Karad is a city in Satara district in the southern part of Indian state of Maharashtra and it is 290 km from Mumbai and 159 Km from Pune. It lies at the confluence of the Krishna River; the two rivers originate at Mahabaleshwar, around 100 km from Karad. They diverge at their origin, travel for about the same distance to meet again in Karad; the rivers meet head on, thus forming letter "T", the only head on confluence in the world. Hence Krishna and Koyna river's confluence is called meaning Confluence of Love. Karad is well known for sugar production and is known as the sugar bowl of Maharashtra owing to the presence of many sugar factories in and around Karad, it is considered as an important educational hub in Western Maharashtra due to the presence of many prestigious educational institutes. This place is known for resting place or of the first chief minister of Maharashtra Shri. Yashwantrao Chavan situated at the confluence of Koyana river. Vaang river is one of the sub river of koyna river.
Karad has an adjoining small town named Malkapur, Karad which has its own municipal council and a population of 31,671. Karad city was awarded a prize under "Sant Gadagebaba Gramswachatta Abhiyan" started by Indian Government, it was known as "Karhatak", meaning "Elephant Market". Karad is a city of historical importance. According to Mahabharata, Sahadeva one of the Pandavas lived in the city known to be pious as Lord Rama stepped his feet on this land. Located to the south west of Karad is Karad Caves; the first capital of the Shilaharas was at Karad during the reign of Jatiga-II as known from their copper plate grant of Miraj and Vikramankadevacharita of Bilhana. Hence sometimes they are referred as'Shilaharas of Karad'; the capital was shifted to Kolhapur. Among the Silaharas of Kolhapur who ruled over Satara and Belganv districts from 1000 to 1215 A. D. Gonka deserves mention here, as he is described as the Lord of Karhad and Konkan. A Major event in history is witnessed by the Krishna River Banks, His Highness Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj once washed his weapon, known as Waghnakhya and Bichhwa in the River Krishna's waters Major landmarks in the city include Kolhapur Naka, MSRTC Bus Stand, Krishna Naka, Karve Naka, Jama Masjid, Chawdi Chowk, Krishna Ghat, Historical Manora, Bhaji Mandai, Bheda Hospital Chowk, Town Hall, Shivaji Stadium, Krishna Canal Chowk, Yashwant Highschool, Cottage Hospital, Dutta Chowk, Kanya Shala, Tilak Highschool and Holy Family Convent School in Vidyanagar among others.
Karad is located at 17.28°N 74.2°E / 17.28. It has an average elevation of 566 metres. Karad is located near Agashiva caves 17.237506°N 74.15205°E / 17.237506. It has been referred in great epic Mahabharata, it has the shape of an "Aum". Some Famous Famous Points Near Karad are: Preeti Sangam ➤ Approx 2 Km Krishna Mai Temple ➤ Approx 2 Km Pritisangam Udyan ➤ Approx 2 Km Late Yashwantrao Chavan's Samadhi ➤ Approx 2 Km Historical Monument'Manora' ➤ Approx 2 Km Naktya Rawalchi Vihir ➤ Approx 2 Km Masjid Built by Sultan Ali Adilshah ➤ Approx 2 Km Sadashivgad ➤ Approx 5 Km Khodshi Dam ➤ Approx 5 Km Agashiv Caves ➤ Approx 5 Km Vasantgad ➤ Approx 15 Km Talbid ➤ Approx 15 Km Sar-Senapati Hambirrao Mohite Samadhi ➤ Approx 15 Km Chauranginath Temple, Sonsal ➤ Approx 20 Km Ramling Bet, Bahe ➤ Approx 30 Km Shri Khandoba Devsthan, Pal ➤ Approx 30 Km Ram Mandir Chaphal ➤ Approx 30 Km Yamai Mandir, Aundh ➤ Approx 35 Km Uttarmand Dam ➤ Approx 35 Km Sagareshwar Wildlife Sanctuary ➤ Approx 30 Km Valmiki Temple & Big Wild Area ➤ Approx 45 Km Chandoli Dam ➤ Approx 50 Km Koyna Dam ➤ Approx 60 Km Nawja Waterfall ➤ Approx 65 KmSome Famous Points Near Satara: Ganesh Temple, Angapur ➤ Approx 40 Km Tuljabhavani Temple, Shendre ➤ Approx 45 Km Charbhinti ➤ Approx 60 Km Aajinkytara ➤ Approx 60 Km Yavteshvar ➤ Approx 60 Km Sajjangad ➤ Approx 65 Km Ganesh Temple, Phutka Talav ➤ Approx 65 Km Sangam Mahuli ➤ Approx 60 Km Chalkewadi ➤ Approx 75 Km Pateshwar ➤ Approx 75 Km Kaas Plateau ➤ Approx 75 Km Thoseghar Waterfall ➤ Approx 75 Km Vajrai Waterfall ➤ Approx 85 Km Baramatyachi Vihir ➤ Approx 85 Km The city boasts many important government offices and other institutions of significance.
With the vision of great leader Yashwantrao Chavan the city was one of the few in India to have a well- planned underground drainage system well before in the 1960s. By end-2010, Karad, on the outskirts of the city of Karad, is delivering water 24x7 to all its residents as a result of concrete steps taken by the Malkapur Nagar Panchayat with support from the Maharashtra Jeevan Pradhikaran, a state government entity; this is the first of its kind by a public body in India. Major offices and institutions in Karad are as follows: Karad Court, Karad Diwani -Foujdari Court, Karad Doordarshan Kendra, Karad Fire- Brigade, Karad Division Office, Karad Tehsil Office, Karad Khashaba Chounk Panchayat Samiti, Karad Government Rest House, Karad City Police Station, Karad Taluka Police Station, Karad Head Post Office, Karad Railway Station, Karad Airport, Karad MSRTC Depot, Karad Cottage Hospital, Karad RTO Office, Karad Taswade MIDC, Karad Nagarpalika, Karad Town Hall, Karad As of 2011 India census, Karad town and surrounding villages had total population of 74,355.
Males constitute 52% of the population and females 48%. Karad has an average literacy rate of 76%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 80%, female literacy is 72%. In Karad, 11% of the population is under 6 years of age. People from different cultures live here but vast majority b
Rashtrakuta was a royal dynasty ruling large parts of the Indian subcontinent between the sixth and 10th centuries. The earliest known Rashtrakuta inscription is a 7th-century copper plate grant detailing their rule from Manapura, a city in Central or West India. Other ruling Rashtrakuta clans from the same period mentioned in inscriptions were the kings of Achalapur and the rulers of Kannauj. Several controversies exist regarding the origin of these early Rashtrakutas, their native home and their language; the Elichpur clan was a feudatory of the Badami Chalukyas, during the rule of Dantidurga, it overthrew Chalukya Kirtivarman II and went on to build an empire with the Gulbarga region in modern Karnataka as its base. This clan came to be known as the Rashtrakutas of Manyakheta, rising to power in South India in 753. At the same time the Pala dynasty of Bengal and the Prathihara dynasty of Malwa were gaining force in eastern and northwestern India respectively. An Arabic text, Silsilat al-Tawarikh, called the Rashtrakutas one of the four principal empires of the world.
This period, between the eighth and the 10th centuries, saw a tripartite struggle for the resources of the rich Gangetic plains, each of these three empires annexing the seat of power at Kannauj for short periods of time. At their peak the Rashtrakutas of Manyakheta ruled a vast empire stretching from the Ganges River and Yamuna River doab in the north to Cape Comorin in the south, a fruitful time of political expansion, architectural achievements and famous literary contributions; the early kings of this dynasty were influenced by Hinduism and the kings by Jainism. During their rule, Jain mathematicians and scholars contributed important works in Kannada and Sanskrit. Amoghavarsha I, the most famous king of this dynasty wrote Kavirajamarga, a landmark literary work in the Kannada language. Architecture reached a milestone in the Dravidian style, the finest example of, seen in the Kailasanath Temple at Ellora in modern Maharashtra. Other important contributions are the Kashivishvanatha temple and the Jain Narayana temple at Pattadakal in modern Karnataka, both of which are UNESCO World Heritage Sites.
The origin of the Rashtrakuta dynasty has been a controversial topic of Indian history. These issues pertain to the origin of the earliest ancestors of the Rashtrakutas during the time of Emperor Ashoka in the 2nd century BCE, the connection between the several Rashtrakuta dynasties that ruled small kingdoms in northern and central India and the Deccan between the 6th and 7th centuries; the relationship of these medieval Rashtrakutas to the most famous dynasty, the Rashtrakutas of Manyakheta, who ruled between the 8th and 10th centuries has been debated. The sources for Rashtrakuta history include medieval inscriptions, ancient literature in the Pali language, contemporaneous literature in Sanskrit and Kannada and the notes of the Arab travellers. Theories about the dynastic lineage, the native region and the ancestral home have been proposed, based on information gleaned from inscriptions, royal emblems, the ancient clan names such as "Rashtrika", the names of princes and princesses of the dynasty, clues from relics such as coins.
Scholars debate over which ethnic/linguistic groups can claim the early Rashtrakutas. Possibilities include the north western ethnic groups of India, the Kannadiga, the Maratha, or the tribes from the Punjab region. Scholars however concur that the rulers of the imperial dynasty in the 8th to 10th century made the Kannada language as important as Sanskrit. Rashtrakuta inscriptions use both Kannada and Sanskrit, the rulers encouraged literature in both languages; the earliest existing Kannada literary writings are credited to their court poets and royalty. Though these Rashtrakutas were Kannadigas, they were conversant in a northern Deccan language as well; the heart of the Rashtrakuta empire included nearly all of Karnataka and parts of Andhra Pradesh, an area which the Rashtrakutas ruled for over two centuries. The Samangadh copper plate grant confirms that the feudatory King Dantidurga, who ruled from Achalapura in Berar, defeated the great Karnatic army of Kirtivarman II of Badami in 753 and took control of the northern regions of the Chalukya empire.
He helped his father-in-law, Pallava King Nandivarman regain Kanchi from the Chalukyas and defeated the Gurjaras of Malwa, the rulers of Kalinga and Srisailam. Dantidurga's successor Krishna I brought major portions of present-day Karnataka and Konkan under his control. During the rule of Dhruva Dharavarsha who took control in 780, the kingdom expanded into an empire that encompassed all of the territory between the Kaveri River and Central India, he led successful expeditions to Kannauj, the seat of northern Indian power where he defeated the Gurjara Pratiharas and the Palas of Bengal, gaining him fame and vast booty but not more territory. He brought the Eastern Chalukyas and Gangas of Talakad under his control. According to Altekar and Sen, the Rashtrakutas became a pan-India power during his rule; the ascent of Dhruva Dharavarsha's third son, Govinda III, to the throne heralded an era of success like never before. There is uncertainty about the location of the early capital of the Rashtrakutas at this time.
During his rule there was a three way conflict between the Rashtrakutas, the Palas and the Pratiharas for control over the Gangetic plains. Describing his victor
Panchgani called Paachgani is a famous hill station and municipal council in Satara district in Maharashtra, India. It is renowned for the many premier residential educational institutions, which have produced notable lawyers. Scenic Panchgani was discovered by the British during the British Raj as a summer resort, a superintendent named John Chesson was placed in charge of the hill station in the 1860s, he is credited with planting many plant species from the western world in Panchgani, including silver oak and poinsettia, which have flourished since in Panchgani. Mahabaleshwar was the summer resort of choice for the British, but it was uninhabitable during the monsoons. Panchgani was developed as a retirement place for the British because it remained pleasant throughout the year. John Chesson was deputed to find a suitable place, he surveyed the hills in this region in the company of Mr Rustomji Dubash, decided on this nameless area in the vicinity of the five villages:Dhandeghar, Amral and Taighat.
The place was aptly named Panchgani, Chesson was made Superintendent. To develop the infrastructure, Chesson encouraged various professionals - tailors, butchers, vegetable vendors, building contractors etc. to settle in Panchgani. The area below the bazaar was allotted to them, is known as the gaothan. Chesson is buried in the graveyard of St. Peter's Church. In 1971 or'72, his death centenary was observed in a big way when for the first time, the town folk and the schools participated together in a ceremony to remember the founder of Panchgani. Panchgani is nestled in the middle of five hills in the Sahyādri mountain ranges. There are five villages around Panchgani named Dandeghar, Godwali, Amral & Taighat; the Krishnā River flows nearby. Panchgani is about one hours' drive from kaas plateau. Two hours away from Pune. 5 hours from Mumbai. Panchgani is a great diversion for travellers to and from Goa. There are various hotels, home campsites to choose to stay at; some of the notable ones are the star luxury Ravine Hotel, Homely Stay at Hotel Malas, the heritage Prospect hotel and the campsite Eco Camp for backpackers and paragliders and Sweet Memories Homestay.
BOUNDARIES:- The distances of Panchgani from major cities are as follows: From Mumbai - 285 km, From Pune - 100 km From Mahabaleshwar - 18 km, From Satara - 45 km & From Wai - 10 km The east of the Pachgani is Wai, Bavdhan & Nagewadi dam, at west there is Gureghar, at south is Khingar & Rajpuri,& on north is Dhom Dam. The temperature in Panchgani is around 12C during the winter, sometimes reaches 34C during the summer; the monsoon rainy season spans between September. The five hills surrounding Panchgani are topped by a volcanic plateau, the second highest in Asia after the Tibetan plateau; these plateaus, alternatively known as "table land", are a part of the Deccan Plateau and they were raised by pressure between the earth plates. The area has high seismic activity, with an epicenter near Koynānagar where the Koynanagar Dam and a hydroelectric power plant have been built. According to 2001 census in India, Panchgani had a population of 13,280. Males constituted 57% of the population, females, 43%.
Literacy in Panchgani was 82%, male and female literacy being 87% and 75%, respectively. As of 2001, 9% of the population was under 6 years of age. Sydney Point: This point is situated on a hillock facing the Krishna Valley. One can see from here the glittering waters of the Dhom Dam, Pāndavgad and Mandhārdeo. Sydney point is about 2 km from Panchgani Bus stand. Table Land: This flat large expanse of laterite rock is the second longest mountain plateau in Asia; some spacious caves including the "Devil's Kitchen" are visible from here. Parsi Point: This scenic point is situated on the way to Mahabaleshwar, overlooks the Krishna valley and the blue shiny waters of the Dhom Dam. Devil's Kitchen: Situated at the south of the table land, the Devil's Kitchen has a mythology associated with it: It is believed that the Pāndavas of the Mahābhārat epic had stayed here for a while. Pāndavgad Caves are said to be built by them then. Mala's Fruit Products:Mala's is one of the best Jam developers in the history of India.
Mala's introduced the word'JAM' in India. Panchgani is the hometown of Mala's Fruit. Mapro Garden: Situated on the curvaceous roads between Panchgani and Mahabaleshwar, it is accessible by buses originating both from Panchgani and Mahabaleshwar. Panchgani attracts many tourists throughout the year. A well-known Ganesh Temple is located close by in Wai. Panchgani's famous'table land' has been the location for many Indian Movies the location for the acclaimed movie "Taare Zameen Par" and "Agent Vinod" Few episodes of the first Indian vampire show Pyaar Kii Ye Ek Kahaani was shot there. One Dr. Rustomji Bomanji Billimoria set up a tuberculosis sanatorium in Panchgani in the 1940s. Panchgani has grown in popularity as a convalescence center. In recent times, Panchgani has been facing ecological problems because of poorly controlled commercial activities, excessive traffic, temperature inversion from the new dams which have been built in the vicinity for water storage. Panchgani was settled by retired Britishers, but since it was pleasant throughout the year, others settled there.
A number of attempts to start schools were made in the 19th century. In the 1890s The Kimmins School was started for European girls. In 1902, the boys section separated to become The European Boys High School, now known
Wai is a town in Sātārā District, in Mahārāshtra state, India. Located on the Krishna River, Wai was a town of some prominence in the days of the Peshwas. Two important Maratha Brahmin from ruling families had their origins here: Rani Lakshmibai of Jhansi and Gopikabai, wife of Nanasaheb Peshwa. Peshwas, a word derived from the Persian word for "foremost leader," were similar to a modern prime minister, served Maharashatra state from 1713 to 1857. Wai has long been a cultural center. Locally prominent families such as the Raste, Phadnavis etc. built several architecturally significant temples in Wai. A few kilometers from Wai on a hill 4,650 feet above sea level is the temple of Mandhradevi Kalubai, more than 400 years old. In more recent times, some 300 Bollywood and Marathi movies have been filmed in Wai. Wai has the epithetic name "Dakshin Kashi" because of the city's more than 100 temples. Wai is known in Maharashtra for its ghats on the banks of the Krishna River and its temples the Dholya Ganapati temple on Ganapati Ghat.
The 17th century warlord Afzal Khan, representing Ali Adil Shah II of the Bijapur Sultanate, is said to have made his first halt here on his way to the fort of marahtha ruler Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj. A cache of 105 guns and other weapons were found in Wai around 2005. Wai is located at 17.94°N 73.88°E / 17.94. It has an average elevation of 718 metres, it is surrounded by the mountainous region of the Sahyādris. Dhom Dam, west of Wai, was completed in 1982. Waters held by Dhom and Balakwadi dams, west of Wai taluka, surround the region's remaining small villages. Most residents of small villages moved elsewhere. Dhom, Aasgaon, Dhawli, Jor, Golewadi and Ulumb are major villages which were moved or lost because of the construction of man-made lakes. Nearly 16 km from Wai is the village of Borgoan, in middle of Dhom dam and Balkawdi dam, with four waterfalls. Borgoan's residents drink water from the falls year round. Boundaries of Wai taluka: East of Wai are talukas of Koregaon. To the west lies the taluka of Mahabaleshwar.
The northern border abuts the Pune district. The north-west border is shared with the Raigad district. South of Wai are talukas of Satara. A taluka larger than a village. Headquarters of Wai taluka is the city of Wai, populated by about 25,000 people. Wai is 35 km. from Satara, 95 km. from Pune, 250 km. from Mumbai. Situated on the Mahad-Pandharpur State Highway, Wai is a major city on the way to the hill stations of Mahabaleshwar and Panchgani. Wai taluka has seven ghats on the Krishna's banks: Gangapuri, Madhi Aali, Ganpati Aali, Brahmanshahi, Ramdoh Aali and Bhimkund Aali. According to a 2001 census in India, Wai had a population of 31,090. Males were 51% of the population. Literacy in Wai was 77%. Male literacy was 81%; as of 2001, 11% of Wai's population was under age 6. The prominent Pradnya Path Shala educational institution is based in Wai. Wai is well known for founder of Marāthi Vishwakosh. Krishnabai Utsav is the main festival in Wai; when warlord Afzal Khan set out from Wai to attempt to defeat Chattrapati Shivaji Maharaj, Shendye Shāstri of Wai prayed to the Krishna River for Shivaji's victory, sparking the Krishnabai festival.
It is celebrated on each ghat for four to eight days. The festival is celebrated in the nearby town of Karad. A 105-year-old Govardhan Sanstha celebrates Shri Krishna Janma Ashtami; the two-day Jatra festival attracts people from all over Maharashtra. The annual fairs, Yatras/Jatras, began with the Yatra of Mahalaxmi of Bhuinj, Jamb and Belmachi on Dassraa. There are famous Yatras in the Wai taluka, Mandhardevi, Bagad of Bavdhan, Kavathe and Surur. A number of movies have been filmed in Wai, including Jis Desh Mein Ganga Rehta Hain, Omkara, Dabangg 1, Dabangg 2, Ishqiya, Deool, Bol Bachchan, Zila Ghaziabad, Gulaab Gang, R Rajkumar, Chennai Express, Bajirao Mastani. Others are Ardhasatya, 22 June 1897, Mrutyudand, Gangaajal and Gulaab Gang were shot in Wai and the nearby villages of Dhom, Chikhli, Bhuinj and the surroundings of Dhom, Balakwadi and Nagewadi dams. Temples built in the Wai area tend to be built in Hemādpanti-style architecture. Use of huge stone slabs is the major characteristic of Hemādpanti architecture.
Four temples are near Brahmanshahi ghat: Chakreshwar, Kaunteshwar/Harihareshwar and Kaleshwar. Govardhan Sanstha ghat has Krishna Mandir. Near Brhmanshahi there are Ganpati temples. Ramdoh ghat has Rameshwar temple and Chilavali Devi temple. Gangapuri ghat has Lord Shiva, Bahiroba, Dattatray Temple. Ganpati Aali ghat has Kashi Vishveshvar temples. In Dharma Puri are Mahalaxmi temple. Rokdoba temple is built by Ramdas Swami. Dholya Ganpati temple is one of Maharashtra's prime temples; the large idol of Lord Ganesh is on Krishna River's ghats. Hanuman Mandir is near Mahaganpati ghat. Bhavani Mata Mandir Asale is a beautiful place near by Wai on Satara Road; as well as Pradnya Path Shala, Wai has the following institutes: Dravid High School Dnyandeep English Medium High School and Hostel Surabhi College of Advance Technology, Wai Surabhi Computers, Wai Since 1995 Certificate to De
States and union territories of India
India is a federal union comprising 29 states and 7 union territories, for a total of 36 entities. The states and union territories are further subdivided into districts and smaller administrative divisions; the Constitution of India distributes the sovereign executive and legislative powers exercisable with respect to the territory of any State between the Union and that State. The Indian subcontinent has been ruled by many different ethnic groups throughout its history, each instituting their own policies of administrative division in the region. During the British Raj, the original administrative structure was kept, India was divided into provinces that were directly governed by the British and princely states which were nominally controlled by a local prince or raja loyal to the British Empire, which held de facto sovereignty over the princely states. Between 1947 and 1950 the territories of the princely states were politically integrated into the Indian Union. Most were merged into existing provinces.
The new Constitution of India, which came into force on 26 January 1950, made India a sovereign democratic republic. The new republic was declared to be a "Union of States"; the constitution of 1950 distinguished between three main types of states: Part A states, which were the former governors' provinces of British India, were ruled by an elected governor and state legislature. The nine Part A states were Assam, Bombay, Madhya Pradesh, Orissa, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal; the eight Part B states were former princely states or groups of princely states, governed by a rajpramukh, the ruler of a constituent state, an elected legislature. The rajpramukh was appointed by the President of India; the Part B states were Hyderabad and Kashmir, Madhya Bharat, Mysore and East Punjab States Union, Rajasthan and Travancore-Cochin. The ten Part C states included both the former chief commissioners' provinces and some princely states, each was governed by a chief commissioner appointed by the President of India.
The Part C states were Ajmer, Bilaspur, Delhi, Himachal Pradesh, Manipur and Vindhya Pradesh. The only Part D state was the Andaman and Nicobar Islands, which were administered by a lieutenant governor appointed by the central government; the Union Territory of Puducherry was created in 1954 comprising the previous French enclaves of Pondichéry, Karaikal and Mahé. Andhra State was created on 1 October 1953 from the Telugu-speaking northern districts of Madras State; the States Reorganisation Act of 1956 reorganised the states based on linguistic lines resulting in the creation of the new states. As a result of this act, Madras State retained its name with Kanyakumari district added to form Travancore-Cochin. Andhra Pradesh was created with the merger of Andhra State with the Telugu-speaking districts of Hyderabad State in 1956. Kerala was created with the merger of Malabar district and the Kasaragod taluk of South Canara districts of Madras State with Travancore-Cochin. Mysore State was re-organized with the addition of districts of Bellary and South Canara and the Kollegal taluk of Coimbatore district from the Madras State, the districts of Belgaum, North Canara and Dharwad from Bombay State, the Kannada-majority districts of Bidar and Gulbarga from Hyderabad State and the province of Coorg.
The Laccadive Islands which were divided between South Canara and Malabar districts of Madras State were united and organised into the union territory of Lakshadweep. Bombay State was enlarged by the addition of Saurashtra State and Kutch State, the Marathi-speaking districts of Nagpur Division of Madhya Pradesh and Marathwada region of Hyderabad State. Rajasthan and Punjab gained territories from Ajmer and Patiala and East Punjab States Union and certain territories of Bihar was transferred to West Bengal. Bombay State was split into the linguistic states of Gujarat and Maharashtra on 1 May 1960 by the Bombay Reorganisation Act. Nagaland was formed on 1 December 1963; the Punjab Reorganisation Act of 1966 resulted in the creation of Haryana on 1 November and the transfer of the northern districts of Punjab to Himachal Pradesh. The act designated Chandigarh as a union territory and the shared capital of Punjab and Haryana. Madras state was renamed Tamil Nadu in 1968. North-eastern states of Manipur and Tripura were formed on 21 January 1972.
Mysore State was renamed as Karnataka in 1973. On 16 May 1975, Sikkim became the 22nd state of the Indian Union and the state's monarchy was abolished. In 1987, Arunachal Pradesh and Mizoram became states on 20 February, followed by Goa on 30 May, while Goa's northern exclaves of Daman and Diu and Dadra and Nagar Haveli became separate union territories. In November 2000, three new states were created. Orissa was renamed as Odisha in 2011. Telangana was created on 2 June 2014 as ten former districts of north-western Andhra Pradesh. ^Note 1 Andhra Pradesh was divided into two states, Telangana and a residual Andhra Pradesh on 2 June 2014. Hyderabad, located within the borders of Telangana, is to serve as the capital for both states for a period of time not exceeding ten years; the Go
Ratnagiri district is one of the 36 districts of Maharashtra, India. Ratnagiri is the district headquarters of the district; the district is 11.33% urban. The district is bounded by the Arabian Sea to the west, Sindhudurg district to the south, Raigad district to the north and Satara and Kolhapur districts to the east; this district is part of Konkan division. There are five Maharashtra Vidhan Sabha constituencies in this district; these are: Rajapur Ratnagiri Guhagar Chiplun Dapoli According to the 2011 census Ratnagiri district has a population of 1,612,672 equal to the nation of Guinea-Bissau or the US state of Idaho. This gives it a ranking of 311th in India; the district has a population density of 196 inhabitants per square kilometre. Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was -4.96%. Ratnagiri has a sex ratio of 1123 females for every 1000 males, a literacy rate of 82.43%. Ratnagiri has the distinction of being the native place of notable personalities including: Lokmanya Tilak, Balasaheb Kher S. M. Joshi Dhondo Keshav Karve Vinoba Bhave Pandurang Vaman Kane Dr. B. R. Ambedkar Swatantryaveer Savarkar was moved to Ratnagiri with his freedom of movement restricted to the boundary of the district and refraining from politics.
Govind Sakharam Sardesai Jalgaon, Ratnagiri Malvani people Sangameshwari Ratnagiri district official website Sahyadri Nisarga Mitra - NGO working on nature conservation
Sangli District is a district of Maharashtra State in west-central India. Sangli City is the district headquarters; the district is 25.11% urban. Sangli and Miraj are the largest cities; the industrial town of Kirloskarwadi is located in the Sangli District. Industrialist Laxmanrao Kirloskar started his first factory here, it is known as the sugar bowl of India due to its high sugarcane productivity. Sangli District is one of the most fertile and developed districts in Maharashtra; the District is popular as a political power house in the state. Sangli District has provided many popular bureaucrats until now. Sangli has cultural heritage. People refers to Sangli District as the Heaven of Farmers; the district of Sangli is a recent creation, being made as late as in 1949. It was known as South Satara and it has been renamed as Sangli since 1961, it is made up of a few talukas which once formed part of the old Satara District and of the States and jahagirs belonging to Patvardhans, Dafles which came to be merged during the post-independence period.
Kundal, the region around Sangli, was the capital of the Chalukyas. Kundal was an ancient village, around 1,600 years old. Kaundanyapur was a part of Karnataka. Pulakeshin I chose Vatapi as his capital. Kundal was home to freedom fighters like Krantisigha Nana Patil, Shyamrao Lad, Captain Ramchandra Lad, G. D. Lad, Shankar Jangam, Housabai Jangam. Narsinhpur, an ancient village is in Sangli district. Laxmi-Narsinh Ancient Temple is there from around A. D.1100–1200 period. Sant Namdeo, Sidheshwar maharaj, Tatya Tope were used to stay in the village in ancient period; this village history is found in "GURU CHARITRA". Sangli district has Indias second oldest industrial township as Kirloskarwadi. Sangli District is located in the western part of Maharashtra, it is bounded by Satara and Solapur districts to the north, Bijapur District to the east and Belgaum districts to the south, Ratnagiri District to the west. Sangli District is situated in the river basins of the Krishna rivers. Other small rivers, such as the Warana and the Panchganga, flow into the River Krishna.
Land in the region is suitable for agriculture. Sangli district has distinct kind of environment. Eastern talukas of Shirala, Palus are famous for high rainfall and floods. 2005 floods submerged many villages like Dudhondi,Punadi, walwa etc. Western talukas are famous for tanker driven drinking water supply systems, but recent projects like Tembhu-Mhaisal yojana, Takari prakalp, Vita water scheme are changing the water landscape of these talukas. These water projects are located on river Krishna. Sagareshwar Wildlife Sanctuary is a protected area in the Indian state of Maharashtra, it is located at the meeting of three Tehsils of Sangli district: Kadegaon and Palus. The wildlife sanctuary is man-made, it has an area of 10.87 km². The sanctuary is with grassy hill slopes; the forests are southern thorn forest. Protection from grazing and forest fire has resulted in good regeneration of dry deciduous species; the forest department introduced many plants in the area, including Tamarind, Nilgiri, Acacia and Khair.
Large animals found in the sanctuary include several types of deer as well as wild boar and peacocks. Small carnivores like hyena and porcupines are found in the area. A large number of insects and reptiles such as pythons and other snakes are present; the sanctuary is a popular tourist destination, with the peak tourism season being from August to February. The most popular tourist activity is hiking to the top of a hill in the sanctuary, from which one can see the Krishna River flowing through fields of sugarcane and grapevines. In the area are numerous shrines to Shiva which were built during the Chalukya dynasty, the Krishna Valley Wine Park in Palus. and Kundal is the region around Sangli, was the capital of the Chalukyas. Kundal is a historical place; the Sagareshwar sanctuary has much religious and archaeological significance. The sanctuary derives its name from an ancient famous Shiva temple that attracts a large number of devotees, it consists of one large temple and a complex of 51 small temples, all from the Satvahana period.
You will find the Kamal Bhairao temple hewn from hard Basalt rock perched on the edge of a steep cliff. The entrance to the temple is through a narrow trench. According to the 2011 census Sangli District has a population of 2,820,575 equal to the nation of Jamaica or the US state of Kansas; this gives it a ranking of 137th in India. The district has a population density of 329 inhabitants per square kilometre, its population growth rate over the decade 2001–2011 was 9.18%. Sangli has a sex ratio of 964 females for every 1000 males, a literacy rate of 82.62%. Marathi, the state language of Maharashtra, is the most spoken language in the district. Kannada, is the language spoken in sangli after Marathi. Hinduism is followed by 86.47% of district population. Islam is second largest religion in Sangli district followed by 8.49% of district population. There is significant Jain minority in Sangali Sangli District is composed of 11 talukas, listed below with their populations at the 2011 Census: Shirala Walwa Palus Kade