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Snooker is a cue sport that originated among British Army officers stationed in India in the second half of the 19th century. It is played on a rectangular table covered with a green cloth, with pockets at each of the four corners and in the middle of each long side. Using a cue stick and 21 coloured balls, players must strike the white ball to pot or pocket the remaining balls in the correct sequence, accumulating points for each pot. An individual game, is won by the player scoring the most points. A match is won. Snooker gained its identity in 1875 when army officer Sir Neville Chamberlain, stationed in Ooty, Tamil Nadu, devised a set of rules that combined pyramid and black pool; the word snooker was a long-used military term for first-year personnel. The game grew in popularity in the United Kingdom, the Billiards Association and Control Club was formed in 1919, it is now governed by the World Professional Billiards and Snooker Association. The World Snooker Championship has taken place since 1927.

Joe Davis, a key figure and pioneer in the early growth of the sport, won the championship 15 straight times between 1927 and 1946. The "modern era" began in 1969 after the broadcaster BBC commissioned the snooker television show Pot Black and began to air the World Championship in 1978. Key figures in the game were Ray Reardon in the 1970s, Steve Davis in the 1980s, Stephen Hendry in the 1990s, each winning six or more World championships. Since 2000, Ronnie O'Sullivan has won the most world titles, with five. Top professional players now compete around the world and earn millions of pounds on the World Snooker Tour, which features players from across the world; the origin of snooker dates back to the latter half of the 19th century. In the 1870s, billiards was a popular activity among British Army officers stationed in India, several variations of the game were devised during this time. One variation that originated at the officers' mess of the 11th Devonshire Regiment in 1875 combined the rules of two pocket billiards games: pyramid and black pool.

The former was played with fifteen red coloured balls positioned in a triangle, while the latter involved the potting of designated balls. The game was developed in 1884 when its first set of rules was finalised by Sir Neville Chamberlain, an English army officer who helped develop and popularise the game at Stone House in Ooty on a table built by Burroughes & Watts, brought over by boat; the word snooker was a slang term for first-year cadets and inexperienced military personnel, but Chamberlain would use it for the performance of one of his fellow officers at the table. In 1887, snooker was given its first definite reference in England in a copy of Sporting Life which caused a growth in popularity. Chamberlain came out as the game's inventor in a letter to The Field published on 19 March 1938, 63 years after the fact. Snooker grew in popularity across the Indian colonies and the United Kingdom, but it remained a game for the gentry, many gentlemen's clubs that had a billiards table would not allow non-members inside to play.

To accommodate the growing interest and more open snooker-specific clubs were formed. In 1919, the Billiards Association and the Billiards Control Board merged to form the Billiards Association and Control Club and a new, standard set of rules for snooker first became official. In 1927 the first World Snooker Championship was organised by Joe Davis. Davis, as a professional English billiards and snooker player, moved the game from a pastime to a professional activity. Davis won every world championship until 1946; the game went into a decline through the 1950s and 1960s with little interest generated outside of those who played. In 1959, Davis introduced a variation of the game known as "Snooker Plus" to try to improve the game's popularity by adding two extra colours, but this failed to gain interest. In 1969, David Attenborough commissioned the snooker television series Pot Black to demonstrate the potential of colour television, with the green table and multi-coloured balls being ideal for showing off the advantages of colour broadcasting.

The series became a ratings success and was for a time the second-most popular show on BBC2. Interest in the game increased and the 1978 World Snooker Championship was the first to be televised; the game became a mainstream game in the United Kingdom and much of the Commonwealth, has enjoyed much success since the late 1970s, with most of the ranking tournaments being televised. By the 1985 World Snooker Championship a total of 18.5 million viewers watched the concluding frame of the final between Dennis Taylor and Steve Davis, a record viewership for the United Kingdom for any broadcast after midnight. In the early 2000s, a ban on tobacco advertising led to a decrease in the number of professional tournaments, with professional tournaments being cut to only 15 events in 2003, from 22 in 1999. However, the popularity of the game in Asia, with emerging talents such as Liang Wenbo and more established players such as Ding Junhui and Marco Fu, boosted the sport in the Far East. By 2007, the BBC dedicated 400 hours to snooker coverage, compared to just 14 minutes 40 years earlier.

In 2010, promoter Barry Hearn gained a controlling interest in World Snooker Ltd. and the World Snooker Tour, pledging to revitalise the "moribund" professional game. Since this time, the number of professional tournaments has increased, with 44 events in the 2019/20 season. Events have been made to be more suitable for television broadcasts, such as the Snooker Shoot-Out, a timed, one-frame tournament. Prize


Stolzite is a mineral, a lead tungstate. It is similar to, associated with, wulfenite, the same chemical formula except that the tungsten is replaced by molybdenum. Stolzite crystallizes in the tetragonal crystal system and is dimorphous with the monoclinic form raspite. Lead tungstate crystals have the optical transparency of glass combined with much higher density, they are used as scintillators in particle physics because of their short radiation length, low Molière radius, quick scintillation response, radiation hardness. Lead tungstate crystals are used in the Compact Muon Solenoid's electromagnetic calorimeter, it was first described in 1820 by August Breithaupt, who called it Scheelbleispath and by François Sulpice Beudant in 1832, who called it scheelitine. In 1845, Wilhelm Karl Ritter von Haidinger coined the name stolzite for an occurrence in Krusne Hory, Czech Republic, naming it after Joseph Alexi Stolz of Teplice in Bohemia, it occurs in oxidized hydrothermal tungsten-lead ore deposits in association with raspite, anglesite and mimetite.

List of minerals List of minerals named after people Mellor, J. W. "A Comprehensive Treatise on Inorganic and Theoretical Chemistry," Vol.11, Green and Co. London, 1931, p. 792


Convercent is a Denver, Colorado-based software company that helps companies design and implement compliance programs. The company's Convercent governance, risk management and compliance software integrates the management of corporate compliance risk, disclosures and policies; the company's software is delivered using the software as a service model. In January 2013, Convercent received $10.2 million in funding, led by Azure Capital Partners and Mantucket Capital and with participation from City National Bank. In October 2013, Convercent raised $10M in Series B funding led by Sapphire Ventures], with participation from existing investors Azure Capital Partners, Rho Capital Partners, Mantucket Capital. Convercent has hundreds of customers in more than 130 countries, including Philip Morris International, CH2M Hill and Under Armour

Dickens of London

Dickens of London is a 1976 television miniseries from Yorkshire Television based on the life of English novelist Charles Dickens. Both Dickens and his father John were played by British actor Roy Dotrice; the series was written by Marc Miller. In the United States, the series was shown in 1977; the series of 13 episodes of 60 minutes was directed by Michael Ferguson and Marc Miller, the series' producer, with David Cunliffe as executive producer. Mankowitz's book, Dickens of London, published by Weidenfeld and Nicolson in 1976, was based on the detailed research he made while writing the screenplay; each of the 13 episodes of Dickens of London is a separate flashback, with Charles Dickens, by now an internationally famous novelist, in America during a reading tour of 1869, looking back over his life. Dickens the boy is shown unhappily pasting labels onto pots of shoe blacking, while Dickens as a young man is revealed as a young genius, becoming aware of his powers and trying to find his own way in the world.

Mary Hogarth is the middle one of the three Hogarth daughters and is portrayed as the one person with whom Dickens seems to have been able to share his work. She dies aged seventeen and Dickens wears her ring on his little finger for the rest of his life. Georgina Hogarth, the youngest of the three Hogarth daughters, comes to live with the couple to help run the household, at the request of her oldest sister Catherine Dickens; the real-life relationship Dickens developed with the young actress Ellen Ternan is not mentioned in the series, nor is Dickens' separation from his wife, Catherine, in 1858. The series instead is concerned with the influence upon Dickens of his improvident father, John Dickens, a Naval clerk and who always spent more than he earned, he is portrayed as an alcoholic and it is suggested that this was the source of the family's financial difficulties. The script includes passages from Dickens' own works, woven skilfully into the dialogue spoken by the series' characters, creating recognizable signposts for readers of Dickens' work.

Episode 1: Mask Episode 2: The Deed Episode 3: Blacking Episode 4: Love Episode 5: Success Episode 6: Fame Episode 7: Money Episode 8: Possession Episode 9: Dreams Episode 10: Magic Episode 11: Nightmare Episode 12: Angel Episode 13: Memories Roy Dotrice as Charles and John Dickens Diana Coupland as Elizabeth Dickens Adrienne Burgess as Catherine Dickens Gene Foad as Charles Dickens as a young man Lois Baxter as Mary Hogarth Simon Bell as Charles Dickens as a boy Paul Nelson as Bob Fagin Graham Faulkner as Frederick Dickens Holly Palance as Miss Baldwin Trevor Bowen as John Forster Robert Longden as Hablot Knight Browne Lynsey Baxter as Orfling Paul Lavers as James Lamert Michael Macowan as Sir Giles Claire McLellan as Letitia Dickens Pheona McLellan as Fanny Dickens as a child George Waring as Huffam Karen Dotrice as Maria Beadnell Derek Francis as Stage Manager Raymond Francis as Mr. Beadnell Robin Halstead as Kolle Richard Hampton as Daniel Maclise William Hoyland as Count Alfred d'Orsay Patsy Kensit as Young Georgina Hogarth Christine McKenna as Adult Georgina Hogarth Ben Kingsley as Dr. John Elliotson Richard Leech as Mr. Hogarth Anthony May as Hullah John Nettles as Mr. Macrone Vernon Dobtcheff as Legal Gentleman Connie Booth as Sophie David Healy as Commissioner Wentworth Review of Dickens of London on

Roland Fomundam

Roland Fomundam is a Cameroonian entrepreneur, known for Greenhouse Ventures, a development of organic farming with new technologies to provide lasting solutions to Africa's agricultural sector. In 2007 he founded a platform which promotes technology development. In 2016, he was nominated amongst 50 most Influential Young Cameroonians by Advance Media CELBMD Africa and partners in the business category. In 2017 he was again nominated in the same category by Advance Media CELBMD. Fomundam is a native of Ku Momo Northwest Region, he studied at Northeastern University in the United States. Fomundam is the CEO of Greenhouse Ventures Ltd.. He started his professional career in 2007, he has launched three companies in a bid to enhance the agricultural sector in Africa to be more profitable. His contributions to the development of agricultural sector in Africa earned him two nominations in 2016 and 2017 by Advance Media CELBMD Africa and partners in the category of business. List of Cameroonians Media of Cameroon

Colin McPhillips

Colin Patrick "Col" McPhillips is an American professional longboard surfrider and three times ASP Longboard World Champion. Colin was raised in San Clemente, United States, where his parents taught him how to surf at the age of five, he started out as a shortboarder, finishing fourth place in the 1992 United States Surfing Championship in Huntington Beach, California. As a longboarder, he was more successful, Duke Boyd mentioned in his book Legends of Surfing that his shortboard style ripping methods and dynamic power moves proved successful in longboard competitions, he soon won the NSSA National longboard Championship for San Clemente High School in 1992 & 1993. His brother Iain won the NSSA Explorer Men’s event in 1996. Colin won his first professional title winning the US Open of Longboarding in 1994. In October 1999, he defeated Marcelo Freitas from Brazil at One Mile Point, Australia to win his first ASP World Tour title. In 2000 he finished 3rd, but came back to win 2 world titles in a row by defeating local surfer Jason Ribbink in the final at J-Bay, South Africa in 2001 and in August 2002, he narrowly defeated Hawaiian Bonga Perkins to retain the world title at Cabo San Lucas, Mexico.

In the same year he took the U. S. Pro Longboard Tour. In 2007, he reclaimed the US Open of Longboarding title by defeating Taylor Jensen in the final. In 2009, he was nominated "O. C. Surfers of the Year". Colin started out designing longboards for Stewarts, he designs longboards and paddle boards for Hobie and features in surf documentaries. See Longboard Event Champions McPhillips featured in the following as himself: Tanked Hang Ten Barbeque air on Animal Planet Firsthand Season 3 Episode 11 aired on Fuel TV Log:Redefine the Stereotype From This Day Forward Longboard Habit Fin Longboard Fever Wordz Unsalted: A Great Lakes Experience Costa Rica: Land of Waves The Daily Habit: Colin McPhillips" TV Episode aired on Fuel TV Fuel TV Firsthand Stewart Surfboards go211