Servetseza Kadın

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Servetseza Kadın
Servet-seza Başkadınefendi Hazretleri.JPG
Imperial consort of the Ottoman Sultan
Tenure1839 – 25 June 1861
Born(1823-09-01)1 September 1823
Maykop, Yegeruqwai Princedom, Circassia
Died25 September 1878(1878-09-25) (aged 55)
Kabataş Palace, Kabataş, Istanbul, Ottoman Empire
Burial
SpouseAbdulmejid I
IssueAdoptive:
Fatma Sultan
Refia Sultan
Mehmed V
HouseHouse of Temyryko (by birth)
Ottoman (by marriage)
FatherPrince Temyryko Mansur
MotherPrincess Dadeshkeliani
ReligionSunni Islam

Servetseza Kadın (Ottoman Turkish: ثروت سزا قادين‎; 1 September 1823 – 25 September 1878), meaning "Worthy of riches",[1] was the first wife and chief consort of Sultan Abdulmejid I of the Ottoman Empire.

Early life[edit]

Servetseza Kadın was born on 1 September 1823, in Maykop, Yegeruqwai Princedom of Circassia, she was a member of the Circassian princely family of House of Temyryko (Kabardian: Темырыкъо) of princedom of Kabardia of Circassia. Her father was Prince Temyryko Mansur and her mother belonged to the Principality of Dadeshkeliani,[2] she had two elder siblings, a brother Prince Andok Bey (1818 – 1886) and a sister, Princess Fatma Şemsfer Hanım (1821 – 1855),[3] and a younger brother Prince Süleyman Bey (16 March 1825 – 1896).[4]

Before her marriage to Abdulmejid, she served in the household of Sultan Abdul Hamid I's daughter, Esma Sultan.[5]

Marriage[edit]

When Abulmejid ascended the throne, after the death of his father on 2 July 1839, Esma Sultan selected Servetseza as a wife for her nephew, the new Sultan.[5] Servetseza married him in 1839 and, was given the title of "Baş Kadın",[6][2] her marriage to Abdulmejid strengthened the relations between the two dynasties.[2] After her marriage, he made her sister, Fatma Şemsfer Hanım, hazinedar of the Imperial Harem.[3]

According to Bulent Rauf, the harem felt an utmost of jealousy towards Servetseza and had written ditties against her, pointing to her shrewish nature.[7] According to Leyla Achba, she was an intelligent and a well cultured lady,[8] Charles White, who visited Istanbul in 1843, described her an interesting and accomplished woman, but not extraordinary for extra charms.[5]

Servetseza remained childless, after Gülcemal Kadın's death in 1851, Fatma Sultan, Refia Sultan and Şehzade Mehmed Reşad (future Mehmed V) were enrusted in her care.[6]

When Bezmiâlem Sultan died in 1853, Servetseza was placed incharge of Abdulmejid's harem. Upon this occasion, Şevkefza Kadın took courage of Servetseza Kadın's affection for heir Şehzade Mehmed Murad (future Sultan Murad V) and Abdulmejid's wish to see his son as the next Sultan, and rose in opposition to Pertevniyal Sultan and her son Şehzade Abdülaziz (the future Sultan Abdülaziz).[9]

Dürrünev Kadın, first wife of Sultan Abdülaziz, was a lady-in-waiting to her.[10]

Last years and death[edit]

After Abdulmejid's death on 25 June 1861 she moved to Kabataş Palace.[11][6] Servetseza was apparently very fond of Murad, and indiscreetly told many people that Abdul Hamid II had usurped the throne from Murad,[12][13] she died on 25 September 1878, and was buried in the Mausoleum of the imperial ladies at the Yavuz Selim Mosque, Istanbul.[14][15]

It is believed by some that Servetseza Kadın, was murdered. One night in Ramadan she is said to have gone to Abdulhamid and warned him, she ordered him to give the throne back to it to its rightful owner. After pretending to heed her warning, he arranged that she be served with a poisoned drink, she died upon her return to her palace.[12][13]

Title[edit]

Servetseza Kadın had the following title:

  • Servetseza Baş Kadın (1839 – 1878)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Davis 1986, p. 105.
  2. ^ a b c Açba 2007, p. 22.
  3. ^ a b Açba 2007, p. 23.
  4. ^ Açba 2007, p. 24.
  5. ^ a b c White 1846, p. 10.
  6. ^ a b c Uluçay 1992, p. 203.
  7. ^ Rauf 1995, p. 206.
  8. ^ Açba 2004, p. 22.
  9. ^ Sakaoğlu 2007, p. 232.
  10. ^ Açba 2004, p. 122.
  11. ^ Necdet 2007, p. 575.
  12. ^ a b Pars 1985, p. 207.
  13. ^ a b Tuğlacı 1985, p. 207.
  14. ^ Uluçay 1992, p. 203-4.
  15. ^ Necdet 2007, p. 574.

Sources[edit]

  • Harun Açba (2007). Kadın efendiler: 1839-1924. Profil. ISBN 978-9-759-96109-1.
  • Pars Tuğlacı (1985). Osmanlı Saray Kadınları. Cem Yayınevi.
  • Pars Tuğlacı (1985). Türkiyeʼde kadın, Volume 3. Cem Yayınevi.
  • Bulent Rauf (1995). The last sultans. Meral Arim. ISBN 978-0-952-51730-6.
  • Necdet Sakaoğlu (2007). Famous Ottoman women. Avea.
  • Türk Tarih Kurumu (1951). Türk Tarih Kurumu yayınları. Türk Tarih Kurumu Basımevı.
  • Mehmet Süreyya Bey (1969). Osmanlı devletinde kim kimdi, Volume 1. Küğ Yayını.
  • Fanny Davis (1986). The Ottoman Lady: A Social History from 1718 to 1918. Greenwood Publishing Group. ISBN 978-0-313-24811-5.
  • Leyla Açba, Harun Açba (2004). Bir Çerkes prensesinin harem hatıraları. L & M. ISBN 978-9-756-49131-7.
  • M. Çağatay Uluçay (1992). Padişahların Kadınları ve Kızları. Ankara : Türk Tarih Kurumu Basımevı. ISBN 978-9-751-60461-3.
  • Necdet Sakaoğlu (2007). Bu Mülkün Kadın Sultanları. Beyoğlu, İstanbul : Oğlak Yayıncılık ve Reklamcılık. ISBN 978-9-753-29299-3.
  • Charles White (1846). Three years in Constantinople; or, Domestic manners of the Turks in 1844. London, H. Colburn.