Sarawak State Legislative Assembly

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Sarawak State Legislative Assembly
Malay: Dewan Undangan Negeri Sarawak
18th Sarawak State Legislative Assembly
Coat of arms or logo
Insignia of Sarawak State Legislative Assembly
Type
Type
History
Founded 8 September 1867
Leadership
Yang di-Pertua Negeri
Abdul Taib Mahmud
Since 1 March 2014
Speaker
Mohamad Asfia Awang Nasar, GPS-PBB
Since 15 November 2000
Deputy Speaker
Gerawat Gala, GPS-PBB
Since 19 May 2016
Opposition Leader
Chong Chieng Jen, PHDAP
Since 10 June 2013
Secretary
Semawi Mohamad, Independent
Structure
Seats 82
Quorum: 28
Simple majority: 42
Two-thirds majority: 55
Sarawak State Legislative Assembly seating, 2018.svg
Political groups

(As of 12 June 2018)
Government
     Gabungan Parti Sarawak (67)

  •      PBB (46)
  •      PRS (11)
  •      SUPP (7)
  •      PDP (3)

Confidence and supply
     UPP (5)

Opposition
     Pakatan Harapan (10)

  •      DAP (7)
  •      PKR (3)
Committees
Elections
Plurality: First-past-the-post (82 single-member constituencies)
Last election
7 May 2016
Next election
7 September 2021 or earlier
Meeting place
Kuching Sarawak Dewan-Undangan-Negeri-Sarawak-01.jpg
New Sarawak State Legislative Assembly Building, Petra Jaya, Kuching, Sarawak
Website
www.dun.sarawak.gov.my

The Sarawak State Legislative Assembly (Malay: Dewan Undangan Negeri Sarawak) is the state legislature of the Malaysian state of Sarawak. It is a unicameral institution consisting of 82 members elected from single-member constituencies throughout the state. Elections are held no more than five years apart

The State Legislative Assembly convenes at the Sarawak State Legislative Assembly Building in the state capital, Kuching. At 82 seats, it is the largest state legislature in Malaysia.

Current composition[edit]

72 10
GPS + UPP PH

Following the state election that was held on 7 May 2016, Barisan Nasional was able to form the next state government with a majority of 72 seats out of 82.[2] There were several candidates from breakaway parties such as TERAS and UPP that had their members contest seats under the Barisan banner as direct election candidates under a deal by Adenan Satem after their parties were prevented from joining Barisan after opposition from parties such as PDP and SUPP.[3] On 12 June 2018, all Sarawak-based BN parties including Parti Pesaka Bumiputera Bersatu (PBB), Parti Rakyat Sarawak (PRS), Progressive Democratic Party (PDP) and Sarawak United People's Party (SUPP) officially left Barisan Nasional forming a new coalition Sarawak Parties Alliance due to Barisan Nasional's defeat in general elections on 9 May 2018.[4]

No. State constituency Member Coalition (Party)
GPS 67 | PH 10 | UPP 5
N01 Opar Ranum Anak Mina[N 1][5] UPP
N02 Tasik Biru Henry Jinep GPS (PDP)
N03 Tanjong Datu Jamilah Anu[N 2][6] GPS (PBB)
N04 Pantai Damai Abdul Rahman Junaidi GPS (PBB)
N05 Demak Laut Hazland Abang Hipni GPS (PBB)
N06 Tupong Fazzrudin Abdul Rahman GPS (PBB)
N07 Samariang Sharifah Hasidah Sayeed Aman Ghazali GPS (PBB)
N08 Satok Abang Abdul Rahman Zohari Abang Openg GPS (PBB)
N09 Padungan Wong King Wei PH (DAP)
N10 Pending Violet Yong Wui Wui PH (DAP)
N11 Batu Lintang See Chee How PH (Keadilan)
N12 Kota Sentosa Chong Chieng Jen PH (DAP)
N13 Batu Kitang Lo Khere Chiang GPS (SUPP)
N14 Batu Kawah Sim Kui Hian GPS (SUPP)
N15 Asajaya Abdul Karim Rahman Hamzah GPS (PBB)
N16 Muara Tuang Idris Buang GPS (PBB)
N17 Stakan Mohamad Ali Mahmud GPS (PBB)
N18 Serembu Miro Simuh[N 3][7] GPS (PBB)
N19 Mambong Jerip Susil[N 4][5] UPP
N20 Tarat Roland Sagah Wee Inn GPS (PBB)
N21 Tebedu Michael Manyin Jawong GPS (PBB)
N22 Kedup Maclaine Ben @ Martin Ben GPS (PBB)
N23 Bukit Semuja John Ilus[N 5][7] GPS (PBB)
N24 Sadong Jaya Aidel Lariwoo GPS (PBB)
N25 Simunjan Awla Idris GPS (PBB)
N26 Gedong Mohd Naroden Majais GPS (PBB)
N27 Sebuyau Julaihi Narawi GPS (PBB)
N28 Lingga Simoi Peri GPS (PBB)
N29 Beting Maro Razaili Gapor GPS (PBB)
N30 Balai Ringin Snowdan Lawan GPS (PRS)
N31 Bukit Begunan Mong Dagang GPS (PRS)
N32 Simanggang Francis Harden Hollis GPS (SUPP)
N33 Engkilili Johnical Rayong Ngipa[N 6][5] UPP
N34 Batang Ai Malcom Mussen Lamoh GPS (PRS)
N35 Saribas Ricky @ Mohamad Razi Bin Sitam GPS (PBB)
N36 Layar Gerald Rentap Jabu GPS (PBB)
N37 Bukit Saban Douglas Uggah Embas GPS (PBB)
N38 Kalaka Abdul Wahab Aziz GPS (PBB)
N39 Krian Ali Biju PH (Keadilan)
N40 Kabong Mohd Chee Kadirh GPS (PBB)
N41 Kuala Rajang Len Talif Salleh GPS (PBB)
N42 Semop Abdullah Saidol GPS (PBB)
N43 Daro Safiee Ahmad GPS (PBB)
N44 Jemoreng Juanda Jaya GPS (PBB)
N45 Repok Huang Tiong Sii GPS (SUPP)
N46 Meradong Ding Kuong Hiing GPS (SUPP)
N47 Pakan William Mawan Ikom GPS (PBB)
N48 Meluan Rolland Duat Jubin GPS (PDP)
N49 Ngemah Alexander Vincent GPS (PRS)
N50 Machan Allan Siden Gramong GPS (PBB)
N51 Bukit Assek Irene Mary Chang Oi Ling PH (DAP)
N52 Dudong Tiong Thai King[N 7][8] UPP
N53 Bawang Assan Wong Soon Koh[N 8][8] UPP
N54 Pelawan David Wong Kee Woan PH (DAP)
N55 Nangka Annuar Rapaee GPS (PBB)
N56 Dalat Fatimah Abdullah GPS (PBB)
N57 Tellian Yussibnosh Balo GPS (PBB)
N58 Balingian Abdul Yakub Arbi GPS (PBB)
N59 Tamin Christopher Gira Sambang GPS (PRS)
N60 Kakus John Sikie Tayai GPS (PRS)
N61 Pelagus Wilsong Nyabong Ijang GPS (PRS)
N62 Katibas Ambrose Blikau Enturan GPS (PBB)
N63 Bukit Goram Jefferson Jamit Unyat GPS (PBB)
N64 Baleh James Jemut Masing GPS (PRS)
N65 Belaga Liwan Lagang GPS (PRS)
N66 Murum Chukpai Ugon GPS (PRS)
N67 Jepak Talib Zulpilip GPS (PBB)
N68 Tanjong Batu Chiew Chiu Sing PH (DAP)
N69 Kemena Stephen Rundi Utom GPS (PBB)
N70 Samalaju Majang Renggi GPS (PRS)
N71 Bekenu Rosey Yunus[N 9][7] GPS (PBB)
N72 Lambir Ripin Lamat GPS (PBB)
N73 Piasau Sebastian Ting Chiew Yew GPS (SUPP)
N74 Pujut Ting Tiong Choon PH (DAP)
N75 Senadin Lee Kim Shin GPS (SUPP)
N76 Marudi Penguang Manggil GPS (PDP)
N77 Telang Usan Dennis Ngau GPS (PBB)
N78 Mulu Gerawat Jala[N 10][7] GPS (PBB)
N79 Bukit Kota Abdul Rahman Ismail GPS (PBB)
N80 Batu Danau Paulus Gumbang[N 11][7] GPS (PBB)
N81 Ba'kelalan Baru Bian PH (Keadilan)
N82 Bukit Sari Awang Tengah Ali Hassan GPS (PBB)

History[edit]

The first legislative assembly in Sarawak was formed during the rule of the White Rajahs. The General Council (Majlis Umum) of the Kingdom of Sarawak was convened on 8 September 1867 by Charles Brooke, the Rajah Muda under the orders of James Brooke, then the Rajah of Sarawak. Its members were chosen from local tribe leaders who were thought to be capable of assisting Brooke in administering the kingdom. The General Council later evolved into the Council Negri in 1903. The Council Negri first met in Bintulu.[9]

It continued to function even after Sarawak was ceded to the British Empire in 1946. Since 1963, when Sarawak joined with Malaya, Singapore and North Borneo (now known as Sabah) to form the Federation of Malaysia, in line with the federal and state constitutions, members of the Assembly have been elected representatives.[10]

The Assembly originally had 48 seats. That expanded to 56 in 1985, to 62 in 1985 and to 71 in 2005. In 2014 the Assembly passed a Bill to take the number of constituencies to 82. It has a greater number of seats than any other state assembly in Malaysia.[11]

Role[edit]

The State Assembly enacts laws that apply in the state of Sarawak in matters specified in the Joint and State Lists in the federal Constitution. Legislation successfully passed in the Assembly are known as ordinances.[12] The Assembly must sit at least once a year to approve taxation to and supply from the state's consolidated fund. This is done during the tabling of the budget by the executive Cabinet.[13] Aside from administrative matters, members of the Assembly are free to speak on any issues, as stipulated in the Privileges, Immunities and Powers Ordinance 1963. Members of the Assembly are responsible for checking and criticising the executive government's actions.[14]

The Speaker presides over proceedings in the Assembly. He is appointed by the Yang di-Pertua Negeri (Governor) on the advice of the Chief Minister. The Speaker can only vote to break a tie.[15]

Speakers Roll of Honour[edit]

The following is the Speaker of the Sarawak State Assembly Roll of Honour, since 1963:

No. Speaker Term start Term end
1 Sockalingam 1963 1968
2 William Tan Ho Choon 1968 1973
3 Shahbuddin Y.K. Cheng 1973 1976
4 Abang Abu Bakar Abang Mustapha 1976 1981
5 Celestine Ujang Jilan 1981 1987
6 Robert Jacob Ridu 1987 1994
7 Wong Soon Koh 1994 1996
8 Song Swee Guan 1996 2000
9 Mohamad Asfia Awang Nasar 2000 Incumbent

Committees[edit]

The State Assembly also consists of committees that handle administrative matters. The committees include:[16]

  • Selection and Standing Order Committee
  • Public Accounts Committee
  • House Committee
  • Public Petitions Committee
  • Privileges Committee
  • Events Committee

Sarawak state election, 2016[edit]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Ranum Anak Mina contested the state election as a direct Barisan Nasional candidate, rejoin his previous party UPP on 11 August 2016.
  2. ^ Jamilah Anu was elected as a Barisan Nasional assemblyman on 18 February 2017 in a byelection following the death of assemblymen and Chief Minister Adenan Satem.
  3. ^ Miro Simuh contested the state election as a direct Barisan Nasional candidate, joining PBB on 16 August 2016.
  4. ^ Jerip Susil contested the state election as a direct Barisan Nasional candidate, rejoin his previous party UPP on 13 August 2016.
  5. ^ John Ilus contested the state election as a direct Barisan Nasional candidate, joining PBB on 16 August 2016.
  6. ^ Johnical Rayong Ngipa contested the state election as a direct Barisan Nasional candidate, rejoin his previous party UPP on 12 August 2016.
  7. ^ Tiong Thai King contested the state election as a direct Barisan Nasional candidate, rejoin his previous party UPP after the election.
  8. ^ Wong Soon Koh contested the state election as a direct Barisan Nasional candidate, rejoin his previous party UPP after the election.
  9. ^ Rosey Yunus contested the state election as a direct Barisan Nasional candidate, joining PBB on 16 August 2016.
  10. ^ Gerawat Jala contested the state election as a direct Barisan Nasional candidate, joining PBB on 16 August 2016.
  11. ^ Paulus Gumbang contested the state election as a direct Barisan Nasional candidate, joining PBB on 16 August 2016.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Abang Johari Ketua Menteri baharu Sarawak". BH Online. Berita Harian. Retrieved 13 January 2017.
  2. ^ "Blue wave sweeps across Sarawak". MalaysiaKini. 7 May 2016. Retrieved 8 May 2016.
  3. ^ Yu Ji (29 April 2016). "Proxy fights in limelight". Retrieved 8 May 2016.
  4. ^ "Sarawak parties exit Malaysia's BN, leaving former ruling coalition in tatters". The Straits Times. 12 June 2018. Retrieved 12 June 2018.
  5. ^ a b c "'UPP ready to soar to greater heights'". Borneo Post. 16 August 2016. Retrieved 16 August 2016.
  6. ^ "Landslide win for BN in Tanjung Datu by-election". Free Malaysia Today. 18 February 2017. Retrieved 18 February 2017.
  7. ^ a b c d e "PBB now controls 45 of 82 Sarawak state seats". Free Malaysia Today. 16 August 2016. Retrieved 16 August 2016.
  8. ^ a b "Mawan in a Catch-22 situation". Borneo Post. 2 August 2016. Retrieved 31 August 2016.
  9. ^ Sejarah Dewan Undangan Negeri 1 (in Malay). Dewan Undangan Negeri Sarawak. Accessed 14 June 2010
  10. ^ Sejarah Dewan Undangan Negeri 2 (in Malay). Dewan Undangan Negeri Sarawak. Accessed 14 June 2010
  11. ^ "Sarawak state assembly increase number of reps to 82". The Malaysian Insider. 11 November 2004. Retrieved 12 November 2014.
  12. ^ Kuasa Perundangan (in Malay). Dewan Undangan Negeri Sarawak. Accessed 14 June 2010
  13. ^ Pengenalan (in Malay). Dewan Undangan Negeri Sarawak. Accessed 14 June 2010
  14. ^ Fungsi (in Malay). Dewan Undangan Negeri Sarawak. Accessed 14 June 2010
  15. ^ Speaker (in Malay). Dewan Undangan Negeri Sarawak. Accessed 14 June 2010
  16. ^ Jawatankuasa Peraturan-peraturan Mesyuarat dan Pemilihan (in Malay). Dewan Undangan Negeri Sarawak. Accessed 14 June 2010

External links[edit]