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Sidney Paget

Sidney Edward Paget was a British illustrator of the Victorian era, best known for his illustrations that accompanied Arthur Conan Doyle's Sherlock Holmes stories in The Strand magazine. Sidney Paget was the fifth of nine children born to Robert Paget, the vestry clerk of St. James and St. John in Clerkenwell and Martha Paget, a music professor. In 1881 Paget entered the Royal Academy Schools. Here he befriended Alfred Morris Butler, an architecture student who may have become the model for Paget's illustrations of Dr. John Watson. Between 1879 and 1905, Paget contributed eighteen miscellaneous paintings, including nine portraits, to the Royal Academy exhibitions. Paget's drawings appeared in the Strand Magazine, the Pictorial World, The Sphere, The Graphic, The Illustrated London News, The Pall Mall Magazine, his work became well known in both the United Kingdom and United States, he provided illustrations for Arthur Morrison's Martin Hewitt detective stories, Arthur Conan Doyle's Sherlock Holmes work, doing much to popularise both series.

On 1 June 1893, Sidney Paget married daughter of William Hounsfield, a farmer. They had two sons together. Sidney Paget died in Margate on 28 January 1908, after suffering from a painful chest complaint for the last few years of his life. According to his death certificate, the cause of Sidney Paget's death was "Mediastinal tumour, 3 years, exhaustion." Mediastinal tumors are growths. As the tumor grows, the patient's breathing becomes more constricted. It's a rare condition and, in the early 1900s, it was a painful and certain death sentence, and now, no known causes exist, there are no known links between the condition and any substance. Paget was buried in East Finchley Cemetery. Two brothers, H. M. Paget and Wal Paget were successful portraitists and illustrators. Paget is best remembered as the creator of the popular image of Sherlock Holmes from the original publication of Conan Doyle's stories in the Strand Magazine, he was hired to illustrate The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes, a series of twelve short stories that ran from July 1891 through June 1892.

In 1893, Paget illustrated The Memoirs of Sherlock Holmes, published in The Strand as further episodes of the Adventures. When Sir Arthur Conan Doyle revived the Sherlock Holmes series with The Hound of the Baskervilles, serialised in The Strand in 1901–02, he requested that Paget be the illustrator. Paget went on to illustrate another short story series, The Return of Sherlock Holmes, in 1903–04. In all, he illustrated 37 Holmes short stories, his illustrations have influenced interpretations of the detective in fiction and drama. The Strand became one of Great Britain's most famous fiction magazines, with the Holmes series its most popular feature; as Holmes' popularity grew, Paget's illustrations became more elaborate. Beginning with "The Adventure of the Final Problem" in 1893 every Holmes story in The Strand featured a full-page illustration as well as many smaller ones. Paget was the first to give Holmes his deerstalker cap and Inverness cape – details never mentioned in the stories and novels.

The cap and cape first appear in an illustration for "The Boscombe Valley Mystery" in 1891 and reappear in "The Adventure of Silver Blaze" in 1893. Altogether, Paget did some 356 published drawings for the Sherlock Holmes series, his depictions of Holmes became iconic and other illustrators found themselves compelled to imitate his style in their own depictions of Holmes. A complete set of Strand issues featuring the illustrated Sherlock Holmes tales is one of the rarest and most expensive collector's items in publishing history. Paget's original 6.75 x 10.5-inch drawing of "Holmes and Moriarty in Mortal Combat at the Edge of the Reichenbach Falls" was sold by Sotheby's in New York on 16 November 2004 for $220,800. Legend holds that the publishers of The Strand hired Paget accidentally when he mistakenly responded to a letter of commission intended for his younger brother Walter, but a 2019 paper published in the Baker Street Journal found no evidence for this story and much against it. Another held belief – that Paget modeled his depiction of Holmes on that of Walter – was denied by their brother Henry Marriott Paget.

Works by Sidney Paget at Project Gutenberg Works by or about Sidney Paget at Internet Archive Sidney Paget at Library of Congress Authorities, with 10 catalogue records

Lucid (programming language)

Lucid is a dataflow programming language designed to experiment with non-von Neumann programming models. It was designed by Bill Wadge and Ed Ashcroft and described in the 1985 book Lucid, the Dataflow Programming Language.pLucid was the first interpreter for Lucid. Lucid uses a demand-driven model for data computation; each statement can be understood as an equation defining a network of processors and communication lines between them through which data flows. Each variable is an infinite stream of values and every function is a filter or a transformer. Iteration is simulated by ` fby' operator allowing composition of streams. Lucid is based on an algebra of a history being an infinite sequence of data items. Operationally, a history can be thought of as a record of the changing values of a variable, history operations such as first and next can be understood in ways suggested by their names. Lucid was conceived as a kind of disciplined, mathematically pure, single-assignment language, in which verification would be much simplified.

However, the dataflow interpretation has been a important influence on the direction in which Lucid has evolved. In Lucid an expression that contains a variable that has not yet been bound waits until the variable has been bound, before proceeding. An expression like x + y will wait until both x and y are bound before returning with the output of the expression. An important consequence of this is that explicit logic for updating related values is avoided, which results in substantial code reduction, compared to mainstream languages; each variable in Lucid is a stream of values. An expression n = 1 fby n + 1 defines a stream using the operator'fby'. Fby defines what comes after the previous expression.. The values in a stream can be addressed by these operators:'first x' - fetches the first value in the stream x,'x' - the current value of the stream,'next x' - fetches the next value in the stream.'asa' - an operator that does some thing'as soon as' the condition given becomes true.'x upon p' - upon is an operator that repeats the old value of the stream x, updates to the new values only when the stream p makes a true value available.

I.e.: x upon p is the stream x with new values appearing upon the truth of p. The computation is carried out by defining filters or transformation functions that act on these time-varying streams of data. Fac where n = 0 fby.

Laxton, Digby and Longford Township

The united Townships of Laxton and Longford were a municipality in the northern part of what is now Kawartha Lakes in the Canadian province of Ontario. In 1993, Canada's centre of population fell in the area, despite the lack of any population centers with over 1000 residents; the more current and geographically separate Longford Township is a unique situation in that the township is wholly owned by Longford Reserve Limited, contains no permanent inhabitants. The former Township of Longford, was surveyed in 1861 by Brookes Wright Gossage, as one of ten townships sold to the Canadian Land and Emigration Company. Longford was the only one of the townships within Victoria County. In 1867 John Thomson purchased by auction the right to cut timber in the township, from the Canadian Land and Emigration Company, to supply timber for his mill at Longford Mills, named for the township. Thomson purchased the township outright from the Company; the old Digby fire tower was situated on rocky outcropping straight north of the village of Uphill, where the old fire trail used to exist, along the former alignment of the Victoria Rd.

The tower was de-commissioned in the late 1960s. The area now is swamp, but can be accessed on a newer private road to the west; the township is home to a few ghost settlements from the bygone logging/ farming era of the 19th century. These include: the eastern part of Uphill. Norland Sadowa Uphill List of townships in Ontario

Graphite pencil

Graphite or lead pencil is a writing, drawing or drawing tool in which a thin graphite core is embedded in a shell of other material. The pencil shell is wooden, but can be made of plastic or recycled paper. A large deposit of graphite was discovered in 1565 on the approach to Grey Knotts from the hamlet of Seathwaite in Borrowdale parish, England; this particular deposit of graphite was pure and solid, it could be sawn into sticks. It remains the only large-scale deposit of graphite found in this solid form. Chemistry was in its infancy and the substance was thought to be a form of lead, it was called plumbago. Because the pencil core is still referred to as "lead", or a "lead", many people have the misconception that the graphite in the pencil is lead, the black core of pencils is still referred to as lead though it never contained the element lead; the words for pencil in German, Irish and some other languages mean lead pen. The value of graphite would soon be realised to be enormous because it could be used to line the moulds for cannonballs.

When sufficient stores of graphite had been accumulated, the mines were flooded to prevent theft until more was required. Graphite sticks were wrapped in string or sheepskin for stability. England would enjoy a monopoly on the production of pencils until a method of reconstituting the graphite powder was found in 1662 in Italy. However, the distinctively square English pencils continued to be made with sticks cut from natural graphite into the 1860s; the town of Keswick, near the original findings of block graphite, still manufactures pencils, the factory being the location of the Cumberland Pencil Museum. Production technology has changed little over the past 120 years. Only standards and mechanisms for the manufacture of rods and wooden halves were improved; the main components in the manufacture of rods - purified graphite powder and kaolin. Hardness depends on the ratio of their particles; the more graphite - the softer the rod. The hardest pencil contains about 20% graphite, the softest one up to 90%.

The 1:1 ratio corresponds to the 3H hardness. The sequence of operations for the manufacture of graphite rods: Petroski, Henry; the Pencil: A History of Design and Circumstance. New York: Alfred A. Knopf. ISBN 978-0-394-57422-6

2021 Kosovan presidential election

Indirect presidential elections will be held in Kosovo in 2021, with a first, second or third round if necessary. The constitution states that the presidential election must be held 30 days before the end of the current president's term, they will be the fifth presidential elections. The incumbent President of Kosovo, Hashim Thaçi, will take office on 7 April 2016 and his term is due to end on 7 April 2021. If Thaçi serves out his term in full until that date, the new presidential term will begin on 2021 and will be due to end on 7 April 2026. Thaçi will be eligible for re-election for a second and final five-year term in 2021. In order to be elected, a candidate is required to receive at least 81 votes in the first two rounds of voting, equivalent to two-thirds of the 120 members of the Assembly. In the third round, the requirement was reduced to a simple majority of 61 votes. Hashim Thaçi – If electoral reform takes place, there is the possibility of organizing the presidential elections in the direct form he will re-run.

Isa Mustafa, Vjosa Osmani, Kujtim Shala or any member Democratic League of Kosovo Veton Surroi Fatmir Sejdiu Behgjet Pacolli Lutfi Haziri Albin Kurti Rexhep Qosja Politics of Kosovo President of Kosovo

Norman Shortland

Norman Arthur Shortland was an English cricketer active in first-class cricket from 1938–1950 for Warwickshire. He played as right-arm medium pace bowler. Born at Coventry, Shortland was educated in his home city at Stoke School, where he captained the school cricket team, he made his debut in first-class cricket for Warwickshire in the 1938 County Championship against Glamorgan at Edgbaston. He made a further appearance in 1939 against Worcestershire, before making seven first-class appearances in 1939. During the Second World War he served in the Eighth Army as a Staff Captain. Following the war he returned to playing first-class cricket for Warwickshire, earning his county cap in 1946, in which season he made ten first-class appearances, he would not play first-class cricket again for Warwickshire until 1949, when he made two appearances in that season's County Championship, before making his final two appearances in first-class cricket against Essex and Lancashire in 1950. In 23 first-class matches he scored a total of 487 runs, averaging 13.91, with a high score of 70, which he made against Sussex in 1946.

Outside of cricket, Shortland worked in the transport industry, first for Mortons Ltd, who he joined as an office boy in 1934, before rising to the position of company chairman. Following his retirement from that post due to ill health, he became a director at Wyndon Motors Ltd, a vehicle repair shop. In the winter months he played rugby for Nuneaton R. F. C. and in his youth he had played at schoolboy level for England in 1931. He became a director of Coventry City in 1971, joining the club's board on the same day as Sir Jack Scamp, he died at Finham, Warwickshire on 14 March 1973. Norman Shortland at ESPNcricinfo Norman Shortland at CricketArchive`