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Sayyid Qutb

Sayyid Ibrahim Husayn Shadhili Qutb, known popularly as Sayyid Qutb, was an Egyptian author, Islamic theorist, a leading member of the Egyptian Muslim Brotherhood in the 1950s and 1960s. In 1966, he was convicted of plotting the assassination of Egyptian president Gamal Abdel Nasser and was executed by hanging. Author of 24 books, with around 30 books unpublished for different reasons, at least 581 articles, including novels, literary arts critique and works on education, he is best known in the Muslim world for his work on what he believed to be the social and political role of Islam in his books Social Justice and Ma'alim fi al-Tariq, his magnum opus, Fi Zilal al-Quran, is a 30-volume commentary on the Quran. During most of his life, Qutb's inner circle consisted of influential politicians, intellectuals and literary figures, both of his age and of the preceding generation. By the mid-1940s, many of his writings were included in the curricula of schools and universities. Though most of his observations and criticism were leveled at the Muslim world, Qutb is known for his intense disapproval of the society and culture of the United States, which he saw as materialistic, obsessed with violence and sexual pleasures.

He advocated offensive jihad. Qutb has been described by followers as a great thinker and martyr for Islam, while many Western observers see him as a key originator of Islamist ideology, and an inspiration for violent Islamist groups such as al-Qaeda. Today, his supporters are identified by their opponents as "Qutbists" or "Qutbi". Sayyid Ibrahim Husayn Shadhili Qutb was born on 9 October 1906, he was raised in the Egyptian village of Musha, located in Upper Egypt's Asyut Province. His father was an Upper Egyptian landowner and the administrator of the family estate, but he was well known for his political activism, holding weekly meetings to discuss the political events and Qur'anic recitation. At this young age, Sayyid Qutb first learned about melodic recitations of the Qur'an, which would fuel the artistic side of his personality, he memorized the whole Qur'an at 10. A precocious child, during these years, he began collecting different types of books, including Sherlock Holmes stories, A Thousand and One Nights, texts on astrology and magic that he would use to help local people with exorcisms In his teens, Qutb was critical of the religious institutions with which he came into contact, holding in contempt the way in which those institutions were used to form public opinion and thoughts.

He had a special disdain, for schools that specialized in religious studies only, sought to demonstrate that local schools that held regular academic classes as well as classes in religion were more beneficial to their pupils than religious schools with lopsided curricula. At this time, Qutb developed his bent against their traditional approach to education; this confrontation would persist throughout his life. Qutb moved to Cairo, where between 1929 and 1933 he received an education based on the British style of schooling before starting his career as a teacher in the Ministry of Public Instruction. During his early career, Qutb devoted himself to literature as an author and critic, writing such novels as Ashwak and helped to elevate Egyptian novelist Naguib Mahfouz from obscurity, he wrote his first article in the literary magazine al-Balagh in 1922, his first book, Muhimmat al-Sha’ir fi al-Haya wa Shi’r al-Jil al-Hadir, in 1932, when he was 25, in his last year at Dar al-Ulum. As a literary critic, he was influenced by ‘Abd al-Qahir al-Jurjani, "in his view one of the few mediaeval philologists to have concentrated on meaning and aesthetic value at the expense of form and rhetoric."

In 1939, he became a functionary in Egypt's Ministry of Education. In the early 1940s, he encountered the work of Nobel Prize-winner French eugenicist Alexis Carrel, who would have a seminal and lasting influence on his criticism of Western civilization, as "instead of liberating man, as the post-Enlightenment narrative claimed, he believed that Western modernity enmeshed people in spiritually numbing networks of control and discipline, that rather than building caring communities, it cultivated attitudes of selfish individualism. Qutb regarded Carrel as a rare sort of Western thinker, one who understood that his civilization “depreciated humanity” by honouring the “machine” over the “spirit and soul”, he saw Carrel’s critique, coming as it did from within the enemy camp, as providing his discourse with an added measure of legitimacy."From 1948 to 1950, he went to the United States on a scholarship to study its educational system, spending several months at Colorado State College of Education in Greeley, Colorado.

Qutb's first major theoretical work of religious social criticism, Al-'adala al-Ijtima'iyya fi-l-Islam, was published in 1949, during his time in the West. Though Islam gave him much peace and contentment, he suffered from respiratory and other health problems throughout his life and was known for "his introvertedness, isolation and concern." In appearance, he was "pale with sleepy eyes." Qutb never married, in part because of his steadfast religious convictions. While the urban Egyptian society he lived in was becoming more Westernized, Qutb believed the Quran taught wom

Harold Schwartz

Harold Schwartz was an American businessman and real estate developer who along with his son, H. Gary Morse, founded the active adult retirement community The Villages, Florida. Harold Schwartz was born March 13, 1910, in Chicago, the son of Louis and Katherine Schwartz. In the 1930s, Schwartz worked as a travelling salesman, selling products for his father's tailoring company until it was forced to close due to the Great Depression. In 1947, Schwartz began purchasing radio stations, including several "border buster" stations in Mexico. Many of these stations, located just across the border with the United States, operated without proper licenses. Schwartz is credited with the discovery of famed disk jockey and radio personality Wolfman Jack, employing him at his Tijuana, radio station in the late 1940s. In the 1950s and 60s, Schwartz operated a thriving mail-order real estate business, selling plots of land in New Mexico and Florida to customers around the country until federal law banned the practice in 1968.

In the early 1970s, Schwartz turned his focus from mail-order land sales to land development. Schwartz, along with business partner Al Tarrson, founded Orange Blossom Gardens, a mobile home park in Central Florida located off of US Highway 27-441. Using land leftover from his mail-order land sales business, Schwartz began selling homes to retirees. Sales were slow, with only about 400 homes being built in the original development. In 1983, unsatisfied with the progress, bought out Tarrson's interest in the business and brought in his son, advertising executive, H. Gary Morse as a business partner. Together and Morse increased sales at Orange Blossom Gardens exponentially and created interest in the growing community. In 1992, the name of the development was changed from Orange Blossom Gardens to The Villages. In 1934, Schwartz married Mary Louise Lee. Together, the two shared a son, a daughter, Mary; the two divorced. In 1946, Schwartz married Bernice Newman. Together they shared Richard. Schwartz died on December 22, 2003, at the age of 93.

His ashes were interred in the base of a statue depicting him at Spanish Springs Town Square in Lady Lake, Florida

Jane Fulton Alt

Jane Fulton Alt is an American photographer who explores issues of love and spirituality in her work. Alt was the recipient of the 2007 Illinois Art Council Fellowship Award and the 2007, 2008 and 2009 Ragdale Fellowship Award. Jane Fulton Alt has been active in the arts much of her lifetime, she grew up with parents who were avid collectors and began exploring the visual arts while raising her own family. She studied at the Evanston Art Center, Columbia College, the Art Institute of Chicago. Jane Fulton Alt is a clinical social worker, in practice since the 1970s, she bridged her professions in New Orleans following Hurricane Katrina when she accompanied residents of the Lower Ninth Ward to examine the damage to their houses as part of the "Look and Leave" program organized by the City of New Orleans and the American Red Cross. Her exhibition at the DePaul University Art Museum entitled "Look and Leave: New Orleans in the Wake of Katrina" was recognized as one of the Top 5 Photography Museum Shows in Chicago in 2006.

Her work is published in the books Katrina Exposed and New Orleans: The Making of an Urban Landscape, in American Tragedy: New Orleans Under Water. Alt's Katrina work culminated with the publication of her own book and Leave: Photographs and Stories from New Orleans's Lower Ninth Ward, in 2009; the book received critical acclaim and was featured on 89.9 WWNO, NPR's New Orleans affiliate, Chicago Tonight's "Arts Across Illinois" segment. Her Katrina work has been featured on NPR's Chicago station. Alt has had solo exhibitions in Chicago, San Francisco and Syria. Alt, Jane Fulton. "Look and Leave: Photographs and Stories from New Orleans's Lower Ninth Ward." UGA Press, 2009. ISBN 978-1-930066-90-8. Boyd, City 2000. 1st Ed. 3 Book Publishing, Distributed by University of Illinois Press, 2006. ISBN 978-0-252-03177-9. Alt is one of 39 photographers. Maklansky, Steven, ed. Katrina Exposed: A Photographic Reckoning. New Orleans Museum of Art, 2006: Exhibition Catalogue. ISBN 0-89494-102-X. Alt's work can be found in the permanent collections of the Smithsonian Photographic History Collection at the National Museum of American History, the Southeast Museum of Photography in Daytona, the Museum of Fine Arts in Houston, the New Orleans Museum of Art, Yale University Beinecke Library, DePaul University Art Museum, Centro Fotografico Alvarez Bravo in Oaxaca, the Dancing Bear collection of William Hunt and the Midwest Print Project of the Museum of Contemporary Photography.

Official Jane Fulton Alt Website WWNO Radio Interview Arts Across Illinois WTTW

The Return of Casanova

The Return of Casanova is a 1992 French period drama film directed by Édouard Niermans, based on Arthur Schnitzler's novella Casanova's Homecoming. It was entered into the 1992 Cannes Film Festival. After many years of rambling across Europe the aging Giacomo Casanova is impoverished, he wants to return to the Republic of Venice but he doesn't dare going there directly because he was a fugitive when he left. While he tries to find a way to get a pardon he meets a young lady named Marcolina; the more he shows his affection, the more ostentatiously she rejects him. So he doesn't give up on her because her lover Lorenzo has grave gaming debts. In return for the required money Lorenzo tells Casanova about a looming secret rendezvous with Marcolina. Moreover he lets Casanova take his place. Undercover of the night Casanova seduces her. Lorenzo feels his honour was besmirched and demands satisfaction. Casanova kills him in a duel and goes home to Venice. Alain Delon - Casanova Fabrice Luchini - Camille Elsa Lunghini - Marcolina Wadeck Stanczak - Lorenzi Delia Boccardo - Amelie Gilles Arbona - Olivo Violetta Sanchez - Marquise Jacques Boudet - Abbé Philippe Leroy - the emissary Alain Cuny - Marquis Yveline Ailhaud - the female cook Sarah Bertrand - the first woman Rachel Bizet - Marie Sandrine Blancke - Teresina Sophie Bouilloux - Lise Gabriel Dupont - the coachman The Return of Casanova on IMDb

Microsoft Operations Framework

Microsoft Operations Framework 4.0 is a series of guides aimed at helping information technology professionals establish and implement reliable, cost-effective services. MOF 4.0 was created to provide guidance across the entire IT life cycle. Completed in early 2008, MOF 4.0 integrates community-generated processes. The guidance in the Microsoft Operations Framework encompasses all of the activities and processes involved in managing an IT service: its conception, operation, and—ultimately—its retirement. MOF 4.0 The Plan Phase focuses on ensuring that, from its inception, a requested IT service is reliable, policy-compliant, cost-effective, adaptable to changing business needs. The Deliver Phase concerns the envisioning, building and deployment of requested services; the Operate Phase deals with the efficient operation and support of deployed services in line with agreed-to service level agreement targets. The Manage Layer helps users establish an integrated approach to IT service management activities through the use of risk management, change management, controls.

It provides guidance relating to accountabilities and role types. Service Management Functions MOF organizes IT activities and processes into Service Management Functions which provide operational guidance for capabilities within the service management environment; each SMF is anchored within a related lifecycle phase and contains a unique set of goals and outcomes supporting the objectives of that phase. Management Reviews An IT service’s readiness to move from one phase to the next is confirmed by management reviews, which ensure that goals are achieved in an appropriate fashion and that IT’s goals are aligned with the goals of the organization. Governance and Compliance The interrelated disciplines of governance and compliance represent a cornerstone of MOF 4.0. IT governance is a senior management–level activity that clarifies who holds the authority to make decisions, determines accountability for actions and responsibility for outcomes, addresses how expected performance will be evaluated.

Risk represents possible adverse impacts on reaching goals and can arise from actions taken or not taken. Compliance is a process that ensures individuals are aware of regulations and procedures that must be followed as a result of senior management’s decisions. IT Service Management Information Technology Infrastructure Library IT Service Management Forum Microsoft's infrastructure optimization Microsoft Operations Framework 4.0 homepage Microsoft Solution Accelerators Microsoft Operations Framework Brazil Project Cross-reference MOF v4 versus ITIL v3

Armiger (horse)

Armiger was a British Thoroughbred racehorse and sire. As a two-year-old in 1992 he made an immediate impact, winning on his debut and recording a six-length victory over a strong field in the Group One Racing Post Trophy, he was rated the best British juvenile of his generation. On his first appearance of 1993 he won the Chester Vase but lost his remaining four races but he did finish second in the Prix Lupin and the St Leger. At the end of his racing career he was retired to become a breeding stallion in Japan but had limited success as a sire of winners. Armiger was a chestnut horse with a broad white blaze and three long white socks bred in England by his owner Khalid Abdullah's Juddmonte Farms, he was sired by Rainbow Quest who won the Prix de l'Arc de Triomphe before becoming a successful breeding stallion. Rainbow Quest's other progeny included Quest for Fame, Raintrap, Nedawi Spectrum and Millenary. Armiger won one minor race at Windsor Racecourse from six starts as a three-year-old in 1988.

She was a granddaughter of Treasure Chest, a Florida-bred broodmare whose other descendants have included Glint of Gold, Diamond Shoal and Ensconse. The colt was sent into training with Henry Cecil at his Warren Place stable in Suffolk. Armiger was ridden in all but one of his races by Pat Eddery. Armiger made his racecourse debut in a seventeen-runner maiden race over one mile at Newmarket Racecourse on 30 September. Starting the 7/2 second favourite tracked the leaders before taking the lead three furlongs from the finish and drew away in the closing stages to win by three and a half lengths from the Peter Chapple-Hyam-trained favourite Zind. On 24 October the colt was moved up in class for the Group One Racing Post Trophy at Doncaster Racecourse and was made the 5/4 favourite ahead of the fillies Ivanka and Marillette and the Royal Lodge Stakes winner Desert Secret. Armiger tracked the leaders and turned into the straight in fourth place behind the outsiders Noyan, Newton's Law and Wahem.

He took the lead two and a half furlongs from the finish and accelerated clear of his nine opponents to win by six lengths from Ivanka, with Zind another four lengths back in third. Brough Scott writing in The Independent called Armiger's performance as a "mighty" one and compared the colt's racing style to that of Mill Reef; the Racing Post's John Randall rated his performance the fifth best in the history of the race, behind those of Celtic Swing, Reference Point and Vaguely Noble. In the International Classification of European two-year-olds for 1992 Armiger was the top-rated British-trained colt, one pound behind the French-trained Zafonic. Armiger began his second season in the Chester Vase over one and a half miles on 4 May. Starting the 4/6 favourite against five opponents he maintained his unbeaten record, taking the lead in the final furlong and winning by two and a half lengths from the Irish-trained Shrewd Idea; as his connections were responsible for the Derby favourite Tenby, it seemed probable that Armiger would contest the Prix du Jockey Club.

After the race Cecil said that he was satisfied with the performance commenting "Like a lot of good horses he is lazy at home and he'll come on for the race... He has got good speed and a lot of guts". Twelve days after his win at Chester, Armiger was sent to France for the Prix Lupin over 2100 metres at Longchamp Racecourse and started 1/2 favourite in a five runner field which included Hernando and Dernier Empereur. After leading from the start he was challenged by Hernando in the straight, overtaken 200 metres from the finish and beaten a neck into second place. Cecil felt that the colt had failed to cope with the firmer ground but there were fears that a previous back injury had hampered his progress. After a break of three months Armiger returned in the Group Two Great Voltigeur Stakes at York Racecourse on 17 August, he was made the odds-on favourite but never looked to win and was eased down by Eddery in the closing stages to finish seventh of the nine runners behind Bob's Return. On 11 September Armiger started 4/1 second favourite behind Bob's Return in a nine-runner field for the St Leger Stakes over fourteen and a half furlongs at Doncaster.

After leading from the start he was overtaken by Bob's Return three furlongs from the finish but stayed on to hold second place, three and a half lengths behind the winner and a length and a half in front of his stable companion Edbaysaan. Armiger ended his racing career on 3 October in the Prix de l'Arc de Triomphe. Ridden by Willie Carson, as Eddery opted to ride Khalid Abdullah's Irish Oaks winner Wemyss Bight, he finished fifteenth of the twenty-three runners, thirteen and a half lengths behind the winner Urban Sea. At the end of his racing career, Armiger was exported to Japan to stand as breeding stallion, he remained at stud until 2002 but appears to have had increasing fertility problems and sired only four foals in his last three seasons. He sired a total of 130 winners, with the best of his offspring being the mare Stephanie Chan, placed twice in Graded stakes races