click links in text for more info
SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

Sangre de Cristo Range

The Sangre de Cristo Range is a high and narrow mountain range of the Rocky Mountains in southern Colorado in the United States, running north and south along the east side of the Rio Grande Rift. The mountains extend southeast from Poncha Pass for about 75 mi through south-central Colorado to La Veta Pass 20 mi west of Walsenburg, form a high ridge separating the San Luis Valley on the west from the watershed of the Arkansas River on the east; the Sangre de Cristo Range rises over 7,000 ft above the valleys and plains to the west and northeast. According to the USGS, the range is the northern part of the larger Sangre de Cristo Mountains, which extend through northern New Mexico. Usage of the terms "Sangre de Cristo Range" and "Sangre de Cristo Mountains" is varied; the Sangre de Cristo Mountains run from Poncha Pass at the north end of the San Luis Valley to Glorieta Pass near Santa Fe, New Mexico. Most of the range is shared by two National Forests. Most of the northeast side is located within the San Isabel National Forest, while most of the southwest side is included in the Rio Grande National Forest.

The central part of the range is designated as the Sangre de Cristo Wilderness. The Great Sand Dunes National Park and Preserve sits on the southwestern flank of the range at the edge of the San Luis Valley; the range divide is traversed by no paved roads, only by four-wheel drive and foot trails over Hayden Pass, Hermit Pass, Music Pass, Medano Pass, Mosca Pass. The highest peak in the range, located in the south, is Blanca Peak at 14,345 ft. Other well-known peaks are the fourteeners of the Crestone group: Kit Carson Mountain, Crestone Peak, Crestone Needle, Humboldt Peak. Two sub-peaks of Kit Carson Mountain, Challenger Point and Columbia Point, are named in memory of the crews of the Space Shuttle Challenger and the Space Shuttle Columbia; the range is home to many high peaks in the 13,000 to 14,000 foot range as it continues into New Mexico. In New Mexico most of the mountain area is managed by the US Forest Service in the Carson and Santa Fe National Forests. In 1719 the Spanish explorer Antonio Valverde y Cosio named the Sangre de Cristo mountains after being impressed by the reddish hue of the snowy peaks at sunrise, alpenglow.

Today tourism is the main economic activity. The Colorado Sangre de Cristos are fault-block mountains similar to the Teton Range in Wyoming and the Wasatch Range in Utah. There are major fault lines running along both the east and west sides of the range and, in places, cutting through the range. Like all fault-block mountain ranges, the Sangre de Cristos lack foothills which means the highest peaks rise abruptly from the valleys to the east and west, rising 7,000 ft in only a few miles in some places; the mountains were pushed up around 5 million years ago as one large mass of rock. The Sangre de Cristo range is still being uplifted today. On the west side is the San Luis Valley, a portion of the Rio Grande Rift. On the southeast side is the Raton Basin, a quiet but still active volcanic field. On the northeast side are the Wet Mountains and the Front Range, areas of Precambrian igneous and metamorphic rocks formed during the Colorado orogeny some 1.7 billion years ago and uplifted more during the Laramide orogeny.

The Blanca Massif is Precambrian rock, while most of the rest of the Sangres is composed of younger Permian-Pennsylvanian rock, a mix of sedimentary conglomerates and igneous intrusions. These sedimentary rocks originated as sediment eroded from the Ancestral Rocky Mountains. Southern Rocky Mountains Mountain ranges of Colorado Notes Sangre de Cristo Range @ Peakbagger Table listing of all the thirteeners in Sangre de Cristo @ Pikes Peak Photo High resolution zoomable panorama of the Sangre de Cristo mountain range looking West CO & NM Sangre de Cristo Mountains

Afghanistan–Uzbekistan border

The Afghanistan-Uzbekistan border is 144 km in length and runs from the tripoint with Turkmenistan to the tripoint with Tajikistan along the Amu Darya river. It is by far the shortest of Uzbekistan's external borders; the entire border follows the thalweg of the Amu Darya river, from the Turkmen tripoint in the west to the Tajik tripoint in the east. The border is paralleled on the Uzbek side by a road and railway line, there is a major crossing point to the east of the Uzbek town of Termez; the border was inherited from the old Soviet Union-Afghan border which took its current shape during the 19th century Anglo-Russian rivalry in Central Asia known as the Great Game. With the Russian Empire having conquered the Khanate of Khiva and the Emirate of Bukhara, with the British Empire controlling the British Raj, the two powers agreed to leave Afghanistan as an independent buffer state between them. In 1873 Britain and Russia agreed on a rough formulation of the border, with the Amu Darya declared to be the border going east from the vicinity of the village of Khwaja Salar to Lake Zorku, with the Wakhan Corridor to remain in Afghanistan.

The western section of the border was to be determined at a date by a boundary commission. Tensions mounted as the Russians expanded further into what is now Turkmenistan in the early 1880s, reaching a crisis with the Panjdeh incident, an area claimed by Afghanistan. Discussions calmed the situation and a joint Anglo-Russian boundary commission demarcated the boundary as it is today over the period 1885-88; as the village of Khwaja Salar could no longer be identified it was agreed that the boundary should meet the Amu Darya in the vicinity of Khamiab, Afghanistan. The eastern-most section of the border was not delimited until 1893-95, with the Afghans agreeing to waive any claims to lands north the Amu Darya; this agreement stipulated the position of the land border in section east of Lake Zorkul up to China, with a series of boundary pillars subsequently erected. In 1921 a Soviet-Afghan treaty was signed whereby Russia agreed “to hand over to Afghanistan the frontier districts which belonged to the latter in the last century, observing the principles of justice and self-determination of the population inhabiting the same."

However this treaty was never implemented, was explicitly annulled by the Frontier Agreement of 1946, which kept the boundary as it was, with riverine islands to be subsequently allocated by a joint commission. In 1979 Soviet troops of the 40th Army crossed the border at Termez via a series of pontoons as part of the Soviet Invasion of Afghanistan, en route to Mazar-i-Sharif and Kabul, they constructed the Friendship Bridge, which opened in 1982, however its strategic importance led to it being a target of the Mujahideen insurgency. The Soviet army left Afghanistan via the bridge in 1989; the bridge was closed from 1997-2001 due to Uzbek fears over Taliban insurgency, before re-opening to allow aid in following their fall in 2001. As of 2018 it remains the only fixed crossing between Afghanistan. Hairatan -Termez Dali Kaldar Hairatan Termez Afghanistan–Uzbekistan relations International Boundary Study No. 26 – September 15, 1983 Afghanistan – U. S. S. R. Boundary

A Different Breed of Killer

A Different Breed of Killer is an American deathcore band from Knoxville, Tennessee. They released their debut album, I, Colossus, on April 29, 2008. Formed in October 2006, A Different Breed of Killer made a name for themselves in the deathcore scene. Less than a year after their formation, the band signed with Rise Records and released I, which received positive reviews; the band has toured with such bands as Whitechapel, Through the Eyes of the Dead, Impending Doom. A Different Breed Of Killer have announced they are preparing their second full-length to be titled The City; the album will be produced by the band's drummer Nija Walker, a student of recording technologies for 8 years, worked directly under world-renowned mastering engineer Seva at SoundCurrent Mastering in Knoxville, TN. The album will be mastered by Seva. Unique to this recording is plans to record and master the entire album in Dolby Digital 5.1 Surround sound. The band stated "to our knowledge this is the first time this process has been applied to a death metal record."

The band has announced that they have left Rise Records and are in the process of securing a new label for The City. Some of the members are in a new band named Persaeus. On June 27, 2016, nearly 8 years after the release of I, the band announced that "The Devouring Storm", a single from their second album The City, will be released on July 9, with the full album coming in November 2016; the band has started an Indiegogo campaign to fund the album. In 2017, the band announced that their new vocalist was Kevin Bivins of American deathcore bands Senor Bivins and What Lies Beneath. Bivins announced the album would be released soon and that he designed the artwork for it. Nija Walker– drums Louie Thal – bass guitar Ethan Brown - guitar Kevin Bivins - vocals Trevor McKee – guitar, vocals Patrick Hamilton - vocals Klint Monroe - vocals Kyle McNulty – bass guitar Nathan Palmer - guitar Jesse Mainor – vocals Studio albumsI, Colossus The City Demos07 Demo

Russell V. Mack

Russell Vernon Mack served as a member of the United States House of Representatives representing Washington State's 3rd District from 1947 to 1960. He was born in Hillman, Michigan. Mack moved to Aberdeen, Washington in 1895. Mack was educated at Stanford University in California, at the University of Washington in Seattle. Mack served as a corporal in the Thirty-ninth Field Artillery, Thirteenth Division, during World War I. Before serving in Congress, Mack worked in journalism in the Grays Harbor area, first at the Aberdeen Daily World from 1913 to 1934 as the owner and publisher of the Hoquiam Daily Washingtonian from 1934 to 1950. Mack was the last Republican to serve the 3rd district, until Linda Smith was elected in 1994. Mack died on the floor of the U. S. House of Representatives on March 28, 1960, of cardiac arrest and has a scholarship named after him. List of United States Congress members who died in office United States Congress. "Russell V. Mack". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress

Dede Rosyada

Dede Rosyada is a Muslim academic and intellectual from Indonesia. He has been rector of UIN Syarif Hidayatullah Jakarta since 2015. Rector, UIN Syarif Hidayatullah Jakarta, 2015–2019 Director of Islamic Higher Education, Ministry of Religious Affairs, 2011–2014 Acting Rector, IAIN Sulthan Thaha Saefudin Jambi, 2011 Bachelor of Islamic Education, UIN Syarif Hidayatullah Jakarta Master of Islamic Studies, UIN Syarif Hidayatullah Jakarta Doctor of Islamic Studies, UIN Syarif Hidayatullah Jakarta Post Doctoral Programme, McGill University Visiting Scholar, Ohio University Paradigma Pendidikan Demokratis, Sebuah Model Pelibatan Masyarakat dalam Pengelolaan Sekolah Pendidikan Kewargaan, Demokrasi, HAM dan Civil Society dan Metode kajian Hukum Dewan Hisbah PERSIS Sejarah dan Ilmu al-Qur'an Ilmu Ushul Fiqh Teguh Beriman motto daerah Khusus Ibukota, Jakarta Dirasah Islamiyah Pendidikan Pengamalan Ibadah Gerakan Dissiplin Nasional dalam perspektif Islam Pedoman Zakat untuk masyarakat Muslim Jakarta Ilmu Agama Islam II Ilmu Agama Islam I Ilmu-Ilmu al-Qur'an Tema-Tema Pokok al-Qur'an Hukum Islam dan Pranata Sosial

Hank Medress

Henry "Hank" Medress was an American singer and record producer. Medress was born in New York, where he attended Abraham Lincoln High School. In 1955 he joined a doo-wop group called the Linc-Tones, which included Neil Sedaka. After Sedaka's departure, the group reformed with additional singers as The Tokens; the Tokens achieved a number 1 chart success in 1961 with their arrangement of "The Lion Sleeps Tonight", as well as other minor hits. Medress and the Tokens produced hits for the Chiffons, such as "He's So Fine". After leaving the Tokens, Medress co-produced many of Tony Orlando and Dawn's hits as well as Melissa Manchester's LP, he worked with David Johansen, Rick Springfield, Dan Hill, Richard Simmons. He was president of EMI Music Publishing Canada, from 1990 to 1992. Medress produced the Dan Hill song, "Never Thought" in 1987, a #43 hit on the Billboard Hot 100 and a #2 hit on the Billboard Adult Contemporary chart. After returning to New York, Medress became a partner in Bottom Line Records, which released recordings of performances at The Bottom Line club in Greenwich Village, as well as new work by emerging artists.

In recent years, Medress had worked as a consultant for SoundExchange, an agency that collects royalties from digital broadcasters, like satellite and Internet radio. Medress died of lung cancer at his Manhattan home on June 18, 2007, aged 68. Interview with Medress, spectropop.com.