Santiago known as Santiago de Chile, is the capital and largest city of Chile as well as one of the largest cities in the Americas. It is the center of Chile's largest and most densely populated conurbation, the Santiago Metropolitan Region, whose total population is 7 million; the city is located in the country's central valley. Most of the city lies between 500 650 m above mean sea level. Founded in 1541 by the Spanish conqueror Pedro de Valdivia, Santiago has been the capital city of Chile since colonial times; the city has a downtown core of 19th-century neoclassical architecture and winding side-streets, dotted by art deco, neo-gothic, other styles. Santiago's cityscape is shaped by several stand-alone hills and the fast-flowing Mapocho River, lined by parks such as Parque Forestal; the Andes Mountains can be seen from most points in the city. These mountains contribute to a considerable smog problem during winter; the city outskirts are surrounded by vineyards and Santiago is within an hour of both the mountains and the Pacific Ocean.
Santiago is the cultural and financial center of Chile and is home to the regional headquarters of many multinational corporations. The Chilean executive and judiciary are located in Santiago, but Congress meets in nearby Valparaíso. Santiago is named after the biblical figure St. James. Santiago will host the 2023 Pan American Games. In Chile, there are several entities which have the name of "Santiago" that are confused; the Commune of Santiago, sometimes referred to as "downtown" or "Central Santiago", is an administrative division that comprises the area occupied by the city during its colonial period. The commune, administered by the Municipality of Santiago and headed by a mayor, is part of the Santiago Province headed by a provincial governor, in itself a subdivision of the Santiago Metropolitan Region headed by an intendant. Despite these classifications, when the term "Santiago" is used without another descriptor, it refers to what is known as Greater Santiago, a territorial extension defined by its urban continuity that includes the Commune of Santiago in addition to 36 other communes, which together comprise the majority of the Santiago Province and some areas of neighboring provinces.
The city and region's demonym is santiaguinas. According to certain archaeological investigations, it is believed that the first human groups reached the Santiago basin in the 10th millennium BC; the groups were nomadic hunter-gatherers, who traveled from the coast to the interior in search of guanacos during the time of the Andean snowmelt. About the year 800, the first sedentary inhabitants began to settle due to the formation of agricultural communities along the Mapocho River maize and beans, the domestication of camelids in the area; the villages established in the areas belonging to the Picunches or Promaucae people, were subject to the Inca Empire throughout the late fifteenth century and into the early sixteenth century. The Incas settled in the valley of mitimaes, the main installation settled in the center of the present city, with strongholds such as Huaca de Chena and the sanctuary of El Plomo hill; the area would have served as a basis for the failed Inca expeditions southward road junction as the Inca Trail.
Having been sent by Francisco Pizarro from Peru and having made the long journey from Cuzco, Extremadura conquistador Pedro de Valdivia reached the valley of the Mapocho on 13 December 1540. The hosts of Valdivia camped by the river in the slopes of the Tupahue hill and began to interact with the Picunche people who inhabited the area. Valdivia summoned the chiefs of the area to a parliament, where he explained his intention to found a city on behalf of the king Carlos I of Spain, which would be the capital of his governorship of Nueva Extremadura; the natives accepted and recommended the foundation of the town on a small island between two branches of the river next to a small hill called Huelén. On 12 February 1541 Valdivia founded the city of Santiago del Nuevo Extremo in honor of St. James, patron saint of Spain, near the Huelén, renamed by the conqueror as "St. Lucia." Following colonial rule, Valdivia entrusted the layout of the new town to master builder Pedro de Gamboa, who would design the city grid layout.
In the center of the city, Gamboa designed a Plaza Mayor, around which various plots for the Cathedral and the governor's house were selected. In total, eight blocks from north to south, ten from east to west, were built; each solar was given to the settlers, who built houses of straw. Valdivia left months to the south with his troops, beginning the War of Arauco. Santiago was left unprotected; the indigenous hosts of Michimalonco used this to their advantage, attacked the fledgling city. On 11 September 1541, the city was destroyed by the natives, but the 55-strong Spanish Garrison managed to defend the fort; the resistance was led by a mistress to Valdivia. When she realized they were being overrun, she ordered the execution of all native prisoners, proceeded to put their heads on pikes and threw a few heads to the natives. In face of this barbaric act, the natives dispersed in terror; the city would be rebuilt, giving prominence to the newly founded Concepción, where the Royal Audiencia of Chile was founded in 1565.
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Konobo District is one of three districts located in Grand Gedeh County, Liberia. The administrative seat of the District is Ziah Town; as of 2008, the District had 50,161 people making it the second most populated in Grand Gedeh County next to Gbarzon District. In area, it is about 1,400 square miles. There are several gold mines in the eastern belt of which the CVI mining camps of New Creek, Solo Camp and Belleh Yallah are the most renowned areas of significant production. Mining, small scale farming and hunting are the main source of income for bulk of the population. Remittances from U. S. based. The District only has few deports of the Liberia National Police. In 2012, the Liberian government arrested and is still detaining several suspected men from the District and other parts of Grand Gedeh accused of cross border raids which left seven Niger UN peacekeepers and 8 Civilians dead in neighboring Coted'Ivoire; the men and vast number of the district residents continue to plead non involvement in such act and many of them have accused Monrovia of discriminatory treatment against the Krahn ethnic group where former president Samuel Doe hailed from.
Infrastructure in the district is substandard and bad for roads running in the tropical rainforest section of the District. Motorcycles are the popular and in some cases the only means of transport during the rainy season. Notable buildings are based in Ziah Town, they include the administrative building, a non-story building which houses the offices of the District superintendent and other officials, the house of the mother of former president Samuel Doe. Road maintenance is carried out by hand work with cutlasses for side brushing and axe for removing logs thrown across by heavy storms or other features; the only well maintained road in the district is the Liberia national highway which runs through the District on its way to River Gee and Maryland counties. The District is home to George Dweh Jr, former speaker of the National Transitional Legislative Assembly of Liberia between 2003 and early 2005, shortly before the 2005 general elections; the current Liberian lower house delegate from the District is Hon George Boley who succeeded Morais T. Waylee in the 2017 general elections.
Like many parts of Grand Gedeh, majority of the people are supporters of the ruling Coalition for Democratic Change as shown in the past 3 general elections where the District helped Grand Gedeh County to produced the party highest presidential percentage of any County until 2017 before being taken over by Grand Kru County. Grand Gedeh County current superintendent, Kai Garlo Farley, a former member of the Liberian House of representatives who represented the District in parliament from 2006 to 2012 is member of the ruling party since 2005. In January, 2018 Roland B. Kai was appointed superintendent of the District. Chiefdoms of Konobo district: Konobo and Putu Clans of Konobo chiefdom: Gbilibo-Gbalu and Glio-Twabo Clans of Putu chiefdom: Gbaegbo and Jibehgbo
Move Your Hand is a live album by American organist Lonnie Smith recorded at Club Harlem in Atlantic City, New Jersey in 1969 and released on the Blue Note label. The Allmusic review by Stephen Thomas Erlewine awarded the album 4 stars and stated "Move Your Hand is enjoyable because the group never lets their momentum sag throughout the session. Though the sound of the record might be somewhat dated, the essential funk of the album remains vital". All compositions by Lonnie Smith except as indicated"Charlie Brown" - 8:26 "Layin' in the Cut" - 10:11 "Move Your Hand" - 9:01 "Sunshine Superman" - 10:16 "Dancin' in an Easy Groove" - 11:56Recorded at Club Harlem in Atlantic City, New Jersey on August 9, 1969 Lonnie Smith - organ, vocals Rudy Jones - tenor saxophone Ronnie Cuber - baritone saxophone Larry McGee - guitar Sylvester Goshay - drums