History of Colorado
This article covers Colorado's historic period, when events were recorded. For Colorado's prehistoric history, go to Prehistory of Colorado; the human history of Colorado extends back more than 14,000 years. The region, today the state of Colorado was first inhabited by Native American people; the Lindenmeier Site in Larimer County, Colorado, is a Folsom culture archaeological site with artifacts dating from 8710 BCE. When explorers, early trappers and gold miners visited and settled in Colorado, the state was populated by American Indian nations. Westward expansion brought European settlers to the area and Colorado's recorded history began with treaties and wars with Mexico and American Indian nations to gain territorial lands to support the transcontinental migration. In the early days of the Colorado gold rush, Colorado was a Territory of Kansas and Territory of Jefferson. On August 1, 1876, Colorado was admitted as a state. Ancient Pueblo Peoples — A diverse group of peoples that lived in the valleys and mesas of the Colorado Plateau Apache Nation — An Athabaskan-speaking nation that lived in the Great Plains in the 18th century migrated southward to Texas, New Mexico, Arizona, leaving a void on the plains, filled by the Arapaho and Cheyenne from the east.
Arapaho Nation — An Algonquian-speaking nation that migrated westward to the base of the Rocky Mountains in the late 19th century and settled on the piedmont and the eastern plains. They were relocated out of Colorado in 1865 following the Colorado War. Cheyenne Nation — An Algonquian-speaking nation closely related to the Arapaho. Like the Arapaho, they migrated westward in the 18th century to the base of the Rockies, they lived in bands interspersed among the Arapaho, were relocated out of Colorado in the 1860s. Comanche Nation — A Numic-speaking nation that lived on the High Plains of southeastern Colorado. Related to the Shoshone, they acquired the horse from the Spaniards and roamed the southern Great Plains; the Comanche were removed to Indian territory. Shoshone Nation — A Numic-speaking nation that inhabited intermountain valleys along the north edge of the state in the Yampa River valley, up through the late 19th century. Areas included Browns Park. Ute Nation — A Numic-speaking nation that has lived in the Southern and the Western Rocky Mountains for many centuries.
Their leaders were his wife Chipeta. They clashed with the Arapaho and Cheyenne, resisted the encroachment of these nations into the mountains; until the 1880s, the Ute controlled nearly all of Colorado west of the continental divide, a situation that eroded after the silver boom of 1879. After clashing with white settlers in the 1880s in the Meeker Massacre, they were nearly relocated out of the state into Utah, except for two small reservations in southwestern Colorado; the first Europeans to visit the region were Spanish conquistadors. Juan de Oñate who lived until 1626, founded what would become the Spanish province of Santa Fé de Nuevo México among the pueblos of the Rio Grande on July 11, 1598. In 1706 Juan de Ulibarri claimed the territory of Colorado. In 1787 Juan Bautista de Anza established the settlement of San Carlos near present-day Pueblo, but it failed; this was the only Spanish attempt to create a settlement north of the Arkansas River. Colorado became part of the Spanish province of Santa Fe de Nuevo México as part of the Viceroyalty of New Spain.
The Spaniards traded with Native Americans who lived there and established the Comercio Comanchero among the Spanish settlements and the Native Americans. In 1803 the United States acquired a territorial claim to the eastern flank of the Rocky Mountains by the Louisiana Purchase from France. However, the claim conflicted with Spain's claim to sovereignty over the territory. Zebulon Pike led a U. S. Army reconnaissance expedition into the disputed region in 1806. Pike and his men were arrested by Spanish cavalry in the San Luis Valley, taken to Chihuahua expelled from México. Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla declared Mexico's independence from Spain on September 16, 1810. In 1819, the United States ceded its claim to the land south and west of the Arkansas River to Spain with the Adams-Onís Treaty, at the same time purchasing Florida. Mexico won its independence with the Treaty of Córdoba signed on August 24, 1821, assumed the territorial claims of Spain. Although Mexican traders ventured north, settlers stayed south of the 37th parallel north until the United States signed a peace treaty with the Ute Nation in 1850.
During the period 1832 to 1856, traders and settlers established trading posts and small settlements along the Arkansas River, on the South Platte near the Front Range. Prominent among these were Bent's Fort and Fort Pueblo on the Arkansas and Fort Saint Vrain on the South Platte; the main item of trade offered by the Indians was buffalo robes, see Early history of the Arkansas Valley in Colorado and Forts in Colorado. In 1846 the United States went to war with Mexico, the defeated nation was forced to relinquish its northern territories by the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo in 1848; this opened the Southern Rocky Mountains to American settlement, including what is now the lower portion of Colorado. The newly gained land was divided into the Territory of New Mexico and the Territory of Utah, both organized in 1850, the Territory of Kansas and the Territory of Nebraska, organized in 1854. Most settlers avoided the rugged Rocky Mountains and headed for Oregon, the Deseret, or California following the North Platte River and the Sweetwater River to South Pass in what is now Wyoming.
On April 9, 1851, Hispanic settlers from Taos, New Mexico
Denver the City and County of Denver, is the capital and most populous municipality of the U. S. state of Colorado. Denver is located in the South Platte River Valley on the western edge of the High Plains just east of the Front Range of the Rocky Mountains; the Denver downtown district is east of the confluence of Cherry Creek with the South Platte River 12 mi east of the foothills of the Rocky Mountains. Denver is named after James W. Denver, a governor of the Kansas Territory, it is nicknamed the Mile High City because its official elevation is one mile above sea level; the 105th meridian west of Greenwich, the longitudinal reference for the Mountain Time Zone, passes directly through Denver Union Station. Denver is ranked as a Beta world city by World Cities Research Network. With an estimated population of 704,621 in 2017, Denver is the 19th-most populous U. S. city, with a 17.41% increase since the 2010 United States Census, it has been one of the fastest-growing major cities in the United States.
The 10-county Denver-Aurora-Lakewood, CO Metropolitan Statistical Area had an estimated 2017 population of 2,888,227 and is the 19th most populous U. S. metropolitan statistical area. The 12-city Denver-Aurora, CO Combined Statistical Area had an estimated 2017 population of 3,515,374 and is the 15th most populous U. S. metropolitan area. Denver is the most populous city of the 18-county Front Range Urban Corridor, an oblong urban region stretching across two states with an estimated 2017 population of 4,895,589. Denver is the most populous city within a 500-mile radius and the second-most populous city in the Mountain West after Phoenix, Arizona. In 2016, Denver was named the best place to live in the United States by U. S. News & World Report. In the summer of 1858, during the Pike's Peak Gold Rush, a group of gold prospectors from Lawrence, Kansas established Montana City as a mining town on the banks of the South Platte River in what was western Kansas Territory; this was the first historical settlement in what was to become the city of Denver.
The site faded however, by the summer of 1859 it was abandoned in favor of Auraria and St. Charles City. On November 22, 1858, General William Larimer and Captain Jonathan Cox, both land speculators from eastern Kansas Territory, placed cottonwood logs to stake a claim on the bluff overlooking the confluence of the South Platte River and Cherry Creek, across the creek from the existing mining settlement of Auraria, on the site of the existing townsite of St. Charles. Larimer named the townsite Denver City to curry favor with Kansas Territorial Governor James W. Denver. Larimer hoped the town's name would help make it the county seat of Arapaho County but, unbeknownst to him, Governor Denver had resigned from office; the location was accessible to existing trails and was across the South Platte River from the site of seasonal encampments of the Cheyenne and Arapaho. The site of these first towns is now the site of Confluence Park near downtown Denver. Larimer, along with associates in the St. Charles City Land Company, sold parcels in the town to merchants and miners, with the intention of creating a major city that would cater to new immigrants.
Denver City was a frontier town, with an economy based on servicing local miners with gambling, saloons and goods trading. In the early years, land parcels were traded for grubstakes or gambled away by miners in Auraria. In May 1859, Denver City residents donated 53 lots to the Leavenworth & Pike's Peak Express in order to secure the region's first overland wagon route. Offering daily service for "passengers, mail and gold", the Express reached Denver on a trail that trimmed westward travel time from twelve days to six. In 1863, Western Union furthered Denver's dominance of the region by choosing the city for its regional terminus; the Colorado Territory was created on February 28, 1861, Arapahoe County was formed on November 1, 1861, Denver City was incorporated on November 7, 1861. Denver City served as the Arapahoe County Seat from 1861 until consolidation in 1902. In 1867, Denver City became the acting territorial capital, in 1881 was chosen as the permanent state capital in a statewide ballot.
With its newfound importance, Denver City shortened its name to Denver. On August 1, 1876, Colorado was admitted to the Union. Although by the close of the 1860s, Denver residents could look with pride at their success establishing a vibrant supply and service center, the decision to route the nation's first transcontinental railroad through Cheyenne, rather than Denver, threatened the prosperity of the young town. A daunting 100 miles away, citizens mobilized to build a railroad to connect Denver to the transcontinental railroad. Spearheaded by visionary leaders including Territorial Governor John Evans, David Moffat, Walter Cheesman, fundraising began. Within three days, $300,000 had been raised, citizens were optimistic. Fundraising stalled before enough was raised, forcing these visionary leaders to take control of the debt-ridden railroad. Despite challenges, on June 24, 1870, citizens cheered as the Denver Pacific completed the link to the transcontinental railroad, ushering in a new age of prosperity for Denver.
Linked to the rest of the nation by rail, Denver prospered as a service and supply center. The young city grew during these years, attracting millionaires with their mansions, as well as the poverty and crime of a growing city. Denver citizens were proud when the rich chose Denver and were thrilled when Horace Tabor, the Leadville mining millionaire, built an impressive business block at 16th and Larimer as well as the el
Huerfano County, Colorado
Huerfano County is one of the 64 counties in the U. S. state of Colorado. As of the 2010 census, the population was 6,711; the county seat is Walsenburg. The county, whose name comes from the Spanish huérfano meaning "orphan", was named for the Huerfano Butte, a local landmark; the area of Huerfano County boomed early in the 1900s with the discovery of large coal deposits. After large scale World War II coal demand ended in the 1940s Walsenburg and Huerfano saw a steady economic decline through 2015. Huerfano County was one of the original 17 counties created by the Territory of Colorado on November 1, 1861, was larger than its present size. On November 2, 1870, the Colorado General Assembly created Greenwood County from former Cheyenne and Arapaho tribal land and the eastern portion of Huerfano County. There are countless reports of vast New Spain and Native American gold treasures that lay hidden in the hills and mountains of Huerfano County including the Arapahoe Princess Treasure. Two Spanish forts were located in Huerfano County.
According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,593 square miles, of which 1,591 square miles is land and 2.2 square miles is water. The price of property saw an increase of more than 10% after a moratorium on commercial marijuana grows was lifted in July 2015. Pueblo County - northeast Las Animas County - southeast Costilla County - southwest Alamosa County - west Custer County - northwest Saguache County - northwest Greenhorn Mountain Wilderness Lathrop State Park San Isabel National Forest Sangre de Cristo Wilderness Spanish Peaks Wilderness Highway of Legends Scenic Byway The county's tourism board brands the county as "Southern Colorado's Spanish Peaks Country." Visitors are attracted to the Spanish Peaks and the many mountain-related activities they offer, such as mountain climbing, hiking and sightseeing. In addition, the western part of the county offers the peaks of the Sangre de Cristo Range, a range that includes several fourteeners; the towns of La Veta and Cuchara offer lodging.
A new county park — the Cuchara Mountain Park — opened in 2017, repurposing property that used to be the now-defunct Cuchara Ski Resort. Huerfano County is a geologist's paradise. Over 500 dikes surround the Spanish Peaks. Many other geological formations, such as the Dakota Formation, are visible in the county. Lathrop State Park offers hiking, camping and fishing. Adjacent to the park, the city of Walsenburg offers a nine-hole golf course; as of the census of 2000, there were 7,862 people, 3,082 households, 1,920 families residing in the county. The population density was 5 people per square mile. There were 4,599 housing units at an average density of 3 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 80.96% White, 2.75% Black or African American, 2.70% Native American, 0.39% Asian, 0.08% Pacific Islander, 9.41% from other races, 3.71% from two or more races. 35.14% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 3,082 households out of which 25.00% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.40% were married couples living together, 10.40% had a female householder with no husband present, 37.70% were non-families.
32.80% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.10% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.25 and the average family size was 2.85. In the county, the population was spread out with 20.90% under the age of 18, 7.30% from 18 to 24, 27.40% from 25 to 44, 27.40% from 45 to 64, 17.00% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42 years. For every 100 females there were 118.80 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 122.80 males. The median income for a household in the county was $25,775, the median income for a family was $32,664. Males had a median income of $24,209 versus $21,048 for females; the per capita income for the county was $15,242. About 14.10% of families and 18.00% of the population were below the poverty line, including 23.70% of those under age 18 and 11.90% of those age 65 or over. Badito Calumet Cuchara Farista Farisita Gardner La Veta Navajo Ranch Red Wing Walsenburg Outline of Colorado Index of Colorado-related articles National Register of Historic Places listings in Huerfano County, Colorado Huerfano County Government website Colorado County Evolution by Don Stanwyck Spanish Peaks Country
United States Fish and Wildlife Service
The United States Fish and Wildlife Service is an agency of the US Federal Government within the US Department of the Interior dedicated to the management of fish and natural habitats. The mission of the agency is "working with others to conserve and enhance fish, wildlife and their habitats for the continuing benefit of the American people." Aurelia Skipwith is Trump's nominee. Among the responsibilities of the FWS are enforcing federal wildlife laws. Sub-units of the FWS include: National Wildlife Refuge System—560 National Wildlife Refuges and thousands of small wetlands and other special management areas covering over 150 million acres Division of Migratory Bird Management Federal Duck Stamp National Fish Hatchery System—70 National Fish Hatcheries and 65 Fish and Wildlife Conservation Offices Endangered Species program—86 Ecological Services Field Stations International Affairs Program National Conservation Training Center USFWS Office of Law Enforcement Clark R. Bavin National Fish and Wildlife Forensic Laboratory Landscape Conservation CooperativesThe vast majority of fish and wildlife habitat is on non-federal state or private land.
Therefore, the FWS works with private groups such as Partners in Flight and Sport Fishing and Boating Partnership Council to promote voluntary habitat conservation and restoration. The FWS employs 9,000 people and is organized into a central administrative office in Falls Church, eight regional offices, nearly 700 field offices distributed throughout the United States; the FWS originated in 1871 as the United States Commission on Fish and Fisheries, more referred to as the United States Fish Commission, created by the United States Congress with the purpose of studying and recommending solutions to a noted decline in the stocks of food fish. Spencer Fullerton Baird was appointed its first commissioner. In 1903, the Fish Commission was reorganized as the United States Bureau of Fisheries. In 1885–1886, the Division of Economic Ornithology and Mammalogy was established within the United States Department of Agriculture. In 1896 it became the Division of Biological Survey, its early work focused on the effect of birds in controlling agricultural pests and mapping the geographical distribution of plants and animals in the United States.
Clinton Hart Merriam headed the Bureau for 25 years and became a national figure for improving the scientific understanding of birds and mammals in the United States. Jay Norwood Darling was appointed Chief of the new Bureau of Biological Survey in 1934. Under Darling's guidance, the Bureau began an ongoing legacy of protecting vital natural habitat throughout the country; the FWS was created in 1940, when the Bureaus of Fisheries and Biological Survey were combined after being moved to the Department of the Interior. In 1959, the methods used by FWS's Animal Damage Control Program were featured in the Tom Lehrer song "Poisoning Pigeons in the Park"; the FWS governs six US National Monuments: Hanford Reach National Monument in Washington state. Pursuant to the eagle feather law, Title 50, Part 22 of the Code of Federal Regulations, the Bald and Golden Eagle Protection Act, the US Fish and Wildlife Service administers the National Eagle Repository and the permit system for Native American religious use of eagle feathers.
These exceptions only apply to Native Americans that are registered with the federal government and are enrolled with a federally recognized tribe. In the late 1990s and early 2000s, the FWS began to incorporate the research of tribal scientists into conservation decisions; this came on the heels of Native American traditional ecological knowledge gaining acceptance in the scientific community as a reasonable and respectable way to gain knowledge of managing the natural world. Additionally, other natural resource agencies within the United States government, such as the USDA, have taken steps to be more inclusive of tribes, native people, tribal rights; this has marked a transition to a relationship of more co-operation rather than the tension between tribes and government agencies seen historically. Today, these agencies work with tribal governments to ensure the best conservation decisions are made and that tribes retain their sovereignty. Federal law enforcement in the United States Atlantic Coastal Cooperative Statistics Program National Fish and Wildlife Forensics Laboratory National Oceanic and Atmospheric Admini
Outline of Colorado
The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to the U. S. state of Colorado: Colorado – 22nd most populous, the eighth most extensive, the highest in average elevation of the 50 United States. Colorado is one of the western Mountain States; the 30 highest major summits of the Rocky Mountains all rise within Colorado. The Territory of Colorado joined the Union as the 38th state on August 1, 1876. Names Common name: Colorado Pronunciation: Official name: State of Colorado Abbreviations and name codes Postal symbol: CO ISO 3166-2 code: US-CO Internet second-level domain:.co.us Nicknames Buffalo Plains State Centennial State Colorful Colorado Columbine State Highest State Lead State Mother of Rivers Rocky Mountain Empire Rocky Mountain State Silver State Switzerland of America Adjectival: Colorado Demonyms Coloradan Coloradoan Geography of Colorado Colorado is: a U. S. state, a federal state of the United States of America Location Northern Hemisphere Western Hemisphere Americas North America Anglo America Northern America United States of America Contiguous United States Western United States Mountain West United States Southwestern United States Population of Colorado: 5,029,196 Population density of Colorado: 18.39 km−2 Area of Colorado: 268,657.7 km2 Atlas of Colorado Places in Colorado Colorado municipalities Colorado census designated places List of cities and towns in Colorado Colorado counties Historic places in Colorado Forts in Colorado Ghost towns in Colorado National Historic Landmarks in Colorado National Register of Historic Places listings in Colorado Bridges on the National Register of Historic Places in Colorado National parks in Colorado State parks in Colorado National Natural Landmarks in Colorado Climate of Colorado Protected areas in Colorado State forests of Colorado Superfund sites in Colorado Wildlife of Colorado Fauna of Colorado Birds of Colorado Mammals of Colorado Reptiles Snakes of Colorado List of lakes in Colorado List of mountains of Colorado Mountain ranges of Colorado Mountain peaks of Colorado The 100 highest major summits of Colorado The 55 major 4000 meter summits of Colorado – major peaks over 13,123.4 feet elevation The 51 Colorado fourteeners – peaks over 14,000 feet elevation The 50 most prominent summits of Colorado The 40 most isolated major summits of Colorado Mountain passes of Colorado List of rivers of Colorado Drainage basins of Colorado National Natural Landmarks in Colorado List of dams and reservoirs in Colorado Central Colorado South-Central Colorado Colorado Eastern Plains Colorado Mineral Belt Colorado Piedmont Colorado Plateau Colorado Western Slope Front Range Urban Corridor Denver Region North Front Range Region Pikes Peak Region Grand Valley High Plains High Rockies Northern Colorado Roaring Fork Valley Rocky Mountains Southern Rocky Mountains Elk Mountains Ruby Range West Elk Mountains Flat Tops Front Range Indian Peaks Kenosha Mountains Longs Peak Massif Mummy Range Never Summer Mountains Pikes Peak Massif Platte River Mountains Rampart Range South Park Hills South Williams Fork Mountains Tarryall Mountains Gore Range Grand Mesa Laramie Mountains Massifs Mount Elbert Massif – highest summit of the Rocky Mountains Mount Massive Massif – second highest summit of the Rocky Mountains Sierra Blanca Massif – fifth highest summit of the Rocky Mountains Longs Peak Massif – 13th highest major summit of the Rocky Mountains Pikes Peak Massif – 20th highest major summit of the Rocky Mountains Medicine Bow Mountains Mosquito Range Tenmile Range Park Range Elkhead Mountains Parks Middle Park North Park San Luis Valley South Park Rabbit Ears Range Raton Mesa San Juan Mountains La Garita Mountains Cochetopa Hills La Plata Mountains Needle Mountains Grenadier Range West Needle Mountains San Miguel Mountains Sneffels Range Sangre de Cristo Mountains Culebra Range Sangre de Cristo Range Crestones Sierra Blanca Massif Spanish Peaks Wet Mountains Sawatch Range Collegiate Peaks Mount Elbert Massif Mount Massive Massif Williams Mountains Uncompaghre Plateau White River Plateau Western Rocky Mountains Uinta Mountains Colorado Plateau Ute Mountain Western Colorado Northwestern Colorado Southwestern Colorado The 64 counties of the state of Colorado There are no township governments in the state of Colorado.
Demographics of Colorado Colorado census designated places Colorado census statistical areas Colorado counties Colorado metropolitan areas Colorado municipalities Front Range Urban Corridor Politics of Colorado United States congressional delegations from Colorado List of United States Senators from Colorado U. S. Senate Class II Cory Gardner U. S. Senate Class III Michael Bennet List of United States Representatives from Colorado Congressional districts of the State of Colorado Colorado's 1st congressional district Diana DeGette Colorado's 2nd congressional district Jared Polis Colorado's 3rd congressional district Scott Tipton Colorado's 4th congressional district Ken Buck Colorado's 5th congressional district Doug Lamborn Colorado's 6th congressional district Mike Coffman Colorado's 7th congressional district Ed Perlmutter Colorado Air National Guard Colorado Army National Guard Military facilities in Colorado Government of Colorado Form of government: U. S. state government Colorado State Capitol Governor of the State of Colorado website John Hickenlooper Colorado Department of Agriculture website Colorado Department of Corrections website Colorado Department of Education website Colorado Department of Health Care Policy and Financing website Colorado Department of Higher Education website Colorado Department of Human Services website Colorado Department of L
Government of Colorado
The Government of Colorado is the governmental structure as established by the Constitution of the State of Colorado. It is composed of three branches: the executive branch headed by the Governor, the legislative branch consisting of the General Assembly, the judicial branch consisting of the Supreme Court and lower courts; the constitution allows direct participation of the electorate by initiative, referendum and ratification. The statewide elected officers are: The Lieutenant Governor is elected on a ticket with the Governor. All statewide elected. There are elected members of the Colorado State Board of Education, the Regents of the University of Colorado are elected from districts coterminous with Colorado's congressional districts or at large; as a result, the Governor does not have direct management authority over either the Department of Education or any of the state's institutions of higher education. The executive branch is otherwise composed of the principal departments: Department of Agriculture Department of Corrections Department of Education Department of Health Care Policy and Financing Department of Higher Education Department of Human Services Department of Labor and Employment Department of Law Department of Local Affairs Department of Military and Veterans Affairs Department of Natural Resources Department of Personnel and Administration Department of Public Health and Environment Department of Public Safety Department of Regulatory Agencies Department of Revenue Department of State Department of Transportation Department of the Treasury Regulations are published in the Colorado Register and codified in the Code of Colorado Regulations.
The legislative body of Colorado is the Colorado General Assembly made up of two houses, the House of Representatives and the Colorado Senate. Members of the House are elected for two year terms from equal population districts. Half of the members of the state senate are elected each two years to four year terms from single-member, equal population districts; the House of Representatives has 65 members and the Senate has 35 for a total of 100 legislators in Colorado. The session laws are published in the Session Laws of Colorado; the laws of a general and permanent nature are codified in the Colorado Revised Statutes. In addition to providing for voting, the people of Colorado have reserved initiative of laws and referendum of laws enacted by the legislature to themselves, have provided for recall of office holders; the judiciary of Colorado is defined by Article VI of the Colorado Constitution as well as the law of Colorado. The administration of the state judicial system is the responsibility of the Chief Justice of the Colorado Supreme Court as its executive head, is assisted by several other commissions.
Colorado courts include the: Colorado Supreme Court, Colorado Court of Appeals, Colorado district courts, Colorado county courts, Colorado water courts, municipal courts. All of the courts above, other than municipal courts and Denver's county court, are part of the state court system. In Denver and municipal courts are integrated and are not part of the state court system for administrative purposes, the Denver Probate Court and the Denver Juvenile Court have jurisdiction over probate and juvenile matters, respectively. Outside Denver, these matters are within the jurisdiction of the district courts. Most crimes in Colorado are prosecuted by a district attorney. One district attorney is elected for each of the state's 22 judicial districts in a partisan election; the state attorney general has power to prosecute certain crimes, in rare circumstances a special prosecutor may be appointed to prosecute a crime on a case by case basis. Municipal ordinance violations are prosecuted by city attorneys.
Colorado is divided into 64 counties. Counties are important units of government in Colorado since the state has no secondary civil subdivisions, such as townships. Two of these counties, the City and County of Denver and the City and County of Broomfield, have consolidated city and county governments. A municipality may extend into multiple counties. Colorado law makes a few distinctions between a town. Colorado municipalities operate under one of five types of municipal governing authority: 2 consolidated city-counties and Broomfield 61 cities and 35 towns that are home rule municipalities 12 statutory cities 160 statutory towns 1 territorial charter municipality Elections in Colorado Politics of Colorado Law of Colorado Colorado.gov Colorado Information Marketplace
Pueblo County, Colorado
Pueblo County is one of the 64 counties in the U. S. state of Colorado. As of the 2010 census, the population was 159,063; the county seat is Pueblo. The county was named for the historic city of Pueblo which took its name from the Spanish language word meaning "town" or "village". Pueblo County comprises CO Metropolitan Statistical Area. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 2,398 square miles, of which 2,386 square miles is land and 12 square miles is water. San Isabel National Forest Greenhorn Mountain Wilderness American Discovery Trail Frontier Pathways National Scenic and Historic Byway TransAmerica Trail Bicycle Route Western Express Bicycle Route As of the Census 2007 statistical update, there were 154,712 people, 59,956 households, 40,084 families residing in the county; the population density was 59 people per square mile. There were 67,314 housing units at an average density of 25 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 79.47% Caucasian, 1.90% Black or African American, 1.59% Native American, 0.65% Asian, 0.07% Pacific Islander, 12.93% from other races, 3.38% from two or more races.
37.97% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 11.6 % were of 8.8 % Italian, 6.7 % English, 6.6 % American and 6.5 % Irish ancestry. There were 59,956 households out of which 31.50% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.10% were married couples living together, 13.30% had a female householder with no husband present, 31.60% were non-families. 26.60% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.10% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.52 and the average family size was 3.04. In the county, the population was spread out with 25.80% under the age of 18, 9.40% from 18 to 24, 27.20% from 25 to 44, 22.40% from 45 to 64, 15.20% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 95.80 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.50 males. The median income for a household in the county was $41,283, the median income for a family was $50,143; the per capita income for the county was $21,656.
About 11.20% of families and 14.90% of the population were below the poverty line, including 19.70% of those under age 18 and 8.70% of those age 65 or over. The Board of Pueblo County Commissioners is elected by voters to represent three individual districts within Pueblo County; the board serves as the policy-setting authority for Pueblo County. Pueblo County is part of Colorado's 3rd congressional district and is represented by U. S. House member Scott Tipton. At the state level the following representatives have boundaries that cover parts of Pueblo County, President of the Colorado Senate Leroy Garcia representing Senate District 3, Larry Crowder representing Senate District 35, House Majority Caucus Chair Daneya Esgar representing District 46, Bri Buentello representing District 47 and Donald Valdez representing District 62. Pueblo Boone Rye Avondale Beulah Valley Blende Colorado City Pueblo West Salt Creek Vineland School districts serving the county include: Pueblo City Schools Pueblo County School District 70 Edison School District 54-JT Fowler School District R-4JPueblo County has thirteen high schools.
Outline of Colorado Index of Colorado-related articles Arapahoe County, Kansas Territory El Paso County, Jefferson Territory Colorado census statistical areas Front Range Urban Corridor National Register of Historic Places listings in Pueblo County, Colorado Saint Charles Reservoir Pueblo County Government website Pueblo County Geographic Information Systems website Geographic data related to Pueblo County, Colorado at OpenStreetMap Colorado County Evolution by Don Stanwyck Colorado Historical Society