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A seesaw is a long, narrow board supported by a single pivot point, most located at the midpoint between both ends. These are most found at parks and school playgrounds. Mechanically, a seesaw is a lever which consists of a fulcrum; the most common playground design of seesaw features a board balanced in the center. A person sits on each end, they take turns pushing their feet against the ground to lift their side into the air. Playground seesaws have handles for the riders to grip as they sit facing each other. One problem with the seesaw's design is that if a child allows himself/herself to hit the ground after jumping, or exits the seesaw at the bottom, the other child may fall and be injured. For this reason, seesaws are mounted above a soft surface such as foam, wood chips, or sand. Seesaws are manufactured in shapes designed to look like other things, such as airplanes and animals. Seesaws, the eagerness of children to play with them, are sometimes used to aid in mechanical processes. For example, at the Gaviotas community in Colombia, a children's seesaw is connected to a water pump.

Seesaws go by several different names around the world. Seesaw, or its variant see-saw, is a direct Anglicisation of the French ci-ça, meaning this-that attributable to the back-and-forth motion for which a seesaw is known; the term may be attributable to the repetitive motion of a saw. It may have its origins in a combination of "scie" – the French word for "saw" with the Anglo-Saxon term "saw", thus "scie-saw" became "see-saw". In most of the United States, a seesaw is called a "teeter-totter". According to linguist Peter Trudgill, the term originates from the Nordic language word tittermatorter. A "teeter-totter" may refer to a two-person swing on a swing seat, on which two children sit facing each other and the teeter-totter swings back and forth in a pendulum motion. Both teeter-totter and seesaw demonstrate the linguistic process called reduplication, where a word or syllable is doubled with a different vowel. Reduplication is typical of words that indicate repeated activity, such as riding up and down on a seesaw.

In the southeastern New England region of the United States, it is sometimes referred to as a tilt or a tilting board. According to Michael Drout, "There are no'Teeter-' forms in Pennsylvania, if you go to western West Virginia and down into western North Carolina there is a band of'Ridey-Horse' that heads straight south; this pattern suggests a New England term that spread down the coast and a separate, Scots-Irish development in Appalachia.'Hickey-horse' in the coastal regions of North Carolina is consistent with other linguistic and ethnic variations." Neolttwigi - Teeterboard

The Cleanse

The Cleanse is a 2016 American dark fantasy comedy film written and directed by Bobby Miller. The film stars Johnny Galecki, Anna Friel, Oliver Platt, Anjelica Huston, Kyle Gallner, Kevin J. O'Connor, Diana Bang; the film was released on May 2018, by Vertical Entertainment. Depressed and disappointed with his life after losing his job and his fiancée, Paul Berger attends a selection seminar for “Let’s Get Pure,” a secretive self-help program created by Ken Roberts. At the selection meeting, Paul takes an interest in fellow applicant Maggie Jameson. Paul is selected for the program’s purification retreat. Paul is hesitant to sign a liability waiver that mentions the possibility of death, but agrees to participate after learning that Maggie was selected. Paul is escorted by car to the retreat’s secluded woodland location. There he meets Fredericks, participating in the program for several weeks. Paul and Maggie learn that two other applicants and his girlfriend Laurie, were selected to join the retreat too.

Lily conducts the program. Each of the new participants is given four personally-formulated cleanse drinks that they are to consume before the end of the first day; because of their horrible taste, Laurie is unable to finish her fourth drink while everyone else completes the first stage of cleansing. Paul throws up in the sink; the next day, a small creature emerges from the sink’s drainpipe. The creature grows. Paul nurtures his creature, realizing it is a physical manifestation of the negativity he purged from his system. Maggie tries to leave the camp when she first confronts her creature, but Lily convinces her to stay. Eric spends time with his creature while Laurie is bedridden with an illness from having not completed her cleanse. Paul discovers Fredericks in battle with his creature, which has grown into a more monstrous form with time, in Fredericks’ cabin. Fredericks insists. Maggie asks Paul to help understand her creature, as it refuses to bond with Maggie; the two of them discover that their creatures are drawn to each other and reflect their individual characteristics.

Eric drinks Laurie’s last cleanse drink. His creature tries to eat itself. Paul and Maggie continue getting to know one another. Paul’s creature unexpectedly bites his finger. Ken Roberts arrives at the camp. Paul and Maggie are summoned to meet him. Ken interrupts his admonishment of Eric for not following instructions to force Maggie into personal reflection. At the conclusion of their conversation, Ken gives Maggie a blade and instructs her to kill her creature to complete the cleanse. Maggie is unable to do it. Maggie runs into the woods. Against Ken's command, Paul goes after her. Paul finds Eric in his cabin grieving over Laurie’s dead body. Horrified, Paul explains that they need to leave immediately. Ken and Lily catch up to confront Maggie. Ken insists that they turn over their creatures. Paul continues fleeing. Fredericks is killed by his creature. While Paul drives, Maggie checks on the two creatures in the backseat and discovers them merging into one monster. Maggie is bitten, causing Paul to crash.

When Paul regains consciousness, he sees Maggie trying to kill the fused creature by bludgeoning it with a rock. Paul screams. With tears in their eyes and Maggie strangle the creature with their bare hands embrace. Johnny Galecki as Paul Berger Anna Friel as Maggie Jameson Kyle Gallner as Eric Anjelica Huston as Lily Diana Bang as Laurie Kevin J. O'Connor as Fredericks Oliver Platt as Ken Roberts David Lewis as Terry Loretta Walsh as Jill The film premiered at South by Southwest on March 13, 2016, it was released on May 2018, by Vertical Entertainment. On Rotten Tomatoes the film has a rating of 81% based on 21 reviews, with an average rating of 5.9/10. The critical consensus reads: "The Cleanse uses its unconventional premise as the framework for a suitably eerie and solidly well-acted horror outing with some surprising emotional heft." On Metacritic, the film has a score of 58 out of 100 based on 5 critics, indicating "mixed or average reviews". The Cleanse on IMDb The Cleanse at Rotten Tomatoes


The kirpan is a sword or a dagger of any size and shape, carried by Sikhs. It is part of a religious commandment given by Guru Gobind Singh in 1699, in which he gave an option to the Sikhs, if they accepted they must wear the five articles of faith at all times, the kirpan being one of five Ks; the Punjabi word kirpan has two roots: kirpa, meaning "mercy", "grace", "compassion" or "kindness". Sikhs are expected to embody the qualities of a Sant Sipahi or "saint-soldier" with the courage to defend the rights of all who are wrongfully oppressed or persecuted irrespective of their colour, caste, or creed. Kirpans have a single cutting edge that may be either blunt or sharp, they are any size and a baptised Sikh may carry more than one, the Kirpans must be made of steel or iron. Sikhism was founded in the 15th century in the Punjab region of medieval India. At the time of its founding, this culturally rich region had been conquered by the Mughal Empire from central Asia. During the time of the founder of the Sikh faith and its first guru, Guru Nanak, Sikhism flourished as a counter to both the prevalent Hindu and Muslim teachings.

The Mughal emperor Akbar was tolerant of non-Islamic religions and focused on religious tolerance. His relationship with Sikh Gurus was cordial; the relationship between the Sikhs and Akbar's successor Jehangir was not friendly. Mughal rulers reinstated sha'ria traditions of jizya, a poll tax on non-Muslims, encouraged conversions. There is no historical evidence to suggest systematic forced conversions, though many softer coercive strategies were implemented; the Guru Arjan Dev, the fifth guru, refused to remove references to Muslim and Hindu teachings in the Adi Granth and was summoned and executed. This incident is seen as a turning point in Sikh history, leading to the first instance of militarization of Sikhs under Guru Arjun's son Guru Hargobind. Guru Arjan Dev explained to the five Sikhs who accompanied him to Lahore, that Guru Hargobind has to build a defensive army to protect the people. Guru Hargobind trained in shashtra vidya, a form of martial arts that became prevalent among the Sikhs.

He first conceptualized the idea of the kirpan through the notion of Sant Sipahi, or "saint soldiers". The relationship between the Sikhs and the Mughals further deteriorated following the execution of the ninth Guru Tegh Bahadur by Aurengzeb, intolerant of Sikhs driven by his desire to impose Islamic law. Following the executions of their leaders and facing increasing persecution, the Sikhs adopted militarization for self-protection by creating on the Khalsa; the tenth and final guru, Guru Gobind Singh formally included the kirpan as a mandatory article of faith for all baptised Sikhs, making it a duty for Sikhs to be able to defend the needy, suppressed ones, to defend righteousness and the freedom of expression. In modern times there has been debate about allowing Sikhs to carry a kirpan that falls under prohibitions on bladed weapons, with some countries allowing Sikhs a dispensation. Other issues not of legality arise, such as whether to allow carrying of kirpans on commercial aircraft or into areas where security is enforced.

On 12 October 2009, the Antwerp court of appeal declared carrying a kirpan a religious symbol, overturning a €550 fine from a lower court for "carrying a accessible weapon without demonstrating a legitimate reason". In most public places in Canada a kirpan is allowed, although there have been some court cases regarding carrying on school premises. In the 2006 Supreme Court of Canada decision of Multani v. Commission scolaire Marguerite‑Bourgeoys the court held that the banning of the kirpan in a school environment offended Canada's Charter of Rights and Freedoms, that the restriction could not be upheld under s. 1 of the Charter, as per R. v. Oakes; the issue started. School staff and parents were concerned, the student was required to attend school under police supervision until the court decision was reached. A student is allowed to have a kirpan on his person if it is secured. In September 2008, Montreal police announced that a 13-year-old student was to be charged after he threatened another student with his kirpan.

The court found the student not guilty of assault with the kirpan, but guilty of threatening his schoolmates, he was granted an absolute discharge on 15 April 2009. On 9 February 2011, the National Assembly of Quebec unanimously voted to ban kirpans from the provincial parliament buildings. However, despite opposition from the Bloc Québécois, it was voted that the kirpan be allowed in federal parliamentary buildings; as of 27 November 2017, Transport Canada has updated its Prohibited Items list to allow Sikhs to wear kirpans smaller than 6 cm in length on all domestic and international flights. On 24 October 2006, the Eastern High Court of Denmark upheld the earlier ruling of the Copenhagen City Court that the wearing of a kirpan by a Sikh was illegal, becoming the first country in the world to pass such a ruling. Ripudaman Singh, who now works as a scientist, was earlier convicted by the City Court of breaking the law by publicly carrying a knife, he was sentenced to a 3,000 kroner fine or six days' imprisonment.

Though the High Court quashed this sentence, it held that the carrying of a kirpan by a Sikh broke the law. The judge stated that "after all the information about the accused, the reason for the accused to possess a knife and the other circumstances of the case, such exceptional extenuating circumstances are found, that the punishment should be dropped

Sanju Vala

Sanju Vala is a Gujarati poet and critic of postmodernism from Gujarat, India. He received numerous literary awards. Sanju Vala was born in Badhada village to Naranbhai and Ranima, he completed his primary education from Badhada Primary School in 1976. He completed schooling in 1979 from J. V Modi Highschool, Savarkundla, he dropped out of college after studying for a year. Sanju Vala joined the revenue department of the Government of Gujarat in 1979, he served as a member in working committee of Gujarati Sahitya Parishad from 2012 to 2014. He was a member of the working committee of Vali Gujarati Gazalkendra run by Gujarat Sahitya Akademi, he wrote columns such as Janmabhoomi and Phulchhab. His poems were published in several literary magazines including Shabdasrishti, Sameepe, Parivesh, Navneet Samarpan and Gazalvishwa; as a poet, he organised and participated in mushairas, poet meetings and lectures on poetry appreciation and criticism. He has written its criticism, he received numerous literary awards.

Vala started his career writing ghazals and ventured into other forms of poetry. His main contribution is towards Geet and Achhandas. Harish Meenashru and Manilal H. Patel appreciated his style of rhythm by commenting that his songs are path-breaking and fresh among age-old patterns of rhythm. At that time when most of the ghazal-poets used to write in straightforward and loud tones, he wrote against flow of predominant style of writing ghazals and established poetry with fresh language, he was awarded the Jayant Pathak Poetry Award for his anthology kaik/kashunk/athava to in 1990. For his contribution in Gujarati ghazal poetry, he was awarded by Shayda Award in 1999, he received R. V Pathak/Nanalal Kavita Paritoshik in 2003 and Dr. Bhanuprasad Pandya Award for his anthology Ragadhinam in 2007 by Gujarati Sahitya Parishad, Darshak Sahitya Sanman-2014 by Vidhyaguru Ratilal Borisagar Sanskrutik Pratishthan, Kavishree Ramesh Parekh Sanman-2014 by Asmita Foundation and Harindra Dave Memorial Award in 2014.

Kaik/Kashunk/Athava To... 1990 Atikrami Te Gazal, 1990 Kinshukalay Killebandhi, 2000 Ragadhinam, 2007 Ghar same sarovar, 2009, Published by Gujarat Sahitya Akademi. Kavitachayan-2007 published by Gujarati Sahitya Parishad. Yaadno Rajyabhishek, 2012, published by Gujarat Sahitya Akademi. Manpanchamna Melama, 2013, published by Gujarat Sahitya Akademi. Kavita name sanjeevani 2014. List of Gujarati-language writers Sanju Vala on GujLit

Molecular & Cellular Proteomics

Molecular & Cellular Proteomics is a monthly peer-reviewed scientific journal established in 2002 and published by the American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology. It covers research on structural and functional properties of proteins with regard to development; the journal publishes other content such as "HUPO views", which are reports from the Human Proteome Organization, proceedings from HUPO meetings, the proceedings of the International Symposium On Mass Spectrometry In The Life Sciences. As of January 2010, the journal is published online only and no longer available in print; the editor-in-chief is A. L. Burlingame. All articles are available free 1 year after publication. In press articles are available free on its website after acceptance. MCP is indexed in Medline, PubMed, Index Medicus, the Science Citation Index, Current Contents -Life Sciences, Scopus, BIOSIS Previews, Web of Knowledge and the Chemical Abstracts Service. Official website

Steve Bartlett

Harry Steven Bartlett, known as Steve Bartlett, is an American politician and former President and CEO of the Financial Services Roundtable, an advocacy group lobbying the U. S. federal government on financial services legislation, a position which he held from 1999 to 2012. He is the former U. S. Representative for Texas's 3rd congressional district, the former 56th mayor of Dallas, is a former member of the Dallas City Council. On May 1, 1976, Bartlett was defeated as a delegate in the Republican presidential primary pledged to U. S. President Gerald R. Ford, Jr, his defeat occurred in Texas's 3rd congressional district, which he represented in Congress. Victory went to a slate of delegates pledged to Ronald W. Reagan and headed by future State Senator John N. Leedom and Barbara Staff, one of three Reagan co-chairmen in the Texas campaign that year. Bartlett served as a U. S. Representative from 1983 until his resignation in 1991, he won the open seat over former state Representative Kay Bailey Hutchison the state treasurer, U.

S. Senator, an unsuccessful gubernatorial candidate in 2010; the position became vacant when the long-term Republican incumbent, James M. Collins ran unsuccessfully for the U. S. Senate against the Democrat Lloyd M. Bentsen, Jr. of Houston. While in Congress, Bartlett served as a member of the House Banking Committee, where he "led the successful push to let the market set interest rates on government-insured mortgages." He served as Deputy Whip and was a sponsor or principal cosponsor of nearly 20 major pieces of legislation, including the Enhanced Secondary Mortgage Market Act, Fair Labor Standards Act Reforms, FHA Deregulation and the Americans with Disabilities Act. Bartlett left the House; as mayor, Bartlett led an effort to reduce violent crime and adopted a $5 billion capital improvements plan. He worked to improve an economic revitalization, a downtown renaissance, 30,000 new residential units in or adjacent to downtown Dallas. Bartlett served as the city's executive until 1995. Bartlett was hired to head the Financial Services Roundtable in 1999.

In 2012, he was replaced as president and CEO by former Republican presidential candidate and the former Governor Tim Pawlenty of Minnesota. Following his government service, Bartlett served on a number of boards of directors, including IMCO Recycling and Broad Home Corporation, Sun Coast Industrial and the YMCA of Metropolitan Washington, he is the Chairman of the Board of Directors of RespectAbility. In addition, he served on the board of governors of the National YMCA, the Fannie Mae National Advisory Council and the board of the Dallas-Fort Worth International Airport. In 2001 he served on the President's Commission on Excellence in Special Education. Bartlett has been recognized for his leadership skills by the National Association of Manufacturers, National Federation of Independent Business. In 2011, Bartlett earned about $2 million a year at Financial Services Roundtable. Bartlett has served as an adjunct professor at the University of Texas Lyndon B. Johnson School of Public Affairs and as a member of the Leadership Group on U.

S.-Muslim Engagement. Bartlett was born in Los Angeles and reared in Lockhart in Caldwell County, Texas, he attended Kimball High School in Dallas, at which he met his future wife at a Young Republicans bake sale. Barlett attended the University of Texas at Austin, from which he received a Bachelor of Arts in 1971, he became a member of Sigma Phi Epsilon. Bartlett is married to the former Gail Coke, they reside in Virginia. United States Congress. "Steve Bartlett". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Appearances on C-SPAN