The Second Epistle to the Corinthians referred to as Second Corinthians or in writing 2 Corinthians, is a Pauline epistle of the New Testament of the Christian Bible. The epistle is attributed to Paul the Apostle and a co-author named Timothy, is addressed to the church in Corinth and Christians in the surrounding province of Achaea, in modern-day Greece. While there is little doubt among scholars that Paul is the author, there is discussion over whether the Epistle was one letter or composed from two or more of Paul's letters. Although the New Testament contains only two letters to the Corinthian church, the evidence from the letters themselves is that he wrote at least four and the church replied at least once: 1 Corinthians 5:9 refers to an early letter, sometimes called the "warning letter" or the "previous letter." 1 Corinthians The Severe Letter: Paul refers to an earlier "letter of tears" in 2 Corinthians 2:3–4 and 7:8. 1 Corinthians does not match that description, so this "letter of tears" may have been written between 1 Corinthians and 2 Corinthians.
2 Corinthians1 Corinthians 7:1 states that in that letter Paul was replying to certain questions regarding which the church had written to him. The abrupt change of tone from being harmonious to bitterly reproachful in 2 Corinthians 10–13 has led many to speculate that chapters 10–13 form part of the "letter of tears" which were in some way tagged on to Paul's main letter; those who disagree with this assessment say that the "letter of tears" is no longer extant. Others argue that although the letter of tears is no longer extant, chapters 10-13 come from a letter; the sudden change of subject from chapter 7 to chapters 8-9 leads some scholars to conclude that chapters 8-9 were a separate letter, some consider the two chapters to have been distinct themselves. Other scholars dispute this claim, however; some scholars find fragments of the "warning letter", or of other letters, in chapters 1–9, for instance that part of the "warning letter" is preserved in 2 Cor 6:14–7:1, but these hypotheses are less popular.
The book is divided as follows: 1:1–11 – Greeting 1:12 – 7:16 – Paul defends his actions and apostleship, affirming his affection for the Corinthians. 8:1 – 9:15 – Instructions for the collection for the poor in the Jerusalem church. 10:1 – 13:10 – A polemic defense of his apostleship 13:11–13 – Closing greetings Paul's contacts with the Corinthian church can be reconstructed as follows: Paul visits Corinth for the first time, spending about 18 months there. He leaves Corinth and spends about 3 years in Ephesus.. Paul writes the "warning letter" in his first year from Ephesus. Paul writes 1 Corinthians from his second year at Ephesus. Paul visits the Corinthian church a second time, as he indicated he would in 1 Corinthians 16:6. During his last year in Ephesus. 2 Corinthians 2:1 calls this a "painful visit". Paul writes the "letter of tears". Paul writes 2 Corinthians; the letter does not indicate where he is writing from, but it is dated after Paul left Ephesus for Macedonia, from either Philippi or Thessalonica in Macedonia.
Paul made the third visit after writing 2 Corinthians, because Acts 20:2–3 indicates he spent 3 months in Greece. In his letter to Rome, written at this time, he sent salutations from some of the principal members of the church to the Romans. In Paul's second letter to the Corinthians, he again refers to himself as an apostle of Christ Jesus by the will of God and reassures the people of Corinth that they will not have another painful visit, but what he has to say is not to cause pain but to reassure them of the love he has for them, it is shorter in length in comparison to the first and a little confusing if the reader is unaware of the social and economic situation of the community. Paul felt the situation in Corinth felt attacked; some challenged his authority as an apostle, he compares the level of difficulty to other cities he has visited who had embraced it, like the Galatians. He is criticized for the way he speaks and writes and finds it just to defend himself with some of his important teachings.
He states the importance of forgiving others, God’s new agreement that comes from the Spirit of the living God, the importance of being a person of Christ and giving generously to God’s people in Jerusalem, ends with his own experience of how God changed his life. According to Easton's Bible Dictionary, This epistle, it has been well said, shows the individuality of the apostle more than any other. "Human weakness, spiritual strength, the deepest tenderness of affection, wounded feeling, irony, impassioned self-vindication, humility, a just self-respect, zeal for the welfare of the weak and suffering, as well as for the progress of the church of Christ and for the spiritual advancement of its members, are all displayed in turn in the course of his appeal." —Lias, Second Corinthians. George H. Guthrie – professor at Union University in Jackson, Tennessee Larry Welborn – Professor at Fordham University in The Bronx, New York Textual variants in the Second Epistle to the Corinthians First Epistle to the Corinthians Third Epistle to the Corinthians 2 Corinthians 11:19 Authorship of the Pauline Epistles Come-outer Oiketerion "Corinthians, Epistles to the".
Encyclopædia Britannica. 7. 1911. Pp. 150–154. Online translations of Second Epistl
Windsor and Maidenhead is a unitary authority in Berkshire, England. Until 1 April 1998 it was a non-metropolitan district. Since the first election to the council in 1973 political control of the council has been held by the following parties:Non-metropolitan district Unitary authority 1973 Windsor and Maidenhead Borough Council election 1976 Windsor and Maidenhead Borough Council election 1979 Windsor and Maidenhead Borough Council election 1983 Windsor and Maidenhead Borough Council election 1987 Windsor and Maidenhead Borough Council election 1991 Windsor and Maidenhead Borough Council election 1995 Windsor and Maidenhead Borough Council election 1997 Windsor and Maidenhead Borough Council election 2000 Windsor and Maidenhead Borough Council election 2003 Windsor and Maidenhead Borough Council election 2007 Windsor and Maidenhead Borough Council election 2011 Windsor and Maidenhead Borough Council election 2015 Windsor and Maidenhead Borough Council election 2019 Windsor and Maidenhead Borough Council election Windsor and Maidenhead Council By-election results
Cleis Press is an independent publisher of books in the areas of sexuality, feminism and lesbian studies, gender studies and human rights. The press was founded in 1980 in Minnesota, it moved to California to San Francisco and was based out of Berkeley until its purchase by Start Media in 2014. It was founded by Frédérique Delacoste, Felice Newman and Mary Winfrey Trautmann who collectively financed wrote and published the press's first book Fight Back: Feminist Resistance to Male Violence in 1981. In 1987, they published Sex Work: Writings by Women in the Sex Industry by Delacoste with Priscilla Alexander. Over the years, Cleis Press has published nonfiction books by Susie Bright, Annie Sprinkle, Edmund White, Essex Hemphill, Gore Vidal, Christine Jorgensen, Matthue Roth, Patrick Califia, Violet Blue, Mark A. Michaels and Patricia Johnson and Tristan Taormino, among others. Fiction includes works by Achy Obejas, Stephen Elliott, reissues of classic lesbian pulp fiction, the Nancy Clue series by Mabel Maney, Virginia Woolf’s first completed novel, an English-language novel set in North Korea, Jia by Hyejin Kim.
Other Cleis Press authors include Lori Bryant-Woolridge, Cole Riley, Mitzi Szereto, Neil Plakcy, James Lear, Richard Labonté. Cleis Press' erotic anthologies have included work from well known story writers Sacchi Green, Shanna Germain, Jeremy Edwards, Michelle Augello-Page, Charlotte Stein, ADR Forte, Teresa Noelle Roberts. Cleis Press produces many erotica collections and self-help sex guides, including The Ultimate Guide to Fellatio, The Whole Lesbian Sex Book, The Good Vibrations Guide to Sex; some of their collections include Best Gay Asian Erotica, Best Bisexual Women's Erotica, Best Lesbian Bondage Erotica, annual anthologies titled Best Gay Erotica, Best Lesbian Erotica, Best Women's Erotica. In winter of 2010, they began of yearly anthology of bondage erotica, starting with Best Bondage Erotica 2011. Cleis Press publishes a wide variety of other thematic collections, including Rachel Kramer Bussel's Please, Ma'am: Erotic Stories of Male Submission, Caught Looking: Erotic Tales of Voyeurs and Exhibitionists, Alison Tyler's Frenzy: 60 Stories of Sudden Sex, Mitzi Szereto's multiple-genre anthologies and Kristina Wright's genre-themed erotic romance anthologies and Best Erotic Romance series.
In 2000, Cleis Press founded Midnight Editions, a human rights imprint that aims to present fiction and photojournalism from regions where repression and censorship are endangering creative expression. Midnight Editions published The Little School: Tales of Disappearance and Survival in Argentina, a 1986 memoir by former political prisoner and Amnesty International board member Alicia Partnoy, as well as The Diary of a Political Idiot: Normal Life in Belgrade by Jasmina Tešanović. Cleis Press has published a number of books on transgender issues, including Patrick Califia's Sex Changes: Transgender Politics and Loren Cameron's Body Alchemy: Transsexual Portraits. More they published The Transgender Child: A Handbook for Families and Professionals, by Stephanie Brill and Rachel Pepper, a guidebook for the friends and families of transgender and gender-nonconforming children, which addresses significant social and medical issues. In 2014, along with the imprints Viva Editions and Tempted Romance, was purchased by Start Publishing, the book division of Start Media.
The remaining staff members of Cleis departed shortly after the transition. Cleis is run by Start Publishing in Jersey City, NJ; the press has been the recipient of many awards, including several Lambda Literary Awards. Official website Interview with Cleis Press co-founders Frédérique Delacoste and Felice Newman Minds.winconsin.edu