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Selkirk, Scottish Borders

Selkirk is a town and historic royal burgh in the Scottish Borders Council district of southeastern Scotland. It lies on a tributary of the River Tweed; the people of the town are known as Souters. At the time of the 2011 census, Selkirk's population was 5,784. Selkirk was the county town of Selkirkshire. Selkirk is one of the oldest Royal Burghs in Scotland and is the site of the earliest settlements in what is now the Scottish Borders; the town's name means "church by the hall" from the Old English cirice. Selkirk was the site of the first Borders abbey, a community of Tironensian monks who moved to Kelso Abbey during the reign of King David I. In 1113, King David I granted Selkirk large amounts of land. William Wallace was declared guardian of Scotland in the town at the Kirk o' the Forest. Bonnie Prince Charlie, the Marquess of Montrose and the Outlaw Murray all had connections with the town. Selkirk grew because of its woollen industry, although now that industry has ceased, leaving little in its wake.

The town is best known for a dry fruit cake. It has an art gallery; the town has associations with Mungo Park. It is home to Scotland's oldest horse racing track, the Gala Rig, on the outskirts of the town, it was in the church at Selkirk, supported by nobles and clergy, that William Wallace was declared Guardian of the Kingdom of Scotland. However this is disputed. Mauldslie Castle was built on the lands of Forest Kirk. Selkirk men fought with Wallace at Stirling Bridge and Falkirk, with Robert the Bruce at Bannockburn, but it is Selkirk's connection with the Battle of Flodden in 1513, her response to the call of the King, the brave bearing of her representatives on the fatal field, the tragic return of the sole survivor, that provide the Royal Burgh with its proudest and most maudlin memories: the celebration of a five-hundred-year-old defeat. Only one man, "Fletcher", returned from the battle, bearing a blood-stained English flag belonging to the Macclesfield regiment. On his return he cast the captured English standard around his head before falling to his death.

During the series of conflicts that would become known as the Wars of the Three Kingdoms, Selkirk played host the Royalist army of James Graham, 1st Marquess of Montrose, with his cavalry installed in the burgh, whilst the Royalist infantry were camped at the plain of Philiphaugh, below the town. On the morning of 13 September 1645, a covenanting army led by Sir David Leslie attacked the royalist forces camped at Philiphaugh, a rout ensued. Montrose arrived to find his army in disarray and had to the flee the field leading to his exile; the action at Philiphaugh is infamous for the massacre by the Covenanters of up to 500 surrendered Royalist troops and camp followers – including many women and children. Sir Walter Scott was appointed Sheriff-Depute of the County of Selkirk in 1799, was based in the Royal Burgh's courthouse in the town square; the Sir Walter Scott Way from Moffat to Cockburnspath passes through Selkirk. The Selkirk Common Riding is a celebration of the history and traditions of the Royal and Ancient Burgh.

Held on the second Friday after the first Monday in June, the ceremony is one of the oldest in the area. With 300 -- 400 riders, Selkirk boasts one of the largest cavalcades of riders in Europe. Selkirk still owns common land to the north and south of the town, but only the northern boundary of Linglie is ridden on the day; the Riding commemorates how, from the eighty men that left the town to fight in the Battle of Flodden, only one – Fletcher – returned, bearing a captured English flag. Legend has it that he cast the flag about his head to indicate that all the other men of Selkirk had been cut down. At the climax of the day the Royal Burgh Standard Bearer and Crafts and Associations Standard Bearers cast their colours in Selkirk's ancient market place; the Standard Bearer is chosen from the eligible unmarried young men of the town who have applied for the post by the trustees of the Common Riding Trust, successors to the old Selkirk Town Council which disappeared in the local government reorganisation in 1975.

He will have served his time as an Attendant to previous Standard Bearers. He is introduced on the last Friday in April, he is carried shoulder high round the town, accompanied by the crowds of locals. There follow many civic duties in preparation for the main event, participation in other town common ridings and festivities, including Spurs Night when the Standard Bearer and attendants meet the principals of Galashiels at Galafoot and receive a pair of spurs at a dinner in Galashiels; the Saturday before Common Riding Day is marked with the annual Children's Picnic, where primary schoolchildren have races. Sunday sees the inspection of The Rig, the town racecourse and Show Sunday moved to the grounds of The Haining. Traditionally Souters would meet up in their new finery bought for the festivities and sing songs to the town bands. Other events include the Ex-Standard Bearers Dinner on Monday, Ladies Night on Wednesday when the female population take over the bars and clubs for the evening and only the bravest males venture out.

Various bussing concerts and dinners are held for the Associations. On Thursday evening the Senior Burgh Officer takes to the streets to "Cry the Burley", giving notice that the marches are to be ridden the following day, naming the Burleymen (four ex standa

Indore–Kota Intercity Express

The 22983/22984 Indore - Kota Intercity Express is a daily intercity superfast express train which runs between Indore Junction of Madhya Pradesh and Kota Junction of Rajasthan. The train consist of 15 coaches: 1 AC Chair Car 4 2nd Seating 8 General Unreserved 2 Seating cum Luggage Rake The 22983/Kota - Indore Intercity Express has averages speed of 56 km/hr and covers 433 km in 7 hrs 45 mins; the 22984/Indore - Kota Intercity Express has averages speed of 55 km/hr and covers 433 km in 7 hrs 52 mins. The important halts of the train are: Indore Junction Dewas Junction Maksi Junction Shajapur Biyavra Rajgarh Chachaura Binaganj Ruthiyai Junction Chhabra Gugor Baran Antah Kota Junction Train reverses its direction at: Ruthiyai Junction Both trains are hauled by a Ratlam Locomotive Shed based WDM 3A or WDM 3D diesel locomotive

Pinchas Polonsky

Pinchas Polonsky is a Russian-Israeli Jewish-religious philosopher and educator active among the Russian-speaking Jewish community. He has written a number of translations of works on Judaism. During his underground activities in Moscow, he taught Judaism and was one of the founders of Machanaim, he lives in Israel, is an activist in the process of the modernization of Judaism and is a researcher on the topics of the late Rav Kook. Polonsky is the author of a commentary on the Torah under the title "Bible Dynamics". Dr. Polonsky initiated an academic encyclopedia on Jewish and Israeli topics. Born 1958 in Moscow into a family of secular assimilated Jews, he attended Special Math School No. 7 with a focus on math and physics. Upon graduating in 1975 a decision to leave the Soviet Union and move to Israel took shape, he began to study Hebrew in a clandestine group, subsequently Torah and Judaism. Between 1975 and 1980 Polonsky studied mathematics at the Moscow State Pedagogical Institute. Starting in 1979 Polonsky became one of the founders of a clandestine network for the study of Torah in Moscow.

He was involved in Samizdat, publishing guides for observing Judaism and maintaining a Jewish lifestyle, including a series of books on Jewish holiday observance and Torah commentaries. After applying for immigration to Israel, Polonsky became a refusenik for 7 years and immigrated to Israel in 1987 at the onset of the Perestroika, he has been living in Beit El since 1991. 1987: one of the initiators in the founding of the Israeli branch of Machanaim. 1989–1990: attended Yeshiva "The Harry Fischel Institute for Talmudic Research" in Jerusalem. 1994–1997: attended Yeshiva Beit Morasha, majoring in Jewish philosophy. 1995 -- 1999: attended Bar-Ilan University in faculty of Jewish studies. In 2002 Polonsky obtained a PhD in Sociology of Religion, his thesis was: "Sociological Concepts in R. Kook's Teachings". 1991–2012: taught at the Bar-Ilan University. 2012–2013: Senior Fellow and Assistant Professor at Ariel University in the West Bank. This initiative launched by Pinchas Polonsky began with an underground edition of the Pesach Haggadah with commentaries in the 1980s in Moscow.

The Haggadah was published using photocopying equipment and distributed in hundreds of copies across Moscow and other major cities of the former Soviet Union. This Hagadah was meant to instruct in leading an spiritual Seder. In Israel Polonsky together with Machanaim published: a Siddur with a Russian translation and commentaries titled "Vrata Molitvy"; until this day it remains the most used prayer book in Russian. In 1991 Polonsky partnered with Rav Kook's Home Residence Museum in Jerusalem and prepared the publishing of a compilation of Rav Kook's works titled "Tolerance in the Teaching of R. Kook". During the course of his research of Rav Kook's philosophy and body of work, he wrote and published a study titled "Rav Abraham Isaac Kook. Life and Teaching". In 2009 the main chapters of the book were translated and published in English, in 2013 into Hebrew, it became the first book on Jewish religious thought translated from Russian to Hebrew. The book was approved by several major rabbinical authorities on the subject of Rav Kook's philosophy and was recommended by them to be included in the Religious Zionist academic curriculum.

A series of books presenting a new commentary to the Torah, based on the Kabbalistic concepts of R. I. L. Ashkenazi and on new findings of R. Uri Sherki, which included the author's own original concepts and interpretations. By 2014 six volumes in Russian were published: Commentaries to the two first books of the Bible - Genesis and Exodus. A full commentary on the Torah is expected to appear soon. An English translation is planned. In 2009 Polonsky - among others - became one of the founders of an Academic wiki-encyclopedia on Jewish and Israeli topics; the goal of the project is the publication of a complementary, academically viable information on Judaism and Israel on the Russian-language Internet. Polonsky is the initiator and coordinator for the project "Preserving the Memory", whose purpose is to preserve the memory of the Jewish-Zionist underground movement in the USSR, he is the founder of the "Fight Against Intellectual Antisemitism" project. Pinchas Polonsky attributes himself to the radically modernist wing of religious Zionism, whose essence is the orthodox modernization of Judaism.

In this he sees himself as a follower of a partner to R. Uri Sherki. Polonsky supports an integration of universal ideas into religion creating a healthy symbiosis, he views modernization of religion as prerequisite. He believes in the religious importance of science, art and other universal secular values. Polonsky is a proponent of the initiative to introduce "a day of science" in Israeli high-school curricula, to demonstrate productive synergy which can be achieved by combining science and religion. Polonsky is active in promoting concepts of Noahidism. Polonsky is an advocate for access to and prayer at

Bolinus brandaris

Bolinus brandaris, known as the purple dye murex or the spiny dye-murex, is a species of medium-sized predatory sea snail, an edible marine gastropod mollusk in the family Muricidae, the murex snails or the rock snails. This species is known in the fossil record from the Pliocene. Fossil shells of this species have been found in Cyprus and Italy, it was used by the Phoenicians in ancient times to extract imperial Tyrian purple dye. This snail lives in the central and western parts of the Mediterranean Sea and has been found on isolated coral atoll beaches in the Indian Ocean and South China Sea, it was known since ancient times as a source for purple dye and as a popular food source under various names, among which sconciglio, from which comes the word scungilli. This species lives on rocks in shallow water; this species, like many other species in the family Muricidae, can produce a secretion, milky and without color when fresh but which turns into a powerful and lasting dye when exposed to the air.

This was the mollusc species used by the ancients to produce Tyrian purple fabric dye. Sea snails of the species Banded dye-murex Hexaplex trunculus were used to produce a purple-blue or indigo dye. In both cases, the mollusks secrete the dye in the mucus of their hypobranchial glands. In Spain, more on the Mediterranean coast and the Gulf of Cádiz, they are called cañaílla, are appreciated as food, it is a cannibalistic species. The size of the adult shell of Bolinus brandaris can reach about 60 to 90 mm; the shell is golden brown with a long siphonal canal and a rounded body whorl with a low spire. There is a row of spines. Bolinus brandaris bicauda - Coen 1933 Bolinus brandaris Coronatus x Polii - Stigwan 2019 Bolinus brandaris Elongata - Stigwan 2019 Bolinus brandaris cagliaritanus - Stigwan 2019 Bolinus brandaris Longispinus - Coen Bolinus brandaris Longispinus - Coen 1914 Bolinus brandaris Nasalis Brevis - Stigwan 2019 Bolinus brandaris Nivea - Bucquoy, Dautzenberg & Dollfus, - 1882 Bolinus brandaris Polii - Coen 1933 Bolinus brandaris Rubiginosus - Stigwan 2019 Bolinus brandaris trispinosus - Locard 1886 Bolinus brandaris trituberculatus - Stigwan 2019 Bolinus brandaris Varicosus - Settepassi 1970 Tyrian purple Hexaplex trunculus Radwin, G. E. & D'Attilio A..

Murex shells of the world. An illustrated guide to the Muricidae. Stanford Univ. Press, Stanford, x + pp. 1–284 incl 192 figs. + 32 pls. Vasconcelos P. Barroso C. M. & Gaspar M. B.. "Meat yield of Bolinus brandaris: Comparative assessment of the influence of sex and reproductive status". Scientia Marina 81: 255-267. Doi:10.3989/scimar.04508.09C

Panamanian Chess Championship

The Panamanian Chess Championship is the individual national chess championship of Panama. The first edition was won by Rubén Darío Cabrera, it was a biennial event, from 1945 to 1961 six championships were played, from 1962 to 1971 eight championships. From 1972 to 1976, it was held annually, but the tournament of 1977 never finished because the beginning of a long schism in Panamanian chess. From 1978 to 1988, it was again held annually. In 1982 and 1989, from 1991 to 2004, two organizations held separate events, resulting in two champions, but in 1990 there was a single competition, therefore one champion. In 2004 both federations made peace, since 2005 there has only been one championship each year. At the end of the 1970s, the first women's chess championship was started, it became an annual event in 2002. Panama is the only country in the world where a father and daughter have been champions in the same year twice: 2004 and 2008. To show the rise of new isthmian chess, Panama took 2008 the Centroamerican Championship by the hand of Jorge Baúles, first IM of Panama.

In the youth categories, the signal show a champion in one big tournament with various categories at same time. In 2010 there was no play because of official budget trouble with "Pandeportes", the government sports entity, the tournament was played in the firsts months of 2011. In the final round of the 2014 tournament, two players were tied in all playoffs and were proclaimed champions. One is a foreigner, but changed his country flag as Panamanian in in March 2015, is the fourth to win the title. The Panamanian common considered overseas with over five years of residence, as one of their own. Federacion de Ajedrez de Panama Federacion de Ajedrez de Panama previous website Partial winners list from Ajedrez Ataque Detailed results: 2003-2005 editions AJEDREZ en Panamá coleccion # 7 - This website is for sale! - Chess Resources and Information. "Finales y Problemas Elementales de Ajedrez" author "Luis Farrugia", recompiled by "Juan Ramon Martinez D'Ettore".

Copyright "Editora de la Nacion, Rep. de Panama, orden no. 1636, 1977. Sánchez se imponen en el torneo nacional de ajedrezSpecific<Sánchez se imponen en el torneo nacional de ajedrez />

Corações em Suplício

Corações em Suplício is a 1926 Brazilian drama film directed by Eugenio Centenaro Kerrigan and produced by Masotti Film in Guaranésia, MG in 1925, the town where it was run. The title Corações em Suplício translates as Tormented Hearts under Emotional Torture. Carlos Masotti was born May 28, 1887, in Lonato, nowadays Lonato del Garda in the Province of Brescia, at the shores of Lake Garda in Italy, to the baker Felipe Masotti and Armida Samaelle Masotti. In 1897, the Masotti family left Italy, emigrating to Brazil, where they fixed their first residence at Rua Rio de Janeiro in Belo Horizonte, MG, and it was here Carlos' brother Américo would be given birth August 14, 1901. Their father Felipe Masotti had established a bakery in Belo Horizonte and Carlos' first job was helping his father in the bakery as a deliverer. In 1902, when 15 years old, Carlos gets to a job at the press. Excited about his job, he soon shows his talent as a handicraftsman by building a wooden printing machine which he uses to publish Belo Horizonte's first newspaper in a foreign language, Un Fiore.

In 1908, Carlos has his own printing shop where he works together with his brother Américo and marries Maria Tortoro with whom he'll have seven children. The brothers Carlos and Américo Masotti install themselves in Guaranésia as photographers - art they had learned from Igino Bonfioli in Belo Horizonte, MG - and handicraft workers in 1923. On a trip to São Paulo, SP, they purchase a Debrie camera and, supported by local farmers, run a documentary entitled Guaranésia Pitoresca, filmed by Carlos and photographed by Américo Masotti. Despite no commercial exhibition is done, the documentary's success is enough for the brothers to build – with the support of Fernando Máximo, manager of the local bank Banco Campos, Lima & Cia. – their own film studios and a laboratory for the developing and copying of movies and to found their own movie production company, Masotti Film. In 1925, a man who claims to be an American movie director appears in Guaranésia: he informs his name as Eugene Kerrigan and says he was born in Los Angeles, CA, in 1878.

About his heavy Italian accent, he explains he descends from an Italian noble family and that his complete name is Count Eugenio Maria Piglione Rossiglioni de Farnet. As a matter of a fact, he is on the run; when working at APA Film in Campinas, SP, shortly after finishing Sofrer para Gozar and while preparing his next one, A Carne, he had been introduced to an actual American and it came out Kerrigan did not know one only word of English or Spanish. He had to get away from Campinas and APA Film's owner Felipe Ricci takes over himself the part of A Carne's director. First Kerrigan moves to São Paulo, SP, where he had been invited by Visual Film's owner Adalberto de Almada Fagundes to direct the comedy Quando Elas Querem. In the beginning of 1925, Quando Elas Querem premiers, Visual Film breaks down and Kerrigan decides it's a good idea to move once more, his new target: Guaranésia, MG. Kerrigan was born in 1878, but in Modena or Genova and his name was Eugenio Centennaro. In Guaranésia, Kerrigan proposes them his project of a feature film.

They accept and Corações em Suplício is run. Roteiro, argumento e direção ficam a cargo de Kerrigan, a produção corre por conta de Carlos Masotti, auxiliado pela mulher, encarregando-se Américo Masotti da fotografia. Screenplay and direction are Kerrigan's job, Carlos Masotti, aided by his wife, is in charge of production Americo Masotti does the photography. Financing is done by the local Banco Campos, Lima & Cia. bank's manager Fernando Máximo. In Guaranésia there was a major difficulty to find persons willing to act in a movie. Like in Minas Gerais at that time, cinema people were seen as immoral. So good part of the actors and actresses had to be brought from São Paulo, but yet the makers of the movie and the two daughters of Carlos Masotti would have to join the cast. The cast for the main roles was composed by José Rodrigues, an experienced actor who had performed under Kerrigan's direction at APA Film and Lilian Loty, until a theater actress in São Paulo, for the respective main roles. Another important male role was performed by William Gautier.

For Waldemar Rodrigues, that one's the pseudonym Kerrigan. And two daughters of Carlos Masotti's, Lídia play minor female roles; the main actress, Lilian Loty refused to use skirts when not filming and did not care at all for the scandal a woman in trousers would mean on Brazilian countryside in the 1920s. The scandal grew when Lilian Loty still started an affair with the local farmer Oliveira Ramos who's described as a respected and married gentleman. There's cabaret scenes in Corações e Suplício, a major trouble was how to run them since among the local young women nobody was willing to take a mundane's role; the producers hired actual hookers at a brothel there. While these scenes were run, the prostitutes exceeded dancing and giving scandals in public so that a collective arrest was announced. For the cabaret scenes, Guaranésia's young single men seemed to enjoy "helping out" with background roles: this caused the break-up of a huge amount of courtships and engagements. Corações em Suplício is one of those dramas where in the end the hero saves the young lady at the last moment.

During the adventures, the hero takes a blow on his head, goes crazy but is healed by a famous alienist. Madnesses and amnesias healed through competent professional intervention are a recurrent issue in Min