Sarayburnu is a promontory quarter separating the Golden Horn and the Sea of Marmara in Istanbul, Turkey. The area is where the renowned Topkapı Gülhane Park stand. Sarayburnu is included in the historic areas of Istanbul, added to the UNESCO World Heritage List in 1985; the first settlement on the Sarayburnu goes back to Neolithic, c. 6600 BC. The settlement lasted for a millennium before being inundated by the rising level of the sea; the artifacts from this settlement recovered during excavations display some of the distinct features of other artifacts found in other excavations in northwestern Turkey. Another settlement on the Sarayburnu, named Lygos, was founded by Thracian tribes between the 13th and 11th centuries BC, along with the neighbouring Semistra, which Pliny the Elder had mentioned in his historical accounts. Only a few walls and substructures belonging to Lygos have survived to date, near the location where the famous Topkapı Palace now stands. During the period of ancient Byzantium, the Acropolis used to stand where the Topkapı Palace stands today.
According to a legend, in 667 BC ancient Greek settlers from Megara under the command of King Byzas established Byzantium at the Sarayburnu. In 685 BC, the Megarans had established Chalcedon on the Anatolian shore, across the Bosporus; the oldest settlements in present-day Istanbul are found on the Anatolian side. In nearby Kadıköy, a large port settlement dating from the Phoenicians has been discovered. In antiquity there were two natural harbours in the area close to Sarayburnu where the present-day Sirkeci and Eminönü quarters stand Because of this formation, the point of Sarayburnu was more conspicuous than it is today. In periods the area was the convergence point for the Sea Walls of the Golden Horn and the Sea of Marmara. In the Byzantine period, the area was known in Greek as Hagios Demetrios. During the railway construction of the late Ottoman period, in 1871, the city walls of the Sarayburnu area were demolished, but they are still intact in some areas - close to the Topkapı Palace, built in the 15th century for the Ottoman Sultans.
The notable Gülhane Park is located right next to the palace. Geography of Istanbul Turizm.net - Brief history of Istanbul Köroğlu, Gülgün. İstanbul'daki Bizans İmparatorluk Sarayları. OB Archive & Research Center, 2006. "web page". Archived from the original on 2007-09-29
Guðrún Kvaran is a professor emeritus at the Faculty of Icelandic and Comparative Cultural Studies, University of Iceland, the Árni Magnússon Institute for Icelandic Studies. Guðrún Kvaran completed a matriculation examination from Menntaskólinn í Reykjavík in 1963, going on to study Icelandic at the University of Iceland that autumn. In the autumn of 1965, she began work on the University Dictionary project alongside her studies, she completed a Candidate's degree in 1969 and enrolled the same autumn in the University of Göttingen in Germany to study linguistics and comparative grammar. Alongside her studies in Germany, Guðrún was hired to oversee the Arkiv für Gewässernamen Deutschlands for the Academy of Science in Mainz, she taught Icelandic as a second language for a few semesters. In January 1978, Guðrún stood in as a specialist at the University Dictionary and was appointed to this position a year later. In January 1994, she was appointed director of the University Dictionary and held this position until 1 April 1998.
After changes to the regulations at the University Dictionary, Guðrún was appointed professor at the University of Iceland Faculty of Philosophy in 2000 as well as director of the University Dictionary. She held this position until 2006, when the University Dictionary became part of a larger institute, the Árni Magnússon Institute for Icelandic Studies. Guðrún became head of the Department of Lexicography. During her career, Guðrún held many positions of trust within the University of Iceland, she sat on the University Council from 1990 to 1992 serving on committees for the Council. For example, she was a member for six years. From 1999 to 2004, she sat on the grant allocation committee for the University Research Fund. From 1992, she was a board member for the Science Council, representing the rector and the University Council until the Science Council was discontinued in 1994, she was an alternate member of the board for the National Research Council of Iceland for three years, representing the Icelandic Academy of Sciences.
She was chair of the University of Iceland Promotion Committee for over a decade. During her career, Guðrún has held many positions related to her field and written numerous academic papers for domestic and international conferences and journals, as well as having given around 200 lectures in Iceland and abroad, her projects have been focused on three areas: the history of vocabulary, loan words in Icelandic, the study of personal names. Examples of her work in the first area include Enginn lifir orðalaust. Fáin atriði úr sögu íslensks orðaforða and Staðbundin orðaforði í orðabók Jóns úr Grunnavík. In the second area, she has written for example Importord og afløsningsord i islandsk and Valg af ord til en islandsk fremmedordbog; the articles Áhrif Biblíunnar á íslenskar nafngjafir and Das isländische Personennamensystem are examples of her work in the third area. She contributed to the second edition of the book Nöfn Íslendinga; the book is updated annually electronically, most in 2018, accessible on snara.is.
Guðrún has written several articles about Icelandic Biblical translations, e.g. Breytingar Guðbrands biskups á Nýja testamenti Odds Gottskálkssonar. Hverjar voru fyrirmyndirnar? A selection of Guðrún's articles were published in the commemorative volume Glíman við orðin, she presented a series on the Icelandic language for the University Dictionary on the Icelandic National Broadcasting Service. From 2005 to 2009, she collaborated on the series Vítt og breytt for the Icelandic National Broadcasting Service collecting regional dialect vocabulary and words from the spoken language. For decades, Guðrún has answered questions about the Icelandic language for the University of Iceland's Web of Science site, she was president of the Icelandic Academy of Sciences from 1990 to 1996. Guðrún has sat on many different boards and committees, including the board of the Icelandic Language Committee since 1987, which she has chaired since 2002, she has sat on the board of the Icelandic Patriots' Society since 1987 and served as the first female president of the society since 2014.
Guðrún was editor of the journal Orð og tunga, the journal for the University Dictionary, from 1996 to 2011. Eleven issues came out during this period; as a representative of the University Dictionary, she sat on a committee for the creation of a KWIC index for the Bible in 1981, holding the position of project manager. The work was published at the end of 1994. Guðrún sat on the translation committee for the Old Testament from 1991 to 2007, first as vice chair and as chair from 1992; the committee published nine introductory leaflets with books from the Old Testament, completed. From the beginning of 2002 until the middle of 2007, she sat on the translation committee for the New Testament. One introductory leaflet was published with all the texts of the New Testament; the entire Bible was published in 2007: the Old Testament, the Apocrypha and the New Testament. Guðrún was presented it in lectures. Guðrún worked on a project composing one of three handbooks on the Icelandic language, funded by a grant from the Independence Fund.
The book focuses on vocabulary. It was published in 2005. Guðrún has received various awards for her work, she was selected as an honorary member of the Society for Icelandic Studies on its 60th anniversary in April 2007. She was awarded the Knight's Cross of the Order of the Falcon on 17 June 2007 for her work in lexicography and study of the Icelandic language, she was nominated for the Icelandic Literary Prize in 1991 for the book Nöfn Íslendinga, along with Sigurður Jónsson
IGN Convention is a video games, movies and pop culture convention held in various cities in the Middle East. The event includes celebrities, video game tournaments, table top games, card games, movie previews, comic book stalls and a cosplay competition. A number of Middle Eastern artists and game developers showcase their work at IGN Convention; this convention is owned and operated by IGN Middle East, the Middle Eastern edition of popular video games website IGN. IGN Convention is the spiritual successor to GameFest, a biannual, smaller scale gaming gallery, hosted by IGN Middle East's parent company T-break Media between 2010 and 2012, before the hosting duties were subsequently taken over by AMD EMEA. Held on 5–6 July 2013 at Meydan IMAX, United Arab Emirates Special Guests: Kevin Nash, Naomi Kyle, Royce Gracie Key Attractions: Cosplay Competition, Last of Us on IMAX screen Held on 18–19 October 2013 at Bahrain Exhibition Center, Bahrain Special Guests: Troy Baker, Keiji Inafune, Ryan Hart Key Attractions: PlayStation 4 Preview, Oculus Rift, Cosplay Competition, Bahrain Game Developers Held on 24–25 October at Bahrain International Circuit, Bahrain Special Guests: Troy Baker, Naomi Kyle, Hafþór Júlíus Björnsson, Julia Voth, The Experiment, Mohammad Fikree, Hamad Qalam Key Attractions: Cosplay Competition, Troy Baker Concert, Celebrity Q&A, Workshops in Film and Gaming Topics, DJ Session, Sumo Tournament, Freestyle Performance Held on 21–22 November 2014 at Dubai International Marine Club, United Arab Emirates Special Guests: Troy Baker, Hafþór Júlíus Björnsson, Ryan Hart, Falah Hashim, Amal Hawijeh, S.
A Zaidi and Ghanem Ghubash, Mohammad Fikree, Haidar Mohammed, Ashraf Ghori, Faisal Hashmi Key Attractions: Cosplay Contest, Troy Baker Concert, Celebrity Q&A, Panels and Workshops Held on 26–27 February 2015 at Qatar National Convention Center, Qatar Special Guests: Hafthór Júlíus Björnsson, Adam Harrington, Dave Fennoy, NadiaSK Key Attractions: Celeb guests, video Games showcase, retro gaming museum Held on 2–3 October 2015 at Bahrain International Circuit, Bahrain Special Guests: Booker T, Dave Fennoy, Adam Harrington, Julia Voth, Riddle Key Attractions: Cosplay Competition, Celebrity Q&A, Workshops in Film and Gaming Topics, DJ Session, Sumo Tournament, Freestyle Performance Held on 16–17 October 2015 at du Forum, Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates Special Guests: Jack Gleeson, Naomi Kyle, Dave Fennoy, Adam Harrington, NadiaSK Key Attractions: Cosplay Competition with $10,000 Prize Money, PlayStation VR showcase, HTC Vive showcase, Celebrity Q&A, Workshops in Film and Gaming Topics Held on 22-23 October 2016 at Bahrain International Circuit, Bahrain Special Guests: Kurt Angle, Giancarlo Esposito, Alodia Gosiengfiao Key Attractions: Cosplay Competition, Celebrity Q&A, Workshops in Film and Gaming Topics, DJ Session, Sumo Tournament, Freestyle Performance Held on 9-10 December 2016 at Oman Convention & Exhibition Centre, Oman Special Guests: Kristian Nairn, Dave Fennoy, Adam Harrington, Key Attractions: Cosplay Competition, Celebrity Q&A, Video Games Zone, Table Top Games IGN Convention Dubai in Pictures Hardcore Gaming 101 Blog: IGN Convention in Bahrain Superheroes and Celebs at IGN Convention at Meydan IMAX Get your game on at IGN Convention IGN Convention Comes to Doha Troy Baker's Concert in Bahrain Sky News Cosplay Report Celebrity Ask Me Anything in Dubai 2014 Bleeding Cool Blog: IGN Convention in Dubai Official website