Sesame Street is an American educational children's television series that combines live action, sketch comedy and puppetry. It was created by Joan Ganz Cooney and Lloyd Morrisett; the program is known for its images communicated through the use of Jim Henson's Muppets, includes short films, with humor and cultural references. The series premiered on November 10, 1969, to positive reviews, some controversy, high viewership. S.'s national public television provider PBS since its debut, with its first run moving to premium channel HBO on January 16, 2016. The format of Sesame Street consists of a combination of commercial television production elements and techniques which have evolved to reflect the changes in American culture and the audience's viewing habits. With the creation of Sesame Street and writers of a children's television show used, for the first time, educational goals and a curriculum to shape its content, it was the first time a show's educational effects were formally studied. The show, has undergone significant changes in its history as adjustments to the format and content have been made to reflect change sources to the curriculum.
Shortly after creating Sesame Street, its producers developed what came to be called the "CTW model", a system of television show planning and evaluation based on collaborations between producers, writers and researchers. The show was funded by government and private foundations but has become somewhat self-supporting due to revenues from licensing arrangements, international sales, other media. By 2006, there were independently produced versions, or "co-productions", of Sesame Street broadcast in twenty countries. In 2001, there were over 120 million viewers of various international versions of Sesame Street, by the show's 40th anniversary in 2009, it was broadcast in more than 140 countries. Sesame Street was by the fifteenth-highest-rated children's television show in the United States. A 1996 survey found that 95% of all American preschoolers had watched the show by the time they were three years old. In 2018, it was estimated; as of 2018, Sesame Street has won 189 Emmy Awards and 11 Grammy Awards, more than any other children's show.
Sesame Street was conceived in 1966 during discussions between television producer Joan Ganz Cooney and Carnegie Foundation vice president Lloyd Morrisett. Their goal was to create a children's television show that would "master the addictive qualities of television and do something good with them", such as helping young children prepare for school. After two years of research, the newly formed Children's Television Workshop received a combined grant of US$8 million from the Carnegie Foundation, the Ford Foundation, the Corporation for Public Broadcasting and the U. S. federal government to create and produce a new children's television show. The program premiered on public television stations on November 10, 1969, it was the first preschool educational television program to base its contents and production values on laboratory and formative research. Initial responses to the show included adulatory reviews, some controversy, high ratings. By its 50th anniversary in 2019, there were over 150 versions of Sesame Street, produced in 70 languages.
As of 2006, 20 international versions had been produced. According to writer Michael Davis, by the mid-1970s Sesame Street the show had become "an American institution"; the cast and crew expanded during this time, with emphasis on the hiring of women crew members and the addition of minorities to the cast. The show's success continued into the 1980s. In 1981, when the federal government withdrew its funding, CTW turned to, expanded, other revenue sources, including its magazine division, book royalties, product licensing, foreign broadcast income. Sesame Street's curriculum has expanded to include more affective topics such as relationships and emotions. Many of the show's storylines were taken from the experiences of its writing staff and crew, most notably, the 1982 death of Will Lee—who played Mr. Hooper—and the marriage of Luis and Maria in 1988. By the end of the 1990s, Sesame Street faced societal and economic challenges, including changes in viewing habits of young children, competition from other shows, the development of cable television, a drop in ratings.
After the turn of the 21st century, Sesame Street made major structural changes. For example, starting in 2002, its format included ongoing storylines. After its thirtieth anniversary in 1999, due to the popularity of the Muppet Elmo the show incorporated a popular segment known as "Elmo's World". In 2009, the show was awarded the Outstanding Achievement Emmy for its 40 years on the air. In late 2015, in response to "sweeping changes in the media business", as part of a five-year programming and development deal, premium television service HBO began airing first-run episodes of Sesame Street. Episodes became available on PBS stations and websites nine months after they aired on HBO; the deal allowed Sesame Workshop to produce more episodes, about 35 new episodes per season, compared to the 18 episodes per season it aired and provided the opportunity to create a spinoff series with the Sesame Street Muppets and a new educational series. As of the show's 50th anniversary in 2019, Sesame Street has produced over 4,500 episodes, 35 TV specials, 200 home videos, 180 albums.
Its YouTube channel has 5 million subscribers. It was announced in October 2019 that first-r
In mathematics, the Bockstein spectral sequence is a spectral sequence relating the homology with mod p coefficients and the homology reduced mod p. It is named after Meyer Bockstein. Let C be a chain complex of torsion-free abelian groups and p a prime number. We have the exact sequence: 0 ⟶ C ⟶ p C ⟶ mod p C ⊗ Z / p ⟶ 0. Taking integral homology H, we get the exact couple of "doubly graded" abelian groups: H ∗ ⟶ i = p H ∗ ⟶ j H ∗ ⟶ k. where the grading goes: H ∗ s, t = H s + t and the same for H ∗, deg i =, deg j =, deg k =. This gives the first page of the spectral sequence: we take E s, t 1 = H s + t with the differential 1 d = j ∘ k; the derived couple of the above exact couple gives the second page and so forth. Explicitly, we have D r = p r − 1 H ∗ that fits into the exact couple: D r ⟶ i = p D r ⟶ r j E r ⟶ k where r j = ∘ p − r + 1 and deg =. Now, taking D n r ⊗ − of 0 ⟶ Z ⟶ p Z ⟶ Z / p ⟶ 0, we get: 0 ⟶ Tor 1 Z ⟶ D n r ⟶ p D n r ⟶ D n r ⊗ Z / p ⟶ 0; this tells the cokernel of D n r ⟶ p D n r.
Expanding the exact couple into a long exact sequence, we get: for any r, 0 ⟶ ⊗ Z / p ⟶ E n, 0 r ⟶ Tor ⟶ 0. When r = 1, this is the same thing as the universal coefficient theorem for homology. Assume the abelian group H
Ženski košarkaški klub Vojvodina is a Serbian women's basketball team from Novi Sad, Serbia. It is part of the multi-sports club Vojvodina; the club plays in First League of Serbia. ŽKK Vojvodina was founded 1948 in Serbia. It is part of the multi-sports club Vojvodina. In the course of its history ŽKK Vojvodina has twice been cup winner. On April 17, 2015, Ana Dabović became club president despite the fact that at the time she was active basketball player. Sports Center Vojvodina is a multi-purpose indoor arena located in Novi Sad, it operates under publicly owned company JP "Sportski i poslovni centar Vojvodina", which in addition to SPENS has "Sajmište Sports Center" under its umbrella. There are two halls one has a capacity of 11,500 seats, second halls of 1,030 seats. Sprawled over 85,000 m2, SPENS consists of main hall,'small' hall, ice-hockey rink, bowling alley, shooting range, 3 training halls, swimming pool, 11 tennis courts, media center, 2 press centers, reception salon, conference hall, double-level garage, 215 retail and business spaces that house banks, furniture stores, tourist agencies, bookstores, pool halls, fitness clubs, etc.
Its construction was completed in less than 2 years, on 14 April 1981, SPENS opened its door for the first time, its inaugural event being the 9th Table Tennis European Championships in Novi Sad. SPENS' most famous residents are volleyball's OK Vojvodina. Spens is hosted basketball's European Cup Winners' Cup Final 1987, group D of Eurobasket 2005, Group C and the Group II of the main round, which consisted of the 2012 European Men's Handball Championship and played Serbia men's national volleyball team in FIVB World League, as well as its friendly warm-up games; the Firma are supporters of the Novi Sad football club Vojvodina. Although the club had numerous supporters throughout the history, more organized groups emerged end of the 1970s and beginning of the 1980s. In 1989, for the first time starts the idea of uniting of all the smaller supporter groups; this idea is realized and the group was named Red Firm. A few days several youngsters established the group Firma as one of the subgroups, because they wanted a Serbian name for their group.
The disintegration of Yugoslavia and its follows led to stagnation in all Yugoslavian supporter groups so that in 1992, the Red Firm fell apart and the Firma took over the leadership of the organized supports. The members of Firma call themselves Firmaši, the plural of the singular form Firmaš, belongs today to the top supporter groups in Serbia, they are more known as ultras, not hooligans. Besides football, they support other sport sections of the Vojvodina Novi Sad Sport Association; the club has a group of their oldest supporters, called the Stara Garda and who are for more than 40 years in the east stand of the stadium. The Firma are in a brotherhood with the organized fan group of Borac Banja Luka from Bosnia and Herzegovina, the Lešinari. National Championships – 2 First League of SFR Yugoslavia: Winners: 1969, 1970 Runners-up: 1972, 1992 First League of FR Yugoslavia / Serbia and Montenegro: Runners-up: 2004, 2005, 2006 First League of Serbia: Runners-up: 2015National Cups – 2 Cup of SFR Yugoslavia: Runners-up: 1972 Cup of FR Yugoslavia / Serbia and Montenegro: Winners: 2001 Runners-up: 1995, 1998, 1999, 2005, 2006 Milan Ciga Vasojević Cup: Winners: 2015 Runners-up: 2007 International titles – 0 Adriatic League: Runners-up: 2006 Stevan Putnik Vojislav Panić Ladislav Demšar Milutin Minja Stevan Mezei Ladislav Demšar László Rátgéber Dragan Vuković Milovan Stepandić Dragomir Bukvić Zoran Višić Radojica Nikitović Zoran Mirković Dušan Kasum Miodrag Selimović Aleksandar Jovanović Milan Dabović KK Vojvodina KK Vojvodina Srbijagas SD Vojvodina Profile on eurobasket.com Profile on srbijasport.net