Cosby is a village in the English county of Leicestershire. Cosby is located in the south west of the county near the larger villages and towns of Whetstone and Wigston, its proximity to the city of Leicester means. The village is administered by Blaby District Council. Cosby has a brook which runs through the village and serves as a tributary to the River Soar, it is not known how the name originated, it is first recorded as "Cossebi" in the Domesday Book in 1086 with 40 families living in the village. Cosby was described as a "considerable village" in 1810 by historian John Nichols. In 1991 it had a population of 3,400 and in 2001 a population of 3,489, increasing to 3,506 at the 2011 census. Cosby's'Scandinavian' place name indicates that the village existed here several hundred years earlier, dating to the time of the Danish invasion in the earlier parts of the 9th century; however it is possible that there may have been an earlier settlement here in Saxon or Roman times given that the Fosse Way bounds the parish to the north.
The parish church is the 14th century St Michael and All Angels'. It has Methodist and Baptist churches. Cosby has Cosby Primary School and independent school Brooke House Day School. Cosby has football and cricket teams which all participate in Leicestershire's sporting leagues; the teams play their home games at Victory Park. Close to the church is the early 17th century house known as Brooks Edge; this is the historic home of the Armston family. One member of this pro-Royalist family escaped after the battle of Naseby and hid out in Whetstone Gorse. Cromwell's soldiers questioned many people as to his whereabouts, including his small son who refused to divulge his father's hiding place. According to the legend this took place in the family home at Brooks Edge and was celebrated in William Fredrick Yeams' famous painting "When Did You Last See Your Father". In 1767, the medieval open fields of the village were enclosed by Act of Parliament, bringing to an end the system of agriculture, practiced in Cosby from before the Norman Conquest in 1066.
The post enclosure revolution in farming resulted in Cosby becoming a more industrial village with framework knitting followed by boot and shoe manufacture dominating the 19th and early 20th centuries. During this period, the population of the village more than doubled from 555 in 1801 to 1,351 in 1901. Council houses were built along Park Road and in Lady Leys during the 1920s and 1930s, while the Settlement was established in 1938 when 48 houses each with a third of an acre to house out of work families from Wales and the North East of England. By 1951 the population had risen to 1,533, five times that of the village in the 17th century. In the 1960s large private housing estates were built making the village one of Leicestershire's increasing number of dormitory settlements; the Great Central Railway, the last main line to be built from the north of England to London, opened on 15 Mar 1899 and ran past the east side of Cosby on an embankment. Although there was never a station at Cosby, this section of the line was well known for the lengthy curve which for northbound trains was to the right, after coming out of which the city of Leicester would be directly ahead and the route would be ruler straight all the rest of the way to the centre of the city, a distance of 5 miles.
Railwaymen referred to this curve as Cosby Corner. The line closed on 5 May 1969; the "Victory Show", a commemoration of World War II, is held at Foxlands Farm on a 100-acre site in September and is the largest event in the country. The show hosts re-enactments of military events. In 2009, Sir Garfield Sobers came to the village at a special evening when he talked about his cricket career; the former West Indies captain returned a few days to join members who had bid to play a round of golf with him. His visits came during a busy spell for Cosby when they hosted the County Championship at the end of June of that year. In September 2011, Cosby's Lucy Garner sprinted to victory in Copenhagen to claim the Junior Women's World Championship, she finished in the Top 3 of the 2011 BBC Young Sports Personality of the Year Award category. In May 2012, Garner added the National Junior Road Race title to her Junior World Title. In the 2014-15 football season, Cosby United won an unprecedented treble by winning the Leicester and District Premier Division title, County Cup and League Cup.
In the 2017-18 rugby season, Cosby won the Leicestershire Merit C league title, losing just one game - a home defeat to Burbage 2nds. They exacted their revenge on Burbage though by winning at their ground, 17-15, in the final league game of the season in a top of the table title decider. In the football, Cosby United won the Leicester and District Premier Division title after beating Glenfield Town 7-1 in their final game of the season. Parish council The Victory Show Cosby United F. C. results 1951-1978 Cosby Rugby Football Club Brooke House Day School Map sources for Cosby, Leicestershire
Lord of the manor
In English and Irish history, the lordship of a manor is a lordship emanating from the feudal system of manorialism. In modern England and Wales, it is recognised as a form of property, one of three elements of a manor that may exist separately or be combined, may be held in moieties: the title. A title similar to such a lordship is known in French as Seigneur du Manoir, Welsh as Breyr, Gutsherr in German, Godsherre in Norwegian and Swedish, Ambachtsheer in Dutch and Signore or Vassallo in Italian. A lord of the manor might be a tenant-in-chief if he held a capital manor directly from the Crown; the origins of the lordship of manors arose in the Anglo-Saxon system of manorialism. Following the Norman conquest, land at the manorial level was recorded in the Domesday Book of 1086; the title cannot nowadays be subdivided. This has been prohibited since 1290 in the Statute of Quia Emptores that prevents tenants from alienating their lands to others by subinfeudation, instead requiring all tenants wishing to alienate their land to do so by substitution.
Lord Denning, in Corpus Christi College Oxford v Gloucestershire County Council QB 360, described the manor thus: In medieval times the manor was the nucleus of English rural life. It was an administrative unit of an extensive area of land; the whole of it was owned by the lord of the manor. He lived in the big house called the manor house. Attached to it were many acres of grassland and woodlands called the park; these were the "demesne lands". Dotted all round were the enclosed homes and land occupied by the “tenants of the manor”; the owner of a lordship of the manor can be described as, Lord/Lady of the Manor of, sometimes shortened to Lord or Lady of. In modern times any person may choose to use a name, not the property of another. Under English common law a person may choose to be known by any name he sees fit as long as it is not done to commit fraud or evade an obligation. A manorial lordship is not a noble title. Lordship in this sense is a synonym for ownership, although this ownership involved a historic legal jurisdiction in the form of the court baron.
The journal Justice of the Peace & Local Government Law advises that the position is unclear as to whether a lordship of a manor is a title of honour or a dignity, as this is yet to be tested by the courts. Technically, lords freemen. John Selden in his esteemed work Titles of Honour writes, "The word Baro hath been so much communicated, that not only all Lords of Manors have been from ancient time, are at this day called sometimes Barons But the Judges of the Exchequer have it from antient time fixed on them."John Martin Robinson, Maltravers Herald Extraordinary and co-author of The Oxford Guide to Heraldry, gave his opinion that "Lordship of this or that manor is no more a title than Landlord of The Dog and Duck". The style'Lord of the Manor of X' or'Lord of X' is, in this sense, more of a description than a title, somewhat similar to the term Laird in Scotland. King's College, Cambridge have given the view that the term'indicated wealth and privilege, it carried rights and responsibilities'.
Since 1965 Lords of the Manor have been entitled to compensation in the event of compulsory purchase. Before the Land Registration Act 2002 it was possible for manors to be registered with HM Land Registry. Manorial incidents, which are the rights that a lord of the manor may exercise over other people's land, lapsed on 12 October 2013 if not registered by with the Land Registry; this is a separate issue to the registration of lordships of manors, since both registered and unregistered lordships will continue to exist after that date. It is only their practical rights that will lose what is called'overriding interest', or in other words the ability to affect land if the interests or rights are not registered against that land, as of 12 October 2013. Manorial incidents can still be recorded for either unregistered manors; this issue does not affect the existence of the title of lord of the manor. There have been cases where manors have been sold and the seller has unknowingly parted with rights to unregistered land in England and Wales.
In England in the Middle Ages, land was held of the English monarch or ruler by a powerful local supporter, who gave protection in return. The people who had sworn homage to the lord were known as vassals. Vassals were nobles who served loyalty in return for being given the use of land. After the Norman conquest of England, all land in England was owned by the monarch who granted the use of it by means of a transaction known as enfeoffment, to earls and others, in return for military service; the person who held feudal land directly from the king was known as a tenant-in-chief. Military servic
Glen Parva is a civil parish in Leicestershire with a population of over 5,000. The population of the civil parish was measured at 6,189 in the 2011 census. To the north it runs into Aylestone, to the east Eyres Monsell and South Wigston. To the south and west it is not surrounded by development, it is a residential area with no main shopping or leisure centres, although it is situated next to Fosse Shopping Park, one of Britain's largest out-of-town shopping parks. There are a few small shops located in Glen Parva itself being located at'Carvers Corner'. Here there is a Newsagent, Off Licence, Post Office, Barbers, Cob Shop and Accountant. In the surrounding area there is a beautician and another off licence as well as a working men's club, for members only; the original settlement was undoubtedly near The Ford by the River Sence, known locally as Glen Ford. Glen Parva is called so to distinguish it from Great Glen. Under the Local Government Act 1894, Glen Parva became a civil parish within the rural District of Blaby.
Glen Parva Barracks, which became an important military installation in the 1960s, were opened in 1881. Carver's Corner is named after the Carver family Stephen James Harold Carver & his eldest son Stephen Graham Carver, who owned the row and ran the Post Office & newsagent until the late 1980s. On the local park there are several facilities including recreational equipment, an astroturf pitch with a football goal and basketball hoop, a library and a extended and modernised memorial hall; the hall can now host wedding receptions and other events with its improved facilities. There is a Scout hut located around the back of the hall, home to the local 62nd Leicester Scout group; the village has two nurseries and Glen Hill Primary School, once split into two campuses: One based at Cork Lane and the other on Featherby Drive, but it was decided that they would be combined on the Featherby site, Cork Lane's was sold off for housing development. The village has HMYOI Glen Parva. Although this falls within the boundaries of Glen Parva in Blaby district it is separated from the main village by the Birmingham to Peterborough Railway Line and can only be accessed from Tigers Road South Wigston in the borough of Oadby and Wigston.
The Knightsbridge Road estate was built as accommodation for the prison officers working at HMYOI Glen Parva. It now has nothing to do with the young offenders' institute and the houses are all owned. There is still a footbridge over the railway which can be accessed via an overgrown footpath behind the houses at the end of Knightsbridge Road; this bridge was used to access the young offenders institute from the estate but it is no longer in use and has a locked security gate halfway across preventing access to the prison's perimeter fence. The Grand Union Canal and the River Sence both pass to the south of the village. To the west is the River Soar; the Great Central Railway used to pass through Glen Parva. The route has now been made into a paved Shared path, being part of the National Cycle Network - route 6 which leads directly into Leicester's city centre, popular for walking and cycling and is used by horse riders. Glen Parva Local Nature Reserve is east of the village. Sue Townsend who wrote the Adrian Mole books grew up in Glen Parva.
It is speculated that many of the locations and characters in her books were based on local places and people. Snooker player Tom Ford was born in Glen Parva. WW1 VC winner Robert Cruickshank lived for many years in Glen Parva until his death. Glen Parva Parish Council
John Nichols (printer)
John Nichols was an English printer and antiquary. He is remembered as an influential editor of the Gentleman's Magazine for nearly 40 years, he was born in London to Edward Nichols and Anne Wilmot. On 22 June 1766 he married daughter of William Cradock. Anne bore him three children: Anne and William Bowyer, his wife Anne died in 1776. Nichols was married a second time to Martha Green who bore him eight children. Nichols was taken for training by "the learned printer", William Bowyer the Younger in early 1757. Nichols was formally apprenticed in February 1759 by Bowyer, whom he succeeded. On the death of his friend and master in 1777 he published a brief memoir, which afterwards grew into the Anecdotes of William Bowyer and his Literary Friends. In 1788, he remained so till his death. In that periodical, in his numerous volumes of Anecdotes and Illustrations, he made numerous contributions to literary biography; as his materials accumulated he compiled a sort of anecdotal literary history of the century, based on a large collection of letters.
The Literary Anecdotes of the Eighteenth Century, into which the original work was expanded, forms only a small part of Nichols's production. Considered one of his most important works, Nichols's monumental History and Antiquities of the County of Leicester, was the most ambitious of the antiquarian county histories, a massive compendium of historical notes and engraved plates printed by subscription after an exhaustive survey of the county, published in eight parts not in chronological order to make up four volumes when complete, from 1795–1815, it was followed by the Illustrations of the Literary History of the Eighteenth Century, consisting of Authentic Memoirs and Original Letters of Eminent Persons, begun in 1817 and completed by his son John Bowyer Nichols in 1858. The Anecdotes and the Illustrations are mines of valuable information on the authors and booksellers of the time. Nichols co-operated with Abraham Farley in the production of the 1783 edition of Domesday Book, which he called in his Literary Anecdotes "the most invaluable as well as most antient Record in this or any other kingdom".
Between Farley's appointment as co-editor of the project in 1770 and the final publication of Domesday Book in two volumes in 1783, Nichols assisted Farley in printing and proof-reading the text, designed the special "record type" typeface, to be used. This was a source of lasting pride to him; the types created by Nichols for the Domesday project were destroyed, alongside much else of value, in a fire at his office in February 1808. A Collection of Royal and Noble Wills Select Collection of Miscellaneous Poems, with subsequent additions, in which he was helped by Joseph Warton and by Bishops Percy and Lowth History and Antiquities of the Town of Hinckley, in the County of Leicester Bibliotheca Topographica Britannica The Progresses and Public Processions of Queen Elizabeth, with Richard GoughNichols was a fellow of the Society of Antiquaries, a trustee of many City of London institutions, in 1804 he was master of the Stationers' Company. John Bowyer Nichols continued his father's various undertakings, wrote, with other works, A Brief Account of the Guildhall of the City of London.
John Gough Nichols, John Bowyer Nichols' eldest son, was a printer and a distinguished antiquary. He edited the Gentleman's Magazine from 1851 to 1856 and The Herald and Genealogist from 1863 to 1874, was one of the founders of the Camden Society, it is understood that William Higton was given the middle name'Nichols' by his father, the Artist John Higton, in honour of their friendship, that Nichols was his godfather. A full "Memoir of John Nichols" by Alexander Chalmers is contained in the Illustrations, a bibliography in the Anecdotes is supplemented in the work. See Robert Cradock Nichols, Memoir of the late John Gough Nichols, F. S. A.. Nichols, John. Literary Anecdotes of the Eighteenth Century. III. London: Nichols and Bentley. P. 261. This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed.. "Nichols, John". Encyclopædia Britannica. Cambridge University Press. Works by John Nichols at Project Gutenberg Nichols Archive ProjectLeicestershire Survey Works by or about John Nichols in libraries Oxford Dictionary of National Biography entry
Domesday Book is a manuscript record of the "Great Survey" of much of England and parts of Wales completed in 1086 by order of King William the Conqueror. The Anglo-Saxon Chronicle states: Then, at the midwinter, was the king in Gloucester with his council.... After this had the king a large meeting, deep consultation with his council, about this land. Sent he his men over all England into each shire, it was written in Medieval Latin, was abbreviated, included some vernacular native terms without Latin equivalents. The survey's main purpose was to determine what taxes had been owed during the reign of King Edward the Confessor, which allowed William to reassert the rights of the Crown and assess where power lay after a wholesale redistribution of land following the Norman conquest; the assessors' reckoning of a man's holdings and their values, as recorded in Domesday Book, was dispositive and without appeal. The name "Domesday Book" came into use in the 12th century; as Richard FitzNeal wrote in the Dialogus de Scaccario: for as the sentence of that strict and terrible last account cannot be evaded by any skilful subterfuge, so when this book is appealed to... its sentence cannot be quashed or set aside with impunity.
That is why we have called the book "the Book of Judgement"... because its decisions, like those of the Last Judgement, are unalterable. The manuscript is held at The National Archives at London. In 2011, the Open Domesday site made the manuscript available online; the book is an invaluable primary source for historical economists. No survey approaching the scope and extent of Domesday Book was attempted again in Britain until the 1873 Return of Owners of Land which presented the first complete, post-Domesday picture of the distribution of landed property in the British Isles. Domesday Book encompasses two independent works; these were "Little Domesday", "Great Domesday" No surveys were made of the City of London, Winchester, or some other towns due to their tax-exempt status. Most of Cumberland and Westmorland are missing. County Durham is missing; the omission of the other counties and towns is not explained, although in particular Cumberland and Westmorland had yet to be conquered. "Little Domesday" – so named because its format is physically smaller than its companion's – is the more detailed survey, down to numbers of livestock.
It may have represented the first attempt, resulting in a decision to avoid such level of detail in "Great Domesday". Both volumes are organised into a series of chapters listing the fees, held by a named tenant-in-chief of the king, namely religious institutions, Norman warrior magnates and a few Saxon thegns who had made peace with the Norman regime; some of the largest such magnates held several hundred fees, in a few cases in more than one county. For example, the chapter of the Domesday Book Devonshire section concerning Baldwin the Sheriff lists 176 holdings held in-chief by him. Only a few of the holdings of the large magnates were held in demesne, most having been subinfeudated to knights military followers of the tenant-in-chief which latter thus became their overlord; the fees listed within the chapter concerning a particular tenant-in-chief were ordered, but not in a systematic or rigorous fashion, by the Hundred Court under the jurisdiction of which they were situated, not by geographic location.
As a review of taxes owed, it was unpopular. Each county's list opened with the king's demesne lands, it should be borne in mind that under the feudal system the king was the only true "owner" of land in England, under his allodial title. He was thus the ultimate overlord and the greatest magnate could do no more than "hold" land from him as a tenant under one of the various contracts of feudal land tenure. Holdings of Bishops followed of the abbeys and religious houses of lay tenants-in-chief and lastly the king's serjeants, Saxon thegns who had survived the Conquest, all in hierarchical order. In some counties, one or more principal towns formed the subject of a separate section: in some the clamores were treated separately; this principle applies more to the larger volume: in the smaller one, the system is more confused, the execution less perfect. Domesday names a total of 13,418 places. Apart from the wholly rural portions, which constitute its bulk, Domesday contains entries of interest concerning most of t
Stoney Stanton is a large village in the Blaby district of Leicestershire, England with a population of over 3,454 in 2001, increasing to 3,793 at the 2011 census. It constitutes a civil parish; the village lies some five miles east of Hinckley, just to the east of the M69. Nearby villages include Croft, Sapcote, it is some ten miles from Leicester. As may be gathered from its name it is set on rocky outcrops of igneous rock, granodiorite, a fact which has had its influence on its history. In the eighteenth century, Parish records show that gravel and stone were being removed from Carey Hill in the centre of the village; that would in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries be quarried for its valuable stone, along with Lanes Hill, Clint Hill, Hall's Court. Carey Hill and Hall's Court quarries were filled in but Clint Hill remains, a relic of the village's industrial heritage, now filled with water and a haven for wild-life; the village is of ancient origin, being mentioned in the Domesday Survey of Leicestershire In Guthlaxton Wapentake….
Robert the Bursar holds in STANTONE 6 caracutes of land. Land for 7 villagers with 3 smallholders have 3 ploughs; the value was and is 20s Prior to the growth of industry, the village was dependent on farming. Several old farmhouses can still be identified in the heart of the village, the staple being sheep-farming, evidenced by records of local occupations and weavers producing the fine long Leicestershire wool used in producing worsted and tammy cloth. At the heart of the village, not far from the crossroads, stands the parish church of St. Michael, first recorded in 1149. More can be read about the church on its website, it is with a typical Leicestershire spire atop its fourteenth-century tower. Only a few fragments of its ancient past remain, it was restored in the nineteenth century, but on the north side, over the present vestry door can be seen a tympanum, removed from a Norman doorway when the present south aisle was added in the 1850s; this dates from 8th century and shows a bishop, the lion of the Gospel and the Holy Spirit, represented by a dove, overcoming the demons of paganism.
This suggests. Against the east Window is the grave of John Bold, an eighteenth-century curate, a man of great sanctity who devoted his ministry to the good of local people. Inside the church, a most remarkable piece of furniture is the ancient parish chest, of great antiquity, constructed by the'dug-out' method in the years following the conquest; the tower has eight bells, remarkable among bellringers for a peal of 12,896 changes of Cambridge Surprise Major, rung in 7 hours, 35 minutes on 28 April 1923. Other churches are the Methodist Church on the Hinckley Road, a small Victorian building, the more opened Living Rock Church on Station Road, a gathered evangelical congregation who meet in a former converted factory building; the local Church School, now known as Manorfield Primary School has been on its present site since the late 1960s, has grown over the years. The present roll approaches 400 pupils; the village's earlier school buildings are still in use for the benefit of the community, the earliest built being the former Junior School on New Road, now used as the Village Community Hall, with the former Infant School on the Hinckley Road now converted for use as the Old School Surgery.
To the west of St. Michael's Church lies the curiously named'Nock Verges'; this straight lane, leading now to the local cemetery is believed to have been the local archery butts, at the time when young men were expected to hone their skills on the long-bow – a weapon so essential to the defence of the nation –'nock' indicating the'notch' on the bow and'verge' being an area of green grass. This is borne out by the'sharpening' stone on the north side of the chancel of the church. Public houses in the village were well-used in the days of the heavy quarrying industry, but the village still supports quite a number, the Blue Bell Inn and the Bull's Head in Long Street, the Star Inn on New Road. Popular is the newer establishment'Nemo's Bar and Restaurant' just outside the village at Stoney Cove; this was known as Lanes Hill Quarry or'Top Pit' to the locals, until it went out of use and filled with water. Clustering around the crossroads at the centre of the village are its oldest cottages, presenting a pleasant village scene.
In Long Street, standing back from the road, opposite the Blue Bell Inn is Stanton House, the eighteenth century Dower House used by the Dixie family of Market Bosworth while next door is Yew Tree House, with a Queen Anne façade concealing an ancient bake-house to the rear. Elsewhere in the village, along Nock Verges, is the Victorian Old Rectory, built by Rev'd John Sankey, who paid for the construction of the church wall and the addition of a south Aisle to the church in the 1850s; the Old Rectory was, for some years, the home of Rt. Hon. Nigel Lawson, former Chancellor of the Exchequer. Much expansion took place during the late nineteenth century, as the village sought to accommodate its workforce, with rows of terraced properties serving that purpose. However, in the early 1960s, modern housing began to be built in quantity, with the first estate roads being built on the old field known as the Fleet, named after the streams running through it; this gave its name to one of the roads constructed at this time, with Jo