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Shirley MacLaine

Shirley MacLaine is an American film and theater actress, dancer and author. An Oscar winner, MacLaine received the 40th AFI Life Achievement Award from the American Film Institute in 2012, received the Kennedy Center Honors for her lifetime contributions to American culture through the performing arts in 2013, she is known for her New Age beliefs, has an interest in spirituality and reincarnation. She has written a series of autobiographical works that describe these beliefs, document her world travels, describe her Hollywood career, her first film was Alfred Hitchcock's The Trouble With Harry in 1955. A six-time Academy Award nominee, MacLaine received a nomination for Best Documentary Feature for The Other Half of the Sky: A China Memoir, Best Actress nominations for Some Came Running, The Apartment, Irma la Douce, The Turning Point, before winning Best Actress for Terms of Endearment, she twice won the BAFTA Award for Best Foreign Actress, for Ask Any Girl, The Apartment. She has won five competitive Golden Globe Awards, received the Golden Globe Cecil B.

DeMille Award at the 1998 ceremony. Named after actress Shirley Temple, Shirley MacLean Beaty was born on April 24, 1934, in Richmond, Virginia, her father, Ira Owens Beaty, was a professor of psychology, public school administrator, real estate agent, her mother, Kathlyn Corinne, was a drama teacher from Wolfville, Nova Scotia, Canada. MacLaine's younger brother is the actor and director Warren Beatty, their parents raised them as Baptists. Her uncle was a Communist member of the Ontario legislature in the 1940s. While MacLaine was still a child, Ira Beaty moved his family from Richmond to Norfolk, to Arlington and Waverly back to Arlington taking a position at Arlington's Thomas Jefferson Junior High School in 1945. MacLaine played baseball on an all-boys team, holding the record for most home runs, which earned her the nickname "Powerhouse". During the 1950s, the family resided in the Dominion Hills section of Arlington; as a toddler, she had weak ankles and would fall over with the slightest misstep, so her mother decided to enroll her in ballet class at the Washington School of Ballet at the age of three.

This was the beginning of her interest in performing. Motivated by ballet, she never missed a class. In classical romantic pieces like Romeo and Juliet and The Sleeping Beauty, she always played the boys' roles due to being the tallest in the group and the absence of males in the class, she had a substantial female role as the fairy godmother in Cinderella. She decided against making a career of professional ballet because she had grown too tall and was unable to acquire perfect technique, she explained that she didn't have the ideal body type, lacking the requisite "beautifully constructed feet" of high arches, high insteps and a flexible ankle. Realizing ballet's propensity to be too all-consuming, limiting, she moved on to other forms of dancing and musical theater, she attended Washington-Lee High School, where she was on the cheerleading squad and acted in school theatrical productions. The summer before her senior year of high school, MacLaine went to New York City to try acting on Broadway, having minor success in the chorus of Oklahoma!

After she graduated, she returned and was in the dancing ensemble of the Broadway production of Me and Juliet. Afterwards she became an understudy to actress Carol Haney in The Pajama Game. A few months with Haney still injured, film producer Hal B. Wallis saw MacLaine's performance, signed her to work for Paramount Pictures. MacLaine made her film debut in Alfred Hitchcock's The Trouble with Harry, for which she won the Golden Globe Award for New Star of the Year – Actress; this was followed by her role in the Martin and Lewis film Artists and Models. Soon afterwards, she had a role in Around the World in 80 Days; this was followed by a leading role in Some Came Running. Her second Oscar nomination came two years for The Apartment, starring with Jack Lemmon; the film won five Oscars, including Best Director for Billy Wilder. She said, "I thought I would win for The Apartment, but Elizabeth Taylor had a tracheotomy." She starred in The Children's Hour starring Audrey Hepburn and James Garner, based on the play by Lillian Hellman, directed by William Wyler.

She was again nominated, this time for Irma la Douce, which reunited her with Lemmon. Don Siegel, her director on Two Mules for Sister Sara, said of her: "It's hard to feel any great warmth to her. She's too unfeminine, has too much balls. She's very hard." At the peak of her success, she replaced Marilyn Monroe in Irma la Douce and What a Way to Go!. Other films from this period include Gambit, with Michael Caine, the film version of the musical Sweet Charity, based on the script for Fellini's Nights of Cabiri

Mykhailo Petrenko

Mykhailo Petrenko – Ukrainian romantic poet. Born in the town Slovjansk in a family of petty official, Petrenko studied at the juridical faculty of Kharkov University during 1837–1841, he served in the judicial institutions: in Kharkov, Lebedyn, rising to collegiate assessor. Petrenko's first poetry published in the anthology "Snip". Among them was poetry "I looked at the sky and thought a think", which became a folk song – the highest award for Ukrainian poet. January 20, 1845 dated dramatic Duma "Najda", first published in 2013. In 1848 A. L. Metlynsky published in the "South Russian collection" selection of Petrenko's poems titled "Thoughts and singing". Asteroid 274843 Mykhailopetrenko, discovered by astronomers at the Andrushivka Astronomical Observatory in 2009, was named in his honor; the official naming citation was published by the Minor Planet Center on 8 October 2014. Lifetime portraits Petrenko is not found. Site dedicated to Mikhail Nikolayevich Petrenko Mikhail Petrenko: Life and Works / Compilation.

A. Petrenko, O. Redchuk. "Phoenix". – Kyiv: 2013 Поет-романтик Михайло Миколайович Петренко / Упор. О. Є. Петренко. — К.: "ПП "НВЦ «ПРОФІ». 2015. — 585 с

Squadron Supreme

The Squadron Supreme is a fictional superhero team appearing in American comic books published by Marvel Comics, of which there are several notable alternate versions. The original team was created by Roy Thomas and John Buscema, derived from the created supervillain team Squadron Sinister; the core members of the Squadron Supreme are Hyperion, Doctor Spectrum, Power Princess, the Whizzer. The team has several minor members. Members of the team are based on characters published by rival DC Comics, the team is a stand-in for the Justice League. A number of characters that were not based on DC heroes were added to the roster; the Squadron Supreme has its roots in the Squadron Sinister, which first appeared in Avengers #70 as a pastiche of the Justice League. Roy Thomas introduced a heroic version of the Squadron Sinister named the Squadron Supreme, which first appeared in Avengers #85–86, and, co-created with John Buscema; the team had guest appearances on several more occasions, in 1985 was featured in a self-titled twelve-issue limited series by Mark Gruenwald.

In 2003, a reimagined Squadron Supreme appeared in an ongoing series entitled Supreme Power, published under the mature-audience MAX imprint. This version was created by artist Gary Frank, yet another Squadron Supreme was introduced in 2015, written by James Robinson and drawn by Leonard Kirk. Unlike the previous teams, which had appeared in alternate realities, this team was based in Marvel's main "Earth-616" reality, although the team members were from a variety of alternate universes, destroyed in the aftermath of the 2015 Secret Wars event; the Squadron Supreme are first encountered by four members of the Avengers — the Vision, the Scarlet Witch and Goliath — who have arrived in the Earth-712 universe by mistake. The Avengers are confused, since several members of the Squadron Supreme have identical names and powers to the Squadron Sinister, a group of encountered villains. After a brief battle, the Avengers assist the Squadron Supreme against the global threat posed by the mutant Brain-Child, before returning to their own universe.

The Squadron Supreme have another series of skirmishes with the Avengers engineered by the group the Serpent Cartel, but they join forces and prevent the use of the Serpent Crown. The team features in the title Thor, when the evil version of Hyperion attacks the Earth-712 version and the Earth-616 Thor; the Squadron appear in the title Defenders as mind-controlled pawns of the entities the Over-Mind and Null the Living Darkness, but are freed and aid the Defenders in defeating the villains. Earth-712, however, is left in a post-apocalyptic state; the Squadron Supreme were next featured in a self-titled 12-issue miniseries by writer Mark Gruenwald, which picks up from where Earth-712 was last seen in Defenders #114. The Squadron, led by Hyperion, believe they have the knowledge and power to recreate the world and create a utopia. Nighthawk protests; the issue is put to a vote, with the so-called "Utopia Program" favored by the majority of the Squadron. The Squadron assume overall control of the government of the United States and remake the nation into a virtual utopia.

The team implement a series including revealing their secret identities. Despite the economic and technological advances, there are setbacks: Golden Archer abuses the behavior modification technology by forcing fellow member Lady Lark to love him, resulting in his eventual removal from the team. Nighthawk is forced to confront his old teammates with a new team he calls the Redeemers, which includes former Squadron member Golden Archer. A brutal battle ensues. A horrified Hyperion realizes that Nighthawk was right: the Squadron, despite having good intentions, had inadvertently created a totalitarian state, with themselves as its dictators; the Squadron surrenders and returns control of the United States to the government. In a graphic novel sequel by Gruenwald and inker Al Williamson, Squadron Supreme: Death of a Universe, remnants of the team reunite to battle the Nth Man. Although they succeed, several members of the Squadron are killed, with the remainder marooned in the mainstream Marvel universe.

The Squadron encounter the hero Quasar, relocate to the government facility Project Pegasus. After another encounter with the Overmind and a visit to the laboratory world of the Stranger, the Squadron attempt unsuccessfully to return to their own universe, members Hyperion, Doctor Spectrum, the Whizzer battle the entity Deathurge; the entire Squadron Supreme appear in an Avengers storyline with the Avengers that returns them to their home universe. The one-shot Squadron Sup