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Satires (Juvenal)

The Satires are a collection of satirical poems by the Latin author Juvenal written in the early 2nd century AD. Juvenal is credited with sixteen known poems divided among five books; the sixth and tenth satires are some of the most renowned works in the collection. The poems are not individually titled, but translators have added titles for the convenience of readers. Book I: Satires 1–5 Book II: Satire 6 Book III: Satires 7–9 Book IV: Satires 10–12 Book V: Satires 13–16 Roman Satura was a formal literary genre rather than being clever, humorous critique in no particular format. Juvenal wrote in this tradition, which originated with Lucilius and included the Sermones of Horace and the Satires of Persius. In a tone and manner ranging from irony to apparent rage, Juvenal criticizes the actions and beliefs of many of his contemporaries, providing insight more into value systems and questions of morality and less into the realities of Roman life; the author employs outright obscenity less than Martial or Catullus, but the scenes painted in his text are no less vivid or lurid for that discretion.

The author makes constant allusion to history and myth as a source of object lessons or exemplars of particular vices and virtues. Coupled with his dense and elliptical Latin, these tangential references indicate that the intended reader of the Satires was educated; the Satires are concerned with perceived threats to the social continuity of the Roman citizens: social-climbing foreigners and other more extreme excesses of their own class. The intended audience of the Satires constituted a subset of the Roman elite adult males of a more conservative social stance. Scholarly estimates for the dating of the individual books have varied, it is accepted that the fifth book must date to a point after 127 A. D. because of a reference to the Roman consul Iuncus in Satire 15. A recent scholar has argued that the first book should be dated to 100 or 101. Juvenal's works are contemporary with those of Martial and Pliny the Younger; the controversies concerning the surviving texts of the Satires have been heated.

Many manuscripts survive, but only P, a 9th-century manuscript based on an edition prepared in the 4th century by a pupil of Servius Honoratus, the grammarian, is reasonably reliable. At the same time as the Servian text was produced, however and lesser scholars created their editions of Juvenal: it is these on which most medieval manuscripts of Juvenal are based, it did not help matters that P disappeared sometime during the Renaissance and was only rediscovered around 1840. It is not, uncommon for the inferior manuscripts to supply a better reading in cases when P is imperfect. In addition, modern scholarly debate has raged around the authenticity of the text which has survived, as various editors have argued that considerable portions are not, in fact, authentically Juvenalian and represent interpolations from early editors of the text. Jachmann argued that up to one-third of what survives is non-authentic: Ulrick Knoche deleted about hundred lines, Clausen about forty, Courtney a similar number.

Willis italicizes 297 lines as being suspect. On the other hand, Housman, Griffith and Green believe the surviving text to be authentic: indeed Green regards the main problem as being not interpolations but lacunae. In recent times debate has focused on the authenticity of the "O Passage" of Satire VI, 36 lines discovered by E. O. Winstedt in an 11th-century manuscript in Oxford's Bodleian Library; these lines occur in no other manuscript of Juvenal, when discovered were corrupted. Since Housman translated and emended the "O Passage" there has been considerable controversy over whether the fragment is in fact a forgery: the field is split between those who believe it isn't, those, who believe it is; this so-called "Programmatic Satire" lays out for the reader a catalogue of ills and annoyances that prompt the narrator to write satire. Some examples cited by Juvenal include eunuchs getting married, elite women performing in a beast hunt, the dregs of society becoming wealthy by gross acts of sycophancy.

To the extent that it is programmatic, this satire concerns the first book rather than the satires of the other four known books. The narrator explicitly marks the writings of Lucilius as the model for his book of poems, although he claims that to attack the living as his model did incur great risk; the narrator contends that traditional Roman virtues, such as fides and virtus, had disappeared from society to the extent that "Rome was no longer Roman": lines 1.1–19 – Since there are so many poets wasting paper and everyone's time anyway – why not write? Lines 1.20–80 – The narrator recites a catalogue of social deviants and criminals that demand Satire be written. Lines 1.81–126 – Since the dawn of history and fiscal corruption have never been worse. Lines 1.127–146 – The narrator contrasts a typical day in the life of poor clients with that of their self-indulgent patron. Lines 1.147–171 – The past cannot be worse than the present - yet one should only satirize the dead if they wish to live in safety.

170 lines. The narrator claims to want to flee civilization to beyond the world's end when confronted by moral hypocrisy. Although the broad theme of this poem is the process of gender inversion

List of Ottoman governors of Algiers

This is a list of the Beylerbeys and Deys of Ottoman Algeria: Beylerbeys: Oruç Barbarossa 1517-1518 Barbaros Hayrettin Pasha Khidr Reis 1518-1545 Hasan Agha 1535-1543 Hadji Pacha 1543-1544 Hasan Pasha 1545-1552 Salah Rais 1552-1556 Hasan Corso 1556 Muhammad Kurdogli 1556 Yusuf I 1556 Yahyia Pasha 1557 Hasan Pasha 1557-1561 Ahmed Bostandji 1561-1562 Hasan Pasha 1562-1566 Muhammad I Pasha 1566-1568 Kılıç Ali Paşa 1568-1571 Arab Ahmed Pasha 1571-1573 Ramdan Pasha 1573-1576Pashas: Hassan III 1576-1580 Djafar Pasha 1580-1581 Hassan III 1581-1584 Mami Muhammad Pasha 1584-1586 Dali Ahmed Pasha 1586 Hassan III 1586-1588 Hızır Pasha 1588-1591 Hadji Shaban Pasha 1591-1593 Mustapha Pasha 1593-1594 Kader Pasha 1594-1595 Mustapha II Pasha 1596-1599 Daly Hassan Pasha 1599-1601 Somiman Pasha 1601-1603 Muhammad II the eunuch 1605-1607 Mustapha III Pasha 1607 Redwan Pasha 1607-1610 Kussa Mustapha 1610-1614 Hasan IV 1614-1616 Mustapha IV Pasha 1616-1619 Kassan Kaid Kussa 1619-1621 Kader Pasha 1621-1626 Hassan Khodja 1626-1634 Yusuf II 1634-1645 Ali Bitchin 1645 Ahmed I Pasha 1645-1651 Yusuf III Pasha 1651 Murad Pasha 1651-1656 Buzenak-Muhammad 1656-1657 Ahmed II Pasha 1657 Ibrahim Pasha 1657-1659 Ismail Pasha 1659-1686 Mezzo Morto Hüseyin Pasha 1686-1687 Mustapha V Pasha 1694 Umar Pasha 1694-1695 Musa Pasha 1695-1698 Umar Pasha 1698-1700 pashas without power 1700-1711 Charkan Ibr 1711-1718Deys: Ahmed Sharban 1687-1695 Hadji Ahmed ben al-Hadji 1696-1698 Baba Hassan 1698-1700 Hadji Mustapha 1700-1710 Deli Ibrahim 1710 Ali Chauch 1710-1718 Pasha-Deys: Muhammad III ben Hassan 1718-1724 Abdy Pasha 1724-1732 Ibrahim ben Ramdan 1732-1745 Kutchuk Ibrahim 1745-1748 Muhammed IV Pasha 1748-1754 Baba Ali II Pasha 1754-1766 Muhammad V ben Othman 1766-1791 Baba Hassan 1791-1799 Mustapha VI ben Ibrahim 1799 - 31 August 1805 Ahmed ben Ali 31 August 1805 - 1808 Ali III ben Muhammad 1808 Hadji Ali ben Khrelil 1808-1815 Hadji Muhammad 1815 Umar ben Muhammad 1815-1817 Ali IV Pasha 1817 Muhammad VI ben Ali 1817 Ali V ben Ahmed 1817-1818 Hussein ben Hassan 1818-1830To France June 9, 1830 List of rulers of Algeria before independence Ottoman Algeria Turks in Algeria Ottoman Empire

Armored Core 2

Armored Core 2 is a 2000 third-person shooter mecha video game developed by FromSoftware for the PlayStation 2. It is the fourth entry in the Armored Core series and an indirect sequel to Armored Core: Master of Arena. In North America, Armored Core 2 was a launch title for the PlayStation 2. A direct sequel, Armored Core 2: Another Age, was released in 2001 for the PlayStation 2; the story takes place 70 years after Master of Arena. Following the colonization of Mars, a powerful organization called the Frighteners overthrows the government at the behest of their leader, the enigmatic Leos Klein; the player is a mercenary, tasked with dismantling the Frighteners and defeating Klein. Armored Core 2's gameplay is similar to that of its predecessors. Players take control of powerful machines called Armored Cores and engage in dangerous missions or fight in the Arena against other pilots. Like earlier games, Armored Core 2 features a local multiplayer mode that includes a console linking feature and allows two players to fight each other with their own custom Armored Core.

Armored Core 2 is a third-person shooter. These Cores can be customized with different parts and paint schemes to create a unique loadout. Players must balance their loadout to ensure that they are using too much power. In order to purchase more parts, players must earn credits through the Arena. Missions are unchanged from the original Armored Core. Players are given an objective to complete in open levels and can complete the objective however they choose. Enemies can consist of automated machines called MTs, mysterious unmanned weapons called Disorders, or other Armored Core pilots. Upon completion and ammunition costs are deducted from the reward payout. If a player fails a mission, those costs are directly deducted from their overall balance; the Arena is a freeform gamemode that the player can enter at any time. At the start of the game, the player is ranked at the bottom of a 50-person ladder and must fight their way to the top; some ranked pilots can be removed from the ladder. As players win, they can earn credits or parts for their victories that can be used in both the Arena and story missions.

In addition to missions and the Arena, a local multiplayer mode allows players to fight their friends via split screen or console linking with a Sony I-link Fire Wire cable. While split screen only requires one copy of the game, console linking requires two copies, along with two separate consoles and two televisions. Console linking allows for a larger number of location options in the game mode. Players with existing saves can load their custom. 67 years after Master of Arena, Earth's second largest corporation, Zio Matrix, acquires plans for a research project on Mars, dating back before the Great Destruction. Using these plans, Zio Matrix sends a research team to Mars to begin the Terraforming Project, which causes the Martian surface and atmosphere to approximate that of Earth. Other corporations learn of the project and follow Zio Matrix, bringing with them the competitive environment that existed on Earth, the employ of the mercenaries of Nerves Concord; as the three companies' war comes to a close, Zio Matrix attempts a coup against the government, which has regained control through its elite mercenary team, The Frighteners, led by Leos Klein.

But in the chaos that ensues, the Frighteners turn on the government, assassinate its leader, take control of powerful technology. The player character is tasked with saving the human populace of Mars. Armored Core 2 was released in Japan for the Sony PlayStation 2 on August 3, 2000. FromSoftware partnered with Agetec and released a North American version on October 26, 2000 as a launch title for the PlayStation 2. A European version was released in partnership with Ubisoft on March 23, 2001; the game received "generally favorable reviews" according to the review aggregation website Metacritic. In Japan, Famitsu gave it a score of 33 out of 40. Reviewers praised the graphical quality of Armored Core 2. Game Informer's Andrew Reiner called the lighting effects and environments "absolutely incredible". GamePro's Cheat Monkey wrote "The graphics bring the AC world to life." Nebojsa Radakovic from Game Revolution found the "particle effects impressive". AllGame's Jon Thompson, on the other hand, didn't find the graphics to be as groundbreaking as his peers, writing "it still looks acceptable".

Gameplay had mixed responses. GameSpot's Frank Provo called it the game's "true beauty". IGN's David Smith wrote that the "progression curve leaps in bizarre directions at times." Planet PS2's Jessyel Gonzalez agreed with Smith's complaints, noting that the game "demand every single bit of patience in your mind to master the game."Criticism was directed at the control scheme, with IGN's Smith noting that the game "has dragged its old control scheme into the new generation with it, we gamers are much poorer for it." AllGame's Thompson added, "The mechs are not as responsive as they should be, the targeting is oversensitive, on the whole, the process of combat sometimes becomes more of a hassle than a good time."Chet Barber reviewed the PlayStation 2 version of the game for Next Generation, rating it four stars out of five, stated that "Definitely one of the best titles available for PS2. Worth owning, unless you're turned off by the complex mech-building system or you hate mechs entirely." Official Armored Core 2 site from FromSoftwareArmored Core 2 at MobyGames

Prasophyllum triangulare

Prasophyllum triangulare known as the dark leek orchid, is a species of orchid endemic to the south-west of Western Australia. It is a tall orchid with a single, purplish to blackish, tubular leaf and up to thirty or more large, greyish-purple to brownish-purple flowers, it only flowers after fire the previous summer. Prasophyllum triangulare is a terrestrial, deciduous, herb with an underground tuber and a single fleshy, purplish to blackish, tube-shaped leaf 250–350 mm long and 2–5 mm wide. Between ten and thirty or more flowers are arranged along a flowering spike 90–180 mm long, reaching to a height of 300–400 mm; the flowers are about 12 mm long and about 9 mm wide. As with others in the genus, the flowers are inverted so that the labellum is above the column rather than below it; the dorsal sepal is 6–7 mm long and about 2 mm wide and the lateral sepals are a similar size and fused to each other. The petals are 5–6 mm long, 2 mm wide and turn forwards; the labellum is 8–9 mm long, about 5 mm wide and turns upwards near its middle, the upturned part with wavy edges.

A broad callus covers most of the labellum, reaching to its tip. Flowering occurs in October but only following summer fire. Prasophyllum triangulare was first formally described in 1882 by Robert D. FitzGerald and the description was published in The Gardeners' Chronicle; the specific epithet is derived from a Latin word triangulus meaning "triangular" referring to the narrow, triangular shape of the labellum. The dark leek orchid grows in shrubland and forest between Augusta and Albany in the Avon Wheatbelt, Esperance Plains, Jarrah Forest and Warren biogeographic regions. Prasophyllum regium is listed as "Not Threatened" by the Western Australian Government Department of Parks and Wildlife. Data related to Prasophyllum triangulare at Wikispecies Media related to Prasophyllum triangulare at Wikimedia Commons


InterMoor is a global mooring and subsea services company. Its services include rig moves and offshore operations such as engineering and design and positioning, subsea installation and chain inspections. InterMoor has offices in the United States, West Africa, South East Asia, Norway and United Kingdom. In November 2004, Acteon acquired the business and assets of Inc.. The company was renamed InterMoor Inc. and merged with sister Acteon companies International Mooring Systems and Trident Offshore. In 2006, InterMoor created the subsidiary InterMoor opened an office in Brazil. In June 2010, Acteon acquired IOS Offshore. Formed in 1986 with an office and workshop on NorSea’s Dusavik base in Stavanger, IOS began as a mooring equipment supply company to the offshore oil industry. InterMoor opened its Morgan City facility in Louisiana, USA, on March 24, 2011; the Morgan City facility received ISO14001 certification in March 2012. InterMoor operates around the world from offices in the USA, Malaysia, Angola, Norway and the UK.

InterMoor operates shore base services from Fourchon, Louisiana, USA and plans to offer similar shore base operations from the Açu Superport in Brazil by 2013. InterMoor has been the current world record depth holder for a conventional drilling rig mooring installation at a water depth of 2570m since 2010. Short for "International Moorings," InterMoor has provided temporary and permanent moorings to the offshore oil and gas industry since its founding. InterMoor was among the first to utilize polyester fiber mooring ropes in an offshore mooring system with the Red Hawk Cell-Spar Mooring installed in 2003 for Kerr McGee. InterMoor became the first company to decommission a permanent floating structure in the US Gulf of Mexico when they removed from service the Red Hawk Cell-Spar and artificially reefed it as part of the rigs to reefs program. InterMoor is involved in the commissioning and installation phases of moorings and risers, the abandonment and decommissioning efforts as well. InterMoor pioneered the design of suction piles for use as a deepwater anchors in the 1990s, has been a part of the design, fabrication, or installation of well over 75 suction piles in the global offshore oil and gas market.

In addition to their suction pile work, the company has produced driven conductors and foundation piles in smaller diameters as well. Official website

Sunitha Sarathy

Sunitha Sarathy is an Indian vocalist and performer in both Indian contemporary and Western classical music genres. She is a gospel singer who performs in various church choirs. After having won the "Virgin Voice Choice" contest – a joint initiative of Channel V and Virgin Records in the year 2000, Sarathy debuted into film playback in the year 2002, she debuted as a playback singer with the Tamil film Yei! Nee Romba Azhagey Irruke guest-singing the prelude and interlude portions of the song "Ini Naanum Naanillai" with Srinivas and Sujatha Mohan as the lead singers. Sarathy has around 200 film songs in various languages, performances as singer-keyboardist-percussionist across a wide spectrum of Western music genres including classical, soul and R&B, neo-soul and quiet storm, a prolific output of gospel songs to her credit. Coming from a family well-versed in Western music, Sarathy started singing in choirs from a young age of four, her mother Susheela Sarathy is a pianist and conductor of leading Madras choirs at Santhome Church and Lazarus Church.

Sunitha's irrepressible talent conquered all, including her initial flippancy. Her performances at Santhome – including devotionals in Latin and Franz Schubert's Ave Maria – elevated her to star status among Madras' church music circles, she has had the honour of rendering the'Easter Proclamation' – a typical Catholic chant – for three years before an overflowing San Thome Basilica. In 2000, Sarathy won the Virgin Voice Choice contest – a joint initiative of Channel V and Virgin Records. Out of 45,000 entries, 1,500 contestants were shortlisted. Ten made it to the finals in Mumbai. Sunitha Sarathy was noticed by playback singer Srinivas after her victory in the talent hunt program, he offered her a small portion of a song which he was guest-composing for the film Hey! Nee Romba Azhaga Irukke in the year 2002. Soon composer Harris Jayaraj recorded her voice for a Love theme and dance theme in his Telugu film Vasu; however she got a big break and wider recognition after singing the full-length solo song "Thoodu Varuma" for the blockbuster Tamil film, Kaakha Kaakha in the same year.

Sarathy got a national recognition for her playback singing for a Hindi – Tamil bilingual film Yuva / Aaytha Ezhuthu in 2004 both directed by Mani Ratnam with music composition by A. R. Rahman. Soon after this, Sarathy recorded her voice for many successful soundtracks in various languages; some of her notable works are for the films that include Mitr, My Friend, Polladhavan, Kana Kandaen, Don 2, Happy Days, Cheluvina Chittara among others. She recorded the song "Warriors in peace" for the Mandarin film Warriors of Heaven and Earth composed by A. R. Rahman. Sarathy performed for a song at the 2006 Asian Games. In July 2013, Sunitha Sarathy became the first solo female performer from India to be signed by AKG microphones as an endorseeJuly 2014 saw the launch of Sunitha Sarathy's School of Vocal Excellence, a performance oriented learning center for aspiring singers. Sunitha Sarathy on IMDb