Mount Surprise, Queensland
Mount Surprise is a town and locality in the Shire of Etheridge, Australia. In the 2011 census, Mount Surprise had a population of 306 people; the town is located in the Gulf Savannah in Far North Queensland on the Gulf Developmental Road, 1,722 kilometres north west of the state capital, Brisbane and 285 kilometres west of the regional centre of Cairns. The town was founded by Ezra Firth, from the English county of Yorkshire, who along with his family settled in the area in 1864; the property struggled at first. The discovery of gold in the 1880s and the subsequent gold rush allowed Firth to sell his sheep to the miners, convert his holding to cattle and become wealthy selling goods to the miners. In 1908, the railway reached Mount Surprise. Mount Surprise Post Office opened by July 1908. At the 2006 census, Mount Surprise and the surrounding area had a population of 162. Mount Surprise has a number of heritage-listed sites, including: Gulf Developmental Road: Radar Hill Via Mount Surprise: Quartz Hill Coach Change Station Etheridge railway line: Mount Surprise railway station The town today is little more than a pub, one cafe and two petrol stations with a small store, a gem-shop, a police station and two trailer parks or caravan parks.
One park has a block of modern motel units. At the Mount Surprise Tourist Park, a large bird aviary is open to the public. Mount Surprise has a passenger rail service, The Savannahlander, with a weekly service from the city of Cairns to Einasleigh and Forsayth to the west and return to Cairns in the east; the town is near Forty Mile Scrub National Park. Other activities in the area include gem fossicking. Town map of Mount Surprise, 1976
Shire of Richmond
The Shire of Richmond is a local government area in north western Queensland, Australia. It covers an area of 26,602.3 square kilometres, has existed as a local government entity since 1916. The Shire of Wyangarie, named for a prominent grazing homestead in the area, was created on 1 January 1916 out of part of the Shire of Flinders under the Local Authorities Act 1902. On 24 July 1930, it lost part of its area to Shire of McKinlay. On 31 July 1954, it was renamed Richmond; the Shire of Richmond includes the following settlements: Richmond Albion Burleigh Cambridge Maxwelton Nonda Saxby Woolgar The Richmond Shire Council operate a public library in Richmond. 1927 - Campbell Robert Murray 2016 - John Wharton 2012 - John Wharton 2008 - John Wharton
The Tablelands Region is a local government area in Far North Queensland, Australia inland from the city of Cairns. Established in 2008, it was preceded by four previous local government areas which dated back more than a century. On 1 January 2014, one of those local government areas, the Shire of Mareeba, was re-established independent of the Tablelands Region, it has an estimated operating budget of A$62.2 million. Prior to the 2008 amalgamation, the Tablelands Region consisted the entire area of four previous local government areas: the Shire of Atherton. On 11 November 1879, when the Divisional Boards Act 1879 came into effect proclaiming 74 divisions around Queensland, the nature and distribution of the population in the Tablelands region was vastly different from today. Most of the area was divided between the Woothakata divisions. On 3 September 1881, Tinaroo Division was proclaimed from part of Hinchinbrook, making the mining towns of Tinaroo and Thornborough the administrative centres of the region.
A number of changes occurred from that point: 15 September 1888 – Formation of the Borough of Herberton to manage the town of Herberton 14 May 1889 – Walsh Division separated from Woothakata 20 December 1890 – Barron Division separated from Tinaroo 11 May 1895 – Herberton Division separated from Tinaroo. 16 December 1908 – Shire of Chillagoe formed from part of Woothakata 18 November 1910 – Shire of Eacham formed from part of Tinaroo 20 December 1919 – Shire of Barron abolished and divided between Mulgrave and Woothakata 1933 – Shires of Walsh and Chillagoe amalgamated into Woothakata 1935 – Shire of Tinaroo renamed Shire of Atherton 20 December 1947 – Shire of Woothakata renamed Shire of MareebaIn July 2007, the Local Government Reform Commission released its report and recommended that the four areas amalgamate. Amongst its reasons given for this recommendation were that a community of interest revolved around the towns of Mareeba and Atherton, with residents travelling to Cairns for services not offered in the region.
The opportunity for tourism and leisure promotion under a single banner, the close proximity of most major towns, the lack of natural barriers and similar economic interests including beef, dairy and sugar production. All councils opposed the amalgamation, although Atherton and Eacham were willing to consider shared service delivery. On 15 March 2008, the Shires formally ceased to exist, elections were held on the same day to elect councillors and a to the Regional Council. In 2012, a proposal was made to de-amalgamate the Shire of Mareeba from the Tablelands Region. On 9 March 2013, the citizens of the former Mareeba shire voted in a referendum to de-amalgamate; the Shire of Mareeba was re-established on 1 January 2014. Tablelands Regional Council consists of: Joe Paronella Division 1 Councillor: Kate Eden Division 2 Councillor: Annette Haydon Division 3 Councillor: Anthony Ball Division 4 Councillor: Samantha Banks Division 5 Councillor: Katrina Spies Division 6 Councillor: Bronwyn Voyce 2008: Tom Gilmore2012: Rosa Lee Long2016: Joe Paronella The Tablelands Region includes the following settlements: 1 - shared with Cassowary Coast Region2 - shared with Cairns Region and Cassowary Coast Region The populations given relate to the component entities prior to 2008.
The Tablelands Regional Council operate public libraries in Atherton, Malanda, Millaa Millaa, Mount Garnet and Yungaburra
Shire of Flinders (Queensland)
The Shire of Flinders is a local government area in north-western Queensland, Australia. It covers an area of 41,538.5 square kilometres, has existed as a local government entity since 1882. The Shire, named for the Flinders River, is predominantly a grazing area with cattle in the north of the shire and mixed grazing to the south in the black soil area; the Hughenden Division was established on 20 July 1882 under the Divisional Boards Act 1879. On 20 April 1887, the Borough of Hughenden was constituted separately as a municipality for the emerging town of Hughenden. On 31 March 1903, the Hughenden Division became the Shire of Hughenden and the Borough of Hughenden became the Town of Hughenden under the Local Authorities Act 1902. On 5 September of the same year, the Shire of Hughenden was renamed Shire of Flinders; the western part of the Shire was separately incorporated as the Shire of Wyangarie on 23 October 1915. On 1 January 1930, part of the Shire of Flinders was annexed to the Shire of Dalrymple.
In 1958, the Town of Hughenden amalgamated with the Shire of Flinders. The Shire of Flinders includes the following settlements: Hughenden Dutton River Marathon Porcupine Prairie Stamford Tangorin Torrens Creek The Flinders Shire Council operate the Flinders Shire Library at 39 Gray Street, Hughenden. ‡ – includes then-separate Town. 1897: D. Simson 1927: E. M. Geary 2008: Brendan McNamara 2012: Greg Jones 2016: Jane McNamara University of Queensland: Queensland Places: Flinders Shire Flinders Shire historical photo project
Cumberland is a ghost town in the Shire of Etheridge in Queensland, located 20 kilometres west of Georgetown, Queensland on the Gulf Developmental Road. Cumberland was born when gold was discovered there in 1872 and the first prospecting claim was registered in that same year. By 1878, it was one of the major producers of gold in the Etheridge goldfield; the Cumberland Company dammed nearby Cumberland Creek to create a permanent water supply for the township. High levels of gold production continued through the 1880s peaking in 1886, the town grew to a population of about 400 people. In 1885 a police station and telegraph station were established. Cumberland Post Office opened on 3 April 1885 and closed in 1929. Both the Queensland Government Savings Bank and the Bank of New South Wales opened branch offices in 1887; the township was declared in 1889. The school opened in 1891. In 1894 there were four hotels. In 1891 a tramway 800 metres long was built to transport the ore from the mine to the battery.
To ensure a steady gradient for the heavy ore trucks, the tramway required cutting and bridges, which made it expensive to build. By the 1890s, the obtained gold had been removed and a cyanide treatment plant was built to extract gold from the tailings; the mine and tramway closed in 1897 and the population decreased from that time. In 1899 the telegraph station closed and only one hotel remained. In 1901 only 106 people remained in the town. In 1901, Cumberland made the headline for the "Cumberland Poisoning Case". On 20 November 1901, two men, John "Scotty" Wilson and Edward Hollywood, were drinking at the hotel and entered one of the bedrooms where they found a beer bottle and drank from it, it contained muriatic acid. Both men were taken to Georgetown Hospital, where Hollywood died on 22 November and Wilson on 24 November; the police found. The school closed in 1915, while the post office and the last remaining hotel closed in 1930. John Williamson was one of the last remaining residents, continuing cyanide extraction into the 1940s.
Only the square brick chimney from the Cumberland Battery remains as a memory of this town. Today there is a rest area. A popular activity is bird-watching on the lagoon created by the dam
Electorates of the Australian states and territories
A State Electoral District is an electorate within the Lower House or Legislative Assembly of Australian states and territories. Most state electoral districts send a single member to a state or territory's parliament using the preferential method of voting; the area of a state electoral district is dependent upon the Electoral Acts in the various states and vary in area between them. At present, there are 409 state electoral districts in Australia. State electoral districts do not apply to the Upper House, or Legislative Council, in those states that have one. In New South Wales and South Australia, MLCs represent the entire state, in Tasmania they represent single-member districts, in Victoria and Western Australia they represent a region formed by grouping electoral districts together. There are five electorates for the Legislative Assembly, each with five members each, making up 25 members in total. There are 93 electoral districts in New South Wales. There are 25 single-member electoral divisions in the Northern Territory, 17 former divisions.
There are 93 electoral districts in Queensland, for the Legislative Assembly of Queensland. Information about the QLD electoral districts for the 2006 elections can be obtained from the Electoral Commission of Queensland website. There are 47 single-member electoral districts in South Australia, for the South Australian House of Assembly. There are 15 electoral divisions in Tasmania for the upper house Legislative Council. In the lower house the five federal divisions are used, but electing 5 members each There are 88 electoral districts in Victoria, for the Victorian Legislative Assembly. There are 59 single-member electoral districts in Western Australia for the Western Australian Legislative Assembly. 42 are in the Perth metropolitan area and 17 are in the rest of the state. Divisions of the Australian House of Representatives Local government in Australia Parliaments of the Australian states and territories
Shire of Carpentaria
The Shire of Carpentaria is a local government area in Far North Queensland, Australia on the Gulf of Carpentaria, for which it is named. The Shire of Carpentaria covers an area of 64,372.7 square kilometres, has existed as a local government entity since 1883. Its two main population centres are the towns of Karumba, a fishing port, Normanton, the administrative centre, both of which are located on the Norman River; the Doonmunya Division was created on 11 November 1879 as one of 74 divisions around Queensland under the Divisional Boards Act 1879 with a population of 396. However, the divisional board appeared to be inactive because the division was so large and was sparsely settled. Nonetheless some of the citizens were unhappy about this. On 11 January 1883, the Doonmunya Division was abolished and a new Carpentaria Division was created to replace it. Given the size of the Carpentaria Division, the distance to its headquarters in Normanton was an issue for residents in the Cloncurry area, leading to a desire to create their own local division.
On 7 February 1884, part of Carpentaria Division was separated to create the new Cloncurry Division. However, once the Carpentaria Divisional Board became operational, the residents of the Burketown area became concerned that their rates were to be spent on the Normanton area rather than their own and began to agitate for their own division west of the Leichhardt River. On 30 January 1885, the Burke Division was created from lands within the Carpentaria Division with some adjustments to the Cloncurry Division. With the passage of the Local Authorities Act 1902, Carpentaria Division became the Shire of Carpentaria on 31 March 1903. Prior to 2005, two Aboriginal communities administered under Deed of Grant in Trust by community councils since the mid-1980s, were part of the Shire's area, but they were formally excised and given a new status as Aboriginal Shires; the Shire of Carpentaria includes the following settlements: Normanton Karumba Carpentaria Fielding Howitt Maramie Savannah Stokes Yagoonya 1927: J. K.
Casey March 2009–March 2016: Fred Pascoe March 2016–: Lyall Bawden Prior to 1971, Aboriginal people who form a majority of the population were not counted in census statistics. Until 1 July 2002, the Australian Bureau of Statistics included the Island and DOGIT councils within the Shire of Cook statistical local area. Information for the reduced Shire back to 1996 has been provided on the ABS website through the Time Series Profile; the Carpentaria Shire Council operates libraries in Karumba. "Carpentaria Shire". Queensland Places. Centre for the Government of Queensland, University of Queensland