Semir Osmanagić known as Sam Osmanagich, is a Bosnian businessman and author. He is best known for promoting his pseudo-archaeological project in central Bosnia related to the so-called "Bosnian pyramids". Osmanagić claims that a cluster of natural hills in central Bosnia and Herzegovina are the largest human-made ancient pyramids on Earth, he has promoted tourism there. An enthusiast of pyramids, Osmanagić completed a doctorate in social sciences but does not have a science background in any archaeological field. Professional geologists and other scientists have directly refuted his claims about the central Bosnian hills. Osmanagić was born in Zenica, PR Bosnia and Herzegovina, FPR Yugoslavia, after graduating from university, he ran an import-export business for seven years. In 1992 as the Bosnian War was breaking out, he emigrated to the United States, he settled in Houston, where he found a job as a marketing assistant for a company producing parts for oil and gas wells. He was promoted to manager and minority owner in the firm, holding a five percent stake in 1999.
Osmanagić founded the manufacturing company Met Company, Inc. in Houston in 1995, continues to be its owner and CEO. In 2006, he founded the Bosnian Pyramids of the Sun Foundation, to support excavations and construction of an "archaeological park" at the site, he has served from the beginning as its executive director. He holds a master's degree in international politics, he completed a doctoral degree in social sciences in 2009. In 2009 he became a member of the Russian Academy of Natural Sciences which has come under criticism for the fact that many of its members do not have any scientific credentials and because some of its members peddle pseudoscience.. This association should not be confused with the Russian Academy of Sciences, which has reputable standing among the international community of scientists. In April 2005, Osmanagić was invited to visit its fortress ruins. During the visit Osmanagić noticed the pyramidal shape of Visočica hill, he subsequently wrote a book promoting the claim that the hill was the remains of an ancient, man-made pyramid, which he claimed was one of five colossal stone structures in the shape of a pyramid with an extensive prehistoric tunnel network.
He named those structures "Bosnian pyramids", established a charitable foundation, the'Archaeological Park: Bosnian Pyramid of the Sun Foundation', to fund the promotion and investigation of the site. Osmanagić claimed that he wished to excavate in order to "break a cloud of negative energy, allowing the Earth to receive cosmic energy from the centre of the galaxy". In early 2006, geologists from the University of Tuzla analyzed core samples at Visočica, their tests showed that the hill is composed of the same material as other mountains in the area: alternating layers of conglomerate and sandstone. Excavations revealed layers of fractured conglomerate at Visočica, while those at Pljesevica uncovered cracked sandstone plates, separated by layers of silt and clay. Robert M. Schoch, associate professor of Natural Science at Boston University, said at the time, "What found isn't unusual or spectacular from the geological point of view. It's straightforward and mundane." In April 2006, twenty-one historians and archaeologists signed an open letter describing the excavations as amateurish and lacking proper scientific supervision.
The'Bosnian Pyramid' project is alleged to have done considerable damage to the archaeological heritage of the area, which contains ruins of a medieval capital, Roman observation post, earlier remains. Anthony Harding, Professor of Archaeology at Exeter University and then-president of the European Association of Archeologists, said that, "Osmanagić is conducting a pseudo-archaeological project that, threatens to destroy parts of Bosnia's real heritage." Osmanagić's theories and credibility have come under near-universal criticism from the scientific community since he gained prominence in marketing the excavations at Visočica. He is an amateur in their study. During this period, he has pursued graduate study at the University of Sarajevo, where his doctoral adviser was Hidajet Repovac, Professor of Sociology at Faculty of Political Science in Sarajevo. In his 2009 doctoral thesis, Osmanagič claims that the Maya Civilization of Mesoamerica predates the Olmec, that their culture mysteriously ceased to exist after the 10th century CE.
He discusses in some detail Mayan crystal skulls, positing that they were created with the use of advanced technology. He discusses the alleged parapsychological phenomena surrounding them, he suggests that the Maya had contact with the Chinese, giving as an example a jade carving of a jaguar, which he posits is carved from Chinese nephrite. Others have identified the material as a material used by the Mayans; as early as 2007, Repovac was part of the Foundation set up by Osmanagić to support excavations on the hills. Repovac served as one of the co-chairmen of the 2008 International Conference on the Bosnian Pyramids. In an article in Archaeology Magazine, Beth Kampschror refers to Osmanagić's book, The World of the Maya, which suggests that the Maya were descendants of aliens from the Pleiades by way of Atlantis. Osmanagić wrote in his book, "Were those who were ready picked up in spaceships by their mentors from t
"I'm Not that Girl" is a song from the musical Wicked, based on the novel Wicked: The Life and Times of the Wicked Witch of the West by Gregory Maguire, composed by Stephen Schwartz recorded by Idina Menzel and Kristin Chenoweth on November 10, 2003, released on December 16, 2003. It is a solo sung by the main character of the show, Elphaba Thropp in the first act and Glinda in the reprise in the second act; the song is performed midway through the first act. During the song, Elphaba expresses her love for the Winkie prince Fiyero, the most popular boy at Shiz and Glinda's boyfriend, she accepts that she knows that nothing can happen between them, as she'wasn't born for the rose and the pearl', is an unpopular girl with green skin. She mentions that Fiyero has feelings for her, though this was unconfirmed. In act two Glinda reprised it about Elphaba. Kerry Ellis, who played Elphaba in the West End and the Broadway productions of Wicked, recorded a version of this song in 2008. In this version, the verses are rearranged and extra lyrics are added.
It was produced by Brian May with him on guitar. The song was released on her extended play Wicked in Rock but was featured on her debut album Anthems, it was released as a single on September 2010, accompanied by track "Dangerland" as its B-side. In the 2010 Edexcel Music GCSE examinations, this song was used for one of the questions; the candidates had to answer a series of short questions on a sample of the song
A Pocketful of Chestnuts Italian: Le castagne sono buone) is a 1970 Italian comedy film directed by Pietro Germi. Luigi Vivarelli is a cynical and unrepentant womanizer. One day he meets Carla Lotito, an architecture student, is attracted to her, but Carla isn't like the other women that Luigi deals with - she's a Catholic who believes in the old and simple values that modern society deems unfashionable. Both try to convince the other of the rightness of their philosophy, their basic disagreements put their love in jeopardy. Gianni Morandi: Luigi Vivarelli Stefania Casini: Carla Lotito Nicoletta Machiavelli: Teresa Lotito Patricia Allison: Lisa Lotito Franco Fabrizi: Bernardo Bembarbì Milla Sannoner: Maria Luisa Gigi Reder: Television Host Memè Perlini: Actor-Priest Stephan Zacharias: Don Raffaele Giuseppe Rinaldi: Poker Player Doctor In his previous films, Pietro Germi satirized the hypocritical morality and conformity of proper Italian society. In this film, however, he turned his scorn towards the "immoral" youth of the 1960s, defending the conservative values.
For this reason the film was attacked by Italian critics, criticizing it as didactic and reactionary. Germi angrily responded that "critics are only good for a sociological study - their reaction is proof of the cultural degeneration that they are a part of". List of Italian films of 1970 A Pocketful of Chestnuts on IMDb
The Central Landing Establishment was the Second World War British development centre for airborne warfare at RAF Ringway airfield near Manchester. Following Prime Minister Winston Churchill's decision to create a parachute corps within the British Army after German successes using airborne force during the early stages of the war, a parachute training school known as the Central Landing School was set up at RAF Ringway near Manchester in June 1940. On 31 August 1940, it was expanded within the school becoming the Central Landing Establishment. There was a separate Technical unit and the addition of the Glider Training Squadron which would be used by pilots training for the Glider Pilot Regiment; the centre was operated by Royal Air British Army officers working in collaboration. In 1941, the Airborne Forces Establishment was created from the experimental and technical units, renamed in 1942 as the Airborne Forces Experimental Establishment; the Parachute Training Squadron became a unit in its own right as the Parachute Training School on 15 February 1942.
Glider pilot training took 24 weeks. The CLE developed equipment to be used by Britain's airborne forces, such as standardized equipment containers for parachuting supplies; the Mark III CLE Canister was 6 feet long and 15 inches in diameter, with a 10-to-16-foot parachute attached to one end and an impact absorbing "pan" at the other. It split longitudinally for unloading; these containers would fit in the bomb bays of aircraft making resupply easier. The largest CLE canister was 3.3 m long. An earlier Mark I canister was D-shaped in cross-section. A motorcycle, the "Welbike" was developed. A cylindrical fuel can was developed to fit the CLE Canister, with a canister able to accommodate three of the cans. Other means of landing supplies were developed. Wicker baskets for some materiel, crates for motorcycles such as the Royal Enfield WD/RE, the means of parachuting jeeps and light artillery pieces. Wing Commander Nigel Norman: Commandant 1940–1942 Harclerode, Peter. Para! Fifty Years of the Parachute Regiment.
Orion: London. ISBN 0-7528-0395-6. Sturtivant, Ray.. Royal Air Force Training and Support Units. Air-Britain Ltd. ISBN 0-85130-252-1. Thompson, Leroy.. British Paratroops in Action. Combat Troops # 9. Squadron/Signal Publications: Carrollton, United States. ISBN 0-89747-233-0. Https://web.archive.org/web/20100727110858/http://www.paradata.org.uk/units/central-landing-establishment-raf http://www.pegasusarchive.org/origins3.htm
Lucifer was a steam tanker built in 1899 by the C. S. Swan & Hunter Co of Wallsend for C. T. Bowring & Co of Liverpool; the ship was designed and built to carry oil and petroleum cargo in bulk and spent most of her career trading on routes from Philadelphia and Novorossiysk to Hamburg and British ports. The vessel was laid down at C. S. Swan & Hunter Co. shipyard in Wallsend and launched on 10 August 1899, with Miss M. C. Bowring of Liverpool being the sponsor. After successful completion of sea trials on September 16, during which the ship attained maximum speed of 11.0 knots, made a mean speed of 10.0 knots over a measured mile, she was transferred to her owners and departed for Philadelphia. As built, the ship was 344 feet 4 inches long and 47 feet 1 inch abeam, a mean draft of 20 feet 9 inches. Lucifer was assessed at 3,823 GRT and 2,473 NRT and had deadweight of 5,000; the vessel had a steel hull, a single 310 nhp triple-expansion steam engine, with cylinders of 24-inch, 39-inch and 66-inch diameter with a 45-inch stroke, that drove a single screw propeller, moved the ship at up to 10.0 knots.
Upon delivery Lucifer departed from South Shields for Philadelphia in ballast on September 16, 1899 and arrived at her destination on October 2. After spending two days in port she left Philadelphia on October 5 and reached Cuxhaven on October 26; the vessel left it on October 31 and arrived at Newcastle the next day, thus completing her maiden voyage. The vessel departed for her second voyage from Newcastle and arrived at Batoum on November 21. After loading her cargo of oil, she sailed back two days and arrived at Hamburg on December 13; the vessel continued sailing between Hamburg and English ports and Batoum and Novorossiysk through the end of May 1900. For example, she arrived at Novorossiysk on March 17, 1900, loaded 221,103 poods of refined illuminating oil, left on March 21, arrived at Cardiff on April 17. During her next trip she anchored at Batoum on May 5, loaded 317,605 poods of kerosene, left on May 7 and arrived at Hamburg at the end of May, she left Hamburg on June 1 and reached Baltimore on June 21.
There she left on June 23 for Antwerp. She continued sailing between United States ports of Baltimore, New York and Philadelphia and Europe through the end of 1901. On January 26, 1901 she arrived at Antwerp with a lifeboat smashed and several deck fittings damaged due to rough weather the ship encountered on her trip. In 1902 the tanker continued her oil trade between Philadelphia and United Kingdom and Europe but made a couple of trips to Russia. For example, during her June trip to Batoum she brought back 320,366 poods of kerosene to Bristol and Cardiff on July 2, 1902. Lucifer returned to Manchester with 5,306 tons of kerosene on January 1, 1903 following her December trip to Novorossisk. Following that trip Lucifer was laid up until March 1903 when she resumed her trade; the vessel spent 1903 transporting petroleum products from both Russia and Philadelphia. The ship spent 1904 carrying petroleum products from Russian Black Sea ports. For example, she brought in 1,006,400 gallons of lamp oil from Novorossisk to Cardiff on December 22, 1904.
During the same trip she had her hull plates bent due to possible collision. From 1905 through the rest of her career Lucifer continued her service on the United States to Europe route. In addition to British and northern European ports, she started carrying her cargo to ports in Italy. During her November 1905 trip from Philadelphia to Rouen she lost three blades of her propeller and had to call at Portland for repairs. In 1906, for example, she delivered from Philadelphia 1,418,310 gallons of kerosene on August 24 and 1,419,550 gallons on October 11 for consignment of The Bowring Petroleum Co. Lucifer arrived at New York at 01:00 on March 26, 1907 from Manchester in ballast to load another cargo of kerosene for delivery to the United Kingdom. After loading 25,000 barrels of oil, the ship departed from New York on April 5 and took course to Dublin and Belfast; the tanker had a crew of 34 men. On April 8 a leak was discovered in stokehold and the pumps were employed, but the water kept rising until it reached the fires extinguishing them.
The vessel continued drifting while the captain ordered to stock all lifeboats with provision good for about 12 days and made them ready for immediate use. The weather was rough with wind and heavy seas. About three days the lights of two passing ships were spotted and distress calls were made but they were not noticed; some of the oil cargo was pumped out to keep her afloat. On the night of April 15, another steamer, SS Sagami, was sighted and this time she noticed the flares and rockets fired by the troubled tanker and came by to inquire; as the gale was still in full force, the rescue was postponed until the daylight. At about 03:30 the next morning the rescue operation started, continued for five hours. About an hour after captain Wilson, the last person to leave the doomed ship, boarded Sagami, Lucifer foundered. All 35 men from Lucifer were safely landed at Falmouth on April 28; the dutch steamer SS Ryndam which arrived at Rotterdam a few days earlier, claimed to have spoken to Lucifer on April 12, but was informed that while her stokehold was filled with water and pump was out of order, the tanker did not require assistance
The canton of Sains-en-Gohelle is a former canton situated in the department of the Pas-de-Calais and in the Nord-Pas-de-Calais region of northern France. It was disbanded following the French canton reorganisation which came into effect in March 2015; the canton is organised around Sains-en-Gohelle in the arrondissement of Lens. The altitude varies from 39 m to 192 m for an average altitude of 102m; the canton comprised a total of 20,036 inhabitants. Cantons of Pas-de-Calais Communes of Pas-de-Calais Pas-de-Calais Arrondissements of the Pas-de-Calais department The canton of Sains-en-Gohelle on the Insee website This article is based on the original and the equivalent article from the French Wikipedia, consulted on April 15th, 2008