San Cristóbal de La Laguna is a city and municipality in the northern part of the island of Tenerife in the Province of Santa Cruz de Tenerife, on the Canary Islands. The city is the third-most populous city of the archipelago and the second-most populous city of the island. La Laguna's historical center was declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 1999. In 2003 the municipality started an ambitious Urban Plan to renew this area, carried out by the firm AUC S. L.. The city was the ancient capital of the Canary Islands. La Laguna lies right alongside the city of Santa Cruz de Tenerife, thus the two cities and municipalities form a single large urban center, linked by tram; the city is home to the University of La Laguna, home to 30,000 students. La Laguna is considered to be the cultural capital of the Canary Islands. There is in the habit of being calling the "Ciudad de los Adelantados", for having been the first university city of the archipelago, its economy is business-oriented. The urban area dominates the southern parts.
Tourism covers the northern coast. The main industry includes some manufacturing; the industrial area is made up of the main subdivisions of Majuelos, Las Torres de Taco, Las Mantecas and Las Chumberas. In this city one finds the legendary house of the spectre of Catalina Lercaro, as well as the incorrupt body of Sor María de Jesús, the Christ of La Laguna. Another emblematic building of the city is the Cathedral of La Laguna, the Catholic cathedral of Tenerife and its diocese. Other important historical figures of the city were Amaro Pargo, one of the famous corsairs of the Golden Age of Piracy, José de Anchieta, Catholic saint and missionary and founder of the cities of São Paulo and Rio de Janeiro in Brazil. In 2010, after a survey, La Laguna was listed as the city with the best reputation in the Canary Islands and the third provincial capital city of Spain with the best reputation, behind Gijon and Marbella. At first the place where the town was called "Aguere" by the aboriginal Guanches.
He founded the city as "Villa de San Cristóbal de La Gran Laguna". He established the San Cristóbal de La Laguna, today is known as "La Laguna"; the coat of arms was granted by Queen Joanna of Castile on 23 March 1510, as arms of the island of Tenerife. The town of La Laguna, being the capital of the island during the first times after the Conquest, adopted this emblem as its own, it features an island with a volcano spitting fire, on waves, between a castle and a lion, above the Archangel Saint Michael, holding a spear in one hand and a shield in the other. In the border, the inscription Michael Arcangele Veni in Adjutorium Populo Dei Thenerife Me Fecit; these elements symbolize the incorporation of the island of Tenerife to the Crown of Castile and its evangelization under the patronage of Saint Michael. La Verdellada Viña Nava El Coromoto San Benito El Bronco La Cuesta Taco Tejina Valleguerra Bajamar Punta del Hidalgo Geneto Los Baldios Guamasa El Ortigal Las Mercedes El Batan Las Carboneras San Diego Las Gavias Owing to its northerly aspect that captures moisture from the prevailing northeasterly winds, San Cristóbal de La Laguna has a mediterranean climate that contrasts with the arid climate of other cities on the Canary Islands, with three to five times more rainfall than on the southern slopes, around ten percent less sunshine, about ten percent higher humidity throughout the year.
In spite of its elevation, the maritime and subtropical influences keep the temperature above frost at all times. The place where the city is built belonged to the Menceyato de Anaga, one of nine aboriginal Guanche kingdoms on the island until the Kingdom of Castile's conquest, it is known that the whole valley of Aguere and the large lake, in this place, was a place of pilgrimage for the aborigines of the island. The Battle of Aguere was fought here in 1494; the city was founded between 1496 and 1497 by Alonso Fernández de Lugo and was the capital of the island after the conclusion of the conquest of the islands. The city became the capital of all of the Canary Islands. In 1582, the city suffered a virulent black plague epidemic that produced between 5,000 and 9,000 deaths; the layout of the city, its streets and its environment are elements shared with colonial cities in the Americas and Old Havana in Cuba, Lima in Peru, Cartagena de Indias in Colombia, or San Juan de Puerto Rico, among others.
Since the urban plan of the city of La Laguna was the model for these Latin American cities. The coastal area was raided by pirates; the University of La Laguna was founded in 1701. A declining population and economy in the 18th century resulted in the transfer of the capital to Santa Cruz de Tenerife in 1723. Santa Cruz has since been the capital of the island of Tenerife and the sole capital of the Canary Islands until 1927, after which the capital of the archipelago has been shared with the city of Las Palmas de Gran Canaria; the Tenerife North Airport at Los Rodeos was opened in the 1930s and is today expanding with low cost airlines using it. It was declared a World Heritage Site on 2 December 1999. Several streets of historical significance have been closed off to automobile traffic. La Laguna has been called the «Florence of the Canary Islands», this is due to its large number of churches and convents, as well as its ol
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