Sara Sara

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Sara Sara
Sara Sara Volcano.jpg
Sara Sara and Lake Parinacochas in front of it
Highest point
Elevation 5,505 m (18,061 ft)
Prominence 2,060 m (6,760 ft) [1]
Listing Ultra
Coordinates 15°19′46″S 73°26′41″W / 15.32944°S 73.44472°W / -15.32944; -73.44472Coordinates: 15°19′46″S 73°26′41″W / 15.32944°S 73.44472°W / -15.32944; -73.44472
Sara Sara is located in Peru
Sara Sara
Sara Sara
Parent range Andes

Sara Sara[2][3] is a 5,505-metre-high (18,061 ft)[2][3] volcano lying between Lake Parinacochas and Ocoña River in Peru.[2] It is situated in the Parinacochas Province, Puyusca District, and in the Paucar del Sara Sara Province, in the districts of Pausa and Sara Sara.[4]


Sara Sara is part of the Central Volcanic Zone of the Andes, which is responsible for volcanism in Peru. It contains composite volcanoes, ignimbrites and lava domes; the volcanoes El Misti, Huaynaputina, Sabancaya, Ticsani, Tutupaka, Ubinas and Yucamane have been active during historical time.[5]

Argon-argon dating has yielded ages of 620,000 ± 80,000 for a pyroclastic flow deposit, and of 140,000 ± 20,000, 50,000 ± 10,000 and possibly 20,000 ± 10,000 for trachyandesitic lava flows at the volcano.[6]Other eruptions at Sara Sara occurred between 44,500 and 49,200 years before present and just before the Holocene.[7]

In about 1955, the equilibrium line altitude of Sara Sara was about 5,200 metres (17,100 ft).[8]


The Spanish priest Cristobal de Albornoz noted in 1583 that Sara Sara was one of the most important sacred places in the southern part of Peru, with 2,000 colonists sent by the Inca emperor for its service. The American archaeologist Johan Reinhard surveyed a site on its summit in 1983 and he and Peruvian archaeologist Jose Antonio Chavez led a team that uncovered more than a dozen statues and a female Inca mummy (later nicknamed Sarita) on the summit in 1996. Their expedition was transmitted "live" over the Internet.[9] The findings made on Sara Sara are currently stored at the Museo de Santuarios Andinos in Arequipa.

The archaeological group of Sara Sara was recommended to be declared a National Cultural Heritage in 2003.[10]

Further reading[edit]

Reinhard, Johan (2005). The Ice Maiden: Inca Mummies, Mountain Gods, and Sacred Sites in the Andes. Washington, D.C.: National Geographic Society. ISBN 0-7922-6838-5.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Sara Sara on
  2. ^ a b c Peru 1:100 000, Pausa (31-p). IGN (Instituto Geográfico Nacional - Perú). 
  3. ^ a b Biggar, John (2005). The Andes: A Guide for Climbers. Andes. p. 108. ISBN 9780953608720. 
  4. ^ - UGEL map of the Parinacochas Province (Ayacucho Region)
  5. ^ Thouret, Jean-Claude; Rivera, Marco; Wörner, Gerhard; Gerbe, Marie-Christine; Finizola, Anthony; Fornari, Michel; Gonzales, Katherine (1 July 2005). "Ubinas: the evolution of the historically most active volcano in southern Peru". Bulletin of Volcanology. 67 (6): 557–589. doi:10.1007/s00445-004-0396-0. ISSN 0258-8900. 
  6. ^ Thouret, Jean-Claude; Jicha, Brian R.; Paquette, Jean-Louis; Cubukcu, Evren H. (1 September 2016). "A 25 myr chronostratigraphy of ignimbrites in south Peru: implications for the volcanic history of the Central Andes". Journal of the Geological Society. 173 (5): 734–756. doi:10.1144/jgs2015-162. ISSN 0016-7649. 
  7. ^ Juvigné, Etienne; Thouret, Jean-Claude; Loutsch, Isabelle; Lamadon, Sébastien; Frechen, Manfred; Fontugne, Michel; Rivera, Marco; Dávila, Jasmine; Mariño, Jersy (1 June 2008). "Retombées volcaniques dans des tourbières et lacs autour du massif des Nevados Ampato et Sabancaya (Pérou méridional, Andes Centrales)". Quaternaire (in French). 19 (2): 159. doi:10.4000/quaternaire.3362. ISSN 1142-2904. 
  8. ^ Smith, Jacqueline A.; Seltzer, Geoffrey O.; Rodbell, Donald T.; Klein, Andrew G. (September 2005). "Regional synthesis of last glacial maximum snowlines in the tropical Andes, South America". Quaternary International. 138-139: 161. doi:10.1016/j.quaint.2005.02.011. ISSN 1040-6182. 
  9. ^
  10. ^ El Peruano, Normas Legales, p. 243765, May 8, 2003, Lima