Mary Elizabeth "Sissy" Spacek is an American actress and singer. She is the recipient of various accolades including an Academy Award, three Golden Globe Awards, two Critics' Choice Movie Awards, a Screen Actors Guild Award, nominations for four BAFTA Awards, three Primetime Emmy Awards, a Grammy Award, she has received a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame. Born and raised in Texas, Spacek aspired to a career as a singer. In 1968, using the name "Rainbo", she recorded a single, "John, You've Gone Too Far This Time". Sales of her music sputtered and she was dropped from her record label, she subsequently switched her focus to acting, enrolling at the Lee Strasberg Theatre and Film Institute. Spacek began her professional acting career in the early 1970s, making her debut with a minor role in Andy Warhol's Women in Revolt and received attention for her role as Holly Sargis in Terrence Malick's Badlands. Spacek rose to prominence with her portrayal of Carrie White in Brian De Palma's Carrie, for which she received her first nomination for the Academy Award for Best Actress.
Following her appearances in the acclaimed films Welcome to L. A. and Robert Altman's 3 Women, she won the Academy Award for Best Actress for her portrayal of Loretta Lynn in the biographical musical Coal Miner's Daughter. Her other Oscar-nominated roles include The River, Crimes of the Heart and In the Bedroom. Spacek appeared in the films Raggedy Man, JFK, The Straight Story, Tuck Everlasting, Nine Lives, North Country, Four Christmases, Get Low, The Help, The Old Man & the Gun. On television, Spacek received Primetime Emmy Award nominations for the television films The Good Old Boys and Last Call, the HBO drama series Big Love, she portrayed matriarch Sally Rayburn on the Netflix drama thriller series Bloodline, Ruth Deaver on the Hulu psychological horror series Castle Rock, Ellen Bergman on the Prime Video psychological thriller series Homecoming. As a singer, Spacek sang all of Loretta Lynn's songs for the soundtrack album of Coal Miner's Daughter, which garnered her a nomination for the Grammy Award for Best Female Country Vocal Performance.
She released a debut studio album, Hangin' Up My Heart, critically well received and peaked at no. 17 on Billboard Top Country Albums. Spacek was born on December 25, 1949, in Quitman, the daughter of Virginia Frances and Edwin Arnold Spacek Sr. a county agricultural agent. Spacek's father was of three quarters Czech and one quarter German ancestry. Actor Rip Torn was a first cousin. Spacek's mother, of English and Irish descent, was from the Rio Grande Valley of Texas. At age six, Spacek performed on stage for the first time. Although her birth name was Mary Elizabeth, she always was called Sissy by her brothers, which led to her stage name, she was named homecoming queen at her senior prom. In 1967, Spacek was affected by the death of her close 18-year-old brother Robbie from leukemia when she was 17, which she has called "the defining event of my whole life". Spacek said the personal tragedy made her fearless in her acting career: "I think it made me brave. Once you experience something like that, you've experienced the ultimate tragedy.
And if you can continue, nothing else frightens you. That's what I meant about it being rocket fuel – I was fearless in a way. Maybe it gave more depth to my work because I had experienced something profound and life-changing." Spacek aspired to a career in singing. In 1968, using the name Rainbo, Spacek recorded a single titled "John You Went Too Far This Time", the lyrics of which chided John Lennon for his and Yoko Ono's nude album cover for Two Virgins. Sales of her music sputtered and she was dropped from her record label. Spacek subsequently switched her focus to acting, enrolling at the Lee Strasberg Theatre and Film Institute, she worked for a time as as an extra at Andy Warhol's Factory. She appeared in a non-credited role in his film Trash. With the help of actor Rip Torn, her cousin, she enrolled in Lee Strasberg's Actors Studio and the Lee Strasberg Institute in New York, her first credited role was in Prime Cut, in which she played Poppy, a girl sold into sexual slavery. The role led to television work, which included a guest role in The Waltons, which she played twice in 1973.
Spacek received international attention after landing her breakthrough role in Terrence Malick's Badlands, in which she played Holly, the film's narrator and a 15-year-old girlfriend of mass-murderer Kit. Spacek has described Badlands as the "most incredible" experience of her career. Vincent Canby of The New York Times called the film a "cool, sometimes brilliant, always ferociously American film" and wrote, "Sheen and Miss Spacek are splendid as the self-absorbed, cruel psychotic children of our time." On the set of Badlands, Spacek met art director Jack Fisk, whom she married in 1974. She worked as the set dresser for DePalma's film Phantom of the Paradise. Spacek's most prominent early role came in Brian De Palma's film Carrie, in which she played Carietta "Carrie" White, a shy, troubled high school seni
Edvard Otto Vilhelm Gylling was a prominent Social Democratic politician in Finland leader of Soviet Karelia. He was born in Kuopio, he was a member of Parliament of Finland for the Social Democratic Party of Finland 1908–1917 and active during the Finnish Civil War as Commissar of Finance for the revolutionary "red" Finnish government. On 1 March 1918, a Treaty between the socialist governments of Russia and Finland was signed in St Petersburg; the Treaty was signed by Vladimir Lenin and Joseph Stalin from the Russian side and by Council of Peoples Representatives of Finland Edvard Gylling and Oskari Tokoi. After the Reds lost the war, Gylling fled to Sweden but moved to the Soviet Union, he became one of the main leaders of the Karelo-Finnish ASSR as Chairman of Council of People's Commissars of the Karelo-Finnish SSR 1920–1935. He was accused of nationalism, removed in 1935 and arrested in 1937. There are some contradictions concerning Gyllings death. According to earlier Soviet sources, Gylling died in August 1944, but according to other sources he was executed earlier, 1940 or 1938.
According to the most recent information, the most date of his execution was 14 June 1938. Gylling was posthumously rehabilitated by the Soviet authorities on 16 July 1955. Cotter, Arthur The Finns Ylarakkola, Arvo Edvard Gylling: Ita-Karjalan rakentaja Finnish Hodgson, John H Edvard Gylling ja Otto W. Kuusinen asiakirjojen valossa 1918–1920 Finnish
The Fields of Ambrosia is a musical written by Joel Higgins and Martin Silvestri. It was performed in the George Street Playhouse in New Brunswick, New Jersey in 1993 and it was directed by Gregory Hurst, choreographed by Lynne Taylor-Corbett, staged by Hurst, set design by Deborah Jasien; the cast included Christine Andreas as Gretchen Herzallerliebst, Higgins as Jonas Candide, Peter Samuel as Warden Brodsky, Eddie Korbich as the mortician. The 1996 production premiered at the Aldwych Theatre in London and was directed by Hurst again, with Mark Warman as musical director and a cast that included Andreas as Gretchen Herzallerliebst, Higgins as Jonas Candide, Michael Fenton Stevens as Doc, Mark Heenehan as Malcolm Piquant, Marc Joseph as Jimmy Crawford, Roger Leach as Warden Brodsky; the show closed after only 23 performances. The musical is based on the 1970 film The Traveling Executioner, The New York Times said The Fields of Ambrosia is a black comedy and contains violence, sex and sentiment.
It takes place in a deep rural town in the American South in 1918. ACT 1 A steamy summer morning in the rural deep South of 1918. A gang of prisoners works along the dusty roadway leading to Fairweather State Prison. Jonas Candide, an ex-carnival barker and con-man, now employed as the state's official "travelling executioner" arrives at the prison with his electric chair, he has come to attend to his next "clients" Willie and Gretchen Herzallerliebst and sister German immigrants who have been convicted of murder. Upon arrival, Jonas learns from the warden that the woman has been granted a short stay while her lawyer tries to convince the Governor to commute her sentence. Proceeding with Willie's execution, Jonas demonstrates his unique approach to the job, but something goes wrong. Happy to put the day's events behind him, Jonas treats Jimmy, the gawky, young town mortician who idolizes him, to a night of debauchery at the local whorehouse; the next evening, to satisfy his curiosity, Jonas visits Gretchen Herzallediebst in her cell.
He is smitten by her wit. In return for her "favors", Jonas is persuaded to buy her some more time by hiding his chair and convincing the warden that it was stolen. Gretchen's lawyer, not satisfied with that, discovers the hiding place and disables the chair with a fireaxe. Jonas must take the chair to the local fix-it shop for repair, where the sight of it creates quite a stir among the locals. Unable to stay away, he visits Gretchen again and is seduced further. Jonas comes up with a plan to save Gretchen; when the chair is ready, he will proceed with her execution, but give her only enough voltage to knock her out. Meanwhile, he will have struck a deal with the dissolute prison doctor to pronounce her dead and persuaded Jimmy to carry her out like a cadaver with no one the wiser. Doc won't work. Jonas demonstrates his theory on a prison rat; the Doc agrees to play his part … for a five hundred dollar bribe! Jonas vows to somehow raise free Gretchen. ACT 2 Gretchen takes her mandatory hour of exercise on the prison yard inside a huge, wire cage which protects her from the male prisoners.
Jonas arrives, bribes the guard for a moment alone with Gretchen to let her know of his plan to save her. Jonas springs into action to raise the money to pay Doc, He smuggles the town whores into the prison late at night and, posting Jimmy as a lookout, turns Doc's infirmary into an impromptu bordello. Doc stumbles in and seeing Jonas' resourcefulness, raises his asking price to a thousand! Jonas, wondering what the hell happened to his lookout, finds Jimmy distraught after being assaulted by some of the inmates. Moved by Jimmy's plight, Jonas makes him his new assistant. Jonas gets into a high-stakes poker game and wins the thousand, only to be jumped and robbed by the losers. Bruised and broke, Jonas returns to the prison to find Deputy Warden Piquant ready to string Gretchen up while the Warden is away at the county seat. By assuring him that the chair will be ready the next morning, Jonas gets him to relent. With time running out, Gretchen urges Jonas to try the local bank for the money. By whipping the bank's patrons into a patriotic fervor over war bonds, he convinces the manager to give him a loan.
However, when the manager discovers that Jonas is an ex-con, he reneges. Jonas, in a panic, makes a play for the money. With the bank alarm ringing in his ears, he beats a hasty retreat back to the prison to spring Gretchen, but the escape attempt goes wrong. Several months the prison yard is packed with guards and witnesses as Jonas Candide is placed in the refurbished electric chair by Jimmy, the new executioner. Jimmy gets so excited as Jonas regales him with descriptions of the hereafter that he revs the generator way too high; when Jimmy pulls the switch everything goes up in flame and smoke. As the smoke begins to clear, we glimpse an image of Jonas alone on stage, waltzing. 1996 Original Cast Recording Ball and Chain Hubbub The Fields of Ambrosia How Could This Happen? Nuthin' Who are You? Reasonable Man Step Right Up Too Bad Scene: That Rat is Dead/Step Right Up Hungry Continental Sunday Alone The Card Game Scene: The Gallows Do It For Me All in this Together Scene: The Getaway Scene: The Breakout The Fields of Ambrosia Mike Gibb of Show Music said, "The score, courtesy of Martin Silvestri and Joel Higgins, is a joy