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Seinfeld is an American sitcom television series created by Larry David and Jerry Seinfeld for NBC. As a comedian rising in popularity in the late eighties, Seinfeld was presented with an opportunity to create a show with NBC. Seinfeld asked Larry David, to help create a premise for a sitcom; the show stars Seinfeld as a fictionalized version of himself, focuses on his personal life with a handful of friends and acquaintances, including best friend George Costanza and former girlfriend Elaine Benes, neighbor across the hall Cosmo Kramer. Seinfeld is set predominantly in an apartment building in Manhattan's Upper West Side in New York City, it is described as being "a show about nothing", as many of its episodes are about the minutiae of daily life. Seinfeld was produced by West-Shapiro Productions and Castle Rock Entertainment and ran from 1989 to 1998. In syndication, the series is distributed by Sony Pictures Television, it was written by David and Seinfeld with script writers who included Larry Charles, Peter Mehlman, Gregg Kavet, Carol Leifer, David Mandel, Jeff Schaffer, Steve Koren, Jennifer Crittenden, Tom Gammill, Max Pross, Dan O'Keefe, Charlie Rubin, Marjorie Gross, Alec Berg, Elaine Pope, Spike Feresten.

A favorite among critics, the series led the Nielsen ratings in seasons six and nine, finished among the top two every year from 1994 to 1998. Seinfeld is regarded as one of the greatest and most influential sitcoms of all time, it has been ranked among the best television shows of all time in publications such as Entertainment Weekly, Rolling Stone, TV Guide. The show's most renowned episodes include "The Chinese Restaurant", "The Parking Garage", "The Contest". In 2013, the Writers Guild of America voted it the No. 2 Best Written TV Series of All Time. E! named the series the "Number 1 reason the'90s ruled", quotes from numerous episodes have become catchphrases in American popular culture. Main Jerry Seinfeld – Jerry is a "minor celeb" stand-up comedian, depicted as "the voice of reason" amidst the general insanity generated by the people in his world; the in-show character is a mild germophobe and neat freak, as well as an avid Superman, New York Mets and breakfast cereal fan. Jerry's apartment is the center of a focus of the show.

Elaine Benes – Elaine is Jerry's ex-ladyfriend and friend. She is attractive and genial, while being humorous and impulsive, she sometimes has a tendency to be too honest with people, which gets her into trouble. She gets caught up in her boyfriends' quirks, eccentric employers' unusual behaviors and idiosyncrasies, the maladjustment of total strangers, she tends to make poor choices in men she chooses to date and is overly reactive. First she works at Pendant Publishing with Mr. Lippman, is hired as a personal assistant for Mr. Pitt, works for the J. Peterman catalogue as a glorified assistant. Elaine is popularly described as an amalgamation of David's and Seinfeld's girlfriends during their early days in New York as struggling comedians. Cosmo Kramer – Kramer is Jerry's lovable rogue neighbor, his trademarks include his humorous upright pompadour hairstyle, vintage clothes, energetic sliding bursts through Jerry's apartment door. Kramer was based on a neighbor of David's during his amateur comedic years in Manhattan.

At times, he appears naïve, ignorant, at other times, intelligent and well-read. This is seen in his success with employers, he has been described as a "hipster doofus". Although he never holds a steady job, he is short of money and invents wacky schemes that work at first eventually fail. Kramer is longtime friends with Newman, they work well together despite their differences. George Costanza – George is Jerry's best friend, has been since high school, he is miserly, dishonest and envious of others' achievements. He is depicted as a loser, perpetually insecure about his capabilities, he complains and lies about his profession and everything else, which creates trouble for him later. He uses the alias Art Vandelay when lying or concocting a cover story. Despite these shortcomings, George has a sense of loyalty to his friends and success in dating women and secures a successful career as Assistant to the Traveling Secretary for the New York Yankees. Recurring Many characters have made multiple appearances, like Jerry's nemesis Newman and his Uncle Leo.

In addition to recurring characters, Seinfeld features numerous celebrities who appear as themselves or girlfriends, boyfriends and other acquaintances. Many actors who made guest appearances became household names in their careers, or were well known. Many Seinfeld episodes are based on the writers' real-life experiences, with the experiences reinterpreted for the characters' storylines. For example, George's storyline, "The Revenge", is based on Larry David's experience at Saturday Night Live. "The Contest" is based on David's experiences. "The Smelly Car" storyline is based on Peter Mehlman's lawyer friend, who could not get a bad smell out of his car. "The Strike" is based on Dan O'Keefe's dad. Other stories take on a variety of turns. "The Chinese Restaurant" consists of George and Elaine waiting for a table throughout the entire epis


Sappemeer is a village in the Dutch province of Groningen. It is located in the municipality of Hoogezand-Sappemeer to the east of Hoogezand. Sappemeer was a separate municipality until 1949; the village is the European headquarters of the Japanese Kikkoman Corporation, which began operations in 1997 and now produces over 400 million litres of soy sauce per annum at the site. Dutch physician and feminist Aletta Jacobs was born in the village; the Sappemeer Oost railway station is located in the village. Map of the former municipality in 1868 Media related to Sappemeer at Wikimedia Commons

The Milkman Murders

The Milkman Murders is a four-issue comic book mini-series written by Joe Casey and illustrated by Steve Parkhouse. The comic begins with some scenes from a nineteen-fifties sitcom called Leave It To Mother, which depicts a perfect, happy family; the show is being viewed by suburban housewife Barbara Vale. Her family eats dinner, revealing their personal flaws as they eat. Barbara attempts to keep some peace among her family as they argue, only to have them leave the table; as the night goes on, more insight is given into the depth of the family's dysfunction. Vincent is abusive towards Barbara and a drug addict, Fletcher kills local pets and skins them in the basement, Ruthie has had numerous affairs with her teachers in the past. Barbara endures the dysfunction until a milkman breaks into her home and rapes her, which has a profound effect on her mind in the days to follow. Barbara begins to develop an angry personality to the point of having outbursts, she discovers Fletcher's animal skin collection in the basement and attempts to show it to Vincent, but she is attacked by him and nearly killed.

Fletcher attempts to call the police. The next morning, Barbara, at the end of her rope and alone in the house, smashes the small television she watches in the kitchen as the opening credits of Leave It To Mother roll. To her surprise, the image of Carol White, the mother on the sitcom and begins to comfort Barbara. Carol encourages Barbara to "discipline" her dysfunctional family. Barbara picks up a knife, decides to heed Carol's advice; that night, Barbara snorts all of Vincent's drugs, putting him into a rage violent enough to have him smash Barbara's face into the bathroom mirror. But to his surprise, Barbara fights back. Ruthie, after having an encounter with the gym teacher, walks into the house and finds her father bound and gagged in a dark room. Barbara turns on the lights, she attacks Ruthie, commenting on how she knew of her current affair before delivering a fatal blow to her daughter. Meanwhile, Fletcher is stalking a cat outside, he shoots the cat, which he follows around the corner and right to his waiting mother, who chases him into the basement.

Fletcher turns on the light of the darkened basement and, to his horror, finds Ruthie's skin displayed. Barbara enters the basement and, after lecturing Fletcher, kills him. Barbara approaches Vincent in the living room, telling him about the milkman's attack and her new found, bleak view of the world before killing him with a cleaver to his head. With her family dead, Barbara sets out for her next target - the milkman. With Carol by her side, Barbara travels to the city, killing a group of punks before entering a dilapidated milk plant, she confronts the milkman, who reveals that he was expecting her. After the milkman lectures Barbara, she faints and finds herself dangling by her wrists in a vat of spoiled milk. Carol appears, encourages her to continue, frees her. Barbara confronts the milkman again, this time fatally wounding him, his last words to Barbara are "Now it's your turn". Barbara sees a map of the US with marked locations on them. Barbara drives off in the milk truck; the series ends with people shopping at a supermarket, the final shot being Barbara's picture on the side of a milk carton.

Official page "Joe Casey Delivers "The Milkman Murders" To Image Comics". Comic Book Resources. Retrieved 2013-03-07

Casinos Austria

Casinos Austria, formed in 1967 and based in Austria, is a gaming corporation that owns and operates casinos around the globe. It is one of the largest casino operators in the world. Casinos Austria together with its partners operate in about 40 land-based casinos in 16 countries, 8 shipboard casinos, 15 slot parlors, a range of lottery products in Argentina, one online gambling platform. Together, the Casinos Austria International group’s gaming entertainment operations feature over 750 gaming tables and 7,600 gambling machines; the headquarters of the company was located in the Palais Ephrussi in Vienna from 1969 to 2009. It is now located at Rennweg 44 in the 3rd district of Vienna. Casino Baden Casino Bad Gastein Casino Bregenz Casino Graz Casino Innsbruck Casino Kitzbühel Casino Kleinwalsertal Casino Linz Casino Salzburg Casino Seefeld Casino Velden Casino Wien Casino Canberra, Australia Grand Casino Belgrade Grand Casino Brussels Grand Casino Luzern The Reef Hotel Casino, Australia Casinos Austria International website Casinos Austria website Casino Holidays website

Pale-edged stingray

The pale-edged stingray or sharpnose stingray is a species of stingray in the family Dasyatidae, found in the Indian and Pacific Oceans from India to the western Malay Archipelago and southern Japan. This bottom-dwelling ray is most found over sandy areas shallower than 100 m, as well as in estuaries. Measuring up to 29 cm across, the pale-edged stingray has a diamond-shaped pectoral fin disc, a long projecting snout, small eyes, a whip-like tail with both dorsal and ventral fin folds, it is chocolate brown white below. The diet of the pale-edged stingray consists of small crustaceans and fishes. Reproduction is aplacental viviparous, with females bearing litters of 1–3 young. Caught as bycatch and utilized for its meat, this species is threatened by heavy fishing pressure throughout its range and has been assessed as near threatened by the International Union for Conservation of Nature. German biologists Johannes Müller and Friedrich Henle described the pale-edged stingray from seven syntypes, in their 1841 Systematische Beschreibung der Plagiostomen.

They named it Trygon zugei after zugu-ei, the Japanese name for this species. The genus Trygon was synonymized with Dasyatis by subsequent authors. Several early accounts of D. zugei were confounded by specimens of D. acutirostra. Lisa Rosenberger's 2001 phylogenetic analysis, based on morphological characters, found that the pale-edged stingray is sister to a clade containing the whitespotted whipray, the pearl stingray, the smooth butterfly ray; these results support the growing consensus that neither Himantura are monophyletic. The range of the pale-edged stingray extends from the Indian subcontinent eastward to Java and Borneo, northward to the Philippines and southern Japan; this species inhabits the inner continental shelf, favoring sandy flats in water under 100 m deep, frequently enters estuaries. The pale-edged stingray has a diamond-shaped pectoral fin disc longer than wide, with concave anterior margins merging into an elongated, triangular snout; the eyes are small, with a pair of much larger spiracles behind.

There is a nearly rectangular curtain of skin between the nares, with a fringed rear margin. The mouth is curved, without papillae on the floor. There are 40–55 tooth rows in either jaw, arranged with a quincunx pattern into pavement-like surfaces; the teeth of adult males have pointed cusps while those of females are blunt. The pelvic fins are triangular; the tail is whip-like, much longer than the disc, bears a stinging spine. A low dorsal fin fold originates just posterior of the spine tip while a deeper ventral fin fold originates below the spine base. Young individuals have smooth skin, while adults have a row of 5–9 small tubercles in front of the spine; the dorsal surface is a uniform chocolate brown, darkening on the tail fin folds, while the underside is white with a brown band around the margin of the disc. This species reaches a length of 75 cm and width of 29 cm, though most do not exceed 18–24 cm in width; the pale-edged stingray differs from the similar but larger D. acutirostra in having smaller eyes and an upper tail fin fold, as well as in several meristic counts such as the number of intestinal valves.

The pale-edged stingray feeds on bottom-dwelling crustaceans, in particular prawns, but takes small fishes. Parasites that have been identified from this species include the tapeworms Acanthobothrium zugeinensis, Balanobothrium yamagutii, Pithophorus zugeii, Polypocephalus ratnagiriensis and P. visakhapatnamensis, Rhinebothrium xiamenensis, Shindeiobothrium karbharae, Tetragonocephalum raoi, Tylocephalum singhii, Uncibilocularis indiana and U. veravalensis, the capsalid monogenean Trimusculotrema schwartzi. Like other stingrays, the pale-edged stingray is aplacental viviparous, with the young sustained by yolk and histotroph secreted by the mother. Females give birth to 1–3 young at a time. Newborns measure 8–10 cm across. Males mature sexually at a disc width of females at a disc width of 19 cm. Large numbers of pale-edged stingrays are caught incidentally in bottom trawls and trammel nets in the Gulf of Thailand, the Java Sea, off the Indian coast. Most individuals landed are retained for human consumption, although the small size of this species limits its economic significance.

The IUCN has assessed the pale-edged stingray as near threatened and notes that it is approaching the criteria for vulnerable. Across most of its range, this species experiences heavy and increasing fishing pressure, with all size classes susceptible to capture

City Challenge

City Challenge is an event organisation that holds motorsports and entertainment events in major city centres. It has its headquarters in Germany. City Challenge CEO Hartmut Beyer started to plan a race circuit downtown Bucharest, Romania, in 2004. After fulfilling the role as organiser and promoter for the FIA GT Championship rounds in Bucharest 2007, 2008 and Budapest, Hungary, in 2009, Mr. Beyer and his team performed negotiations with multiple cities around the world in order to establish its own GT championship that will take place from 2013 onwards; the inaugural Baku City Challenge event was being held in Baku, during 26–28 October 2012. The event attracted 42,000 spectators over the weekend, about 150 national and international journalists were reporting about the event and 100 crew members of the TV production provided the footage either live or as highlight in over 120 countries, reaching a total of 650 million households. On day time, the Historic Grand Prix and the Gymkhana Drift Series acted as support races of the Baku event.

The evening show programme included the “CoGo show”, featuring international artists, on-stage performances by, among others, DJ Pancho and Rafet el Roman. A total of 13 teams, 24 cars of the makes BMW, McLaren, Mercedes-Benz, Ferrari and Chevrolet participated during the City Challenge event on the 2,144-metre-long racetrack, homologated with FIA grade 3. Among the drivers were five times DTM champion Bernd Schneider, former Formula 1 driver and 2008 Le Mans class winner Jos Verstappen, 1997 F1 World Champion and Indy 500 winner Jacques Villeneuve and Mathias Lauda, son of three-time F1 World Champion Niki Lauda; the City Challenge GT main race was won by drivers Frédéric Makowiecki and Stef Dusseldorp, driving the McLaren MP4-12C GT3 for HEXIS Racing. Frank Kechele and Mathias Lauda driving the BMW Z4 GT3 for Vita4One Racing Team were ranked second and the podium was concluded by Yelmer Buurman and Nicolaus Mayr-Melnhof driving a BMW Z4 GT3 for Vita4One Racing Team. City Challenge has the ambition to grow to a stable event calendar that contains a minimum of five events in Europe, Middle East and Asia.

The calendar is to be announced. City Challenge