Secretary of State for War and the Colonies

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Secretary of State for War and the Colonies
Royal Coat of Arms of the United Kingdom (HM Government).svg
Style The Right Honourable [Note 1]
Member of Cabinet · Privy Council · Parliament
Appointer Monarch of the United Kingdom
based on advice of the Prime Minister
Term length At Her Majesty's pleasure
Formation 17 March 1801
First holder The Lord Hobart
Final holder The Duke of Newcastle
Abolished 10 June 1854
Succession Secretary of State for War · Secretary of State for the Colonies
Deputy Under-Secretary of State for War and the Colonies

The Secretary of State for War and the Colonies was a British cabinet-level position responsible for the army and the British colonies (other than India). The Department was created in 1801. In 1854 it was split into the separate offices of Secretary of State for War and Secretary of State for the Colonies. The Secretary was supported by an Under-Secretary of State for War and the Colonies.

List of Secretaries of State for War and the Colonies (1801–1854)[edit]

Secretary of State for War and the Colonies
Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of office Party Ministry Monarch
(Reign)
4thEarlOfBuckinghamshire.jpg Robert Hobart
Baron Hobart

(1760–1816)
17 March
1801
12 May
1804
Tory Addington George III
Coat of Arms of Great Britain (1714-1801).svg
(1760–1820)
[Note 2]
John Jeffreys Pratt (1759–1840), Marquis Camden by William Salter.jpg John Pratt
2nd Earl Camden

(1759–1840)
14 May
1804
10 July
1805
Tory Pitt II
Lord Castlereagh Marquess of Londonderry.jpg Robert Stewart
Viscount Castlereagh

MP for Boroughbridge
(1769–1822)
10 July
1805
5 February
1806
Tory
William Windham by Sir Thomas Lawrence.jpg William Windham
MP for New Romney
(1750–1810)
5 February
1806
25 March
1807
Whig All the Talents
(WhigTory)
Lord Castlereagh Marquess of Londonderry.jpg Robert Stewart
Viscount Castlereagh

MP for Plympton Erle
(1769–1822)
25 March
1807
1 November
1809
Tory Portland II
Earl jenkinson.jpg Robert Jenkinson
2nd Earl of Liverpool

(1770–1828)
1 November
1809
11 June
1812
Tory Perceval
Henry Bathurst, 3rd Earl Bathurst by William Salter.jpg Henry Bathurst
3rd Earl Bathurst

(1762–1832)
11 June
1812
30 April
1827
Tory Liverpool
George IV
Coat of Arms of the United Kingdom (1816-1837).svg
(1820–1830)
Frederick John Robinson, 1st Earl of Ripon by Sir Thomas Lawrence cropped.jpg F. J. Robinson
1st Viscount Goderich

(1782–1859)
30 April
1827
3 September
1827
Tory Canning
(CanningiteWhig)
William Huskisson by Richard Rothwell.jpg William Huskisson
MP for Liverpool
(1770–1830)
3 September
1827
30 May
1828
Tory Goderich
(CanningiteWhig)
George Murray Portrait.jpg Sir George Murray
MP for Perthshire
(1772–1846)
30 May
1828
22 November
1830
Tory Wellington–Peel
William IV
Coat of Arms of the United Kingdom (1816-1837).svg
(1830–1837)
Frederick John Robinson, 1st Earl of Ripon by Sir Thomas Lawrence cropped.jpg F. J. Robinson
1st Viscount Goderich

(1782–1859)
22 November
1830
3 April
1833
Whig Grey
Edward Smith-Stanley, 14th Earl of Derby-1865.jpg Edward Smith-Stanley
MP for North Lancashire
(1799–1869)
3 April
1833
5 June
1834
Whig
1stBaronMonteagle.jpg Thomas Spring Rice
MP for Cambridge
(1790–1866)
5 June
1834
14 November
1834
Whig Melbourne I
Sir Arthur Wellesley Duke of Wellington.jpg Arthur Wellesley
1st Duke of Wellington

(1769–1852)
17 November
1834
9 December
1834
Tory Wellington Caretaker
Earlofaberdeen.jpg George Hamilton-Gordon
4th Earl of Aberdeen

(1784–1860)
20 December
1834
8 April
1835
Conservative Peel I
Lord-glenelg.jpg Charles Grant
1st Baron Glenelg

(1778–1866)
18 April
1835
20 February
1839
Whig Melbourne II
Victoria
Coat of arms of the United Kingdom (1837-1952).svg
(1837–1901)
Constantine Henry Phipps, 1st Marquess of Normanby by John Jackson.jpg Constantine Phipps
1st Marquess of Normanby

(1797–1863)
20 February
1839
30 August
1839
Whig
Lord john russell.jpg Lord John Russell
MP for Stroud
(1792–1878)
30 August
1839
30 August
1841
Whig
Edward Smith-Stanley, 14th Earl of Derby-1865.jpg Edward Smith-Stanley
Baron Stanley of Bickerstaffe

(1799–1869) [Note 3]
3 September
1841
23 December
1845
Conservative Peel II
William Gladstone by Mayall, 1861.jpg William Ewart Gladstone
(1809–1898) [Note 4]
23 December
1845
27 June
1846
Conservative
3rdEarlGrey.jpg Henry Grey
3rd Earl Grey

(1802–1894)
6 July
1846
21 February
1852
Whig Russell I
John Pakington 1st Baron Hampton.jpg Sir John Pakington
Bt
MP for Droitwich
(1799–1880)
27 February
1852
17 December
1852
Conservative Who? Who?
5thDukeOfNewcastle.jpg Henry Pelham-Clinton
5th Duke of Newcastle

(1811–1864)
28 December
1852
10 June
1854
Peelite Aberdeen
(PeeliteWhig)
Notes
  1. ^ Typical style for members of the Privy Council and peers ranked below Marquess. For peers of the rank Marquess The Most Honourable; for peers of the rank Duke His Grace.
  2. ^ The Prince of Wales served as Prince Regent from 5 February 1811.
  3. ^ MP for North Lancashire until 1844; thereafter summoned to Parliament through a writ in acceleration in respect of his father's title, Baron Stanley of Bickerstaffe.
  4. ^ On appointment to office a ministerial by-election was triggered in the Newark-upon-Trent constituency that Gladstone had represented since 1832. Gladstone did not contest the seat, and was not returned to Parliament until the 1847 general election.