Shakespeare in Love is a 1998 American romantic period comedy-drama film directed by John Madden, written by Marc Norman and playwright Tom Stoppard, produced by Harvey Weinstein. It stars Joseph Fiennes, Geoffrey Rush, Colin Firth, Ben Affleck and Judi Dench; the film depicts an imaginary love affair involving playwright William Shakespeare and Viola de Lesseps while Shakespeare was writing Romeo and Juliet. Several characters are based on historical figures, many of the characters and plot devices allude to Shakespeare's plays. Shakespeare in Love received positive reviews from critics and was a box office success, grossing $289.3 million worldwide and was the ninth highest-grossing film of 1998. The film received numerous accolades, including seven Oscars at the 71st Academy Awards, including Best Picture, Best Actress, Best Supporting Actress, Best Original Screenplay. In 1593 London, William Shakespeare is a sometime player in the Lord Chamberlain's Men and playwright for Philip Henslowe, owner of The Rose Theatre.
Suffering from writer's block with a new comedy and Ethel, the Pirate's Daughter, Shakespeare attempts to seduce Rosaline, mistress of Richard Burbage, owner of the rival Curtain Theatre, to convince Burbage to buy the play from Henslowe. Shakespeare receives advice from rival playwright Christopher Marlowe, but is despondent to learn Rosaline is sleeping with Master of the Revels Edmund Tilney; the desperate Henslowe, in debt to ruthless moneylender Fennyman, begins auditions anyway. Viola de Lesseps, daughter of a wealthy merchant, who has seen Shakespeare's plays at court, disguises herself as a man named Thomas Kent to audition. "He" gains Shakespeare's interest with a speech from Two Gentlemen of Verona, but runs away when Shakespeare questions her. He pursues Kent to Viola's house and leaves a note with her nurse, asking Kent to begin rehearsals at the Rose. Shakespeare sneaks into a ball at the house, where Viola's parents arrange her betrothal to impoverished aristocrat Lord Wessex. Dancing with Viola, Shakespeare is struck speechless and ejected by Wessex, who threatens to kill him, leading Shakespeare to say that he is Christopher Marlowe.
He finds Viola on her balcony, where they confess their mutual attraction before he is discovered by her nurse and flees. Inspired by Viola, Shakespeare transforms the play into what will become Romeo and Juliet. Rehearsals begin, with "Thomas Kent" as Romeo, the leading tragedian Ned Alleyn as Mercutio, the stagestruck Fennyman in a small role. Shakespeare discovers Viola's true identity, they begin a secret affair. Viola is summoned to court to receive approval for her proposed marriage to Wessex. Shakespeare accompanies her, disguised as her female cousin, persuades Wessex to wager £50 that a play can capture the true nature of love, the amount Shakespeare requires to buy a share in the Chamberlain's Men. Queen Elizabeth I declares. Burbage learns Shakespeare has seduced Rosaline and cheated him out of payment for the play, starts a brawl at the Rose with his company; the Rose players repel Burbage and his men and celebrate at the pub, where a drunken Henslowe lets slip to Viola that Shakespeare is married, albeit separated from his wife.
News arrives that Marlowe has been murdered, a guilt-ridden Shakespeare assumes Wessex had Marlowe killed, believing him to be Viola's lover. Viola believes Shakespeare has been murdered but he appears at her church, terrifying Wessex who believes he is a ghost. Viola confesses her love for Shakespeare, but both recognize she cannot escape her duty to marry Wessex. John Webster, an unpleasant boy who hangs around the theatre, spies on Shakespeare and Viola making love and informs Tilney, who closes the Rose for breaking the ban on women actors. Viola's identity is exposed, leaving them without a stage or lead actor, until Burbage offers his theatre and the heartbroken Shakespeare takes the role of Romeo. Following her wedding, Viola learns the play will be performed that day, runs away to the Curtain, she overhears that the boy playing Juliet cannot perform, his voice having broken, Henslowe asks her to replace him. She plays Juliet to Shakespeare's Romeo to an enthralled audience. Tilney arrives to arrest everyone for indecency due to Viola's presence, but the Queen reveals herself in attendance and restrains him, instead asserting that Kent's resemblance to a woman is “remarkable”.
Powerless to end a lawful marriage, she orders Kent to "fetch" Viola to sail with Wessex to the Colony of Virginia. The Queen tells Wessex, who followed Viola to the theatre, that Romeo and Juliet has won the bet for Shakespeare, has Kent deliver his £50 with instructions to write something "a little more cheerful next time, for Twelfth Night". Viola and Shakespeare say their goodbyes, he vows to immortalise her, as he imagines the beginning of Twelfth Night, in character as a castaway disguised as a man after a voyage to a strange land; the original idea for Shakespeare in Love was suggested to screenwriter Marc Norman in the late 1980s by his son Zachary. Norman wrote a draft screenplay which he presented to director Edward Zwick, which attracted Julia Roberts, who agreed to play Viola. However, Zwick hired the playwright Tom Stoppard to improve it, they gave the role of Viola to Kate Winslet, but she rejected it to pursue independent films. The film went into production in 1991 at Universal, with Zwick as director, but although sets and costumes were in construction, Shakespeare had not yet been cast, because Roberts insisted that only Daniel Day-Lewis could play th
Krzysztof Jakub Putra was a Polish politician, a member of the Law and Justice. He served as a Deputy of the Senate Marshal from October 27, 2005 until November 4, 2007, he became a Sejm member and PiS candidate for Sejm Marshal. Putra was born in Suwałki County, he was a grandson of Aleksander Putra, who served as Sejm Member before World War II from Polish People's Party. A member of Solidarity during Communist rule, he was a worker in Białystok from 1975 to 1994, he was a Sejm Member from Solidarity. He was elected from Centre Agreement and was one of the founder of Law and Justice in 2001, he is known as one of the Party leader, in addition to serve as party leader in his home Podlaskie Voivodeship. As one of the Deputies of the Senate Marshal he was regarded as a de facto leader of the upper house, he was picked by their candidate for Sejm Marshal. However, he lost soundly to Civic Platform's majority nominee Bronisław Komorowski, his candidature was viewed as a political demonstration. However, a day he was elected one of the Vice-Marshals.
He had eight children. He was listed on the flight manifest of the Tupolev Tu-154 of the 36th Special Aviation Regiment carrying the President of Poland Lech Kaczyński which crashed near Smolensk North Airport near Pechersk near Smolensk, Russia, on 10 April 2010, killing all aboard. On 16 April 2010, Putra was posthumously awarded the Commander's Cross with Star of the Order of Polonia Restituta and on April 20, 2010 he was buried at St. Roch's Church in Białystok
Harley Valentine is a contemporary Canadian artist based in Toronto, Ontario. Valentine is best known for his metal-plate biomorphic sculptures that build on the formalism of mid-century American sculptors, such as Alexander Calder, John McCraken, his sculptures have been internationally recognized. And commissioned by the federal government of Canada, he is completing a major sculpture commission The Dream Ballet, for the Sony Centre for the Performing Arts Plaza, in front of Daniel Libeskind’s L Tower residence building in Toronto, Ontario. Important sculpture works include: Persephone Blue Bird The Dove Dream BalletIn 2014, alongside architect David Binder, Valentine unveiled "The 30 Carabob Quartet", the first outdoor sculpture park in Scarborough, Ontario; the four sculptures of the series came from Valentine's first large scale sculpture series The Barbarians. That series was first exhibited at The Campbell House museum in 2013. Aside from sculpture, he sparked his early career with photographic collages of iconic urban topographies, such as Parisian landmarks and American Architecture.
Valentine invites the role of performance and photography in the creation and presentation of his works, as seen in his 2014 short video project, "The Dance of The Dove", featuring a stop motion collage of a Canadian ballerina dancing around Valentine "Dove" sculpture. Valentine employs 3D printing in the creation of his monumental works, he uses the Makerbot z18 to make these 3D printed maquettes, which Valenitne has said he considers as artworks themselves, staging the prototype prints next to full scale works in exhibition. This style of working from model to monument is profiled in the video From Model to Monument, his sculptures and photo-sculptural works focus on the theme of collapse and the rebirth of civilizations, while questioning the constructs of a glorious, unattainable past. In a national newspaper interview profiling Valentine when he was named among Canada’s "Worthy 30", the artist said he takes his inspiration every morning from a Picasso lithograph, his most prized possession.
"It’s my golden chalice. I drink from its creativity every morning." He has said that two seminal ancient sculptures, "The Diskobolus of Myron and Lacoön and His Son, serve as his ongoing "spiritual navigators." Canadian painter, co-Toronto citizen, Charles Pachter inspired and influenced Valentine's work. Gateways is a luxurious, experimental series of digital photo-sculptural work, deconstructing iconic Paris landscapes on large-scale mirrors; the project dealt with the illusions of a Parisian promised land, every artist’s and hopeless romantic’s fairytale of a creative Elysium. By re-arranging and folding in upon themselves iconic Paris landmarks, such as the Champs-Élysées and Pont Neuf, the city and its myth are dissected into its molecular building blocks. Printed on door-sized mirrors using an experimental process, Valentine challenges the viewer to reflect on their own complicity, desires, in creating the Paris myth. In 2013, Valentine completed production of his first major public art installation, The Dream Ballet, to be unveiled at the Claude Cormier-designed Sony Centre Plaza, in front of Daniel Liebeskind’s L-Tower residence.
For Valentine, being awarded this commission was "nothing if not a career-defining project for an artist not yet out of his 20s." The project consists of a triptych designed in homage to the National Ballet of Canada's four-decade residence at the site. For it, Valentine cast in bronze a 100-year-old narwhal tusk. Drawing on a desire to bring attention to the receding arctic ice floes, as well as the controversial decision to re-appropriate a symbol reserved for Aboriginal artists, he insisted he " wanted to emphasize that the tusk is a miracle of creation in its own right, not just the source of a luxurious material for doing other things" Valentine’s Riflessi: Italian Canadian Internment Memorial, was unveiled on Wednesday, June 26, 2013 at the Columbus Centre; the reflective, metal plated monument, standing atop a checkered marble platform, "explores the struggles and successes of the Italian Canadian immigrant story and the Italian Canadian internment history." Funded by the government of Canada, the event was attended by Hon. Julian Fantino, Minister of International Cooperation, former Canadian Senator Hon. Consiglio Di Nino, as well as families of interned Italian-Canadians.
The Canadian minister said Valentine’s work helped "us all recognize the experiences of the Italian-Canadian community and ensure that the stories are not lost. This is the reason why today’s unveiling is such an important contribution in helping to preserve this part of our national narrative." Valentine’s Persephone was the first public sculpture acquired for Humber College's Lakeshore Campus. It features a modern interpretation of the Greek goddess of Spring; the nine-foot tall sculpture is prominently placed in a high traffic area of the college campus, allowing students and faculty to interact with it. "Sometimes the sculpture adopts a tall, quiet presence, while at other times students purposively interact with it through observance and discussion." This outdoor public installation was named as one of the Best Art Shows of 2013 by the Huffington Post. Barbarians is a series of five colorful, abstract metal sculptures installed throughout the grounds of the historic Campbell House Museum in downtown Toronto.
The show created a stark contrast between the Campbell’s 19th-century archit