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Septimius Severus

Septimius Severus known as Severus, was Roman emperor from 193 to 211. He was born in Leptis Magna in the Roman province of Africa; as a young man he advanced through the customary succession of offices under the reigns of Marcus Aurelius and Commodus. Severus seized power after the death of Emperor Pertinax in 193 during the Year of the Five Emperors. After deposing and killing the incumbent emperor Didius Julianus, Severus fought his rival claimants, the Roman generals Pescennius Niger and Clodius Albinus. Niger was defeated in 194 at the Battle of Issus in Cilicia; that year Severus waged a short punitive campaign beyond the eastern frontier, annexing the Kingdom of Osroene as a new province. Severus defeated Albinus three years at the Battle of Lugdunum in Gaul. After consolidating his rule over the western provinces, Severus waged another brief, more successful war in the east against the Parthian Empire, sacking their capital Ctesiphon in 197 and expanding the eastern frontier to the Tigris.

He enlarged and fortified the Limes Arabicus in Arabia Petraea. In 202, he campaigned in Mauretania against the Garamantes, he proclaimed as Augusti his elder son Caracalla in 198 and his younger son Geta in 209, both born of his second wife Julia Domna. Severus travelled to Britain in 208, reoccupying the Antonine Wall. In AD 209 he invaded Caledonia with an army of 50,000 men but his ambitions were cut short when he fell fatally ill of an infectious disease in late 210, he died in early 211 at Eboracum, was succeeded by his sons, thus founding the Severan dynasty. It was the last dynasty of the Roman Empire before the Crisis of the Third Century. Born on 11 April 145 at Leptis Magna as the son of Publius Septimius Geta and Fulvia Pia, Septimius Severus came from a wealthy and distinguished family of equestrian rank, he had Italian Roman ancestry on his mother's side, was descended from Libyan ancestry on his father's side. Severus' father, an obscure provincial, held no major political status, but he had two cousins, Publius Septimius Aper and Gaius Septimius Severus, who served as consuls under the emperor Antoninus Pius r.

138–161. His mother's ancestors had moved from Italy to North Africa. Septimius Severus had two siblings: Publius Septimius Geta. Severus's maternal cousin was consul Gaius Fulvius Plautianus. Septimius Severus grew up in Leptis Magna, he spoke the local Punic language fluently, but he was educated in Latin and Greek, which he spoke with a slight accent. Little else is known of the young Severus' education but, according to Cassius Dio, the boy had been eager for more education than he received. Severus received lessons in oratory: at the age of 17 he gave his first public speech. Severus sought a public career in Rome in around 162. At the recommendation of his relative Gaius Septimius Severus, Emperor Marcus Aurelius granted him entry into the senatorial ranks. Membership in the senatorial order was a prerequisite to attain positions within the cursus honorum and to gain entry into the Roman Senate, it appears that Severus' career during the 160s met with some difficulties. It is that he served as a vigintivir in Rome, overseeing road maintenance in or near the city, he may have appeared in court as an advocate.

At the time of Marcus Aurelius he was the State Attorney. However, he omitted the military tribunate from the cursus honorum and had to delay his quaestorship until he had reached the required minimum age of 25. To make matters worse, the Antonine Plague swept through the capital in 166. With his career at a halt, Severus decided to temporarily return to Leptis, where the climate was healthier. According to the Historia Augusta, a unreliable source, he was prosecuted for adultery during this time but the case was dismissed. At the end of 169 Severus journeyed back to Rome. On 5 December, he took office and was enrolled in the Roman Senate. Between 170 and 180 his activities went unrecorded, in spite of the fact that he occupied an impressive number of posts in quick succession; the Antonine Plague had thinned the senatorial ranks and, with capable men now in short supply, Severus' career advanced more than it otherwise might have. The sudden death of his father necessitated another return to Leptis Magna to settle family affairs.

Before he was able to leave Africa, Mauri tribesmen invaded southern Spain. Control of the province was handed over to the Emperor, while the Senate gained temporary control of Sardinia as compensation. Thus, Septimius Severus spent the remainder of his second term as quaestor on the island of Sardinia. In 173, Severus' kinsman Gaius Septimius Severus was appointed proconsul of the Province of Africa; the elder Severus chose his cousin as one of his two legati pro praetore, a senior military appointment. Following the end of this term, Septimius Severus returned to Rome, taking up office as tribune of the plebs, a senior legislative position, with the distinction of being the candidatus of the emperor. About 175, Septimius Severus, in his early thirties at the time, contracted his first marriage, to Paccia Marciana, a woman from Leptis Magna, he met her during his tenure as legate under his uncle. Marciana's name suggests Punic or L

Airini Woodhouse

Airini Elizabeth Woodhouse was a New Zealand community leader and author. Born Airini Elizabeth Rhodes, in Dunedin, New Zealand, on 8 November 1896, she was an only child, she showed an early aptitude for writing. In 1913 she attended Craighead Diocesan School in Timaru, she grew up on Blue Cliffs, one of her family's other sheep-stations. She married Philip Randal Woodhouse Medical Superintendent of Wellington Hospital, on 22 September 1921 at Upper Otaio and moved to Wellington. There Randal resigned from his position and by January 1922 he was in Timaru learning farming from the bottom up, they were to have three children, Elizabeth and Heaton. Randal Woodhouse died on 1 October 1970 and she moved to her mother's house in Timaru, she died on 13 April 1989. Woodhouse joined the Red Cross during World War I and continued to work for them in World War II, she was president of the Blue Cliffs, sub-centre of the Red Cross during both wars, was awarded a Voluntary Aid Detachment medal for service 1939–1945.

She was elected to the Blue Cliffs parish vestry in 1927, the first year women were admitted, remained a member until 1961. In the late 1950s, she and her husband became interested in the Māori rock drawings found in South Canterbury and campaigned for their preservation, she was on the committee of the South Canterbury Historical Society from its inception, chair of the South Canterbury Centennial History Committee. She chaired the South Canterbury Regional Committee of the New Zealand Historic Places Trust from 1959 to 1975. In 1965 the South Canterbury Regional Committee named a peak in the Hunters Hills range after her, Mount Airini. In 1969 she became the first woman in New Zealand to be granted registration as an owner-classer by the New Zealand Wool Handling Committee, allowing her to put the Kiwi brand on her bales. In the 1981 New Year Honours, Woodhouse was awarded the Queen's Service Medal for community service, she is the author of: Tales of pioneer women Blue Cliffs: the biography of a South Canterbury sheep station, 1856–1970 New Zealand Farm and Station Verse 1850–1950 Blue Cliffs School and District Activities 1910–1960 Guthrie-Smith of Tutira George Rhodes of the Levels and his Brothers The History of the Parish of Otaio and Blue Cliffs Bidwill of Pihautea: the life of Charles Robert Bidwill

Pattiarimal Mohamadali Hariz

Lieutenant General Pattiarimal Mohamadali Hariz, PVSM, AVSM, SM, VSM, ADC is the former General Officer-Commanding-in-Chief Southern Command of the Indian Army and served in office from 1 September 2016 to 30 November 2017. He was succeeded by Dewan Rabindranath Soni. Hariz was born in Kozhikode, India and is the son of Pattiarimmal and Fathima Mohamadali, he is an alumnus of Sainik School and National Defence Academy, Pune. He attended the staff course at Staff College Camberly. Hariz was commissioned into the 16th battalion, Mahar Regiment, a mechanized infantry battalion, on June 10, 1978, he has served in numerous positions. He has commanded the 9th battalion, Mechanised Infantry Regiment, a brigade with an amphibious role, a RAPID division in a Strike Corps and X Corps, he has held numerous staff appointments including Brigade Major of an armoured brigade, Assistant Military Secretary at the Military Secretary's branch, a Staff Officer in Weapons and Equipment Directorate at IHQ, New Delhi.

He held various appointments including Military observer, Chief Personal Office and Regional Commander at the UN Mission in Angola. During his career he has been awarded the Vishisht Seva Medal in 2007, Sena Medal in 2009, Ati Vishisht Seva Medal and Param Vishisht Seva Medal in 2016 for his service, he is married to Zarina Hariz and they have a son, an officer in the Mechanised Infantry Regiment and a daughter, a teacher. His brother, Ariz Mohamadali, is a retired commander of the Indian Navy