Sardinia is an island in the Mediterranean Sea and politically one of the 20 regions of Italy. It is the second-largest island in the Mediterranean Sea after Sicily, is located west of the Italian Peninsula, north of Tunisia, to the immediate south of the French island of Corsica; the region of Sardinia is one of the five in Italy that enjoy some degree of domestic autonomy, granted by a specific Statute. Its official name is Regione Autonoma della Sardegna, it is divided into four provinces and a metropolitan city, with Cagliari being the region's capital and its largest city. Sardinia's indigenous language and the other minority languages spoken on the island are recognized by the regional law and enjoy "equal dignity" with Italian. Sardinia has been inhabited since the Paleolithic; the island's most iconic civilization is the indigenous Nuragic one, which lasted from the 18th century BC to either 238 BC or the 2nd century AD in some areas and to the 6th century AD in the region known as Barbagia.
After a period under a political and economic alliance between the Nuragic Sardinians and the Phoenicians, the island was conquered by Carthage and Rome, in the late 6th century BC and in 238 BC respectively. Since the island was finding itself disconnected from Byzantium's scope of territorial influence, the Sardinians provided themselves with a self-ruling political organization, leading to the birth of the four Judicates; as the Italian maritime republics of Pisa and Genoa struggled to exercise increasing political interference upon the indigenous states, the Crown of Aragon subsumed the island as the Kingdom of Sardinia in 1324. Such Iberian Kingdom was to last until 1718, when it was ceded to the House of Savoy and politically merged with the Savoyard domains based on the Italian Mainland. During the Italian unification, the Savoyards pursued a policy of expansion to the rest of the Italian peninsula, having their Kingdom be renamed into Kingdom of Italy in 1861, which became the present-day Italian Republic in 1946.
Due to the variety of the island's ecosystems, which include mountains, plains uninhabited territories, rocky coasts and long sandy beaches, Sardinia has been metaphorically defined as a micro-continent. In the modern era, many travelers and writers have extolled the beauty of its untouched landscape, which houses the vestiges of the Nuragic civilization; the name Sardinia has Latin roots. It comes from the pre-Roman ethnonym *srd- romanised as sardus, it makes its first appearance on the Nora Stone, where the word Šrdn testifies to the name's existence when the Phoenician merchants first arrived. According to Timaeus, one of Plato's dialogues and its people as well might have been named after a legendary woman going by Sardò, born in Sardis, capital of the ancient Kingdom of Lydia. There has been speculation that identifies the ancient Nuragic Sards with the Sherden, one of the Sea Peoples, it is suggested that the name had a religious connotation from its use as the adjective for the ancient Sardinian mythological hero-god Sardus Pater, as well as being the stem of the adjective "sardonic".
In Classical antiquity, Sardinia was called a number of names besides Sardò or Sardinia, like Ichnusa and Argyrophleps. Sardinia is the second-largest island in the Mediterranean Sea, with an area of 24,100 square kilometres, it is situated between 8 ° 8' and 9 ° 50' east longitude. To the west of Sardinia is the Sea of Sardinia, a unit of the Mediterranean Sea; the nearest land masses are the island of Corsica, the Italian Peninsula, Tunisia, the Balearic Islands, Provence. The Tyrrhenian Sea portion of the Mediterranean Sea is directly to the east of Sardinia between the Sardinian east coast and the west coast of the Italian mainland peninsula; the Strait of Bonifacio is directly north of Sardinia and separates Sardinia from the French island of Corsica. The coasts of Sardinia are high and rocky, with long straight stretches of coastline, many outstanding headlands, a few wide, deep bays, many inlets and with various smaller islands off the coast; the island has an ancient geoformation and, unlike Sicily and mainland Italy, is not earthquake-prone.
Its rocks date in fact from the Palaeozoic Era. Due to long erosion processes, the island's highlands, formed of granite, trachyte, basalt and dolomite limestone, average at between 300 to 1,000 metres; the highest peak is part of the Gennargentu Ranges in the centre of the island. Other mountain chains are Monte Limbara in the northeast, the Chain of Marghine and Goceano ru
Kenneth "Ken" James Moran, MBE was an Australian Paralympic lawn bowler. He won a silver medal in the Men's Pairs at the 1984 Summer Paralympics. Moran was born in the Queensland town of Beaudesert on 27 February 1925, the sixth of eight children of Tom and Johanna Moran, he grew up on the family farm during the Great Depression, had a busy and active young life which included farm duties and playing tennis and cricket. At age 14, he left school to work full-time on the farm to help support his family during the difficult economic times. While playing a representative cricket match in February 1945, he experienced serious physical symptoms - a sudden but lasting dizziness, loss of balance and inability to focus - that forced him to retire from the match. Within a couple of days, he was diagnosed with polio and spent the next two years in a polio ward at the Royal Brisbane Hospital; when he was discharged, he spent a year with an uncle in Brisbane, managing his own rehabilitation and transition to life in a wheelchair before returning to Beaudesert.
He studied accounting by correspondence and worked in the field, began a lifelong involvement in community work. Moran took up table tennis and lawn bowls to keep active, playing against and alongside able-bodied players, he won a bronze medal in table tennis at the 1974 Commonwealth Paraplegic Games in Dunedin, New Zealand. He won a silver medal in the men's lawn bowls pairs with Wayne Lewis at the 1984 New York/Stoke Mandeville Paralympics. In the Queen's Birthday Honours 1986 Moran was appointed as a Member of the Order of the British Empire for service to the community and paraplegic sport. On 16 September 2010, the Ken Moran Life Centre was opened in Beaudesert
Lottie Gee was an American entertainer who performed in shows and musicals during the Harlem Renaissance. She is best known as a performer in the 1921 Broadway hit, Shuffle Along, the show that launched the careers of Josephine Baker and Florence Mills. Lottie Gee was born in Millboro, United States, her career began as a dancer in Aida Overton Walker's shows. She appeared in The Red Moon by Aida Overton Walker in 1904 and toured the vaudeville circuit in various acts. In 1910, composer Ford Dabney formed several touring vaudeville groups, among which, he and violinist Willie Carroll conceived and produced Dabney's Ginger Girls, a duet composed of Gee, as dancer and soprano, Effie King, as dancer and contralto, they performed at Dabney's Theater in Washington, D. C. before going on the road. Effie King was the stage name of Anna Green. Gee sang the song "I'm Just Wild About Harry" in the musical Shuffle Along in 1921. Gee appeared in The Chocolate Dandies. Gee and Edith Spencer became partners as "Harlem’s Sweethearts" in 1928.
Allegretti Anderson joined the group and they became a trio billed as Harmony Trio, the Creole Beauties, the Three Dark Sisters. In 1927, Gee was an honorary pallbearer in the funeral of Florence Mills. Gee was a longtime girlfriend of the composer Eubie Blake. Audra McDonald portrayed Lottie Gee in Shuffle Along, Or, the Making of the Musical Sensation of 1921 and All That Followed in 2016