Scrabo Tower is a 135 feet high 19th-century lookout tower or folly that stands on Scrabo Hill near Newtownards in County Down, Northern Ireland. It is a landmark that can be seen from afar, it was built as a memorial to Charles Vane, 3rd Marquess of Londonderry and was known as the Londonderry Monument. Its architectural style is Scottish Baronial Revival. Nowadays, the tower on Scrabo Hill is just called Scrabo Tower and is visited for its views and surroundings. However, its original name was Memorial; that name referred to the Marquesses of Londonderry and only indirectly to the town or county of that name, 87 miles away. The marquesses owned much ground around the hill; the hill and tower rise over the town of Newtownards, 10 miles east of Belfast. As the tower dominates the town, it is used as an emblem for Newtownards; the tower is built on the site of a prehistoric hill fort. Scrabo is pronounced according to the British Broadcasting Corporation or according to the pronunciation heard on the Placenames Database of Ireland website.
The pronunciation of the final vowel as the pure sound rather than the diphthong is attested by the spelling variation Scraboh. Two etymologies are proposed for Scrabo; the first derives the name from Irish screabach meaning "rough stony land". Screabach is the Irish name of the Scrabo townland in which the hill lies; the second derives the name from Irish scraith bó, which means "sward of the cow", "cow pasture", or "sod of the cow", as scraith means sward, sod or turf, whereas bó means cow. This derivation explains the final "o" of Scrabo; the tower commemorates the 3rd Marquess of Londonderry, born Charles William Stewart in 1788. He fought in the Napoleonic Wars, he became married twice first Catherine Bligh and Frances Anne Vane. At his second wife was a rich heiress and the marriage contract obliged him to change his surname to hers, which explains why he was first called Stewart and Vane, he succeeded his half-brother Viscount Castlereagh as marquess in 1822 and became owner of the family estate in County Down.
The estate's great house, Mount Stewart, became his Irish residence but after his second marriage he lived in England. In 1854, when the 3rd Marquess died, his eldest son, Frederick Stewart, 4th Marquess of Londonderry, his widow, the dowager marchioness, decided to build him a monument; as these two were not at good terms, each pushed his or her own project. Two monuments resulted: the Irish tower an equestrian statue in Durham, England. A committee was formed in Newtownards to raise funds by subscription for an Irish monument; the local gentry and the late marquess's friends, among which Napoleon III of France, donated most of the money, with some of the tenants contributing. Altogether 730 people subscribed; the person behind these efforts was 4th Marquess of Londonderry. The funds raised allowed for a budget of £2000. At first, the monument was to be built in Newtownards, but it was shifted to Scrabo Hill where it could be seen from Mount Stewart and where suitable building stone was quarried.
In December 1855 the committee decided to hold a design competition. The deadline was 1 February 1856. Four entries were considered: an obelisk and three towers; the first prize went to the obelisk, submitted by William Joseph Barre. However, the obelisk came to nothing and indeed none of the first three projects was executed; when the committee called for tenders from building contractors, all the submissions for the three best-rated entries exceeded the budget and were therefore rejected. A tender by Hugh Dixon from Newtownards for the fourth project was accepted. However, supporters of William Barre claimed; the fourth design had been submitted by the firm Lanyon & Lynn, a partnership of Charles Lanyon and William Henry Lynn that lasted from the mid-1850s to 1860. The design showed a tower in the Scottish Baronial style that could be understood as a peel tower and a symbol of the landlord as a chivalrous protector of his tenants in times of danger; such a tower was considered suitable for a Stewart as the Stewarts or Stuarts ruled Scotland during the times when peel towers were erected.
The 5th Baron Dufferin and Claneboye, a neighbour of the Londonderrys, had built Helen's Tower in the Scottish Baronial style, on the next hill to the north of Scrabo: the new tower was to have more than double the height of theirs. A gilt-framed picture of the Scrabo Tower, which seems to be a coloured-in wood engraving, is preserved at Mount Stewart, it gives an artist's view of the Londonderry Monument, showing three towers linked by two short stretches of crenellated wall. The middle tower resembles the one built; the others are much smaller. Wood engravings similar to this picture have been published in the Illustrated London News and the Dublin Builder, it seems. Lynn's obituary in the Irish Builder attributes the design to Lynn; the foundation stone was laid on 27 February 1857 by Sir Robert Bateson and blessed by the Church of Ireland bishop of the diocese on demand by William Sharman Crawford, chairman of the Building Committee, in a ceremony attended by the 4th Marquess, his wife, many members of the gentry, a crowd of residents and tenants.
The Dowager Marchioness, the 4th Marquess's stepmother, was conspicuously absent. The construction followed the accepted plans, but the tower's height was shortened and its form was simplified by omitting the crenellated walls and the wing towers. Work ceased in 1859 after the cost
Zvi Sobolofsky is a rosh yeshiva at Yeshiva University in New York City. Rabbi Sobolofsky studied at Yeshivat Kerem Yeshiva University, he attended the Rabbi Isaac Elchanan Theological Seminary, finishing in 1990 and graduated from the Azrieli Graduate School of Jewish Education and Administration in 1996. He was appointed Rosh Yeshiva in the spring of 2002 and began teaching Talmud at Yeshiva University and its affiliated RIETS in the fall of that year, his shiur has gained much popularity in its short existence, is one of the most popular shiurim in the Yeshiva. Some credit this popularity to his ability to blend the teaching styles of his two teachers, Rabbi Mordechai Willig and Rabbi Hershel Schachter. Rabbi Willig is known for his focus towards practical understanding and Rabbi Schachter is known for his ability to present topics in the Talmud in a broader context. Rabbi Sobolofsky blends these two styles to form a unique package that many students find most rewarding. In addition to his role as Rosh Yeshiva in RIETS, Rabbi Sobolofsky serves as the spiritual leader of Congregation Ohr HaTorah in Bergenfield, New Jersey, where he is a resident.
His synagogue has attracted many Orthodox Jews to the community. Rabbi Sobolofsky lectures at the Bergen County Beis Medrash Program housed at Congregation Bnai Yeshurun in Teaneck, New Jersey. Prior to his appointment as Rosh Yeshiva, Rabbi Sobolofsky was a fellow of the Gruss Kollel Elyon and went on to teach in Yeshiva University's Stone Beis Medrash Program for seven years. During the summer months, Rabbi Sobolofsky served as Rosh Kollel for the Beis Medrash Program at Camp Morasha. In the summer 2008, he joined Roshei Yeshiva, Rabbi Hershel Schachter and Rabbi Mayer Twersky at the NCSY Kollel in Israel. Rabbi Sobolofsky is the author of a sefer, Reishis Koach, on Maseches Bechoros, as well as a book published by YU Press about the laws of Niddah, he is a regular contributor to TorahWeb, where he has published many articles on the Weekly Torah Portion and Yomim Tovim. TorahWeb articles and audio/video shiurim Shiurim by Rabbi Zvi Sobolofsky
Nairn County Football Club is a Scottish senior football club based in the town of Nairn, Highland. Nicknamed the Wee County, they play at Station Park, they have played in the Highland Football League since 1919, winning their only league title in the 1975–76 season. As a full member of the Scottish Football Association, they qualify automatically to play in the Scottish Cup. Nairn County were reformed in 1914 and joined the Highland League in 1919, their only league title was in the 1975–76 season, which they won after a play-off in extra time against Fraserburgh at Borough Briggs, Elgin. Recent success was achieved in the 2005–06 season, with an unexpected North of Scotland Cup win. Nairn County won the North of Scotland Cup in 2012 by defeating Wick Academy 2–1. During Nairn's Scottish Cup run in 2012, Nairn defeated Preston Athletic and Clyde, whilst in the third round were trailing 3–0 at half time against Forfar Athletic and staged a remarkable comeback with the game ending 3–3. Striker Conor Gethins was awarded with the Highland League Player of the Year for the 2012–13 season.
The team colours are maize black. Nairn County play at Station Park in Nairn, which has a capacity including 250 seats; as of 10 July 2019Note: Flags indicate national team. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality. Highland Football League: Champions: 1975–76 League Cup: Winners: 1963–64, 2010–11 North of Scotland Cup: Winners: 1956–57, 1962–63, 1963–64, 1965–66, 2005–06, 2008–09, 2012–13 Inverness Cup: Winners: 1977–78 Scottish Qualifying Cup: Winners: 1968–69 Elgin District Cup: Winners: 1919–20, 1931–32, 1935–36 Elginshire Charity Cup: Winners: 1924–25 Inverness Sports Bed Cup: Winners: 1938–39 Official website Nairn County Archive