Serge Gainsbourg was a French singer, pianist, film composer, painter, writer and director. Regarded as the most important figure in French pop whilst alive, he was renowned for provocative and scandalous releases which caused uproar in France, dividing his public opinion. Gainsbourg's varied musical style and individuality make him difficult to categorize, although his legacy has been established and he is regarded as one of the world's most influential popular musicians, his lyrical works incorporated wordplay, with humorous, provocative, satirical or subversive overtones, including sophisticated rhymes, onomatopoeia, dysphemism and pun. Gainsbourg wrote over 550 songs, which have been covered more than 1,000 times by a range of artists. Since his death from a second heart attack in 1991, Gainsbourg's music has reached legendary stature in France, he is regarded as France's greatest musician and one of the country's most popular and endeared public figures, he has gained a cult following in the English-speaking world with chart success in the United Kingdom and the United States with "Je t'aime... moi non plus" and "Bonnie and Clyde", respectively.
Born in Paris, Gainsbourg was the son of Jewish Russian migrants, Joseph Ginsburg and Olga, who fled to Paris after the 1917 Russian Revolution. Joseph Ginsburg was a classically trained musician whose profession was playing the piano in cabarets and casinos. Gainsbourg's childhood was profoundly affected by the occupation of France by Germany during World War II; the identifying yellow star that Jews were required to wear haunted Gainsbourg. During the occupation, the Jewish Ginsburg family was able to make their way from Paris to Limoges, traveling under false papers. Limoges was in the Zone libre under the administration of the collaborationist Vichy government and still a perilous refuge for Jews. After the war, Gainsbourg obtained work teaching music and drawing in a school outside of Paris, in Le Mesnil-le-Roi; the school was set up under the auspices of local rabbis, for the orphaned children of murdered deportees. Here Gainsbourg heard the accounts of Nazi persecution and genocide, stories that resonated for Gainsbourg far into the future.
Before he was 30 years old, Gainsbourg was a disillusioned painter but earned his living as a piano player in bars. Gainsbourg changed his first name to Serge, feeling that this was representative of his Russian background and because, as Jane Birkin relates: "Lucien reminded him of a hairdresser's assistant." He chose Gainsbourg as his last name, in homage to the English painter Thomas Gainsborough, whom he admired. He married Elisabeth "Lize" Levitsky on 3 November 1951 and divorced in 1957, he married a second time on 7 January 1964, to Françoise-Antoinette "Béatrice" Pancrazzi, with whom he had two children: a daughter named Natacha and a son, Paul. He divorced Béatrice in February 1966. In late 1967 he had a brief but ardent love affair with Brigitte Bardot, to whom he dedicated the song and album Initials B. B.. He composed the song Je t'aime... moi non plus as a duet with her, but Bardot, married at the time, pleaded with Gainsbourg not to release it. In mid-1968 Gainsbourg fell in love with the younger English singer and actress Jane Birkin, whom he met during the shooting of the film Slogan.
Their relationship lasted over a decade. In 1971 they had the actress and singer Charlotte Gainsbourg. Although many sources state that they were married, according to their daughter Charlotte this was not the case. Birkin left Gainsbourg in 1980. Birkin remembers the beginning of her affair with Gainsbourg: he first took her to a nightclub to a transvestite club, afterward to the Hilton hotel where he passed out in a drunken stupor, she left him. His last official partner was Bambou. In 1986, they had a son, known as Lulu. In 2010, Lise Lévitzky published a book called Lise et Lulu which raises the possibility of Gainsbourg being bisexual. In 2017, Constance Meyer published a book called La jeune fille et Gainsbourg, in which she reveals that she had a love affair with the musician during his last years, which began in 1985 when aged 16, she sent him a love letter, his early songs were influenced by Boris Vian and were in the vein of old-fashioned chanson. Around 1958 he backed singer Michèle Arnaud.
She discovered a shy songwriter, who considered his compositions too modern and provocative for mainstream chanson. Arnaud offered to sing and record such songs, propelled his early career. Gainsbourg began to move beyond this and experiment with a succession of musical styles: modern jazz early on, yé-yé pop in the 1960s funk and reggae in the 1970s and electronica in the 1980s. Many of his songs contained themes with a morbid or sexual twist in them. An early success, "Le Poinçonneur des Lilas", describes the day in the life of a Paris Métro ticket man, whose job is to stamp holes in passengers' tickets. Gainsbourg describes this chore as so mo
Zurzach District is a district in the Swiss Canton of Aargau. The district capital is Bad Zurzach, it is located in the northeastern part of the canton. It has a population of 34,418; the Zurzach district has an area, as of 2009, of 129.99 square kilometers. Of this area, 57.08 km2 or 43.9% is used for agricultural purposes, while 51.23 km2 or 39.4% is forested. Of the rest of the land, 16.62 km2 or 12.8% is settled. The district is situated around the confluence of the Rhine; the Zurzach district has a population of 34,418. As of June 2009, 25.7% of the population are foreign nationals. In 2000 there were 15,454 workers. Of these, 11,295 or about 73.1% of the residents worked outside the district while 6,024 people commuted into the district for work. There were a total of 10,183 jobs in the district. From the 2000 census, 16,378 or 54.3% were Roman Catholic, while 7,440 or 24.7% belonged to the Swiss Reformed Church. Of the rest of the population, there were 65 individuals who belonged to the Christian Catholic faith.
Of the school age population, there are 2,405 students attending primary school, there are 972 students attending secondary school, there are 756 students attending tertiary or university level schooling in the municipality. The following changes to the district's municipalities have occurred since 2000: 1 January 2014: Unterendingen merged into Endingen
Salomon Bédarrides was a French lawyer and politician. He served as the mayor of Aix-en-Provence from 1877 to 1884. Salomon Bédarrides was born in a Jewish family on 18 February 1809 in Aix-en-Provence, his brother, Jassuda Bédarrides, served as the Mayor of Aix from 1858 to 1859. He started his career as a lawyer in Aix. A supporter of the Republic, he decided to follow in his brother's footsteps and embark upon a career in politics, he was left-wing, a Freemason. He was elected to the town council in 1870, he served as the Mayor of Aix-en-Provence from 1877 to 1884. As such, he was the second Jewish Mayor of this city. One of his first decisions, taken on 8 November 1876, was to rename the Cours Mirabeau as such, he reduced the debt the town has purchased more books for the public library. He commissioned the destruction of the Rue des Cardeurs and vowed to improve the lives of the poor in the town, he commissioned the construction of the Lycée Mignet, a secondary school. He received the Knighthood of the Legion of Honour on 12 August 1880.
He resided at number 9 on the rue Beauvezet in Aix. He died on 29 September 1886 in Aix-en-Provence; the Rue Bédarrides in Aix-en-Provence is named in his honour and his brother's