Servetseza Kadın

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Servetseza Kadın
ثروت سزا قادين
Servet-seza Başkadınefendi Hazretleri.JPG
Imperial consort of the Ottoman Sultan
Tenure 2 July 1839– 25 June 1861
Born c. 1823 (1823)
Maykop, Russian Empire
Died 25 September 1878(1878-09-25) (aged 54–55)
Kabataş Palace, Kabataş, Istanbul, Ottoman Empire
Burial Yavuz Selim Mosque, Istanbul
Spouse Abdülmecid I
Issue Adoptive:
Fatma Sultan
Refia Sultan
Mehmed V
Full name
Turkish: Servetseza Kadın
English: Sarwatsaza Qadin
Ottoman Turkish: ثروت سزا قادين
Posthumous name
Merhume ve Mağfurun-leha Cennetmekan Firdevs-i aşiyan Devletlü Ismetlü Baş Servetseza Kadın Efendi Hazretleri
House Temruko (by birth)
Father Prince Mansur Temruko
Mother Princess Dadeshkeliani
Religion Islam

Servetseza Kadın (c. 1823 – 25 September 1878; Ottoman Turkish: ثروت سزا قادين‎) was a consort of Sultan Abdülmecid I of the Ottoman Empire.

Early life[edit]

Servetseza Kadın was born in the Temruko dynasty, in Maykop Russia. She belonged to the Kabarday clan of Circassia. Her actual name is unknown. Her father was Prince Mansur Temruko and her mother belonged to the Principality of Dadeshkeliani.[1] She had two brothers, Prince Andok Bey (died 1886) and Prince Süleyman Bey (died 1896), and a sister Princess Fatma Şemsfer Hanım (died 1855).[2]

Marriage[edit]

In 1838 Servetseza left her city of birth and reached Istanbul. She became a Lady-in-waiting to Sultan Abdul Hamid I's daughter, Mahmud's half sister, Princess Esma Sultan. Sultan Mahmud II's eldest son, Abülmecid ascended the throne, after his death on 2 July 1839. Princess Esma Sultan selected Servetseza as a consort for her nephew, the new Sultan, Abdülmecid.[3] Servetseza married him in 1839 and became the Empress consort. She was granted the rank of Chief consort under the title "Baş Servetseza Kadın"[4][1] (باش ثروت سزا قادین; "Servetseza" meaning "Worthy of riches"[5]). Her marriage to Abdülmecid strengthened the relations between the two dynasties.[1] He also made her sister, Fatma Şemsfer Hanım, hazinedar of the Imperial Harem.[6] The Harem had felt the utmost of jealousy towards Servetseza and had written ditties against her, pointing to her shrewish nature.[7] She was an intelligent and a well cultured lady,[8] and was described an interesting and accomplished woman, but not extraordinary for extra charms.[3] The future Empress Dürrünev Kadın, consort of Prince Şehzade Abdülaziz (the future Sultan Abdülaziz), was a Lady-in-waiting to her.[9]

Servetseza remained childless. After Empress Gülcemal Kadın's death in 1851, Princess Fatma Sultan, Princess Refia Sultan and Prince Şehzade Mehmed Reşad (future Mehmed V) were enrusted in her care.[4] When Empress mother Bezmiâlem Sultan died in 1853, Servetseza was placed incharge of Abdülmecid's harem. Upon this occasion, Empress Şevkefza Kadın took courage of Servetseza Kadın's affection for heir Prince Şehzade Mehmed Murad (future Sultan Murad V) and Abdülmecid's wish to see his son as the next Sultan, and rose in opposition to Empress dowager Pertevniyal Sultan and her son Prince Şehzade Abdülaziz.[10]

Last years and death[edit]

After Abdülmecid's death on 25 June 1861 she moved to Kabataş Palace.[11][4] Servetseza was apparently very fond of Murad, and indiscreetly told many people that Abdul Hamid II had usurped the throne from Murad.[12][13]

It is believed by some that Servetseza Kadın, was murdered. One night in Ramadan she is said to have gone to Abdulhamid and warned him. She ordered him to give the throne back to it to its rightful owner. After pretending to heed her warning, he arranged that she be served with a poisoned drink, and died upon her return to her palace.[12][13] She died on 25 September 1878, and was buried in the Mausoleum of the imperial ladies at the Yavuz Selim Mosque, Istanbul.[14][15]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Açba 2007, p. 22.
  2. ^ Açba 2007, p. 23-24.
  3. ^ a b White 1846, p. 10.
  4. ^ a b c Uluçay 1992, p. 203.
  5. ^ Davis 1986, p. 105.
  6. ^ Açba 2007, p. 23.
  7. ^ Rauf 1995, p. 206.
  8. ^ Açba 2004, p. 22.
  9. ^ Açba 2004, p. 122.
  10. ^ Sakaoğlu 2007, p. 232.
  11. ^ Necdet 2007, p. 575.
  12. ^ a b Pars 1985, p. 207.
  13. ^ a b Tuğlacı 1985, p. 207.
  14. ^ Uluçay 1992, p. 203-4.
  15. ^ Necdet 2007, p. 574.

Sources[edit]

  • Harun Açba (2007). Kadın efendiler: 1839-1924. Profil. ISBN 978-9-759-96109-1. 
  • Pars Tuğlacı (1985). Osmanlı Saray Kadınları. Cem Yayınevi. 
  • Pars Tuğlacı (1985). Türkiyeʼde kadın, Volume 3. Cem Yayınevi. 
  • Bulent Rauf (1995). The last sultans. Meral Arim. ISBN 978-0-952-51730-6. 
  • Necdet Sakaoğlu (2007). Famous Ottoman women. Avea. 
  • Türk Tarih Kurumu (1951). Türk Tarih Kurumu yayınları. Türk Tarih Kurumu Basımevı. 
  • Mehmet Süreyya Bey (1969). Osmanlı devletinde kim kimdi, Volume 1. Küğ Yayını. 
  • Fanny Davis (1986). The Ottoman Lady: A Social History from 1718 to 1918. Greenwood Publishing Group. ISBN 978-0-313-24811-5. 
  • Leyla Açba, Harun Açba (2004). Bir Çerkes prensesinin harem hatıraları. L & M. ISBN 978-9-756-49131-7. 
  • M. Çağatay Uluçay (1992). Padişahların Kadınları ve Kızları. Ankara : Türk Tarih Kurumu Basımevı. ISBN 978-9-751-60461-3. 
  • Necdet Sakaoğlu (2007). Bu Mülkün Kadın Sultanları. Beyoğlu, İstanbul : Oğlak Yayıncılık ve Reklamcılık. ISBN 978-9-753-29299-3. 
  • Charles White (1846). Three years in Constantinople; or, Domestic manners of the Turks in 1844. London, H. Colburn.