyweight crown in a six-round bout that ended in a draw, he fought Joe Butler on 15 December 1900 for the black heavyweight title, dispatching Butler via K. O. in the sixth. He took back the Colored World Heavyweight Championship legitimately from Bryers on 16 March 1901 in Hot Springs, Arkansas, K. O.-ing him in the 17th round of a 20-round fight. Childs did not put up his black heavyweight title, which he never fought for again. Childs lost his colored heavyweight title to Ed Martin on 24 February 1902 in Chicago. However, be continued to claim to be the colored champ until he was defeated by Jack Johnson on 21 October 1902.

Johnson beat Martin for the colored title on 5 February 1903 in California. Seven years after Childs lost to Jack Johnson and gave up his claim to the black and colored heavyweight titles, Sam Langford was denied a shot at the world heavyweight title by Johnson. Langford subsequently claimed himself the colored heavyweight championship, much as Klondike had done a decade earlier when he declared himself the black heavyweight champ by beating the young Johnson; the problem with Langford's pretension was that the colored heavyweight title was held by Joe Jeanette. On 13 July 1909, in Pittsburgh's Bijou Theater, Langford "claimed" the title by facing and defeating Klondike, the erstwhile black heavyweight champ, with a newspaper decision in a six-rounder. After defeating the Dixie Kid in a defense of his proclaimed title on September 29, Langford faced Klondike at the Armory in Boston in his second "title defense", he K. O.'ed Klondike in the second round of a 12-round fight. Langford became undisputed colored champ when he beat Jeanette on 6 September 1910.

World Colored Heavyweight Championship World Colored Light Heavyweight Championship World Colored Middleweight Championship World Colored Welterweight Championship World White Heavyweight Championship

Daniel Sarabia

Daniel Sarabia is a Cuban ballet dancer with the Maurice Béjart Ballet of Lausanne, Switzerland. Daniel Sarabia is the son of Cuban dancer Rolando Sarabia, his brother is a principal ballet dancer with the Washington Ballet, Rolando Sarabia. In an interview with Dance Magazine, Daniel explained: "Our father was our first influence and my inspiration... Ballet is in our blood." In 1993 Daniel Sarabia joined the Provincial School of Ballet Alejo Carpentier in Havana, graduated from the Cuban National Ballet School in 2002. He won Bronze Medal at the International Ballet Competition of Havana in 1998, the Silver Medal in 1999 and the prize for "Young Revelation", in 2002 he won the Gold Medal, he began his professional career with the Cuban National Ballet in 2002 under the direction of prima ballerina Alicia Alonso. After two years dancing with the company he defected in 2005 to the United States, where that year he won the Silver Medal in the New York International Ballet Competition, his brother Rolando defected to the US, in 2006.

He has appeared in Latin America, the United States and Europe, dancing such roles as Basilio in Don Quixote, Puck in A Midsummer Night's Dream, Siegfried in Swan Lake choreography of George Balanchine, In the Night by Jerome Robbins, Three Preludes by Ben Stevenson for the Gala of Stars in Houston, Texas. He has performed in the principal roles in such works as the Diane and Actéon Pas de Deux, the Black Swan Pas de Deux and Le Corsaire, he danced with the Boston Ballet in 2005-2006, the Miami City Ballet in 2007 and is a current dancer with the Béjart Ballet of Lausanne. 2005 New York International Ballet Competition Silver Medal New York International Ballet Competition Winners 2002 International Ballet Competition of Havana Silver Medal 1999 International Ballet Competition of Havana Gold Medal and "Prize for Young Revelation" 1998 International Ballet Competition of Havana Bronze Medal and "Best Performance"

Pineville, West Virginia

Pineville is a town in and the county seat of Wyoming County, West Virginia, USA, situated along the Guyandotte River. The population was 668 at the 2010 census. Pineville was settled by William Short in 1853. In 1863, Hiram Clay first settled near the site of present Pineville; the community was once called Castlerock, the post office there was once named Rock Castle. The town was renamed Pineville for the local pine forest and incorporated as a town under that name in 1907, it was named. Pineville became the county seat in 1907. Castle Rock, the towering sandstone formation for which Rockcastle Creek is named, is located at Pineville and is the major local landmark; the Wyoming County Courthouse is on the National Register of Historic Places. Pineville is located at 37°34′59″N 81°32′7″W; the Guyandotte River flows through Pineville, collects its tributaries Rockcastle Creek and Pinnacle Creek within the town. According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 0.84 square miles, of which, 0.80 square miles is land and 0.04 square miles is water.

Many subdivisions or outer areas are considered part of Pineville, including Key Rock, New Richmond, Skin Fork, Glover, Wolf Pen, Rock View, others, but the town limits are much smaller than the area considered part of Pineville. Unique in the county school system, Pineville's secondary school had no feeder schools. Only after the county's population declined in the 1990s did consolidation and closure of the Glen Rogers High School cause students who attended elementary school outside of Pineville to attend middle or high school in Pineville. Further consolidation ended the town's high school, consolidated with Mullens High School to form Wyoming East High School. Students from the catchment areas of the former Herndon, Glen Rogers and Pineville High Schools attend this high school; as of the census of 2010, there were 668 people, 303 households, 200 families living in the town. The population density was 835.0 inhabitants per square mile. There were 345 housing units at an average density of 431.3 per square mile.

The racial makeup of the town was 97.8% White, 0.4% African American, 0.4% Asian, 1.3% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.3% of the population. There were 303 households of which 24.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.8% were married couples living together, 10.2% had a female householder with no husband present, 5.0% had a male householder with no wife present, 34.0% were non-families. 29.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.5% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.20 and the average family size was 2.69. The median age in the town was 49.4 years. 17.4% of residents were under the age of 18. The gender makeup of the town was 50.4 % female. As of the census of 2000, there were 715 people, 334 households, 219 families living in the town; the population density was 908.7 inhabitants per square mile. There were 377 housing units at an average density of 479.1 per square mile. The racial makeup of the town was 98.74% White, 0.70% African American, 0.14% Native American, 0.28% Asian, 0.14% from two or more races.

Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.14% of the population. There were 334 households out of which 23.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.2% were married couples living together, 9.0% had a female householder with no husband present, 34.4% were non-families. 32.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 16.8% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.14 and the average family size was 2.64. In the town, the population was spread out with 17.9% under the age of 18, 7.1% from 18 to 24, 21.3% from 25 to 44, 29.8% from 45 to 64, 23.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 47 years. For every 100 females, there were 86.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 83.4 males. The median income for a household in the town was $31,008, the median income for a family was $45,000. Males had a median income of $39,688 versus $29,167 for females; the per capita income for the town was $25,184. About 5.2% of families and 10.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 21.3% of those under age 18 and 7.1% of those age 65 or over.

Judge Robert D. Bailey, Sr. – was a Pineville resident Curt Warner – NFL running back in the 1980s for the Seattle Seahawks and the Los Angeles Rams. Heath Miller – Professional wrestler competing in WWE as Heath Slater. Kenneth R. Shadrick, reported to be the first casualty of the Korean War. Rural Appalachian Improvement League


Poslingford is a small village in the western part of Suffolk, near to a stream that feeds the into the chilton stream and the Suffolk Stour. The main part of the village follows the line of The Street, rising 40 metres in height above sea level from south to north; the Church of St Mary, near the centre of the village, is part of the Stour Valley Group of churches, services are held there on a rotational basis. The Parish council meeting takes place in the church foyer as it is the only public place available in the village for such meetings to be held; the church holds a stone coffin and bell recovered from the site of Chipley Priory about 1 mile north-west of the village. Both the priory and the church became part of the holdings of the College in Stoke-by-Clare; the Golding family were for several hundred years one of the principal families of the parish. As early as 1573 George and Henry Golding had been called upon to show by what title they held the Rectory of the church, the manor was in the family at that date.

In 1635 Thomas Golding held the advowson. The family appear to have resided in New House, despite its name, is a old property – referred to in 1572 as "a messuage newly built called the Newhowse", it was not new because it was built on the site of the manor of Bustalmynes, named after John Burstemyn, living in 1327. The property was further enhanced in the early 18th century by the Golding family, who constructed a garden canal and avenues within their small park there; the Goldings presented every new Vicar to Poslingford church from 1563 to 1804. Several of this family are buried within the church. In the nave, on the West Wall is a monument to them. Mary, daughter of Thomas Golding of New House, was married to 2nd Bt. A renowned Cavalier and nephew of George Villiers, 1st Duke of Buckingham, the favorite of King Charles I, her tomb is in the floor of the church chancel. The village was once self-sufficient, having a school, post office, small shop, a blacksmith and a public house, The Shepherd and Dog.

These have all long closed and today most of the 200 or so residents travel to nearby towns for their requirements. Media related to Poslingford at Wikimedia Commons