Santander, Cebu

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Santander
Tañong
Municipality
Fast craft terminal in Liloan
Fast craft terminal in Liloan
Map of Cebu with Santander highlighted
Map of Cebu with Santander highlighted
Santander is located in Philippines
Santander
Santander
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 9°27′N 123°20′E / 9.45°N 123.33°E / 9.45; 123.33Coordinates: 9°27′N 123°20′E / 9.45°N 123.33°E / 9.45; 123.33
Country Philippines
Region Central Visayas (Region VII)
Province Cebu
District 2nd district of Cebu
Founded 1867
Barangay
Government[1]
 • Type Sangguniang Bayan
 • Mayor Marilyn Wenceslao (LP)
 • Vice mayor Wilson Wenceslao
 • Town Council
 • Representative Wilfredo Caminero
Area[2]
 • Total 35.67 km2 (13.77 sq mi)
 • Land 29.53 km2 (11.40 sq mi)
Elevation 200 m (700 ft)
Population (2015 census)[3]
 • Total 17,857
 • Density 500/km2 (1,300/sq mi)
 • Voter(2016)[4] 11,577
Demonym(s) Tañonganon
Time zone UTC+8 (PST)
ZIP code 6026
IDD:area code +63 (0)32
Income class 4th class
PSGC 072245000
Website santander.gov.ph

Santander is a 4th municipal income class municipality in the province of Cebu, Philippines. According to the 2015 census, it has a population of 17,857.[3] In the 2016 electoral roll, it had 11,577 registered voters.[4]

Santander is the southernmost municipality of Cebu about 134 km (83 mi) south of Cebu City. Travel from Cebu City takes about 3-4 hours. It serves as one of the sea ports connecting to the province of Negros Oriental. Passenger ferries make way to Sibulan in 20 minutes. Roll-on roll-off barges of the Maayo Shipping Lines also carry motorcycles, private vehicles, buses and trucks between the ports of Sibulan and Liloan, with trips taking about 30 minutes, and between Liloan and Larena in about 1 hour and 30 minutes.

Santander is bordered to the north by the towns of Oslob And Samboan, to the west is the Tañon Strait, to the east is the Cebu Strait, and to the south is the province of Negros Oriental in Negros Island.

Santander is known for its annual Tostado Festival celebrated on the third Sunday of April. Street dancers from different districts dance to moves inspired by the making of tostados.[5]

History[edit]

Santander was originally called Tañong, but as the Spaniards came, it was renamed Santander after a city on the northern (Atlantic) coast of Spain.

The town was established in 1867 and the parish in 1897, It became a municipality during the American occupation in 1918.[6]

Geography[edit]

Santander's terrain is dominated by a backdrop of rugged ranges which raise from a flat narrow coastal plain to an average elevation of 200 metres (660 ft). Strongly sloping to sleepy sloping contours are scattered throughout the municipality.

Climate[edit]

The climate of Santander is classified as Af ('Tropical monsoon'). All 12 months have an average precipitation of at least 60 millimetres (2.4 in) rainfall per month. Based on temperature, the warmest months of the year are March through October; the winter monsoon brings cooler air from November to February. May is the warmest month, and January, the coolest.

Barangays[edit]

Santander comprises 10 barangays (districts):

PSGC Barangay Population ±% p.a.
2015[3] 2010[7]
072245001 Bunlan 12.2% 2,171 1,929 2.28%     
072245002 Cabutongan 5.9% 1,050 1,090 −0.71%     
072245003 Candamiang 5.7% 1,023 899 2.49%     
072245010 Canlumacad 5.0% 887 769 2.76%     
072245004 Liloan 12.4% 2,219 1,950 2.49%     
072245005 Lip‑tong 8.0% 1,436 1,138 4.53%     
072245006 Looc 11.5% 2,053 1,899 1.50%     
072245007 Pasil 9.3% 1,665 1,514 1.83%     
072245008 Poblacion 15.6% 2,791 2,583 1.49%     
072245009 Talisay 14.3% 2,562 2,334 1.79%     
Total 17,857 16,105 1.99%
Poblacion: 2,791 (15.6%)Talisay: 2,562 (14.3%)Liloan: 2,219 (12.4%)Bunlan: 2,171 (12.2%)Looc: 2,053 (11.5%)Pasil: 1,665 (9.3%)Lip-tong: 1,436 (8.0%)Cabutongan: 1,050 (5.9%)Candamiang: 1,023 (5.7%)Canlumacad: 887 (5.0%)Circle frame.svg

Demographics[edit]

Population census of Santander
YearPop.±% p.a.
1903 5,448—    
1918 7,584+2.23%
1939 6,507−0.73%
1948 6,434−0.13%
1960 6,629+0.25%
1970 8,646+2.69%
1975 9,887+2.73%
1980 10,979+2.12%
1990 11,831+0.75%
1995 12,382+0.86%
2000 13,842+2.42%
2007 15,294+1.39%
2010 16,105+1.90%
2015 17,857+1.99%
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority[3][7][8][9]


In the 2016 electoral roll, it had 11,577 registered voters, meaning that 65% of the population are aged 18 and over.[4]

The death rate is 3.06 per 1000 people, or 0.306%.

Language[edit]

Most of the Tañonganons (people living in Santander) speak Cebuano (Santander Version). In schools, Filipino and English languages are taught and used as a major instruction in all subjects.

Economy[edit]

Santander Municipal Hall

Santander is the smallest town in Cebu. The majority of the people depend on the sea for livelihood – fishermen who continually explore the vast Palawan and East Philippine seas in search for rich fishing grounds. The method of fishing used is the destructive muro-ami technique, which has been banned on several occasions due to its negative effects on marine life.

In the 1990s, there were four wholesale enterprises, one superstore and few Sari-sari stores. There was also an improvised market composed mostly of talipapas (fish markets). These were located along Jose Rizal Street beside the Municipal building. By the year 2001, the business establishments began to grow and develop. Many larger businesses have been established in Santander such as LGC Marketing. The major agricultural produce in Santander is corn, copra, and root crops (cassava and sweet potato). Most people, particularly those living in mountain barangays, plant corn as a source of income.

Santander's municipal income classification is fourth class.

Transport[edit]

Several buses and vans-for-hire travel to and from Santander at a 20-minute intervals. The ride from the Cebu South Bus Terminal in Cebu City is three to four hours.

A wharf in Barangay Talisay, Santander, takes passengers via fastcrafts or barges to Tampi, Amlan Negros Oriental. There are also two ports in Barangay Liloan, one for fastcrafts and another for pumpboats to Sibulan, Negros.[10]

Education[edit]

There are eight elementary and three high schools in Santander. Two of these schools are private located in Looc. Most of the Tañonganon students are enrolled in public schools especially in Santander Central Elementary School and Santander National School.

Sports[edit]

Basketball is the most popular sport in Santander. This game is usually played in the afternoons where school time is over and also for the adults whose work hours is done (specially construction works). During summer, a lot of basketball competitions between different barangays. This was done in order that youths avoid vices and illegal drugs. Volleyball is also played in summer competitions but it is more usually participated in by women. Other sports such as baseball and football are also played in Santander.

Tourism[edit]

Waterfront of Santander, with Negros Oriental in the background

Santander's popularity as a tourist destination has increased in the past few years, since it serves as the hub for some world-renowned dive spots like Apo Island, Balicasag, Pescador Island, Sumilon and Siquijor. This is also reflected in the growth of Santander in the tourism industry. Six years ago there were only two resorts, still open today. Today there are eleven.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Municipality". Quezon City, Philippines: Department of the Interior and Local Government. Retrieved 31 May 2013. 
  2. ^ "Municipal: Santander, Cebu". PSGC Interactive. Quezon City, Philippines: Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved 8 January 2016. 
  3. ^ a b c d Census of Population (2015). "Region VII (Central Visayas)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. PSA. Retrieved 20 June 2016. 
  4. ^ a b c "2016 National and Local Elections Statistics". Commission on Elections. 2016. 
  5. ^ "Department of Tourism - The Philippines Ultimate Travel Guide for Tourist". www.visitmyphilippines.com. Retrieved 8 August 2018. 
  6. ^ "Municipality of Santander Official Website". www.santander.gov.ph. 
  7. ^ a b Census of Population and Housing (2010). "Region VII (Central Visayas)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. NSO. Retrieved 29 June 2016. 
  8. ^ Censuses of Population (1903–2007). "Region VII (Central Visayas)". Table 1. Population Enumerated in Various Censuses by Province/Highly Urbanized City: 1903 to 2007. NSO. 
  9. ^ "Province of Cebu". Municipality Population Data. Local Water Utilities Administration Research Division. Retrieved 17 December 2016. 
  10. ^ "Municipality of Santander Official Website - Economy". www.santander.gov.ph. 

External links[edit]