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International Trade Union Educational League

The International Trade Union Educational League was a short lived organization led by William Z. Foster from 1915 to around 1917, it carried over some of the ideas of his former Syndicalist League of North America about boring from within existing trade unions, but had less radical rhetoric. A call was made for a national conference of Syndicalists in the final issue of the Kansas City Toiler to convene January 16–18, 1915 in Kansas City. However, the delegates assembled for a one-day convention; the dozen delegates representing Chicago, St. Louis and Kansas City voted to set up the International Trade Union Educational League, with its headquarters in Chicago. A National Board was elected consisting of representatives from each city. William Z. Foster was elected secretary. Though two periodicals carried over from the SLNA, the San Diego International and the Omaha Unionist, it was decided that a new organ should be created for the organization and Max Dezetall, former editor of the Toiler, was brought to Chicago to edit the groups Labor News.

As for a programme, the meeting gave temporary endorsement to Syndicalism, a pamphlet that Foster and Earl Ford had written several years earlier, but commissioned Foster to write a new manifesto for the group. Though manifestos were published that April by the Printing Workers Educational League of Seattle and the Railroad Workers Educational League constituent parts of the group, Fosters pamphlet, Trade Unionism: the Road to Freedom, which appeared in fall 1915 was the "only formal statement of policy issued by the ITUEL. While still syndicalist, the new groups philosophy emphasized the inherently revolutionary and anti-capitalist nature of mainstream unions. Foster based this idea on the experience of the "Triple Alliance" of miners and transportation workers in Great Britain. Despite a 7,000 mile hobo trip west that winter, Foster couldn't establish any permanent groups outside of Chicago; the ITUEL group of about 100, became influential within the Chicago Federation of Labor. Its main strength was in the local Painters, Railway Carmen, Machinists, Retail Clerks, Ladies Garment workers,Metal polishers and Iron Moulders.

Many members were officials within the local unions, Foster himself becoming District Organizer for the Chicago Railway Carmen. Other prominent members were Joe Manley, J. A. Jones and Ed W. Rice. Within the CFL the ITUEL made an "informal united front" with the John Fitzpatrick, Edward Nockels faction that had gained control of the federation from an gangster controlled buildings trade faction a few years earlier. ITUEL supported Fitzpatrick in support of the newly created independent Amalgamated Clothing Workers against the Gompers-backed United Garment Workers, they worked with Fitzpatrick to secure CFL support for the creation of a Chicago Railroad Council, to be made up of all the local railroad. Fitzpatrick put Foster in charge of the CFLs campaign to free Tom Mooney and Warren K. Billings, in March 1917, he organized rally in Chicago Coliseum with 17,000 attendants, they worked to keep out or limit mob influence with the unions, such as the O'Donnel gang in the Barbers. However, while they support Fitzpatrick against Gompers and the Socialist Party, they were critical of Fitzpatricks continued adherence to the non-partisan labor policy of supporting labor friendly candidates on major party tickets.

They strongly disagreed with his support of a national eight-hours bill, believing that a general strike was the proper avenue of working class power, rather than legislation. The ITUEL developed a split on the issue of supporting Fitzpatrick, Labor News, controlled by Dezettel, began to side with the Building Trades, Flat Janitors and Moving Picture Operators faction, allied to organized crime. With the loss of Labor News the ITUEL disintegrated as a formal organization in the spring of 1917, became "simply a scattering of influential militants meeting each other only in the course of their work in the unions

John Yarker

John Yarker was an English Freemason and occultist. He was born in Swindale, Westmorland, in the north of England, he moved with his parents to Lancashire and on to Manchester in 1849. Ηe was descended from Reinhold Yarker de Laybourne. He was made a Freemason of the United Grand Lodge of England at the age of 21 in the Lodge of Integrity, No. 189, Manchester, on the 25 October 1854, becoming a Master Mason at the beginning of 1855. Seven years in 1862, he demitted from Freemasonry. In 1872 Yarker established the Sovereign Sanctuary of the Ancient and Primitive Rite of Masonry for England and Ireland under the authority of a Patent issued by the American Grand Master of that organization, Harry Seymour; as well as establishing the Ancient and Primitive Rite, Yarker would become Deputy International Grand Master and International Grand Master of the Rite of Memphis-Misraim. He died in Greater Manchester. Yarker, John. Notes on the Orders of the Temple and St. John and the Jerusalem Encampment, Manchester.

Manchester: n.p. 1869. Yarker, John. Notes on the Scientific and Religious Mysteries of Antiquity. London: J. Hogg, 1872. New York: J. W. Bouton, 1878. Yarker, John. Masonic Charges and Lectures, A Series Translated from the French. Manchester: Isaac W. Petty & Son, 1880. Yarker, John. “English Ghost Stories,” Theosophist, Feb 1880, 1: 114. Yarker, John. Manual of the Degrees of the Antient and Primitive Rite of Masonry, Issued by the Sovereign Sanctuary, 33rd Degree, in and for Great Britain and Ireland. S.l.: n.p. 1881. Yarker, John. “The Beni Elohim,” Theosophist, Aug 1881, 2: 237–8. Yarker, John. “The Beni Elohim and the Book of Enoch,” Theosophist, Apr 1882, 3: 171–2. Yarker, John. Genealogy of the Surname Yarker. Manchester: A. M. Petty, 1882. Yarker, John. “Can the Double Murder—Or Produce Results on the Material Body,” Theosophist, Mar 1883, 4: 149–50. “The Adwaita Philosophy versus the Semitic Bible,” Theosophist, Apr 1883, 4: 175. Yarker, John. Recapitulation of All Masonry, or, A Description and Explanation of the Universal Hieroglyph of the Master of Masters.

Dublin: Sovereign Sanctuary, 1883. Yarker, John. Speculative Freemasonry: A Historical Lecture Upon the Origin of Craft and High Grade Freemasonry, Showing the Great Antiquity of the Combined System, Delivered Before the Brethren of the Palatine and Jerusalem Chapter, No. 2 on the Roll of the Sovereign Sanctuary of the Antient and Primitive Rite of Masonry in and for the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, in Assembly at Their Place of Meeting, the Grosvenor Hotel, Manchester, 26th November, 1883. Liverpool: Joseph Hawkins, 1883. Yarker, John; the Kneph, 1884–1900. Yarker, John. Two Lectures on High Grade Masonry. Liverpool: n.p. 1886. Yarker, John; the Code of Apex and the Sat Bhai, revised. London: n.p. 1886. Invictus and John Yarker, The Letters of Hargrave Jennings, Author of “The Rosicrucians,” “Phallicism,” &c. &c.: Forming the Unabridged Correspondence with the Editor of the Bath Occult Reprints, between 1879 and 1887, with Frontispiece. Bath: Robert H. Fryar, 1895. Thomas Inman and John Yarker, Supernatural Generation.

Bath: R. H. Fryar, 1896. Yarker, John. “Aureus:” the Golden Tractate of Hermes Trismegistus: Concerning the Physical Secret of the Philosopher’s Stone: In Seven Sections: With an Introductory Essay by J. Yarker. Bath: Robert H. Fryar, 1886. Villars de Montfaucon and John Yarker, Sub-Mundanes: Or, the Elementaries of the Cabala, Being the History of Spirits. Bath: R. H. Fryar, 1886. Villars de Montfaucon and John Yarker, Continuation of the Comte De Gabalis, or New Discourses Upon the Secret Sciences. D. CCXV. Bath: Robert H. Fryar, 1897. Antoine Androl and John Yarker, The Assistant Génies, Irreconcileable Gnomes, or Continuation to the Comte de Gabalis. La Haye, M. DCC. XVIII. Bath: Robert H. Fryar, 1897. L. A. Cahagnet and John Yarker, Magnetic Magic.:, 1898. Yarker, John. “Obituary of Dr. Karl Kellner,” Ars Quatuor Coronatorum 1905, 18: 150. Yarker, John; the Arcane Schools: A Review of Their Origin and Antiquity. Belfast: W. Tait, 1909. Yarker, John; the Ancient Constitutional Charges of the Guild Free Masons: To Which Is Added a Comparison with York Freemasonry.

Belfast: William Tait, 1909. Yarker, John. “The Apocalypse Unsealed”, The Equinox 1911, I: 164–7. Yarker, John. “The Secret Tradition in Freemasonry”, The Equinox 1912, I: 413–7