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Samuel of Bulgaria

Samuel was the Tsar of the First Bulgarian Empire from 997 to 6 October 1014. From 977 to 997, he was a general under Roman I of Bulgaria, the second surviving son of Emperor Peter I of Bulgaria, co-ruled with him, as Roman bestowed upon him the command of the army and the effective royal authority; as Samuel struggled to preserve his country's independence from the Byzantine Empire, his rule was characterized by constant warfare against the Byzantines and their ambitious ruler Basil II. In his early years Samuel managed to inflict several major defeats on the Byzantines and to launch offensive campaigns into their territory. In the late 10th century, the Bulgarian armies conquered the Serb principality of Duklja and led campaigns against the Kingdoms of Croatia and Hungary, but from 1001, he was forced to defend the Empire against the superior Byzantine armies. Samuel died of a heart attack on 6 October 1014, two months after the catastrophic battle of Kleidion, his successors failed to organize a resistance, in 1018, four years after Samuel's death, the country capitulated, ending the five decades-long Byzantine–Bulgarian conflict.

Samuel was considered "invincible in power and unsurpassable in strength". Similar comments were made in Constantinople, where John Kyriotes penned a poem offering a punning comparison between the Bulgarian Emperor and Halley's comet, which appeared in 989. During Samuel's reign, Bulgaria gained control of most of the Balkans as far as southern Greece, he moved the capital from Skopje to Ohrid, the cultural and military centre of southwestern Bulgaria since Boris I's rule, made the city the seat of the Bulgarian Patriarchate. Because of this, his realm is sometimes called the Western Bulgarian Empire. Samuel's energetic reign restored Bulgarian might on the Balkans, although the Empire was disestablished after his death, he is regarded as a heroic ruler in Bulgaria,Samuel is considered a heroic ruler in North Macedonia. Samuel was the fourth and youngest son of count Nicholas, a Bulgarian noble, who might have been the count of Sredets district, although other sources suggest that he was a regional count of Prespa district in the region of Macedonia.

His mother was Rhipsime of Armenia. The actual name of the dynasty is not known. Cometopuli is the nickname used by Byzantine historians, translated as "sons of the count"; the Cometopuli rose to power out of the disorder that occurred in the Bulgarian Empire from 966 to 971. During the reign of Emperor Peter I, Bulgaria prospered in a long-lasting peace with Byzantium; this was secured by the marriage of Peter with the Byzantine princess Maria Lakapina, granddaughter of Byzantine Emperor Romanos I Lekapenos. However, after Maria's death in 963, the truce had been shaken and it was at this time or that Peter I sent his sons Boris and Roman to Constantinople as honorary hostages, to honor the new terms of the peace treaty. During these years the Byzantines and Bulgarians had entangled themselves in a war with Kievan Rus' Prince Sviatoslav, who invaded Bulgaria several times. After a defeat from Sviatoslav, Peter I suffered a stroke and abdicated his throne in 969. Boris was allowed back to Bulgaria to take his father's throne, restore order and oppose Sviatoslav, but had little success.

This was used by Nicholas and his sons, who were contemplating a revolt in 969. The Rus' suffered a defeat in the Battle of Arcadiopolis; the new Byzantine Emperor John Tzimiskes used this to his advantage. He invaded Bulgaria the following year, defeated the Rus, conquered the Bulgarian capital Preslav. Boris II of Bulgaria was ritually divested of his imperial insignia in a public ceremony in Constantinople and he and his brother Roman of Bulgaria remained in captivity. Although the ceremony in 971 had been intended as a symbolic termination of the Bulgarian Empire, the Byzantines were unable to assert their control over the western provinces of Bulgaria. Count Nicholas, Samuel's father, who had close ties to the royal court in Preslav, died in 970. In the same year "the sons of the count" David, Moses and Samuel rebelled; the series of events are not clear due to contradicting sources, but it is sure that after 971 Samuel and his brothers were the de facto rulers of the western Bulgarian lands.

In 973, the Cometopuli sent envoys to the Holy Roman Emperor Otto I in Quedlinburg in an attempt to secure the protection of their lands. The brothers ruled together in a tetrarchy. David ruled the southernmost regions and led the defense of one of the most dangerous border areas, around Thessaloniki and Thessaly; the centres of his possessions were Kastoria. Moses ruled from Strumitsa, which would be an outpost for attacks on Serres. Aaron ruled from Sredets, was to defend the main road from Adrianople to Belgrade, to attack Thrace. Samuel ruled northwestern Bulgaria from the strong fortress of Vidin, he was to organize the liberation of the conquered areas to the east, including the old capital Preslav. Some records suggest. After John I Tzimiskes died on 11 January 976, the Cometopuli launched an assault along the whole border. Within a few weeks, David was killed by Vlach vagrants and Moses was fatally injured by a stone during the siege of Serres; the brothers' actions to the south detained many Byzantine troops and eased Samuel's liberation of nort

Fallsington Historic District

The Fallsington Historic District is a historic district in Fallsington, Pennsylvania. The district's history spans over 300 years. While William Penn resided at nearby Pennsbury Manor, he attended Friends meeting in Fallsington; the center of the district is Meetinghouse Square, where the first meetinghouse was built in 1690. The third meetinghouse, built in 1790, is used as a community center, the William Penn Center; the fourth meetinghouse on the square, built in 1841, still operates as a place of worship for Quakers. Historic Falsington offers tours of the district, including the interiors of three preserved buildings: the Moon-Williamson Log House, Burges-Lippincott House, the Stagecoach Tavern; the district was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1972. It comprises 62 contributing buildings, one contributing site, two contributing objects; the first meeting house in the district was built in 1690. Its site is marked by a bronze tablet erected in 1933; the second meeting house in the district was built in 1728.

It is known as the Grambrel Roof House. After the third meeting house was built, the Gambrel Roof House was used as a school and was converted into an apartment building with five apartments, it is three stories constructed of stone. The third meeting house was constructed in 1789 and is now used as a community center called the William Penn Center. In 1841 a fourth meeting house was built to the north of the Gambrel Roof House; this is the meeting house in use. Historic Fallsington, Inc. Fallsington Meeting History

Ludmilla Chiriaeff

Ludmilla Chiriaeff was a Latvian-born Canadian ballet dancer, choreographer and company director. Ludmilla Alexandrovna Otsup was born in Riga to a Russian father Alexandr Otsup, writer known under the pen name Sergej Gorny, his wife Ekaterina Otsup of Polish descent, she considered herself Russian by birth, as her parents were in Latvia only as refugees from conflict in Russia. She was raised and trained in Berlin, where she studied with Alexandra Nikolaeva, a former ballerina of the Bolshoi Ballet, with Nikolaeva's daughter and son-in-law Xenia Krüger and Edouard Borovansky, with Eugenie Eduardowa, her career was interrupted by the conflict of World War II, during which she was confined to a Nazi labor camp on the unfounded suspicion of being Jewish. She escaped during a bombing raid and, with the assistance of the Red Cross, made her way to Switzerland, where she was able to resume her ballet training and revive her professional career in Lausanne and Geneva. While resident in the Suisse romande, she married Russian artist Alexis Shiriaev, whose surname was spelled Chiriaeff, in the French style.

After immigrating with her family to Canada in 1952, Chiriaeff settled in Montréal, Québec, opened a ballet school, soon began to create dances for Société Radio-Canada, the French-language public television service. Because of the success of her television appearances, she founded Les Ballets Chiriaeff, a small troupe that grew in size and popularity and evolved into Les Grands Ballets Canadiens, in 1957. Under her guidance, shared jointly with choreographer Fernand Nault, this company achieved international prominence in 1966–67, during Canada's Expo 67 World Festival and subsequent tours of the United States and western Europe. Chiriaeff retired as co-artistic director of the company in 1974 and devoted herself to leadership of the company's associated schools. Chiriaeff created more than three hundred ballets for stage. In 1952, she choreographed Cendrillon, a three-act ballet set to music by Mozart, for the nascent French-language television service of the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation.

The success of this work led to her being offered a half-hour slot every month to create ballets for L'Heure du Concert and other programs of music and dance broadcast bilingually across Canada. Among her subsequent works for television were Jeu de Cartes, set to music by Igor Stravinsky, Une Nuit sur le Mont Chauve, to music by Modest Mussorgsky, Carnaval des Animaux, to music by Camille Saint-Saëns. After the formation of Les Grands Ballets Canadiens in 1957, Chiriaeff created many works for her young company, including Mémoires de Camille, to music by Giuseppe Verdi, Quatrième Concert Royal, to music by François Couperin, Fète Hongroise, to music by Johannes Brahms, she restaged some of her earlier works, including Cendrillon and Suite Canadienne, set to French-Canadian folk tunes arranged by Michel Perrault. Created for a gala television performance during Queen Elizabeth II's 1955 tour of Canada. Suite Canadienne was one of Chiriaeff's several ballets celebrating Québécois culture, it became, for a time, a sort of signature work for Les Grands Ballets Canadiens and proved to be one of her most popular creations.

In response to her contractual commitment to the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation, Chiriaeff founded Les Ballets Chiriaeff and an associated school in 1952. When the company was renamed Les Grands Ballets Canadiens in 1957, the school expanded, offering instruction to both amateurs and aspiring professionals. In 1966, at the request of the Ministère des Affaires Culturelles du Québec, Madame Chiriaeff established the first professional ballet school in the province, the Académie des Grands Ballets Canadiens, which in 1976 became the École Supérieure de Danse des Grands Ballets Canadiens. In 1980, the school obtained an independent charter and became the École Supérieure de Danse du Québec, it continued to operate under that name until 2010, when it was designated the École Supérieure de Ballet du Québec. It is the only institution in North America to provide a professional ballet program taught in French. Training dancers and dance instructors was central to Chiriaeff's vision. In addition to founding her own schools, she introduced intensive ballet programs into all levels of the provincial educational system, including Montréal's Pierre Laporte Secondary School, the CÉGEP du Vieux Montréal, the École Laurier for elementary school children.

As a result of her educational vision and mission, she has been acknowledged as "la mère de la danse au Québec". In 1969 Chiriaeff was made an Officer of the Order of Canada and was promoted to Companion in 1984. In 1978 she was proclaimed a Grande Montréalaise by the City of Montreal, in 1985 she was made a Grand Officier de l'Ordre National du Québec. In 1993, she received Canada's highest honour in the performing arts, the Governor General's Performing Arts Award, the Denise Pelletier Award for the Performing Arts, honorary doctorates from McGill University, the Université de Montréal, the Université du Québec. "Ludmilla Chiriaeff: Ballet Celebrity". Public Works and Government Services Canada. Archived from the original on February 4, 2005. Retrieved March 13, 2005. Office of the Governor General of Canada. Order of Canada citation. Queen's Printer for Canada. Retrieved 26 May 2010 Ludmilla Chiriaeff at The Canadian Encyclopedia

Frank Scully (footballer)

Francis "Frank" Scully was an Australian rules footballer who played with St Kilda in the Victorian Football League. Scully, a recruit from Windsor, started his St Kilda career in the 1924 VFL season. Debuting in round five, Scully was a regular fixture in the team for the rest of the year and won St Kilda's "best first-year player" award for his performances in 12 games. In round 17 he was reported for striking Essendon player Charlie May, for which he was suspended for five games, he did not return the following season until round six and kicked three goals in his first game back, against Essendon. He played every game except the final two rounds, due to a shoulder injury, his 1926 season was interrupted by an eight-week suspension, incurred for an incident in St Kilda's round two loss to Geelong at Junction Oval. The incident happened after Scully received a free kick for having his arm pulled by Geelong's Ken Leahy. According to the field umpire's account, Scully punched the ball away following the free kick, which struck Leahy in the face.

The pair exchanged blows and had to be separated by the boundary umpire. As Leahy was the first to strike, Scully's suspension was for "retaliation"; the tribunal chairman believed Leahy was the aggressor, but as Scully was charged with striking they could not take provocation into account. Leahy was suspended for eight weeks. A return to football was further delayed by a court case, relating to the theft of a motor vehicle tyre from the property of St Kilda vice president John Beddison. Scully pleaded guilty to the charge and was committed for trial in August, along with four other men, two of them his brothers. On the night in question, the men had dinner at the Duke of Edinburgh Hotel in St Kilda, managed by Beddison. Soon after 8 pm, the men left in a taxi and Beddison noticed that the tyre was missing from his car outside the hotel. Prosecutors alleged that Scully had taken the tyre, which he dropped off at a local motor garage during the taxi ride; the judge asked the jury to take into consideration that Scully was intoxicated and the jury returned a not guilty verdict.

He played in three of the final four rounds of the season. In 1927, Scully kicked 18 goals; the following year he left to coach Penshurst. Frank Scully's playing statistics from AFL Tables Frank Scully at


Not to be confused with Ubuntu. Udutu is an SAAS platform for e-learning, is based in Victoria, British Columbia; the company's Udutu LMS product is used for employee training, customer training, channel training, compliance training. Udutu offers a course authoring tool and a PowerPoint to HTML5 converter for SCORM compatibility. Udutu has just over 88,000 active registered users of their authoring tool with 200,000 user-generated courses in their system. Udutu's LMS and Course Authoring Tool were developed out of a Royal Roads University initiative started in 1995. At that time, RRU was a newly established university with a mandate to grow its course offerings and student population, but with limited financial and capital resources to do so. In order to grow, RRU focused on developing software tools. Udutu was spun off from Royal Roads in 2007. Main features of Udutu Course Authoring Tool: Pre-Designed Templates SCORM Compliant PowerPoints Upload Main features of Udutu Learning Management System: Authoring Tool feature Reporting Progress Measurement Custom Learning Path Gamification Option Main features of PowerPoint to SCORM Converter: Preserve Effects SCORM Compliant Team of the Year Best of Elearning Award of Excellence Brandon Hall Excellence in Learning Technology Awards Red Herring Canada Top 50 Winner National Technology Innovation Award – Honourable Mention Learning management system List of learning management systems Online learning community Educational technology M-learning Blended learning Flipped classroom Collaborative learning Distance education Virtual learning environment Learning object Authoring system Sharable Content Object Reference Model Official Udutu website

Blue City (film)

Blue City is a 1986 American drama film based on Ross Macdonald's 1947 novel of the same name about a young man who returns to a corrupt small town in Florida to avenge the death of his father. The film was directed by Michelle Manning and stars Judd Nelson, Ally Sheedy, David Caruso. Returning to the small Florida town where he grew up, Billy Turner learns that his father has been killed. With little help from the police, Billy will take matters into his own hands and go up against a ruthless local mob in a desperate search to find the killer. Judd Nelson as Billy Turner Ally Sheedy as Annie Rayford David Caruso as Joey Rayford Paul Winfield as Chief Luther Reynolds Scott Wilson as Perry Kerch Anita Morris as Malvina Kerch-Turner Luis Contreras as Lt. Ortiz Julie Carmen as Debbie Torres Allan Graf as Graf Hank Stone as Hank Tommy Lister, Jr. as Tiny Rex Ryon as Rex Willard E. Pugh as Leroy Sam Whipple as Jailer Paddi Edwards as Kate Rick Hurst as RedneckThe Textones appear in the film performing their song You Can Run as produced by Ry Cooder.

The novel was published in 1947. It was in particular Red Harvest. Walter Hill wrote the script with Lukas Heller and was intended to star a leading man in his mid-30s but by the mid 1980s a number of popular young male actors had emerged, so the script was rewritten to accommodate one of them. Hill handed over directing duties to first-timer Michelle Manning, she worked with Sheedy and Nelson on The Breakfast Club as a producer. Her Breakfast Club co-producer was Ned Tanen and when he took over as head of production at Paramount, the studio agreed to finance Blue City with Manning's direction."I don't think I'll become Samantha Peckinpah," said Manning, "but I don't think as a woman that I should have to make a movie with girls in locker rooms putting on make up." Manning did admit being a woman director meant "You're under a microscope. You become a media event for no good reason." It was the first film. He had taken a year off to appear in several plays. "It's the first part that I didn't have to audition for," he said.

"Instead of having to make the rounds and go to casting calls and auditioning with hundreds of other guys my agent has more offers coming in than I can handle. I'm in a position where I can turn a job down. It's a strange experience."Nelson reflected on his role: Cowboys and Indians and robbers. That`s the way Billy Turner sees it--it`s good guys and bad guys. He`s the misunderstood hero now. What, is he out of his mind? He doesn't know what`s going on. Billy Turner is on a quest to find out who killed his father, but as soon as he gets a gun in his hand, it`s like: `Hey--I`ve got a gun in my hand!`It`s a little like real life--sometimes you don`t know what you`re supposed to be doing when you`re doing it. "I think it's exciting that a woman would direct a film of the Peckinpah mode rather the sweet, postman- falls-in-love-with-the-divorcee mode," said Nelson. "I think it could have been filmed in white with a blue tint. I think that would have been the coolest."David Caruso had made a number of films for Paramount - An Officer and a Gentleman, Thief of Hearts - and says they crafted his role for him.

Principal photography started in February 1985. The movie was made at the height of the popularity of the Brat Pack. Manning said of them: These actors function on three levels; as professionals, they're devoted relentless driven. In the public social scene, like at the Hard Rock Cafe, they have to deal with people coming up to them, asking for autographs, pulling on their clothes, and in the privacy of their homes, they're relaxed, they're just kids. But they all want so much to grow as actors, they all so much want their careers to grow. And it scares them the idea that tomorrow this could all end. I mean, it could all just be over, they want so much to be doing the same thing when they're forty, who's to say? Will the trend be to make movies with forty-year-olds? Preview audiences disliked; the motorcycle used is the same 1978/9 750cc Triumph Bonneville T140E used by Richard Gere in An Officer and a Gentleman in which David Caruso appeared. Blue City was a box office disappointment; the film was considered a disappointment by critics upon release.

Nelson's performance was criticized, USA Today saying "Is Judd Nelson the smirkiest actor in current movies, or is he getting stereotyped playing overbearing creeps? Either way, you spend `Blue City's' 83 interminable minutes begging to deck him." The LA Daily News said "You haven't seen anything quite so ridiculous as a limp-jawed, dewy-eyed Nelson trying to carry off a tough guy part." "Nelson-.008 charisma rating on the Richter scale-is resolutely unconvincing.". "It's another step in the slow process of revealing, movie by movie, what dull actors some of the celebrated Brat Pack kids are. Judd Nelson would make a great shopping cart, Sheedy a still life of a cornflower gone to wilt." " a passion as rootless as an Everglades air plant.... Though his clothes suggest that he and Don Johnson patronize the same boutique, Mr. Nelson has the looks of someone who's come South on a spring break and overshot Fort Lauderdale." "The worst major studio film we've seen in recent memory." " Blue City is fictionally set in Florida, but was lensed