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Serie B

Serie B named Serie BKT for sponsorship reasons, is the second-highest division in the Italian football league system after the Serie A. It has been operating for over eighty years since the 1929–30 season, it had been organized by Lega Calcio until 2010, when the Lega Serie B was created for the 2010–11 season. Common nicknames for the league are campionato cadetto and cadetteria, as cadetto is the Italian for junior or cadet. A junior football championship was created at first in Italy in 1904, after seven editions of the major tournament of FIGC: it was called Second Category, was composed both by senior squads of town clubs and by youth teams of city clubs. If the first ones won the championship, they would be promoted to First Category, which improved in size: the first team to reach the honour, was Pro Vercelli in 1907, which won the scudetto in 1908. FIGC attempted many times to introduce relegations on the contrary, but the reform was adopted only in 1921 by the secessionist CCI in its Northern League, which consisted of a First Division and a Second Division: the first teams to be relegated were AC Vicenza and FC Inter if, after the reunion with FIGC, the regulations were changed, Venezia was demoted instead of the Milanese club.

If part of the same league, differently from First Division, Second Division was based on local group with proximity criteria. Only in 1928, the big reform was conceived by FIGC's President Leandro Arpinati: after a year, a new second division based on the same national format of the major tournament would be born. Serie B began in 1929 with 18 clubs and continued until World War II after whom it was divided again between the northern and the southern part of the country, due to the destructions of the war; the championship became national again in 1948, for many years in the second half of the 20th century, it was played by 20 clubs. In 2003–04 a single group of 24 teams was formed, the biggest in the history of all levels of the Italian championship. After 2004, a 22-teams format was introduced together with playoffs. After Serie A split with Serie B to form Lega Serie A, Lega Serie B was formed on 7 July 2010; the league signed a new sponsor bwin for 2010 -- 2011 -- 12 seasons. The League changed again its name in Serie B ConTe.it due to sponsorship reasons.

Serie B is the lowest division where five clubs have played: Torino, Milan and Lazio. Serie B introduced the "green card" at the beginning of the 2015–16 season; the green card is given to promote good acts. The green card will not be given during the game, as it would alter sport rules, but awarded after the match to a player or coach who exhibited fair play by the referee; the player or coach with the most green cards at the end of the season will be rewarded. At the end of the season, three teams are promoted to Serie A and four teams are relegated to Serie C; the top two teams are automatically promoted. If the 3rd-placed team is 10 or more points ahead of the 4th-placed team, it is automatically promoted too, otherwise a playoff tournament determines the third team that will be ascending. In the 2013–14 season, anywhere between two and six teams within a "playoff margin" of 14 points from the 3rd-placed team will enter the playoff tournament. Under the new playoff format, up to three rounds may be required.

The final two rounds are two-legged ties, while opening round matches are single legs hosted by the higher-ranked team. If a tie is drawn at the end of regular play, extra time is played. If the two teams are still tied after thirty minutes, the higher classified team advances. In the relegation zone, the three last-placed teams are automatically demoted to Serie C. If the 15th-placed team is 5 or more points ahead of the 16th-placed team the 16th-placed team becomes the 4th and final team to be demoted, otherwise the conditions for a playoff more called playout exist. If the playout is necessary, the 15th and 16th-placed teams are paired in a two-legged series with home-field advantage in the 2nd leg going to the 15th-placed team; the team with the higher aggregate score remains in Serie B while the loser becomes the fourth team relegated to Serie C. If an aggregate tie exists at the end of regulation play of the 2nd leg, the 15th-placed team is saved, the 16th-placed team is demoted. Below is a complete record of.

It was enlarged to 24 teams for the 2003–04 season due to legal problems relating to Calcio Catania relegation. The league reverted to 22 teams for the 2004 -- 05 season. During the regular season, each team plays 38 games – two games against every opponent. In Italian football, a true round-robin format is used. In the first half of the season, called andata, each team plays once against all its opponents, a total of 19 games. In the second half of the season, called ritorno, each team will play the same teams in the same order, the only difference being that a home game played in the first half will be an away game with that same team in the second half, vic

Johannesburg freeways

Johannesburg is dependent upon freeways for transport around the city due to its location 1,500 metres above sea level, far from the coast or any major bodies of water. There are 10 freeways in the Greater Johannesburg Metropolitan Area: the N1, N3, N12, N14, N17, R21, R24, R59, M1 and M2. In addition, three new freeways are planned: the G5, G9 and G14. Freeways are sometimes called motorways colloquially; the N1, N3, N12 form the Johannesburg Ring Road around the city. The N14 connects the West Rand with Pretoria, could form part of a future Johannesburg second outer ring road; the N17 connects the Johannesburg Central Business District and southern parts of the city with Springs on the East Rand and the province of Mpumalanga. The R21 connects the East OR Tambo International Airport with Pretoria; the R24 connects central Johannesburg to the airport. The R59 connects Johannesburg with Vereeniging in the Vaal Triangle; the M1 runs the length of the city north-south, from Soweto to Buccleuch, where it becomes the N1.

The Johannesburg-Pretoria highway is called the Ben Schoeman Highway. The M2 runs the length of the central part of the city east-west, from Germiston to Main Reef Road in Crown, just south-west of the Johannesburg Central Business District; the N1 between Johannesburg and Pretoria is now becoming overloaded. Reports suggest; the road is congested as traffic enters Johannesburg in the mornings and leaves at night, as many people work in Johannesburg but live in Pretoria. As a result, the Gauteng Provincial Government has put in motion plans to alleviate heavy traffic congestion, to worsen. One plan, completed before South Africa hosted the 2010 FIFA World Cup is the Gautrain: a rapid rail system with a north-south line between Johannesburg and Pretoria, an east-west line between OR Tambo International Airport and Sandton; the east-west line opened in June 2010, just before the World Cup. The north-south line opened from Pretoria to Rosebank in August 2011; the Star and Engineering News report that three new freeways have been planned for Johannesburg: The PWV9, linking the northern part of Johannesburg with the western part of Pretoria, aligned along the existing R80 axis known as the Mabopane Freeway.

It will run parallel to the N1 and will intersect with the N14. The PWV5, which will link the R21 with the new PWV9, crossing the N1 at the Olifantsfontein interchange; the PWV14 will provide a new link between the existing M2 and OR Tambo International Airport via Germiston. In addition, there are plans afoot to extend the N17 from its end in Johannesburg central, to Krugersdorp, which will allow motorists to traverse the metropolitan area in under an hour in free-flowing traffic

Eric Piatkowski

Eric Todd Piatkowski is an American former professional basketball player in the National Basketball Association. He played college basketball for the Nebraska Cornhuskers, he is the son of former ABA player Walt Piatkowski. Piatkowski was a student and a standout in basketball. In basketball, as a senior, he led his team to the 1989 South Dakota Class AA State Championship, was an All-State selection, was named the Mr. Basketball for the State of South Dakota. Piatkowski played at the University of Nebraska–Lincoln for coach Danny Nee from 1990 to 1994, he was a member of the All Big Eight Freshman team in 1991 and was honorable mention All Big Eight his freshman and sophomore seasons. Piatkowski was a first team All-Big Eight pick by the Associated Press his junior year and averaged a team high 16.7 points per game. He was named to the All Big Eight team again, he led the Cornhuskers to the Big Eight Conference Tournament Championship game while scoring a collegiate high and NU single game record 42 points against Oklahoma in the semi-finals.

They went on to defeat Oklahoma State in the finals and he secured tournament MVP honors. That helped earn them the sixth seed in the NCAA Tournament; however Piatkowski's team lost to the eleventh seeded Penn Quakers in the opening round. He was recognized as an honorable mention All-American by the Associated Press and finished his collegiate career with 1,934 career points, behind only Dave Hoppen for the most in school history, his jersey at Nebraska was retired in 2006. After completing his eligibility at the University of Nebraska-Lincoln, Piatkowski was drafted by the Indiana Pacers with the 15th pick of the 1994 NBA Draft; the Pacers dealt his draft rights, along with Jerome Richardson and Malik Sealy, to the Los Angeles Clippers for Mark Jackson and the draft rights to Greg Minor. He ended his Clipper career as the franchise leader in games played, 3-point field goals made and 3-point field goal attempts and free throw percentage. After nine seasons with the Clippers he signed as an unrestricted free agent with the Houston Rockets before the 2003-04 season.

Piatkowski became a Bull on September 8, 2004, when Houston sent him, Adrian Griffin and Mike Wilks to Chicago in exchange for Dikembe Mutombo. On July 13, 2006, Piatkowski signed with the Phoenix Suns, agreeing on a two-year, $2.4 million deal. In April 2014 Piatkowski's group was attempting to buy the L. A. Clippers from embattled owner Donald T Sterling, he played for the US in the World Basketball games in 1993. On February 16, 2002, he set a career high of 36 points against the Dallas Mavericks, he set the Clippers individual season record for three-point percentage at.466 which ranked him third in the NBA that season. Nicknamed "Pike" and "The Polish Rifle" for his surname and three-point shooting accuracy; the first third generation pro basketball player, his dad Walt played four seasons, grandad Joe played in the 1950s. Holds three L. A. Clippers alltime records, free throw percentage, three point shooting percentage and most games played for the franchise in L. A. Had his number 52 retired by Nebraska University.

Beginning in the 2008-2009 season, Piatkowski became the color analyst on Fox Sports Midwest for the Nebraska men's basketball team. Career statistics and player information from NBA.com Eric Piatkowski at Basketball-Reference.com ESPN.com Profile - Eric Piatkowski