The Shinkansen, colloquially known in English as the bullet train, is a network of high-speed railway lines in Japan. It was built to connect distant Japanese regions with Tokyo, the capital, in order to aid economic growth and development. Beyond long-distance travel, some sections around the largest metropolitan areas are used as a commuter rail network, it is operated by five Japan Railways Group companies. Over the Shinkansen's 50-plus year history, carrying over 5.3 billion passengers, there has been not a single passenger fatality or injury due to train accidents. Starting with the Tōkaidō Shinkansen in 1964, the network has expanded to consist of 2,764.6 km of lines with maximum speeds of 240–320 km/h, 283.5 km of Mini-Shinkansen lines with a maximum speed of 130 km/h, 10.3 km of spur lines with Shinkansen services. The network presently links most major cities on the islands of Honshu and Kyushu, Hakodate on northern island of Hokkaido, with an extension to Sapporo under construction and scheduled to commence in March 2031.
The maximum operating speed is 320 km/h. Test runs have reached 443 km/h for conventional rail in 1996, up to a world record 603 km/h for SCMaglev trains in April 2015; the original Tōkaidō Shinkansen, connecting Tokyo and Osaka, three of Japan's largest cities, is one of the world's busiest high-speed rail lines. In the one-year period preceding March 2017, it carried 159 million passengers, since its opening more than five decades ago, it has transported more than 5.6 billion total passengers The service on the line operates much larger trains and at higher frequency than most other high speed lines in the world. At peak times, the line carries up to thirteen trains per hour in each direction with sixteen cars each with a minimum headway of three minutes between trains. Japan's Shinkansen network had the highest annual passenger ridership of any high-speed rail network until 2011, when the Chinese high-speed railway network surpassed it at 370 million passengers annually, reaching over 1.7 billion annual passengers in 2017, though the total cumulative passengers, at over 10 billion, is still larger.
While the Shinkansen network has been expanding, Japan's declining population is expected to cause ridership to decline over time. The recent expansion in tourism has boosted ridership marginally. Shinkansen in Japanese means'new trunk line' or'new main line', but this word is used to describe both the railway lines the trains run on and the trains themselves. In English, the trains are known as the bullet train; the term bullet train originates from 1939, was the initial name given to the Shinkansen project in its earliest planning stages. Furthermore, the name superexpress, used until 1972 for Hikari trains on the Tōkaidō Shinkansen, is used today in English-language announcements and signage. Japan was the first country to build dedicated railway lines for high-speed travel; because of the mountainous terrain, the existing network consisted of 1,067 mm narrow-gauge lines, which took indirect routes and could not be adapted to higher speeds. Japan had a greater need for new high-speed lines than countries where the existing standard gauge or broad gauge rail system had more upgrade potential.
Among the key people credited with the construction of the first Shinkansen are Hideo Shima, the Chief Engineer, Shinji Sogō, the first President of Japanese National Railways who managed to persuade politicians to back the plan. Other significant people responsible for its technical development were Tadanao Miki, Tadashi Matsudaira, Hajime Kawanabe based at the Railway Technical Research Institute, part of JNR, they were responsible for much of the technical development of the first line, the Tōkaidō Shinkansen. All three had worked on aircraft design during World War II; the popular English name bullet train is a literal translation of the Japanese term dangan ressha, a nickname given to the project while it was being discussed in the 1930s. The name stuck because of the original 0 Series Shinkansen's resemblance to a bullet and its high speed; the Shinkansen name was first formally used in 1940 for a proposed standard gauge passenger and freight line between Tokyo and Shimonoseki that would have used steam and electric locomotives with a top speed of 200 km/h.
Over the next three years, the Ministry of Railways drew up more ambitious plans to extend the line to Beijing and Singapore, build connections to the Trans-Siberian Railway and other trunk lines in Asia. These plans were abandoned in 1943 as Japan's position in World War II worsened. However, some construction did commence on the line. Following the end of World War II, high-speed rail was forgotten for several years while traffic of passengers and freight increased on the conventional Tōkaidō Main Line along with the reconstruction of Japanese industry and economy. By the mid-1950s the Tōkaidō Line was operating at full capacity, the Ministry of Railways decided to revisit the Shinkansen project. In 1957, Odakyu Electric Railway introduced its 3000 series SE Romancecar train, setting a world speed record of 145 km/h for a narrow gauge train; this train gave designers the confidence that they could safely build an faster standard gauge train. Thus the first Shinkan
The WWE Hall of Fame is a hall of fame which honors professional wrestlers and professional wrestling personalities maintained by WWE. Known as the "WWF Hall of Fame", it was created in 1993, when André the Giant was posthumously inducted with a video package; the 1994 and 1995 ceremonies were held in conjunction with the annual King of the Ring pay-per-view events and the 1996 ceremony was held with the Survivor Series event. After an eight year hiatus, WWE relaunched the Hall of Fame in 2004 and has held the ceremonies in conjunction with WrestleMania since. Since 2005, portions of the induction ceremonies have aired on television and since 2014 the entire ceremonies have aired on the WWE Network; as of 2019, there have been 204 inductees, with 113 wrestlers inducted individually, 37 Legacy Inductees, 15 group inductions, 10 celebrities and five Warrior Award recipients, whilst 57 members have been inducted posthumously. Four wrestlers have been inducted twice: Ric Flair, Shawn Michaels, Booker T, Bret Hart, with four more to receive a second induction in 2020.
The WWF Hall of Fame was created in 1993. It was first announced on the March 22, 1993 episode of Monday Night Raw where André the Giant, who had died nearly two months prior, was announced as the sole inductee. In the proceeding two years, induction ceremonies were held in conjunction with the annual King of the Ring pay-per-view events; the 1996 ceremony was held with the Survivor Series event, for the first time in front of a paying audience as well as the wrestlers, after which, the Hall of Fame went on hiatus. WWE relaunched the Hall of Fame in 2004 to coincide with WrestleMania XX; this ceremony, like its predecessors, was not broadcast on television. However, it was released on DVD on June 1, 2004. Beginning with the 2005 ceremony, an edited version of the Hall of Fame was broadcast on Spike TV and on the USA Network. Since 2005, the entire Hall of Fame ceremony has been packaged as part of the annual WrestleMania DVD release, from 2014, has been broadcast live on the WWE Network. In 2015, historical WWE Hall of Fame ceremonies became available on the WWE Network.
Although a building has never been built to represent the Hall of Fame, WWE has looked into constructing a facility. In 2008, Shane McMahon, then-Executive Vice President of Global Media of WWE, stated that WWE had been storing wrestling memorabilia in a warehouse for years, with all items categorized and dated in case a facility is created; the "celebrity wing" of the Hall of Fame is dedicated to celebrities that have made memorable appearances on WWE programming, and/or have had longtime associations with WWE. In 2015, WWE introduced the Warrior Award for those who have "exhibited unwavering strength and perseverance, who lives life with the courage and compassion that embodies the indomitable spirit of the Ultimate Warrior."While WWE promotes Warrior Award recipients as Hall of Fame inductees, they are not included in the Hall of Fame section at WWE.com. and an image gallery which shows "every WWE Hall of Famer ever" does not contain any recipient. The award was created following The Ultimate Warrior's death.
During his April 2014 Hall of Fame speech shortly before his death, he proposed that there be a special category called the "Jimmy Miranda Award" for WWE's behind-the-scenes employees. Miranda, who died in 2002, was part of the WWE merchandise department for more than 20 years Former WWE ring announcer Justin Roberts expressed disappointment at how WWE used portions of Warrior's Hall of Fame speech to promote the award, but left out Warrior's intentions of honoring WWE's off-screen employees WWE responded, "It is offensive to suggest that WWE and its executives had anything but altruistic intentions in honoring Connor and his legacy with The Warrior Award", adding that "moving forward the award will be given annually to acknowledge other unsung heroes among WWE's employees and fans". 2019's recipient, Sue Aitchison, is the only WWE employee to receive the award thus far. Traditionally, Dana Warrior presents the award. In 2016, WWE introduced. Inductees in this category are from several eras of wrestling history, going back to the early 20th century.
All but two inductees, Hisashi Shinma and MSG Network creator Joseph Cohen, have been inducted posthumously. Legacy inductees are recognized with a video package at the ceremonies; the Legacy wing has some criticism around it regarding the abbreviated way of the inductions. Professional wrestling journalist Dave Meltzer said "this is the category they use to honor people who, for whatever reason, they don't feel are marketable names to the modern audience to put in their actual Hall of Fame". In contrast, long time pro wrestling promoter and manager Jim Cornette critiziced the fact that recognizable names like Jim Londos or El Santo were part of a video package. Bruiser Brody's widow stated that she did not know her husband was going to be inducted into the 2019 class until the day of the event and that she was not invited to the ceremony. WWF Hall of Fame was the inaugural class of the WWE Hall of Fame. During the March 22, 1993 episode of Monday Night Raw a video package announcing André the Giant's induction was shown.
No ceremony took place, André was inducted posthumously. In March 2015 a condensed version of the 1994 ceremony was added to the WWE Network. Due to no original ceremony, the 1993 introduction of André was discussed by Gene Okerlund and Renee Young as part of the 1994 commentary. WWF Hall of Fame (199
Cherry Valley is a community in the single-tier municipality of Prince Edward County, Canada. It is located at 43°56.16′N 77°9.23′W. Located on Lake Ontario within Quinte on the shores of Lake Ontario, the Salmon Point Lighthouse was erected in Cherry Valley in 1871, when the area was nicknamed Wicked point by sailors; the lighthouse remained working for about sixty years. Its function was replaced by the Point Petre Lighthouse built in 1833; the economy of Cherry Valley is driven by tourism, in addition to agriculture. There are many beef and dairy farms surrounding the hamlet, several wineries were opened in the first years of the 21st century. Ship building was a significant industry in the 19th century as well as service and support industries for local farms. Rumours circulate in Cherry Valley about treasure buried in the local Outlet Sand Bar by French soldiers fleeing from English soldiers during the Seven Years' War. Cherry Valley at Prince Edward County Website
Llewellyn Starks is a retired male long jumper who competed for the United States in the 1980s and early-1990s. He was a silver medalist at the Pan American Games in 1991, a bronze medalist at the US National Championships in 1989 and 1990, he set his personal best of 8.50 metres on July 7, 1991 at a meet in Germany. Starks' career came to a shocking end when he suffered a compound fracture to his right leg during a jump at the 1992 New York Games. Starks won the long jump event at the 1990 NCAA Outdoor Track and Field Championship, setting a school record of 8.24 m for the Louisiana State University Tigers. Starks is a 1985 graduate of Jonesboro-Hodge High School in Louisiana, he was a member of the Louisiana State University track and field team. Starks was coached by Dan Pfaff, who coached Donovan Bailey and Obadele Thompson among others. Profile Llewellyn Starks at World Athletics Image of fracture in 1992
Lagny-sur-Marne is a commune in the eastern suburbs of Paris, France. It is located in the Seine-et-Marne department in the Île-de-France 26.1 km from the centre of Paris. The commune of Lagny-sur-Marne is part of the Val de Bussy sector, one of the four sectors in the "new town" of Marne-la-Vallée. From 644, Lagny-sur-Marne was the site of Lagny Abbey, a monastery founded that year, after its destruction by the Normans refounded about 990; the monastery was seized by the state at the French Revolution and its buildings are used since 1842 as the offices of the municipality. During the Middle Ages Lagny-sur-Marne was one of the most popular places for tourneys in Northern France. In November 1179 a notable tournament was held by Louis VII of France in honour of the coronation of his son. In 1170, the young knight Baldwin of Bethune and his lifelong friend, William Marshal were at the court of Henry the Young King. In 1180 at the great international tournament of Lagny, Baldwin was a knight banneret, leading the Flemish team while William headed the English team.
In 1846, Lagny-sur-Marne annexed the commune of Saint-Denis-du-Port. Inhabitants are called Laniaques; when Titus Interactive was active, its head office was in Lagny-sur-Marne. Lagny-sur-Marne is served by the Lagny – Thorigny station, on the Transilien Paris – Est suburban rail line; the station, although administratively located in neighbouring commune of Thorigny-sur-Marne, is across the Marne River from the centre of Lagny-sur-Marne. The commune has nine elementary schools. There are two junior high schools, Collège Les 4 Arpents and Collège Marcel Rivière, as well as one senior high school/sixth-form college, Lycée Van Dongen. Lagny-sur-Marne is twinned with Sainte-Agathe-des-Monts, Quebec in Canada since 1969, with Alnwick, Northumberland in England. Christopher Jullien, footballer Paul Pogba – footballer Christopher Nkunku - footballer Benjamin Boukpeti – Togolese canoeist who won a bronze medal in the 2008 Summer Olympics, Togo's first Olympic medal. Valéry Aubertin, the organist and composer, was born in Lagny-sur-Marne It is possible that the Irish family de Lany came from Lagny-sur-Marne.
Edouard Cortes, Post-Impressionist painter Communes of the Seine-et-Marne department INSEE Official site 1999 Land Use, from IAURIF French Ministry of Culture list for Lagny-sur-Marne Map of Lagny-sur-Marne on Michelin
Kinn is a municipality in Vestland county, Norway. It was established on 1 January 2020, it is located in the traditional districts of Sunnfjord. The municipality is the only non-contiguous municipality in Norway since the municipality of Bremanger lies in between the north and south parts of Kinn; the administrative centre of the municipality is the town of Florø. The other town in the municipality is the town of Måløy; some villages in the municipality include Rognaldsvåg, Grov, Nyttingnes, Brandsøy, Holvika, Langeneset, Refvika, Tennebø, Vågsvåg. There was another municipality of Kinn in Norway that existed from 1838 until 1964; the "old" Kinn corresponded to the southern part of the "new" municipality of Kinn. The municipality was established on 1 January 2020 when the old Flora Municipality was merged with most of Vågsøy Municipality; the municipality was named after the old municipality of Kinn which existed from 1838-1964. That municipality was named after the old Kinn farm on the island of Kinn since Kinn Church was located there.
The name is identical with the word for "cheek", referring to the steep slope of a mountain on the island. The island's name was spelled Kind. Kinn adopted a new coat of arms, designed and approved in the fall of 2019; the blue and white arms are an abstract design of the bow of a boat, an important symbol for the fishing community. The design is abstract and so it can be seen as a rock, waves, or the head of a spear; the Church of Norway has many churches in the municipality of Kinn, part of the Diocese of Bjørgvin. There are one parish in the Nordfjord prosti. All municipalities in Norway, including Kinn, are responsible for primary education, outpatient health services, senior citizen services and other social services, economic development, municipal roads; the municipality is governed by a municipal council of elected representatives, which in turn elects a mayor. The municipality falls under the Gulating Court of Appeal; the municipal council of Kinn is made up of 39 representatives. The party breakdown is as follows: The northern portion of Kinn Municipality includes the island of Vågsøy and a small portion of the mainland east of the island on northern and outer shore of the Nordfjorden.
Other populated islands in this part of the municipality include Silda, Moldøen, Husevågøy. The lake Degnepollvatnet is located between the villages of Degnepoll and Tennebø; the southern portion of Kinn Municipality is located on the coast at the entrances to the Norddalsfjorden and Førdefjorden. It includes many islands, including Reksta, Svanøya, Fanøya, Kinn; the municipality includes the large lakes of Endestadvatnet, Lykkjebøvatnet, Vassetevatnet. The Norddalsfjorden is crossed by the Norddalsfjord Bridge