The Seoul Metropolitan Subway is a metropolitan railway system consisting of 23 rapid transit, light metro, commuter rail and people mover lines located in northwest South Korea. The system serves most of the Seoul Metropolitan Area including the Incheon metropolis and satellite cities in Gyeonggi province; some regional lines in the network stretch out to rural areas in northern Chungnam province and western Gangwon province, that lie over 100 km away from the capital, as well as Suwon. The network consists of numbered lines 1–9, which serve Seoul City proper and its surroundings and other named regional railways that serve the greater metropolitan region and beyond. Most of the system is operated by three companies – Seoul Metro and Metro 9. However, there are several other lines stretching out to regional provinces, its first metro line, Line 1, started construction in 1971 and opened in 1974, with through-operation to Korail suburban railways. Today, the network is one of the largest and most efficient urban railway systems in the world, with 331.5 km of track on lines 1–9 alone.
The first line of the Seoul Subway network started construction in 1971. The first section of subway was cover construction method. Line 1 opened in 1974 with through services joining surrounding Korail suburban railway lines similar to the Tokyo subway. Today, many of the Seoul Metropolitan Subway's lines are operated by Korail, South Korea's national passenger and freight railway operator; this is similar to Europe and Japan, where the national railroad operates local mainline urban railways, such as the S-Bahns in Germany, operated by subsidiaries of Deutsche Bahn, or JR East in Japan, which operates many other urban rail systems in Japanese cities. It has been described as the world's longest multi-operator metro system by route length; the system was rated as one of the world's best subway systems by CNN, Jalopnik It is notable for its cleanliness and ease of use along with advanced technology such as 4G LTE, WiFi, DMB, WiBro accessible in all stations and trains. Nearly all stations have platform screen doors installed.
By 2017, Korail will install screen doors in every station and platform. The world's first virtual mart for smartphone users opened at Seolleung station in 2011. All directional signs in the system are written in Korean and Hanja. In trains there are in addition many LCD screens giving service announcements, upcoming stop names, YTN news, stock prices and animated shorts. There are prerecorded voice announcements that give the upcoming station, any possible line transfer, the exiting side in Korean, followed by English. At major stations, this is followed by Japanese Mandarin Chinese, as well. Seoul Subway uses full-color LCD screens at all stations to display real-time subway arrival times, which are available on apps for smartphones. Most trains have digital TV screens, all of them have air conditioning and climate controlled seats installed that are automatically heated in the winter. In 2014, it became the world's first metro operator to use transparent displays for ads when it installed 48 transparent displays on major stations of Line 2 in Gangnam District.
All lines use the T-money smart payment system using RFID and NFC technology for automatic payment by T-money smart cards, smartphones, or credit cards and one can transfer to any of the other line within the system for free. Trains on numbered lines run on the right-hand track, while trains on the named lines run on the left-hand track; the exceptions are the trains on Line 1, as well as those on Line 4 south of Namtaeryeong station. These lines run on the left-hand track because these rail lines are operated by Korail, South Korea's national railway operator. Line 1, from Seongbuk station to Incheon station and Suwon station, opened on 15 August 1974. On 9 December 1978, the Yongsan-Cheongnyangni line was added to Line 1. Line 2 opened on 10 October 1980. In 1985, the fare system changed from charging by distance to zone and the Edmondson railway ticket changed to a magnetic paper ticket. Line 4 opened on 20 April 1985, Line 3 on 12 July. On 1 April 1994, the Indeogwon-Namtaeryeong extension of Line 4 opened.
The Bundang Line, from Suseo station to Ori station, opened on 1 September. On 15 November 1995, Line 5 opened; the Jichuk-Daehwa extension of Line 3 opened on 30 January 1996. On 20 March, the Kkachisan-Sindorim extension of Line 2 opened. Line 7 opened on 11 October, Line 8 on 23 November. On 6 October 1999, Incheon Subway Line 1 opened. Seoul Subway Line 6 opened on 7 August 2000. In 2004 the fare system reverted to charging by distance, free bus transfers were introduced; the Byeongjeom-Cheonan extension of Line 1 opened on 20 January 2005. On 16 December, the Jungang Line from Yongsan station to Deokso station opened; the Uijeongbu-Soyosan extension of Line 1 opened and shuttle service from Yongsan station to Gwangmyeong station began on 15 December 2006. On 23 March 2007, AREX opened; the Deokso-Paldang extension of the Jungang Line opened on 27 December. On 15 December 2008, the Cheonan-Sinchang extension of Line 1 opened; the magnetic paper ticket changed to an RFID-based card on 1 May 2009.
On 1 July the Gyeongui Line from Seoul station to Munsan station opened, on 24 July Line 9 from Gaehwa station to Sinnonhyeon station opened. The Byeongjeom-Seodongtan extension of Line 1 opened on 26 February 2010, the Gyeongchun Line opene
Demons is a 2017 horror film written, produced by Miles Doleac. The film stars Doleac along with Lindsay Anne Williams, Steven Brand, Andrew Divoff, John Schneider, Gary Grubbs, Kristina Emerson, Jessica Harthcock. Soundtrack "2>1" Scott Chism & The Better Half "Down in the Dirty" Leland Clay "What ya know" Leland Clay "Corinth Now" Scott Chism & The Better Half "Laugh" Leland Clay "Crepiscule With Killinger" The Linden/Roberts/Hyde Trio Eight years ago, Father Colin Hampstead presided over an aborted exorcism that resulted in the gruesome death of seventeen-year-old Jewel Grant, in rural Louisiana. The deceased girl’s older sister, grew attached to Hampstead and sought him out, at first for grief counseling and for more; the once-zealous Father Hampstead soon left the priesthood, disillusioned with religion, but comforted by his love for Kayleigh. Colin and Kayleigh marry, but, on the night of their wedding, Kayleigh has a vision of her dead sister. Now, Colin Hampstead has become a celebrated fiction writer, specializing in stories about the occult.
He and Kayleigh have a daughter and run a well-known bed and breakfast in Savannah, GA. When the couple agrees to host the wedding of one of Colin’s old friends, what begins as a jovial reunion turns into something much more macabre, as the omnipresent ghost of Kayleigh’s sister Jewel compels Kayleigh to engage in bizarre, destructive behaviors that endanger the lives of both her friends and herself. Told in two timelines and present, the film unravels the unsettling circumstances of Jewel’s death, while tracing Kayleigh’s struggle to understand why her sister haunts her. Kristina Emerson as Lara Miles Doleac as Colin John Schneider as Dr. Gerry Connor Lindsay Anne Williams as Kayleigh Andrew Divoff as Jasper Grant Gary Grubbs as Father Joseph Moran Jessica Harthcock as Jewel Grant Steven Brand as Eddie Yohance Myles as Marcus Ella Claire Bennett as Jewel Hampstead Megan Few as Emmie Presley Richardson as Young Jewel Caroline Baggerly as Caroline Grant Anna Voynik as Young Kayleigh Joseph VanZandt as Police Officer Demons was the first horror movie from Historia Films.
It had a limited theatrical release, coupled with day-and-date streaming release on October 6, 2017. Charlotte Hollingsworth at Morbidly Beautiful wrote "Overall, Demons is an excellent film that brings something fresh to the exorcism genre." Demons received positive reviews from critics, although Noel Murray of the Los Angeles Times had this to say: "The ambitious auteur is getting better at making his novelistic ideas punchy and cinematic, but "Demons" is still a B-movie that takes itself too seriously... Still, Doleac's forging a niche, his name on a picture is now an indication that genre fans will see something different..." Demons on IMDb
Corybas dentatus known as the Lofty Ranges helmet orchid, is a species of terrestrial orchid endemic to South Australia. It has a single purplish and green flower, it is only known from two locations and is listed as "vulnerable" under the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act. Corybas dentatus is a terrestrial, deciduous, herb with a broad egg-shaped, heart-shaped or round leaf 25–45 mm long and 30–42 mm wide; the leaf is silvery green on the lower side. A single purplish and green flower 18–25 mm long and 12–13 mm wide is borne on a short flowering stem; the largest part of the flower is the dorsal sepal, 20–22 mm long and 9–11 mm wide. It forms a hood over the labellum; the lateral sepals are whitish, linear to lance-shaped, about 5 mm long, 1 mm wide and spread apart from each other. The petals are lance-shaped, about 3 mm long, 1 mm curved; the labellum is dark purple, tube-shaped near its base, about 6 mm long, before curving and flattening into a broad egg-shaped flat 12–13 mm long and wide with teeth on the edges.
Flowering occurs in August. Corybas dentatus was first formally described in 1991 by David Jones from a specimen collected in the Sandy Crrek Conservation Park and the description was published in Australian Orchid Research; the specific epithet is a Latin word meaning "toothed" or "pointed", referring to the prominent teeth on the edges of the labellum. In 2002, David Jones and Mark Clements proposed splitting Corybas into smaller genera and placing this species into Corysanthes but the change has not been accepted; the Lofty Ranges helmet woodland with low shrubs and ferns. It is known from two populations, the larger of, in the Sandy Creek Conservation Park. Corybas dentatus is classified as "vulnerable" under the Australian Government Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999; the main threats to the species are road and track maintenance, weed invasion, herbicide spraying and population fragmentation