Geraldine "Geri" Peroni was an American film editor, best known for working with Robert Altman. She received a nomination for the Academy Award for Best Film Editing for her work on Altman's 1992 film, The Player. Peroni grew up in the borough of Queens, her collaboration with Altman extended over eight films. Altman said of Peroni "I trusted her with everything, I was planning on using her in the next film, she and I saw much the same way — we just read each other so well."She was nominated for an Academy Award for Best Film Editing, the BAFTA Award for Best Editing, the American Cinema Editors Eddie for her work on The Player. In his obituary, Tony Sloman discussed this film's editing: The Player is a marvellous example of collaborative editing, Peroni matching Altman's tone with exactitude. Early on, a cut from a zoom-in to the gun in Humphrey Bogart's hand on a postcard sent to Tim Robbins is successively matched with what appears to be a black frame, in which a reveal shows that it's an open drawer in which the postcard has been placed.
Another felicitous sequence is the one in the Pasadena police station, where the Robbins character is arraigned as Lyle Lovett swats a fly and Whoopi Goldberg and her associates ridicule Robbins with laughter. This is beautifully edited. Peroni's work on Short Cuts has been discussed by Krin Gabbard, who wrote, "Altman has invited his audiences to provide connections among scenes that float loosely about each other at the same time that he has benefited from the intelligent choices made by the film's editor Geraldine Peroni."Peroni was found dead at her home in 2004. Her death was ruled a suicide by the New York coroner, a fact disputed by her family, she was in the midst of editing Brokeback Mountain. Dylan Tichenor completed Peroni's work. While she was cutting Brokeback Mountain, she passed away rather tragically; the first month was difficult, seeing the work she'd done, all her selections and knowing her thinking behind it. Soon, it got to be cathartic and good to spend this time with her- I found myself thinking about her all the time through this process and it was a gift to me in that way."
Tichenor and Peroni were nominated for numerous editing awards for Brokeback Mountain, including the BAFTA Award and the American Cinema Editors Eddie. The Wire episode "Back Burners" was dedicated to her memory; the credits of Brokeback Mountain read "In Loving Memory of Geraldine Peroni". The director of each film are listed in parentheses. 1990: Iron & Silk. 1990: Vincent & Theo. Peroni's first film with Altman as editor. Altman wanted an additional, English speaking editor, he had met Peroni when she was an assistant on O. C. and Stiggs. 1991: Johnny Suede. This was the first film. 1992: The Player. Peroni was nominated for an Academy Award for her second film with Altman, this time as the sole editor. 1992: Thank God I'm a Lesbian 1993: Short Cuts 1993: Prêt-à-Porter 1994: Thick Lips Thin Lips 1996: Kansas City 1996: Michael 1998: The Gingerbread Man 1999: Cradle Will Rock. Robbins is an actor who played parts in Altman's films The Player, Short Cuts, Prêt-à-Porter. 1999: Jesus' Son 2000: The Girl 2000: Dr. T and the Women 2001: The Safety of Objects 2002–2003: The Wire 2003: The Company 2005: Brokeback Mountain.
Peroni died while editing, completed by Dylan Tichenor. The two editors were nominated for the BAFTA Award for Best Editing and for an American Cinema Editors Eddie Award. List of film director and editor collaborations Sharon. "Passages: Picture Editor Geraldine Peroni". Motion Picture Editors Guild Newsletter. Motion Picture Editors Guild. Archived from the original on 2016-01-05, she was just smarter than I was... she became my taste... I'll try to remember what she taught me for the future... she had an honest human attitude. I have a lot of respect for her. An editor becomes a part of your brain. Obituary for Peroni in the newsletter of the Motion Picture Editors Guild, which she joined in 1985. Geraldine Peroni on IMDb
Bruce Davison is an American actor and director of television and theater. Davison is well known for his starring role as Willard Stiles in the cult horror films Willard and Willard, as well as his Academy Award-nominated and Golden Globe-winning performance in Longtime Companion, as Thomas Semmes in the HBO original movie Vendetta, he featured prominently in the X-Men film franchise – through X-Men and X2 – as antagonist Senator Robert Kelly. More Davison appeared in Fred Schepisi's Words and Pictures, had a recurring role on The Fosters and shares the screen with Miles Teller and Anna Kendrick in Get a Job. Davison was born June 28, 1946 in Philadelphia, the son of Marian E. a secretary, Clair W. Davison, a musician and draftsman for the Army Engineers, his parents divorced. He was raised by his mother, spent weekends with his father, he graduated in 1964 from Marple Newtown Senior High School, entered Penn State as an art major, stumbled into acting when he accompanied a friend to an audition.
He attended New York University's acting program, graduating in 1969. Davison made his Broadway debut in Tiger at the Gates in 1968, he appeared as John Merrick in The Elephant Man, starred in The Glass Menagerie with Jessica Tandy. Davison was one of a quartet of newcomers, including Barbara Hershey, Richard Thomas, Catherine Burns when he made his film debut in Last Summer in 1969. In 1970, he played opposite Kim Darby in the film about peaceful student protest and its violent outcome The Strawberry Statement. A year he portrayed the title role in the 1971 version of Willard, the first of two, as of the year 2015, to have been based on the novel Ratman's Notebooks, he appeared in Ulzana's Raid, Mame, Jugs & Speed, Short Eyes,The Lathe of Heaven, Six Degrees of Separation. In 1978, he appeared as Dean Torrence with Richard Hatch in the made-for-TV biopic Deadman's Curve; the same year, he played the title role in the TV movie adaptation Summer Of My German Soldier. In 1981 he had the lead role in The Wave, based on real events, starring as a history teacher who had conducted an experiment in Nazi philosophy on his own students.
Davison starred in Tales from the Darkside, Season 1, Episode 8 and played the role of the father in the short-lived Harry and the Hendersons TV series. In 1983, Davison was cast by Joseph Papp in the Public Theater/New York Shakespeare Festival production of King Richard III. Additional Off-Broadway credits include Love Letters, The Cocktail Hour, Paula Vogel's Pulitzer Prize-winning play How I Learned to Drive, he played the role of Ruby in the 1985 comedy Spies Like Us, starring Dan Aykroyd and Chevy Chase. In 1990, he portrayed a gay man; the role earned Davison a nomination for the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor and a Golden Globe Award for Best Supporting Actor - Motion Picture. He concluded his Golden Globe acceptance speech with the hope that humankind would devote as much effort to the war on AIDS as its wars against each other. Davison appeared in other movies addressing AIDS: In 1995's The Cure, he portrayed a physician sought by a young boy with AIDS in search of medical help.
In 1996, Davison appeared in the film It's My Party, which chronicled the true events of a man dying with AIDS who decides to hold a farewell party for family and friends before taking his own life. Davison's website states he is a spokesperson for many AIDS-related groups and is a board member of the industry AIDS organization Hollywood Supports. In Los Angeles, Davison has appeared on stage in Streamers and The Normal Heart, winning the Los Angeles Drama Critics Circle Award and Drama-Logue Award for his performances. Other theatre credits include The Caine Mutiny Court Martial and a stage adaptation of To Kill a Mockingbird, he is familiar to movie audiences from his roles in Runaway Jury, Apt Pupil, his role as Senator Robert Kelly in the X-Men movie franchise. Though his character died in the first film, Davison appeared in X2 as a shapeshifting impostor of Kelly, he was the fanatical Reverened Samuel Parris in Arthur Miller's screen adaptation of his play The Crucible. Davison portrayed a rich philanthropist in the movie Christmas Angel.
Davison's many television credits include Hunter, in which he was a semi-regular for at least one season, Marcus Welby, M. D. Love, American Style, The Waltons, Lou Grant, She Wrote, Designing Women, Chicago Hope, Law & Order: Special Victims Unit, V: The Series, Star Trek: Voyager, Star Trek: Enterprise, Battlestar Galactica, Lost, CSI: Miami, Ghost Whisperer, Hawaii Five-0, the Stephen King mini-series Kingdom Hospital, a recurring role on The Practice. Davison had the recurring role of defense attorney Doug Hellman in Close to Home. In 2001, Davison directed the TV film Off Season, which starred Sherilyn Fenn, Rory Culkin, Hume Cronyn, Adam Arkin. In 2007, Davison returned to the big screen. In that year, Davison was cast in the role of Charles Graiman, a protege of Wilton Knight, the creator of the Knight Industries Three Thousand in NBC's revival of the television series Knight Rider. Davison played the role of Dr. Silberman, the psychiatrist who once tormented Sarah Connor, in the seventh episode of Terminator: The Sarah Connor Chronicles.
He portrayed Nick Anderson, a secret Santa Claus, in the TV movie Christmas Angel, in 2009. In May 2010, Davison was cast to portray art dealer Wilhelm Van Schlagel for several episodes on ABC's General Hospital to begin ai
Lori Singer is an American actress and cellist. She is best known for her role as Ariel Moore, the female lead in the 1984 feature film Footloose, as Julie Miller in the television series Fame. Singer was born in Texas, she grew up in a musical family: her father, Jacques Singer, was a conductor and protégé of Leopold Stokowski, her mother, Leslie, is a concert pianist. Her brother is actor Marc Singer, her cousin is director/writer/producer Bryan Singer; as a child, she was around such luminaries as Leonard Bernstein. Singer is Jewish. A Juilliard-trained cellist, she was a student of Leonard Rose. Singer made her debut as soloist at the age of thirteen with the Oregon Symphony. Singer has performed in public on such stages as the Royal Albert Carnegie Hall, she plays the cello in Short Cuts, in Sarabande, a short film by Atom Egoyan, part of the Inspired by Bach series. Singer performed as soloist at Carnegie Hall in January 2008, premiering a hymn written by Karl Jenkins in memory of Martin Luther King, Jr. Singer first came to notice when she was cast as dancer and cellist Julie Miller, one of the high school students, during the Fame TV series' first two seasons.
The part was created for her. After starring as Ariel Moore, the female lead in Footloose, she starred in a number of other movies, including The Falcon and the Snowman and The Man with One Red Shoe, her role in Trouble in Mind led to her nomination for an Independent Spirit Award for Best Female Lead. Singer has had roles in Equinox, Summer Heat, Sunset Grill, F. T. W. and the Robert Altman film Short Cuts. She was awarded a Golden Globe as an actor for "Best Ensemble" for Short Cuts; the Short Cuts cast won awards for best ensemble at the 50th Venice International Film Festival and the 51st Golden Globe Awards. She won Newcomer of the Year at ShoWest for her role in the TV movie Born Beautiful. In 1995, she played Sydney Bloom, the lead character in the science fiction TV series VR.5. In addition to her acting, she produced Summer Heat and was involved in the creative conception of VR.5. On May 4, 2011, Singer returned to television with a guest-starring role on Law & Order: Special Victims Unit.
In 2013, Singer executive produced with Sheila Nevins, HBO, Jessica Kingdon the documentary Mea Maxima Culpa: Silence in the House of God, directed by Alex Gibney. In 2012 the film won the Grierson Award at the London Film Festival and it won the Chicago International Film Festival's award. In 2013, the film won the Best Feature Documentary category in the Irish Television Awards. In the United States, the film was nominated for five prime-time Emmy awards; the film was short-listed for the Academy Awards in 2013 and was nominated for a Writers Guild Award. In 2014 the documentary was awarded a Peabody Award. Lori Singer on IMDb Lori Singer at AllMovie Official website
Christopher Shannon Penn was an American actor. Penn was cast as a tough character, featured as a villain or a working-class lug, or in a comic role and was known for his roles in such films as The Wild Life, Reservoir Dogs, The Funeral, Rush Hour, Corky Romano, True Romance, Beethoven's 2nd, Short Cuts, The Boys Club, All the Right Moves, At Close Range, Pale Rider, in the video game Grand Theft Auto: San Andreas. Penn was found dead in his condominium on January 24, 2006, at the age of 40. An autopsy revealed the primary cause for his death was "nonspecific cardiomyopathy". Penn was born in Los Angeles, the youngest of three boys born to Leo Penn, an actor and director, Eileen Ryan, an actress, his paternal grandparents were Jewish emigrants from Lithuania and Russia, his mother was a Roman Catholic of Italian and Irish descent. His brothers are musician Michael Penn.. Penn started acting at the age of 12 at the Loft Studio and made his film debut in 1979's Charlie and the Talking Buzzard, starring Christopher Hanks.
In 1983, he was featured in Francis Ford Coppola's youth drama Rumble Fish and appeared in the high school football drama All the Right Moves as the best friend of Tom Cruise's character. He appeared in the hit dance movie Footloose in 1984 as the best friend of Kevin Bacon's character. Penn, who had a black belt in karate, appeared in the 1989 motion picture Best of the Best as Travis Brickley, a cocky member of the U. S. Taekwondo team taking on the team from Korea; the film starred James Earl Jones, Sally Kirkland, Eric Roberts, Phillip Rhee, Simon Rhee. Penn reprised his role in 1993's Best of the Best 2. Two of his more memorable performances were in Reservoir Dogs as Nice Guy Eddie and True Romance as Nicky Dimes. In 1996 he won the award for Best Supporting Actor at the Venice Film Festival for The Funeral. In 1990, Chris was cast in a season one episode of The Young Riders, he was killed by Josh Brolin's character James Butler "Jimmy" Hickok. In Robert Altman's 1993 ensemble film Short Cuts, Penn played a troubled swimming pool cleaner, disturbed by his wife's profession to which Penn's character is sometimes obliged to listen.
He appeared as a fall guy in a criminal conspiracy in Murder by Numbers, alongside Sandra Bullock. Penn appears in Jay-Z's "Can I Get A..." 1998 music video as a bartender who mixes drinks and dances. He is known for playing the character Clyde Cod in the 1998 film Rush Hour. In 2001, Penn was meant to appear in American Pie 2 as Steve Stifler's father, but the scenes featuring him were cut as there was insufficient time to include him in the film's plot. However, they appeared on the deleted scene reel from the movie's DVD. Penn went on to co-star opposite Peter Berg as the mafia brothers of Corky in Corky Romano. In 2003, he appeared on the Will & Grace episode, "Fanilow", as Barry Manilow's tour director and a character, interested romantically in Will. Penn was featured in an episode of the television crime drama Law & Order: Criminal Intent during the 2004–2005 season, he was featured on the 2004 video game Grand Theft Auto: San Andreas as the voice of Officer Eddie Pulaski. Penn played himself on a 2005 episode of the HBO series Entourage.
He appeared in The Darwin Awards, which premiered at the Sundance Film Festival one day after his death. Penn was found dead in his Santa Monica condo on January 24, 2006, aged 40. Although Penn had used drugs in the past, an autopsy performed by a Los Angeles County medical examiner revealed the primary cause of death was heart disease, with the prescription drug promethazine with codeine and an enlarged heart due to obesity being possible contributing circumstances; the toxicology report revealed that valium, marijuana and an elevated level of codeine were found in his bloodstream. Penn appeared slim and fit throughout the 1980s in movies such as Footloose, At Close Range and Pale Rider, but gained considerable weight throughout the 1990s. Sean Penn has said publicly in a TV interview on Larry King Live that his brother died because of his weight. There is conflicting information about Penn's age at the time of death, with some obituaries giving 1962 as his year of birth. In Richard T. Kelly's book, Sean Penn: His Life and Times, Penn's mother indicated that his date of birth was October 10, 1965.
Penn was interred at Holy Cross Cemetery in California. Chris Penn on IMDb Chris Penn at AllMovie
Anne Archer is an American actress. She was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actress for the 1987 film Fatal Attraction, her other film appearances include Paradise Alley, Patriot Games, Short Cuts and Present Danger, Lullaby. On stage, she starred as Mrs. Robinson in the West End production of The Graduate in 2001, in the title role of The Trial of Jane Fonda at the 2014 Edinburgh Festival Fringe. Archer was born in Los Angeles, the daughter of actors John Archer and Marjorie Lord. Archer's first television appearance was in 1970 on the series Men at Law, she was named Miss Golden Globe in 1971. Her first feature film was The Honkers, followed by Lifeguard, she was nominated for an Academy Award for Best Supporting Actress for her role as Beth Gallagher in the film Fatal Attraction. Her other prominent film roles include Patriot Games and Present Danger. In 2001, Archer portrayed Mrs. Robinson at the Gielgud Theatre in a West End production of The Graduate, she has made several appearances on television shows such as Mannix, Hawaii Five-0, Little House on the Prairie, Falcon Crest, Boston Public, It's Always Sunny in Philadelphia and Ghost Whisperer.
She was a regular on the short-lived sitcom Bob & Carol & Ted & Alice in 1973. In 2014 and 2016, she played Jane Fonda in the premier production of the play The Trial of Jane Fonda, at the Edinburgh Festival Fringe. Archer married William Davis in 1969, they had one son, Thomas William "Tommy" Davis, born on August 18, 1972. The couple divorced in 1977, she married Terry Jastrow in 1979. They have one son together, Jeffrey Tucker Jastrow, born on October 18, 1984, she was a Christian Scientist, but her husband and she have been members of the Church of Scientology since 1975. Between 1982 and 1986, she was a spokeswoman for Applied Scholastics, the literacy training organization sponsored by the Church of Scientology, her son Tommy was the head of the Church of Scientology's Celebrity Centre International in Los Angeles. Official website Anne Archer on IMDb Anne Archer at AllMovie Anne Archer at the TCM Movie Database Anne Archer Biography, filmreference.com.
Madeleine Marie Stowe is an American actress. She appeared on television before her breakthrough role in the 1987 crime-comedy film Stakeout, she went on to star in the films Revenge, Unlawful Entry, The Last of the Mohicans, Bad Girls, China Moon, 12 Monkeys, The General’s Daughter, We Were Soldiers. For her role in the 1993 independent film Short Cuts, she won the National Society of Film Critics Award for Best Supporting Actress; as of 2015, Stowe's most recent film appearance was in the 2003 thriller Octane. From 2011 to 2015, she starred as Victoria Grayson, the main antagonist of the ABC drama series Revenge. For this role, she was nominated for the 2012 Golden Globe Award for Best Actress – Television Series Drama. Stowe, the first of three children, was born at the Queen of Angels Hospital, in Los Angeles and raised in Eagle Rock, a suburb of Los Angeles, her father, Robert Stowe, was a civil engineer from Oregon, while her mother, came from a prominent family in Costa Rica. One of Stowe's maternal great-great-grandfathers, politician José Joaquín Mora Porras, was a younger brother of President Juan Rafael Mora Porras, who governed Costa Rica from 1849 to 1859.
Another maternal great-great-grandfather, Bruno Carranza, was President of that country in 1870. One of Stowe's maternal great-grandfathers was a German immigrant to Costa Rica. Stowe's father suffered from multiple sclerosis, she accompanied him to his medical treatments. Stowe aspired to become a concert pianist, taking lessons between the ages of ten and eighteen, she explained that playing the piano was a means to escape having to socialize with other children her age. Her Russian-born music teacher, Sergei Tarnowsky, had faith in Stowe teaching her from his deathbed. Following his death at the age of 92, she quit commenting, "I just felt it was time to not be by myself anymore." Not being interested in her college classes, she volunteered to do performances at the Solaris, a Beverly Hills theater, where a movie agent saw her in a play and got her several offers of appearances in TV and films. In 1978, she made her debut in an episode in the police drama series Baretta, followed by a string of TV work with guest appearances on The Amazing Spider-Man, Barnaby Jones and Little House on the Prairie.
In 1978, she played a leading role as Mary in The Nativity. She starred in two NBC miniseries: Beulah Land and The Gangster Chronicles, which starred Brian Benben, her future husband, she starred in several television films, such as Amazons and Blood & Orchids. In 1987, Stowe appeared in her first breakthrough role in the feature film Stakeout with Richard Dreyfuss and Emilio Estevez; the film debuted at No.1 at the box office. She co-starred with Mark Harmon in the comedy Worth Winning, with Kevin Costner in the 1989 thriller Revenge, opposite Jack Nicholson in 1990 in The Two Jakes, she played a leading role in the 1991 independent film Closet Land. In 1992, she appeared opposite Kurt Russell in the crime drama Unlawful Entry; that same year, Stowe played Cora Munro in The Last of the Mohicans, which starred Daniel Day-Lewis. Her critically acclaimed performance in the film, which grossed more than $75 million worldwide, elevated Stowe from supporting player to an A-list movie star; the next year, director Robert Altman cast Stowe in the award-winning ensemble cast movie Short Cuts, where she gave one of her most acclaimed screen performances as the wife of a compulsively lying and adulterous police officer played by Tim Robbins.
She won the National Society of Film Critics Awards for Best Supporting Actress, a Golden Globe Award and a Volpi Cup for Best Ensemble Cast for her performance in the movie. She made a cameo appearance in Stakeout's sequel Another Stakeout; the following year, Stowe played a leading role as a blind musician in the thriller Blink, in the neo-noir thriller China Moon, in the Western Bad Girls. The year after that, she was a sympathetic psychiatrist in the financially successful and critically lauded science-fiction movie 12 Monkeys. Stowe received a Saturn Awards nomination for this performance. In 1994 Stowe was named one of People magazine's "50 Most Beautiful People in the World". In 1995, Stowe was chosen by Empire as one of the "100 Sexiest Stars in Film History". Stowe postponed her acting career in 1996 to concentrate on her family life, she settled for several years with her daughter May and husband Brian Benben. In 1998, she came back with The Proposition and Playing by Heart, The General's Daughter, opposite John Travolta in 1999.
In 2001, she starred in the science-fiction box office bomb Impostor. In 2002, she played Julia Moore in the war film We Were Soldiers with Mel Gibson, the box office flop action-comedy Avenging Angelo opposite Sylvester Stallone. In 2003, she starred in the thriller Octane as Senga Wilson, a single mother trying to save her teenage daughter from a bizarre cult obsessed with blood and cars. Stowe's onscreen appearances rarefied in the 2000s, she stated in an interview: "I never thought, "I’m retiring," but I didn’t feel that "thing" revving in me. I was much more focused on May, it was frustrating at times, but now I see how she’s turned out, I wouldn’t have it any other way." She occasionnally appeared in some TV productions, such as Saving Milly, an adaptation of Morton Kondracke's book
Ceratitis capitata, the Mediterranean fruit fly, or medfly for short, is a species of fruit fly capable of causing extensive damage to a wide range of fruit crops. It is native to sub-Saharan Africa, but has spread invasively to many parts of the world, including Australasia and North and South America. Adult medflies lay their eggs under the skins of fruit where the skin is broken; the eggs hatch within 3 days, the larvae develop inside the fruit. Maggots may stay from 5 to 10 days. Once the larvae reach the next development stage, they dig their way out of the fruit, making a small hole and falling to the ground where they start to dig and pupate a few centimeters underground. Depending on temperature, adult emergence may occur in as short as 7 days; the adults have a limited ability to disperse, but the global fruit trade can transport infected fruit over thousands of miles. Sex determination in C. capitata is by the familiar XY system. Unusually for a dipteran and for a frugivore, medflies do not have an opsin gene for blue light perception as shown from the whole-genome sequencing project completed in September 2016.
The Geographic Distribution Map of Ceratitis capitata. This map provides information on the distribution of the Mediterranean fruit fly, C. capitata, throughout the world. The information is based on available Mediterranean fruit fly national surveillance reports. Therefore, the map displays assessments of the presence of this pest at the national level and in some cases at subnational levels. In the United States, C. capitata has invaded four states, but has been eradicated from all but Hawaii. Reintroduced populations of the medfly have been spotted in California as as 2009, requiring additional eradication and quarantine efforts, it has been eradicated from New Zealand and Chile. Much research has been dedicated to means of controlling the medfly. In particular, use of the sterile insect technique has allowed the species to be eradicated from several areas. In 1981, California Governor Jerry Brown, who had established a reputation as a strong environmentalist, was confronted with a serious medfly infestation in the San Francisco Bay Area.
He was advised by the state's agricultural industry and the US Department of Agriculture's Animal and Plant Health Inspection service to authorize airborne spraying of the region. In accordance with his environmental protection stance, he chose to authorize ground-level spraying only; the infestation spread as the medfly reproductive cycle outpaced the spraying. After more than a month, millions of dollars of crops had been destroyed and billions of dollars more were threatened. Governor Brown authorized a massive response to the infestation. Fleets of helicopters sprayed malathion at night, the California National Guard set up highway checkpoints and collected many tons of local fruit. In the final stage of the campaign, entomologists released millions of sterile male medflies in an attempt to disrupt the insects' reproductive cycle; the infestation was eradicated, but both the governor’s delay and the scale of the action has remained controversial since. Some people claimed. In response to such concerns, Brown's chief of staff, B. T. Collins, staged a news conference during which he publicly drank a small glass of malathion.
Many people complained that, while the malathion may not have been toxic to humans, the aerosol spray containing it was corrosive to car paint. During the week of September 9, 2007, adult flies and their larvae were found in California; the California Department of Food and Agriculture and cooperating county and federal agricultural officials started eradication and quarantine efforts in the area. Eradication was declared on August 8, 2008, when no "wild" medflies were detected for three generations. On November 14, 2008, four adult flies were found in California; the San Diego County Agricultural Commission implemented a treatment plan, including distributing millions of sterile male flies, local produce quarantines, ground spraying with organic pesticides. L. E. Carroll. "Pest Fruit Flies of the World". M. C. Thomas. Heppner. "Mediterranean fruit fly, Ceratitis capitata ". University of Hawaii. "Crop Knowledge Master". "Global Invasive Species Database". The 1981 California Medfly Panic CISR Summary on Mediterranean Fruit Fly Species Profile - Mediterranean Fruit Fly, National Invasive Species Information Center, United States National Agricultural Library.
Lists general information and resources for Mediterranean fruit fly. Tephritid Workers Database Find TWD News on Facebook www.moscamed-guatemala.org.gt