Silent Sam

The Confederate Monument, University of North Carolina known as Silent Sam, is a bronze statue of a Confederate soldier by Canadian sculptor John A. Wilson, which stood on the historic McCorkle Place of the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill from 1913 until it was pulled down by protestors in 2018, its former location has been described as "the front door" of the university and "a position of honor". Establishing a Confederate monument at a Southern university became a goal of the North Carolina chapter of the United Daughters of the Confederacy in 1907. UNC approved the group's request in 1908 and, with funding from UNC alumni, the UDC and the university, Wilson designed the statue, using a young Boston man as his model. At the unveiling on June 2, 1913, local industrialist and UNC Trustee Julian Carr gave a speech espousing white supremacy, while Governor Locke Craig, UNC President Francis Venable and members of the UDC praised the sacrifices made by students who volunteered to fight for the Confederacy.

The program for the unveiling referred to the statue as "the Confederate Monument", with the name "Soldiers Monument" being used around the same time. The name Silent Sam is first recorded in the student newspaper The Daily Tar Heel. Beginning in the 1960s, the statue faced opposition on the grounds of its racist message, it was vandalized several times. Protests and calls to remove the monument reached a higher profile in the late 2010s, in 2018 UNC Chancellor Carol L. Folt described the monument as detrimental to the university, said that she would have the statue removed if not prohibited by state law. Increased protests and vandalism resulted in the university spending $390,000 on security and cleaning for the statue in the 2017–18 academic year. In August 2018, Silent Sam was toppled by protesters, that night removed to a secure location by university authorities. A statement from Chancellor Folt said the statue's original location was "a cause for division and a threat to public safety," and that she was seeking input on a plan for a "safe and alternative" new location.

The UNC-Chapel Hill Board of Trustees made a recommendation in December 2018 for a new "University History and Education Center" to be built on campus, at an estimated cost of $5.3 million, but this was rejected by the university system's Board of Governors. The pedestal base and inscription plaques were removed in January 2019, with a statement from Chancellor Folt citing public safety. In November 2019, in response to a lawsuit from the Sons of Confederate Veterans, UNC donated the statue to the group, with a $2.5 million trust for its "care and preservation", on the condition that the statue would not be displayed in the same county as any UNC school. However, in February 2020 the settlement was overturned by the judge who approved it, who ruled that the SCV lacked standing to bring the lawsuit. During the American Civil War, over 1,000 students and employees of the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill enlisted, of whom 287 are known to have lost their lives. University president David Lowry Swain had petitioned the Confederacy to exclude students in their final two years from conscription, this was granted in 1863, but revoked a year later.

Swain was able to keep the university open throughout the war by educating the few students unable to fight—those too young to enlist, exempt because of ill health, or discharged because of war injuries—though the senior class in the spring of 1865 had only one student. In 1907, the North Carolina chapter of the United Daughters of the Confederacy decided that its next major goal was to "be the erection, on the campus at the State University, of a monument to the students and faculty, who went out from its walls in 1861 to fight and die for the South." University President Francis Preston Venable spoke to the 1909 UDC Convention, approving of the plan for a monument, saying that record of the students who enlisted "should be before the eyes of the present-day students". The request for a monument was presented to, approved by, the UNC board of trustees on June 1, 1908; the monument was funded by the university and the UDC. UNC and the UDC spent until 1913 fundraising the $7,500 that Canadian sculptor John Wilson charged for the statue, which he discounted from his asking price of $10,000.

The Daughters were slated to give $1,500 of the cost of the statue, though their success at fundraising led the university to ask for them to cover $2,500 by 1911. Most of the rest of the cost was covered by alumni donations. UNC had to give $500 to reach the contracted total of $7,500; the statue was planned to be in place for the 50th anniversary of the beginning of the Civil War in 1911. Raising funds to pay for the statue delayed the project by two years. In a manner similar to his earlier Daniel A. Bean sculpture, John A. Wilson created a "silent" statue by not including a cartridge box on the infantryman's belt so he cannot fire his gun. Like the earlier sculpture, Wilson used a northerner—Harold Langlois of Boston—as his model; this was part of a tradition of "Silent Sentinels. As with these other statues, this memorial was positioned to face north, towards the Union. A bronze plaque in bas-relief on the front of the memorial's base depicts a woman, representing the state of North Carolina, convincing a young student to fight for the Southern cause as he drops his books, representing students leaving their studies.

A smaller bronze plaque on the left side of the base says: Erected under the auspices of the North Carolina division of the United Daughters of the Confederacy aided by the alumni of the university Another

Summary Jurisdiction Act 1884

The Summary Jurisdiction Act 1884 was an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. Courtney Ilbert described this Act as an "expurgatory Act"; the whole Act was repealed by section 132 of, Schedule 6 to, the Magistrates' Courts Act 1952. The preamble was repealed by section 1 of, Part I of the Schedule to, the Statute Law Revision Act 1898; this section was repealed by section 1 of, Part I of the Schedule to, the Statute Law Revision Act 1898. This section, to "enacted that", was repealed by section 1 of, Part I of the Schedule to, the Statute Law Revision Act 1898; this section, from "and This repeal" to "not passed, was repealed by section 1 of, Part I of the Schedule to, the Statute Law Revision Act 1898. The expression "conviction or order of a court of summary jurisdiction" referred to in section 4 appears in the entries in the Schedule relating to section 17 of the Parish Apprentices Act 1816, section 87 of 4 Geo 4 c 95, section 105 of the Highway Act 1835 and section 269 of the Public Health Act 1875 which were repealed so far as they related to an appeal against a conviction or order of a court of summary jurisdiction.

This section, to "enacted that", from "And for the further" to "declared that", was repealed by section 1 of, Part I of the Schedule to, the Statute Law Revision Act 1898. This section was repealed by section 41 of, the Schedule to, the Interpretation Act 1889; this section, to "declared that", from "and for the" to "declared that", was repealed by section 1 of, Part I of the Schedule to, the Statute Law Revision Act 1898. Section 10 provided that nothing in this Act was to alter the procedure for the recovery of or any remedy for the nonpayment of any poor rate. Section 2 of the Rating and Valuation Act 1925 provided that all enactments relating to the poor rate which were in force at the commencement of that Act, including enactments relating to repeals against a poor rate, were, so far as not repealed by that Act, to apply to the general rate; this section was repealed by section 245 of, Schedule 11 to, the Poor Law Act 1927. This section, to "enacted that", was repealed by section 1 of, Part I of the Schedule to, the Statute Law Revision Act 1898.

The Schedule was repealed by section 1 of, Part I of the Schedule to, the Statute Law Revision Act 1898. Halsbury's Statutes, The Public General Statutes passed in the Forty-Seventh and Forty-Eighth Years of the Reign of Her Majesty Queen Victoria, 1884. Printed by Eyre and Spottiswoode, printers to the Queen's Most Excellent Majesty. East Harding Street, London. 1884. Pages 76 to 99; the Statutes Revised. Third Edition. HMSO. 1950. Volume XI. Pages iii and 26 and 27

Adam Boland

Adam Boland is the Managing Director of Australian production company, Bohdee Media. He had been the executive producer of the Seven Network's breakfast show Sunrise and created The Morning Show and Weekend Sunrise. Boland was born in Sydney, Australia, in 1977, lived his early life in Parramatta, Sydney, he moved to Queensland with his mother. He studied journalism and politics at the University of Canberra in 1993, but left after one year to pursue a cadetship, his first job was as a cadet reporter at radio station 4BC in Brisbane from 1994 to 1995. He moved to Melbourne radio station 3AW before starting his television career in 1995, as a Sky News Australia producer, where he remained until 1997. From 1997 until 1999, Boland served as the Cairns Bureau Chief of Network Ten, gaining notoriety for interviewing comedian Jerry Seinfeld at Cairns Airport. Before working on Sunrise, Boland was a senior producer in ATN-7's Sydney newsroom. From February 2002 until November 2010, Boland was the executive producer for the Seven Network's breakfast show Sunrise.

The show with Boland at the helm gained the position of number one breakfast morning program, pipping the Nine Network's Today out of the spot which it held for 20 years. He created The Morning Show and Weekend Sunrise. In June 2010, the Seven Network confirmed that Boland intended to leave the network at the end of the year, following the expiry of his contract. Seven's director of news and current affairs, Peter Meakin, said that Boland was not intending to move to another network. In August 2010, the Seven Network announced that Boland would be setting up his own production company but would spend two days a week at the network in 2011 as Director of Social Media and Strategy. In November 2011, Boland was appointed as executive producer of Weekend Sunrise, he left the Seven Network in February 2013. During late 2011 until mid 2012, Boland and partner Julian Wong endeavoured to set up a Ginseng Korean bathhouse in Potts Point, New South Wales, but after falling $1.2 million short of the needed $4.4 million to fund the whole project the venture did not eventuate.

Boland and Wong lost $600,000 on the project. In March 2013, Boland joined Network Ten as the network's director of Morning Television, he resigned due to ill-health on 23 January 2014, less than three months after the programs he created, Wake Up and Studio 10 launched. In October 2014, Boland released the book Brekky Central: Behind the smiles of Australian breakfast television which reflects on his media career and the competitive television industry, he founded Bohdee Media in 2018. Boland suffers from depressive illnesses including Bipolar disorder and the conditions have impacted on his life to the extent that he has had to stop work for significant periods to regain his health. In 2010, Boland was selected by readers of long-established gay and lesbian website samesame, as one of the 25 most influential gay Australians. Dapin, Mark. "Sunrise could have farewelled Melissa Doyle better: Boland". Retrieved 16 August 2013. SMH article Podcast Perth Now article