Sebastian County is a county located in the U. S. state of Arkansas. As of the 2010 census, the population was 125,744, making it the fourth-most populous county in Arkansas; the county has two county seats and Fort Smith. Sebastian County is part of AR-OK Metropolitan Statistical Area. Sebastian County is Arkansas's 56th county, formed on January 6, 1851, named for William K. Sebastian, United States Senator from Arkansas. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 546 square miles, of which 532 square miles is land and 14 square miles is water, it is the second-smallest county by area in Arkansas. Crawford County Franklin County Logan County Scott County Le Flore County, Oklahoma Sequoyah County, Oklahoma Fort Smith National Historic Site Ouachita National Forest As of the 2000 United States Census, there were 115,071 people, 45,300 households, 30,713 families residing in the county; the population density was 215 people per square mile. There were 49,311 housing units at an average density of 92 per square mile.
The racial makeup of the county was 82.34% White, 6.16% Black or African American, 1.57% Native American, 3.51% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 3.71% from other races, 2.67% from two or more races. 6.70 % of the population were Latino of any race. 19.6% were of American, 12.6% German, 11.0% Irish and 9.0% English ancestry according to Census 2000. 5.49 % reported speaking Spanish at home, while 1.47 % speak 0.97 % Lao. In 2000 there were 45,300 households out of which 32.80% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.40% were married couples living together, 11.30% had a female householder with no husband present, 32.20% were non-families. 27.50% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.00% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.49 and the average family size was 3.04. In the county, the population was spread out with 26.00% under the age of 18, 9.20% from 18 to 24, 29.50% from 25 to 44, 22.30% from 45 to 64, 13.00% who were 65 years of age or older.
The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females, there were 95.30 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.10 males. The median income for a household in the county was $33,889, the median income for a family was $41,303. Males had a median income of $30,056 versus $22,191 for females; the per capita income for the county was $18,424. About 10.40% of families and 13.60% of the population were below the poverty line, including 18.60% of those under age 18 and 10.00% of those age 65 or over. As of 2010 census the population of Sebastian County was 125,744; the racial makeup of the county was 72.83% Non-Hispanic white, 6.24% Non-Hispanic black, 1.88% Native American, 4.06% Asian, 0.09% Pacific Islander, 0.07% Non-Hispanics of some other race, 2.78% Non-Hispanics reporting two or more races and 12.82% Hispanics. Politics Whereas most of Arkansas was overwhelmingly blue up to the mid-2000s, Sebastian has been a solidly Republican county since Dwight Eisenhower won it in 1952. Since that election, no Democrat has again carried this county, though native son Bill Clinton came less than 300 votes of doing so in 1992.
Public education is provided by several school districts: Fort Smith School District Greenwood School District Lavaca School District Hackett School District Hartford School District Central City Midland Townships in Arkansas are the divisions of a county. Each township includes unincorporated areas. Arkansas townships have limited purposes in modern times. However, the United States Census does list Arkansas population based on townships. Townships are of value for historical purposes in terms of genealogical research; each town or city is within one or more townships in an Arkansas county based on census maps and publications. The townships of Sebastian County are listed below. John Sebastian Little, member of the United States House of Representatives and the 21st Governor of the U. S. state of Arkansas Mathew Pitsch, Republican member of the Arkansas House of Representatives for Sebastian County List of lakes in Sebastian County, Arkansas National Register of Historic Places listings in Sebastian County, Arkansas Sebastian County, Arkansas entry on the Encyclopedia of Arkansas History & Culture Sebastian County official website
Robert Seale Calvert was the longest-serving Texas Comptroller of Public Accounts, serving for 26 years. From 1909 to 1910, Calvert attended Baptist-affiliated Howard Payne Junior College in Brownwood, Texas. On January 18, 1949, Calvert was appointed by Governor Beauford Jester to the position of Texas Comptroller of Public Accounts following the death of his predecessor, George H. Sheppard, who died in office, he was elected to a full term in 1950 and re-elected in 1952, 1954, 1956, 1958, 1960, 1962, 1964, 1966, 1968, 1970 and 1972, serving for twenty-six years. When the African American State Representative Eddie Bernice Johnson a member of the United States House of Representatives, filed a complaint with the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission in 1973, Calvert said in response, that Johnson was a "nigger woman who doesn't know what she is talking about." The EEOC ruled. In 1972, Randy Pendleton, a former legislator from Andrews in West Texas,and Jim Wilson, a former employee, ran against Calvert.
There was a run-off between Wilson, in which Calvert won. In 1974, Bob Bullock announced that he would challenge the octogenarian comptroller and promised to reform operations of the office. Bullock was so aggressive that Calvert withdrew from the race, Bullock was elected to the first of four terms. Calvert died in Austin in September 1981
Nina Grigoryevna Fisheva was the Head of the State Cinema and Photo Archives of Azerbaijan from 1958 to 2009. The Photo Documents Department of the State October Revolution Archives was established in 1930. In 1943, it was transformed into the Central State Archives of Cinema and Photo Documents of Azerbaijan; the Archives have more than 22,000 films and more than 400,000 photo documents depicting the most important political and cultural events in the history of Azerbaijan, the oldest of which date back to 1858. The documents that the Archives own today have come in different ways; some were brought by Fisheva from her trips to Moscow, Tbilisi and other cities of the Former Soviet Union. The Internet is a new means of replenishing the stock thanks to which the Archives have found many remarkable old photographs, such as color photographs of Old Baku. Collections of unique photographs donated by Julia Germanovich are among the special possessions of the Archives; these photographs show Baku as it was at the beginning of the 20th century, with its bazaars, tea-houses, schools.
In 1981, Nina Fisheva received the Honorary Culture Worker of Azerbaijan award. She has received two diplomas from the Supreme Council of Azerbaijan. Fisheva was a member of the Azerbaijan Cinematographers’ Union. Photo Essay. & Now: Baku 100 Years Ago at the Peak of Oil Boom and Today. Azerbaijan International Magazine. Summer 2004, #12.2. Photo Essay. A Glimpse Through the Century. Azerbaijan International Magazine. Winter 2000, #8.4. Photo Essay. Yesteryear, Glimpses of Food Production in the Pre-Soviet Era Azerbaijan International Magazine. Autumn 2000, #8.3