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Slovenian Armed Forces

The Slovenian Armed Forces or Slovenian Army are the armed forces of Slovenia. Since 2003, it is organized as a professional standing army; the Commander-in-Chief of the SAF is the President of the Republic of Slovenia, while operational command is in the domain of the Chief of the General Staff of the Slovenian Armed Forces. The military history of Slovenia spans less than a hundred years. Following the disintegration of the Austrian-Hungarian Empire at the end of World War I, the Duchy of Styria was divided between the newly established states of German Austria and the State of Slovenes and Serbs. Rudolf Maister, a Slovene major of the former Austro-Hungarian Army, liberated the town of Maribor in November 1918 and claimed it for the State of Slovenes and Serbs. After a short fight with German Austrian provisional units, the current border was established, which followed the ethnic-linguistic division between Slovenes and ethnic Germans in Styria; the current Slovenian Armed Forces are descended from the Slovenian Territorial Defence, formed in 1991 by fusion of Territorial Defence with secret alternative command structure, known as the Manoeuvre Structures of National Protection, an existing but antiquated institution, intended to enable the republic to form an ad hoc defence structure, akin to a National Guard.

It was of negligible importance prior to 1990, with few members. When Slovenia declared independence at the onset of the Yugoslav Wars in 1991, the Slovenian Territorial Defence and the Slovenian police comprised the majority of forces engaging the Yugoslav People's Army during the Ten-Day War; the Slovenian Armed Forces were formally established in 1993 as a reorganization of the Slovenia Territorial Defence Force. After 1993, the Slovenian Armed Forces had relied on mandatory military service, with conscripts receiving 6–7 months of training. In 2003, the Slovenian Government abolished conscription and as of July 2004, the Slovenian Armed Forces had been completely reorganised into a professional army now based on volunteers. There are 7,300 active troops and 1,500 in reserve, reduced from 55,000 personnel during conscription. A major reorganization of the Slovenian Armed Forces is underway with a goal making them more effective and cheaper. More than half of all commands have been disbanded which has made commanding the subordinated units easier and faster.

Soldiers are to be located nearer to their homes. Since the Slovenian Armed Forces do not have enough modern armored vehicles to maintain three motorized battalions fulfilled at every time, one Wheeled Combat Vehicles Company and one Tank Company have been organized within the Logistics brigade, which now lends vehicles to any of four newly formed infantry regiments, regarding to the regiments' needs. Reorganization transformed 72nd Brigade from a support unit to a combat unit and thus equaled it with the 1st Brigade. Both brigades were added support elements, such as Air Defense, Intelligence, etc; the operational units now consist of Special Operations Unit, Naval Division, an Aviation Regiment and three brigades, the 1st, 72nd and Logistics Brigade. As part of the former Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, Slovenia was never a member of the Warsaw Pact. Today, the foreign policy priority of NATO membership drives Slovenia's defense reorganization. Once many countries lifted the arms embargo on Slovenia in 1996, the country embarked on a military procurement program to bolster its status as a NATO candidate and to aid its transformation into a mobile force.

Active in the SFOR deployment in Bosnia and Herzegovina, Slovenia is a charter member of Partnership for Peace and a regular participant in PfP exercises. The United States provides bilateral military assistance to Slovenia, including through the International Military Education and Training program, the State Partnership Program, the EUCOM Joint Contact Team Program. Slovenia formally joined NATO in March 2004; the transition of its armed forces from a conscript-based territorial defense organization to a professional force structure has the ultimate goal of creating NATO-interoperable combat units able to operate on an par with units from other NATO armies. Implementation of interoperability objectives as determined by the Planning and Review Process and the Individual Partnership Program as part of Slovenia's PfP participation proceeds. Slovenia's elite units train with and are integrated into international units including NATO members—for example as part of SFOR and on Cyprus, its elite mountain troops will be assigned to the Multinational Land Force peacekeeping battalion with Italy and Croatia.

Slovenia hosted its first PfP exercise in 1998--"Cooperative Adventure Exchange"—a multinational disaster-preparedness command post exercise involving 6,000 troops from 19 NATO and PfP member nations. Slovenian soldiers are a part of international forces serving in Bosnia and Herzegovina, Afghanistan, Iraq and Lebanon, they have served in Cyprus and the Golan Heights as a part of UNFICYP and UNDOF respectively. Slovenia hosts Multinational Centre of Excellence for Mountain Warfare, one of NATO Centres of Excellence, located in Bohinjska Bela, Slovenia. It

Spud Webb

Anthony Jerome "Spud" Webb is an American retired professional basketball point guard. Webb, who played in the National Basketball Association, is known for winning a Slam Dunk Contest despite being one of the shortest players in NBA history. lists him at 5 feet 7 inches tall. He is the president of basketball operations for the Texas Legends, the G League team for the Dallas Mavericks in Frisco, Texas. Webb was born into poverty in Texas, he was raised in a small two-bedroom home and he saw basketball as an inspiration. Webb was not tall. Starting in the seventh grade, Webb was told, he got a chance to play on his junior high team only after two players did not complete physical exam requirements they needed to play in time for the first game. Webb scored 22 points in that first game, he could dunk the ball. At Wilmer-Hutchins High School, he played on the junior varsity team. Despite his impressive high school record, colleges showed little interest in Webb, he received his first opportunity to play on a college basketball team when he attended Midland College, where he led the Chaparrals to the junior college national title in 1982.

In the championship game, Midland defeated #1-ranked and unbeaten Miami-Dade North of Florida, 93 to 88, in double overtime. Webb led all scorers in that game with 36 points, making 10 of 15 shots from the floor and 16 of 18 from the free-throw line, his performance at the tournament earned Webb a write-up in Sports Illustrated, national attention. In 1983, he was named an NJCAA All-American by the National Junior College Athletic Association. Webb attracted the attention of Tom Abatemarco, an assistant coach at North Carolina State University, who arranged for Webb to meet head coach Jim Valvano, who offered Webb a scholarship. In college, his vertical leap was measured at 42 inches, he played for NC State in the 1983-84 and 1984-85 seasons, averaging 5.7 assists. Most scouts predicted that Webb would end up playing in either Europe or for the Harlem Globetrotters because of his height. However, Webb was drafted in the 4th round of the 1985 NBA draft by the Detroit Pistons, his first six seasons were played with the Atlanta Hawks, but he had his best years statistically with the Sacramento Kings, where he played as a starter from 1992–1995.

He split a season between the Atlanta Hawks and the Minnesota Timberwolves before finishing his career after one season with the Orlando Magic and retiring from professional basketball in 1997. Webb played 814 games in his NBA career, averaging 9.9 points per game, registering 8,072 points and 4,342 assists in twelve seasons. Since Webb made his NBA debut, only two players have been shorter than he was: Earl Boykins and Muggsy Bogues. Webb was the shortest person to compete in the NBA Slam Dunk Contest, winning the event in 1986 at Dallas' Reunion Arena, his participation surprised the media. His dunks included the elevator two-handed double pump dunk, the off-the-backboard one-handed jam, a 360-degree helicopter one-handed dunk, a reverse double-pump slam, the reverse two-handed strawberry jam from a lob bounce off the floor, he defeated Wilkins with two perfect 50-point scores in the final round. Atlanta coach Mike Fratello said, "Spud kind of duped him, he told. So, Wilkins maybe thought his normal assortment would be good enough to get through".

Twenty years after Webb's victory in the Slam Dunk contest, he trained New York Knicks point guard Nate Robinson to win the event. Webb tossed the ball to Robinson, who leaped over Webb and dunked, earning 50 points from the judges. Robinson went on to win, making him and Spud the only two people in NBA history under six feet tall to win a slam dunk contest. Webb was a judge for the 2010 Dunk contest at the American Airlines Center, it was the first time the event had been in Dallas since Webb's win in 1986. List of shortest players in National Basketball Association history Official website Career statistics and player information from 2004 interview, "Catching Up with Spud Webb"

Bryn Jones (footballer, born 1939)

Bryn Jones was a Welsh professional footballer who played as a full back. He played in The Football League for Chester. Jones played for non-league side Holywell Town until joining Division Three side Watford in January 1963. However, he made just two league appearances before he returned north by joining Chester in August 1964, he made his Chester debut during the same month in a 3–1 win at Bradford City but added just one more appearance during the season. The following campaign saw him emerging as a regular at left back, with namesake Ray Jones playing in the right back slot. Chester went into their home game against Aldershot on 1 January 1966 in second place in Division Four, but both Bryn and Ray suffered broken legs in the 3–2 victory; the pair missed the remainder of the season. Jones recovered to play 11 games the following season before dropping out of The Football League and joining New Brighton

Brington, Cambridgeshire

Brington is a village in Cambridgeshire, England. Brington lies 9 miles north-west of Huntingdon. Brington is in the civil parish of Molesworth. Brington is situated within Huntingdonshire, a non-metropolitan district of Cambridgeshire as well as being a historic county of England; the neighbouring village of Molesworth is 0.7 miles from Brington. The parish covers an area of 2,842 acres. Just to the north of Brington and within the civil parish is RAF Molesworth. In 1085 William the Conqueror ordered that a survey should be carried out across his kingdom to discover who owned which parts and what it was worth; the survey took place in 1086 and the results were recorded in what, since the 12th century, has become known as the Domesday Book. Starting with the king himself, for each landholder within a county there is a list of their estates or manors. Brington was listed in the Domesday Book in the Hundred of Leightonstone in Huntingdonshire. In 1086 there was just one manor at Brington; the Domesday Book does not explicitly detail the population of a place but it records that there was 14 households at Brington.

There is no consensus about the average size of a household at that time. Using these figures an estimate of the population of Brington in 1086 is that it was within the range of 49 and 70 people; the Domesday Book uses a number of units of measure for areas of land that are now unfamiliar terms, such as hides and ploughlands. In different parts of the country, these were terms for the area of land that a team of eight oxen could plough in a single season and are equivalent to 120 acres. By 1086, the hide had become a unit of tax assessment rather than an actual land area; the survey records that there were seven ploughlands at Brington in 1086. In addition to the arable land, there was 40 acres of meadows at Brington; the tax assessment in the Domesday Book was known as geld or danegeld and was a type of land-tax based on the hide or ploughland. It was a way of collecting a tribute to pay off the Danes when they attacked England, was only levied when necessary. Following the Norman Conquest, the geld was used to raise money for the king and to pay for continental wars.

Having determined the value of a manor's land and other assets, a tax of so many shillings and pence per pound of value would be levied on the land holder. While this was two shillings in the pound the amount did vary. For the manor at Brington the total tax assessed was four geld. In 1086 there was no church at Brington; the land belonged to the Benedictine abbey at Ramsey. The Domesday Book does not mention a church at Brington, but one existed by 1178 when Pope Alexander III confirmed one to Ramsey Abbey; the inclosure of open fields took place in 1804. The ecclesiastical parish was known from the Middle Ages as Brington with Bythorn and Old Weston and covered an area of 1,055 acres. In 1936 Bythorn joined with Keyston to form a new ecclesiastical parish. In 1935, the civil parish of Brington and Molesworth was created; the Royal Flying Corps established an airfield near Old Weston to the north of the parish in the First World War, abandoned in September 1917. During the Second World War an airfield was named RAF Molesworth.

The runways were demolished in 1973. It was announced in January 2015. Brington is part of the civil parish of Molesworth, which has a parish council; the parish council is elected by the residents of the parish who have registered on the electoral roll. A parish council is responsible for providing and maintaining a variety of local services including allotments and a cemetery; the parish council reviews all planning applications that might affect the parish and makes recommendations to Huntingdonshire District Council, the local planning authority for the parish. The parish council represents the views of the parish on issues such as local transport and the environment; the parish council raises its own tax to pay for these services, known as the parish precept, collected as part of the Council Tax. Brington was in the historic and administrative county of Huntingdonshire until 1965. From 1965, the village was part of the new administrative county of Peterborough. In 1974, following the Local Government Act 1972, Brington became a part of the county of Cambridgeshire.

The second tier of local government is Huntingdonshire District Council, a non-metropolitan district of Cambridgeshire and has its headquarters in Huntingdon. Huntingdonshire District Council has 52 councillors representing 29 district wards. Huntingdonshi

Black-crested titmouse

The black-crested titmouse, is a small songbird, a passerine bird in the tit family Paridae. Once considered a subspecies of the tufted titmouse, it was recognized as a separate species in 2002, it is native to southern Texas and east-central Mexico. Vagrants have been seen east as St. Louis, Missouri; the bird is 5.5 to 6.0 in long, with rusty flanks, gray upperparts, a whitish belly. The male has a long, dark black crest, erect, while the female's crest is not as dark, it is common wherever trees grow, whether they are heavy timber, or urban shade trees. Its call peter, peter is similar to that of the tufted titmouse, but shorter, its diet consists of berries, spiders and insect eggs. The black-crested titmouse nests in tree cavities, telephone poles, fence posts, bird boxes; the eggs, four to seven of which are laid in March or April, are white with reddish-brown spots. Black-crested titmouse photos


Mausolus was a ruler of Caria, nominally a satrap of the Achaemenid Empire. He enjoyed the status of king or dynast by virtue of the powerful position created by his father Hecatomnus who had succeeded the assassinated Persian Satrap Tissaphernes in the Carian satrapy and founded the hereditary dynasty of the Hecatomnids. Mausolus was the eldest son of Hecatomnus, a native Carian who became the satrap of Caria when Tissaphernes died, around 395 BC. Mausolus participated in the Revolt of the Satraps, both on his nominal sovereign Artaxerxes Mnemon's side and against him. In 366 BC, Mausolus together with Autophradates of Lydia, at the request of Artaxerxes, led the siege of Adramyttium against Ariobarzanes, one of the members of the Great Satraps' Revolt, until Agesilaus, king of Sparta, negotiated the besiegers' retreat. Mausolus conquered a great part of Lycia circa 360 BC, putting an end to the line of dynasts that had ruled there, he invaded Ionia and several Greek islands. He moved his capital from the ancient seat of the Carian kings, to Halicarnassus.

Mausolus embraced Hellenic culture. He is best known for the monumental shrine, the Mausoleum at Halicarnassus and named for him by order of his widow Artemisia. Antipater of Sidon listed the Mausoleum as one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World; the architects Satyrus and Pythis, the sculptors Scopas of Paros, Leochares and Timotheus, finished the work after the death of Artemisia, some of them working purely for renown. The site and a few remains can still be seen in the Turkish town of Bodrum. Derived from his name, the term mausoleum has come to be used generically for any grand tomb. An inscription discovered at Milas, the ancient Mylasa, details the punishment of certain conspirators who had made an attempt upon his life at a festival in a temple at Labraunda in 353 BC. Simon Hornblower: Mausolus, Clarendon Press, Oxford 1982 Livius, Mausolus by Jona Lendering Caria This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed.. "Mausolus". Encyclopædia Britannica.

17. Cambridge University Press. P. 917