Samuel Griffin

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Samuel Griffin
SamuelGriffin.jpg
Portrait by Gilbert Stuart, c. 1800
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Virginia's 13th district
In office
March 4, 1793 – March 3, 1795
Preceded byNone (district created)
Succeeded byJohn Clopton
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Virginia's 10th district
In office
March 4, 1789 – March 3, 1793
Preceded byNone (district created)
Succeeded byCarter B. Harrison
Member of the Virginia House of Delegates from Williamsburg
In office
December 16, 1786 – November 14, 1788
Preceded byJames Innes
Succeeded byEdmund Randolph
Personal details
Born(1746-04-20)April 20, 1746
Richmond County, Colony of Virginia, British America
DiedNovember 23, 1810(1810-11-23) (aged 64)
Williamsburg, Virginia, U.S.
Spouse(s)Elizabeth Corbin Braxton
Military service
Allegiance United States
Branch/serviceContinental Army
RankColonel
Battles/warsAmerican Revolutionary War

Samuel Griffin (April 20, 1746 – November 23, 1810)[1][2] was a lawyer and politician from Virginia. He represented Virginia in the U.S. House of Representatives.

Biography[edit]

He was born in Richmond County, Virginia, he studied classical studies and law. He was admitted to the bar and practiced. During the Revolutionary War he served as a colonel in the Continental Army, was an aide-de-camp to General Charles Lee, and was wounded at the Battle of Harlem Heights on Sept. 16, 1776.

Colonel Griffin was assigned to the Department of Philadelphia to recuperate from his wounds. Following the retreat of the American army behind the Delaware River in December 1776, Griffin was instructed by commanding general of Philadelphia, Israel Putnam, following directions from General Washington, to "create a distraction" for the British forces then present near Trenton, New Jersey.

Griffin led about 900 militia and Virginia regulars into Mount Holly, from which he harassed the pickets of Colonel Carl von Donop at Bordentown. Colonel Von Donop brought all of his 2,000 or so troops to Mount Holly to punish Griffin in the Battle of Iron Works Hill.[1] Von Donop was now out of position to assist Colonel Rall in Trenton, and on the morning of December 26, 1776, Washington crossed the Delaware and defeated Rall at Trenton. Griffin's role was complete, but local lore says he was aided by a "certain young widow of a doctor" in detaining von Donop in Mount Holly; that widow remains anonymous.

Griffin also served on the State's board of war, he was a member of the Virginia House of Delegates 1786-1788.

Griffin served as mayor of Williamsburg, Virginia from 1779 to 1780.

He was elected to the First, Second, and Third Congresses, serving from March 4, 1789 until March 3, 1795.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Peach, John Harding (2011). On the Banks of the Rappahannock: A Captivating Story of Romance and Mystery in Colonial Virginia. Bloomington: AuthorHouse. p. 247.
  2. ^ "The William and Mary Quarterly". 7. Richmond: Whittet & Shepperson. 1899: 61.

Sources[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by
incomplete record
Mayor of Williamsburg, Virginia
1779–1780
Succeeded by
William Holt
U.S. House of Representatives
Preceded by
District created
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Virginia's 10th congressional district

1789–1793
Succeeded by
Carter B. Harrison
Preceded by
District created
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Virginia's 13th congressional district

1793–1795
Succeeded by
John Clopton